• 1991
  • In 1975 he was appointed as an associate professor, and in 1984 became a full-time professor (personal chair) in agricultural economics and business management, a position he held until 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a pressure that Knutpunkten - which was designed by Ivar Krepp in 1984-1991 - could not handle in its current state, which is why the decision was made to create a new exit and approach at the root of the track's southern extension. (archdaily.com)
  • 1996
  • Shaping the 21st Century," a report published by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1996, made people-centered development a target policy for all member countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to its commitment to people-centered development, the DAC High-Level Meeting in May 1996 made sustainability a concrete development goal, requiring the implementation of national sustainability initiatives by 2005 in order to reverse deforestation, water pollution, and other trends of environmental degradation. (wikipedia.org)
  • behavior
  • For example, Poole (see below) found in his empirical research that seemingly complex patterns of behavior in group decision making result from the interplay of life-cycle and teleological motors. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the period 1972-1984, Konečni carried out, in parallel, field experiments on altruistic behavior, and laboratory and field studies on human physical and verbal aggression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Complexity largely refers to the number of interacting or interconnected elements within a system that can make it difficult to predict the behavior of the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990
  • In 1990, he made an unsuccessful run to serve in the Oregon House of Representatives to represent District 43 as a Democrat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Journal
  • The study provides a simple but comprehensive methodology for improvingperformance of B-schools in India.Keywords Benchmarking, Data analysis, Decision making units, Neural netsPaper type Research paper Benchmarking: An International Journal Vol. 18 No. 2, 20111. (slideshare.net)
  • International Journal of Information Technologies and Systems Approach (IJITSA). (igi-global.com)
  • The International Journal of Information Technologies and Systems Approach (IJITSA) is a refereed global journal where a systemic interdisciplinary and/or a multi-methodology perspective of information systems, software engineering, and systems engineering are encouraged. (igi-global.com)
  • The journal pursues a better understanding and development of the three addressed disciplines from an interdisciplinary and/or multi-methodology perspective focused on the construct IT system. (igi-global.com)
  • sustainability
  • The results are useful to get an impression of the sustainability of the watershed in terms of landsliding and therefore may help decision makers in future planning and mitigation of landslide impacts. (springer.com)
  • In 1984, David Korten, a former regional advisor to the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), proposed a people-centered development strategy that incorporated the values of justice, sustainability, and inclusiveness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Expanding beyond the environmental scope of sustainability, it advocates small-scale community actions in order to enhance economic self-reliance and create reliable sources of income. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • Specifically, it (1) explicitly includes the time dimension into investment analysis, (2) is based on methods for decision making under uncertainty rather than risk, (3) yields computationally feasible methods for coping with the high complexity in investment analysis, and (4) yields decisions that are optimal rather than satisficing, i.e. performance of the Cybernetic Investment Decision System (CIDS) gradually improves during its operation through learning from past experience. (repec.org)
  • Landslide susceptibility mapping (LSM) is making increasing implications for GIS-based spatial analysis in combination with multi-criteria evaluation (MCE) methods. (springer.com)
  • Using quantitative methods, they studied how various participants in the system - judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys, police officers, perpetrators, and others - combine the information available to them into decisions that then become information items for other decision-makers in the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Problem structuring methods constitute a family of approaches that have differing purposes and techniques, and many of them had been developed independently before people began to notice their family resemblance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The methods provide techniques and skills for facilitation of group processes, and they appreciate that such techniques and skills are essential for effective sensemaking, systems modeling, and participative decision-making. (wikipedia.org)
  • People who use PSMs must pay attention to what group facilitators call process skills (guiding interactions between people through nonlinear applications of the methods) and content skills (helping people build sufficiently comprehensive models of the given situation). (wikipedia.org)
  • processes
  • In the context of people-centered development, central elements of participation include: Democratic processes Government accountability Access to relevant information Gender equality The OECD noted that democratic processes are essential to people-centered development because they allow communities to create their own development goals and influence the decisions that determine their quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • dependent
