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  • 1983
  • Until recently, consumer behavior researchers have relied on cognitive information processing models of consumer decision making and have neglected the emotional side of human behavior (Holbrook and Hirschman 1982, Rook and Levy 1983, Zajonc and Markus 1982). (acrwebsite.org)
  • Petty, Cacioppo and Schumann (1983) have expanded the level of involvement approach through the development and testing of their "two routes" theory. (acrwebsite.org)
  • This approach is consistent with the high involvement/central route perspective (Petty Cacioppo and Schumann 1983). (acrwebsite.org)
  • Francis returned to the series for brief stints in 1983 to reunite Luke and Laura, and then again in 1984 when Laura was revealed to be pregnant. (wikipedia.org)
  • March 8, 1983 - Questions regarding the participation of women's sports is again brought to the table in MCC meetings, and again institutions are approached. (wikipedia.org)
  • ABSTRACT - This study addresses several of the shortcomings of diffusion research as summarized by Rogers (1976, 1983) and Robertson (1984). (acrwebsite.org)
  • Rogers (1976, 1983) and Robertson (1984) review several conceptual and research deficiencies in adoption theory which represent important challenges for the continued examination of this unique aspect of consumer behavior. (acrwebsite.org)
  • Those studies which were conducted in an adoption of innovation context, however, possess many of the characteristics criticized by Rogers (1976, 1983) and Robertson (1984), outlined above. (acrwebsite.org)
  • cognitive
  • HCR is based on the premise that an operator's likelihood of success or failure in a time-critical task is dependent on the cognitive process used to make the critical decisions that determine the outcome. (wikipedia.org)
  • HCR is a psychology/cognitive modelling approach to HRA developed by Hannaman et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Decision field theory: A dynamic-cognitive approach to decision making. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reject a hypothesis that makes clearly false predictions" or "Use double-blind experimental methods when dealing with cognitive agents") and at the metamethodological level, where they faced the problem of how to rationally select among competing theories of scientific rationality, without circularity. (stanford.edu)
  • The DMGames compress the most important elements of the real-world problems they represent and are important tools for collecting human actions DMGames have helped investigate a variety of factors, such as cognitive ability, type of feedback, timing of feedback, strategies used while making decisions, and knowledge acquisition while performing DDM tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although this finding indicated that memory was not made up of a single system positioned in one place in the brain, at the time, others agreed that motor skills are likely a special case that represented a less cognitive form of memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jacoby 1984) and individual difference effects such as demographics, personality, cognitive structure and experience (e.g. (acrwebsite.org)
  • Processes
  • Therefore, based on an implicit social cognition approach it is important to␣know whether implicit moral attitudes may have a substantial impact on managerial ethical decision-making processes. (springer.com)
  • The derived conclusion is that complex and deliberative decision-making processes in the context of business ethics can be affected by implicit social cognitions such as implicit moral attitudes. (springer.com)
  • In the context of people-centered development, central elements of participation include: Democratic processes Government accountability Access to relevant information Gender equality The OECD noted that democratic processes are essential to people-centered development because they allow communities to create their own development goals and influence the decisions that determine their quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • The methods provide techniques and skills for facilitation of group processes, and they appreciate that such techniques and skills are essential for effective sensemaking, systems modeling, and participative decision-making. (wikipedia.org)
  • sustainability
  • The results are useful to get an impression of the sustainability of the watershed in terms of landsliding and therefore may help decision makers in future planning and mitigation of landslide impacts. (springer.com)
  • In 1984, David Korten, a former regional advisor to the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), proposed a people-centered development strategy that incorporated the values of justice, sustainability, and inclusiveness. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to its commitment to people-centered development, the DAC High-Level Meeting in May 1996 made sustainability a concrete development goal, requiring the implementation of national sustainability initiatives by 2005 in order to reverse deforestation, water pollution, and other trends of environmental degradation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Expanding beyond the environmental scope of sustainability, it advocates small-scale community actions in order to enhance economic self-reliance and create reliable sources of income. (wikipedia.org)
  • methods
  • Specifically, it (1) explicitly includes the time dimension into investment analysis, (2) is based on methods for decision making under uncertainty rather than risk, (3) yields computationally feasible methods for coping with the high complexity in investment analysis, and (4) yields decisions that are optimal rather than satisficing, i.e. performance of the Cybernetic Investment Decision System (CIDS) gradually improves during its operation through learning from past experience. (repec.org)
  • Landslide susceptibility mapping (LSM) is making increasing implications for GIS-based spatial analysis in combination with multi-criteria evaluation (MCE) methods. (springer.com)
  • Using quantitative methods, they studied how various participants in the system - judges, prosecutors, defense attorneys, police officers, perpetrators, and others - combine the information available to them into decisions that then become information items for other decision-makers in the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Problem structuring methods constitute a family of approaches that have differing purposes and techniques, and many of them had been developed independently before people began to notice their family resemblance. (wikipedia.org)