  • Opaqueness refers to the physical invisibility of some aspects of a dynamic system and it might also be dependent upon a decision maker's ability to acquire knowledge of the components of the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • This paper summarizes the results of our research into applications of cybernetic concepts and artificial intelligence techniques to investment analysis: it outlines the philosophy underlying the cybernetic approach to market forecasting and investment selection. (repec.org)
  • Decision-making has been another major research area in which Konečni has been heavily involved (in close collaboration with Dr. Ebbe B. Ebbesen, a long-time colleague at the University of California, San Diego). (wikipedia.org)
  • Dynamic decision making research uses computer simulations which are laboratory analogues for real-life situations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research in dynamic decision-making is mostly laboratory-based and uses computer simulation microworld tools (i.e. (wikipedia.org)
  • ABSTRACT - This study addresses several of the shortcomings of diffusion research as summarized by Rogers (1976, 1983) and Robertson (1984). (acrwebsite.org)
  • 1971
  • This work was based on ideas of Graham T. Allison, published in his Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis from 1971. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1999
  • Linstone (1999) explained: Allison had seen that his analysis and modeling for corporate decision making only took into account some of the factors vital in the corporate decision process and Allison's work examined the missile crisis from three different points of view, rational actor, organizational process, and bureaucratic politics. (wikipedia.org)
  • better
  • Productivity includes creating better agreements that are more likely to be implemented, and realizing (to the extent possible in the given situation) ideals such as communicative rationality and procedural justice. (wikipedia.org)
  • analysis
  • Akgun A, Türk N (2010) Landslide susceptibility mapping for Ayvalik (Western Turkey) and its vicinity by multicriteria decision analysis. (springer.com)
  • His analysis of energy flow in ecosystems, and the differences in the potential energy of sunlight, fresh water currents, wind and ocean currents led him to make the suggestion that when two or more different energy sources drive a system, they cannot be added without first converting them to a common measure that accounts for their differences in energy quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some widely adopted PSMs include soft systems methodology, the strategic choice approach, and strategic options development and analysis (SODA). (wikipedia.org)
  • uses
  • The method uses Rasmussen's idea of rule-based, skill-based, and knowledge-based decision making to determine the likelihood of failing a given task, as well as considering the PSFs of operator experience, stress and interface quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the use of RTI for LD identification is a major emphasis within IDEA 2004, RTI may be more broadly defined as an approach that uses students' response to high-quality instruction to guide educational decisions, including decisions about the efficacy of instruction and intervention, eligibility for special programs, design of individual education programs, and effectiveness of special education services (Batsche et al. (ldonline.org)
  • characteristics
  • The primary characteristics of dynamic decision environments are dynamics, complexity, opaqueness, and dynamic complexity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rosenhead provided another list of common characteristics of PSMs, formulated in a more prescriptive style: Seek solutions which satisfice on separate dimensions rather than seeking an optimal decision on a single dimension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those studies which were conducted in an adoption of innovation context, however, possess many of the characteristics criticized by Rogers (1976, 1983) and Robertson (1984), outlined above. (acrwebsite.org)
  • models
  • Data and models comprise the basic building blocks of inquiry. (wikipedia.org)
  • An important observation made by McGrath and Tschan (2004) regarding the different models of group development found in the literature is that different models might explain different aspects of the history of a group. (wikipedia.org)
  • System
  • And while we value that particular decision, we believe the transplant system should neither reward nor punish people for their personal decisions or beliefs," she said. (drugs.com)
  • From 1973 to 2011 (the year of Emeritus Professor Ebbe B. Ebbesen's passing), Ebbesen and Konečni worked on judicial decision-making in the criminal justice system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dynamic complexity refers to the decision maker's ability to control the system using the feedback the decision maker receives from the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • method
  • These selected thematic maps were integrated using a weighted linear combination method to create the final landslide susceptibility map. (springer.com)
  • individual
  • PSMs are usually used by a group of people in collaboration (rather than by a solitary individual) to create a consensus about, or at least to facilitate negotiations about, what needs to change. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • He organized several years the traditional International Symposium on Simulation Based Decision Support and Business Intelligence, at Baden-Baden, Germany. (igi-global.com)
  • At this time several possible conference names were presented including: North Central Indiana Conference and Mid-Indiana Conference, but no final decision was made at this time. (wikipedia.org)
  • field
  • Examples of dynamic decision making situations include managing climate change, factory production and inventory, air traffic control, firefighting, and driving a car, military command and control in a battle field. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • Energy quality ratios" were computed by evaluating the quantity of energy in a transformation process to make a new form and were then used to convert different forms of energy to a common form, in this case fossil fuel equivalents. (wikipedia.org)
  • experimental
  • The experimental results of these tests indicate that through the cybernetic approach quality of investment decisions can be improved. (repec.org)
  • Microworlds become the laboratory analogues for real-life situations and help DDM investigators to study decision-making by compressing time and space while maintaining experimental control. (wikipedia.org)
  • final
  • Lesley launches a custody suit and the judge postpones the final decision to allow Laura to get to know her biological mother first. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • User units include a receiver which displays the images so that the user may preview the roadway ahead to make route choices. (google.ca)
  • another
  • The term "embodied energy" was used for a time in the early 1980s to refer to energy quality differences in terms of their costs of generation, and a ratio called a "quality factor" for the calories (or joules) of one kind of energy required to make those of another. (wikipedia.org)
  • references
  • If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. (repec.org)
  • Anderson
  • Anderson failed to comply with the conditions of his Community Control when he failed to make the scheduled restitution payments or to stay in his mother's residence when he was not working. (findlaw.com)
  • Table
  • In 1975, he introduced a table of "Energy Quality Factors", kilocalories of sunlight energy required to make a kilocalorie of a higher quality energy, the first mention of the energy hierarchy principle which states that "energy quality is measured by the energy used in the transformations" from one type of energy to the next. (wikipedia.org)
  • March 8, 1983 - Questions regarding the participation of women's sports is again brought to the table in MCC meetings, and again institutions are approached. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following table lists similar (but not exactly equivalent) distinctions made by a number of thinkers between two types of "problem" situations, which can be seen as a continuum between a left and right extreme: Tame problems (or puzzles or technical challenges) have relatively precise, straightforward formulations that are often amenable to solution with some predetermined technical fix or algorithm. (wikipedia.org)
  • choice
  • The receiver is also responsive to a local broadcast of the camera's identification signal to thereby determine the geographical location of the user and alert the user when particularly pertinent images are being displayed and when decision points are reached where the user must make a route change choice. (google.ca)
  • Lesley made the devastating choice to call off the custody suit and sends Laura back to live with the Vinings. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • We designed the building as a sculptural element to stand out in an area where so many people head south every day", says Patrik Ekenhill. (archdaily.com)
  • People-centered development is an approach to international development that focuses on improving local communities' self-reliance, social justice, and participatory decision-making. (wikipedia.org)
  • He calls on external development partners to support objectives chosen by the people, building communities' capacity to manage resources and meet local needs independently. (wikipedia.org)
  • philosophy
  • UNOS, which manages the nation's Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, established by Congress in 1984, takes issue with the LifeSharers' philosophy. (drugs.com)
  • By using Response-to-Instruction's tiered approach and Universal Design's equal access philosophy, you can bridge the gap so that you are truly leaving no child behind. (readingrockets.org)
  • tracks
  • The combination of a vaulted bottom and a curved top in the direction of the tracks creates associations with both motion and the softly undulating topography of the City Park", says Patrik Ekenhill. (archdaily.com)
  • systems
  • Procedural memory is created through procedural learning or, repeating a complex activity over and over again until all of the relevant neural systems work together to automatically produce the activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Manila Declaration proposed global monitoring systems to increase peoples' access to relevant information in order for communities to make rational decisions and protect their interests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecosystems are dynamically interacting systems of organisms, the communities they make up, and the non-living components of their environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • relevant
  • Communities must have access to relevant, reliable information in order to make the best decisions for themselves and their communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • model
  • Even if this alternative approach had been taken, a great many subjective estimates on Soviet intelligence and policies would still have dominated the results of the model. (wikipedia.org)