  • People who use PSMs must pay attention to what group facilitators call process skills (guiding interactions between people through nonlinear applications of the methods) and content skills (helping people build sufficiently comprehensive models of the given situation). (wikipedia.org)
  • Careful selection of methods, techniques and level of detail is necessary so that the gathered information will provide a sound basis for making decisions. (nps.gov)
  • models
  • Data and models comprise the basic building blocks of inquiry. (wikipedia.org)
  • An important observation made by McGrath and Tschan (2004) regarding the different models of group development found in the literature is that different models might explain different aspects of the history of a group. (wikipedia.org)
  • While several strands of historicism originated in nineteenth-century historiography, this article focuses, first, on the historicist conceptions of scientific rationality that became prominent in the 1960s and 1970s, as the maturation of the field of historiography of science began to suggest competing models of scientific development, and, second, on recent approaches such as historical epistemology. (stanford.edu)
  • research
  • This paper summarizes the results of our research into applications of cybernetic concepts and artificial intelligence techniques to investment analysis: it outlines the philosophy underlying the cybernetic approach to market forecasting and investment selection. (repec.org)
  • Traditionally, business ethics research emphasized the effects of overt or␣explicit attitudes on ethical decision-making and neglected intuitive or implicit attitudes. (springer.com)
  • Decision-making has been another major research area in which Konečni has been heavily involved (in close collaboration with Dr. Ebbe B. Ebbesen, a long-time colleague at the University of California, San Diego). (wikipedia.org)
  • Dynamic decision making research uses computer simulations which are laboratory analogues for real-life situations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research in dynamic decision-making is mostly laboratory-based and uses computer simulation microworld tools (i.e. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study provides a simple but comprehensive methodology for improvingperformance of B-schools in India.Keywords Benchmarking, Data analysis, Decision making units, Neural netsPaper type Research paper Benchmarking: An International Journal Vol. 18 No. 2, 20111. (slideshare.net)
  • Journal
  • International Journal of Information Technologies and Systems Approach (IJITSA). (igi-global.com)
  • The International Journal of Information Technologies and Systems Approach (IJITSA) is a refereed global journal where a systemic interdisciplinary and/or a multi-methodology perspective of information systems, software engineering, and systems engineering are encouraged. (igi-global.com)
  • The journal pursues a better understanding and development of the three addressed disciplines from an interdisciplinary and/or multi-methodology perspective focused on the construct IT system. (igi-global.com)
  • dependent
  • Opaqueness refers to the physical invisibility of some aspects of a dynamic system and it might also be dependent upon a decision maker's ability to acquire knowledge of the components of the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • analysis
  • Each step taken within the deliberative decision-making process, as well the decision itself, was assessed using a scoring model-based decision analysis and a decision-making questionnaire. (springer.com)
  • Linstone (1999) explained: Allison had seen that his analysis and modeling for corporate decision making only took into account some of the factors vital in the corporate decision process and Allison's work examined the missile crisis from three different points of view, rational actor, organizational process, and bureaucratic politics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Akgun A, Türk N (2010) Landslide susceptibility mapping for Ayvalik (Western Turkey) and its vicinity by multicriteria decision analysis. (springer.com)
  • His analysis of energy flow in ecosystems, and the differences in the potential energy of sunlight, fresh water currents, wind and ocean currents led him to make the suggestion that when two or more different energy sources drive a system, they cannot be added without first converting them to a common measure that accounts for their differences in energy quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some widely adopted PSMs include soft systems methodology, the strategic choice approach, and strategic options development and analysis (SODA). (wikipedia.org)
  • Although
  • Although the use of RTI for LD identification is a major emphasis within IDEA 2004, RTI may be more broadly defined as an approach that uses students' response to high-quality instruction to guide educational decisions, including decisions about the efficacy of instruction and intervention, eligibility for special programs, design of individual education programs, and effectiveness of special education services (Batsche et al. (ldonline.org)
  • Although this approach has long been in use, in recent years it has been called into question by some professionals and academics (Speece & Shekitka, 2002). (ldonline.org)
  • 1971
  • This work was based on ideas of Graham T. Allison, published in his Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis from 1971. (wikipedia.org)
  • available
  • Information gathered in identification activities is useful in other preservation planning activities only when it is systematically gathered and recorded, and made available to those responsible for preservation planning. (nps.gov)
  • better
  • Productivity includes creating better agreements that are more likely to be implemented, and realizing (to the extent possible in the given situation) ideals such as communicative rationality and procedural justice. (wikipedia.org)
  • uses
  • The method uses Rasmussen's idea of rule-based, skill-based, and knowledge-based decision making to determine the likelihood of failing a given task, as well as considering the PSFs of operator experience, stress and interface quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • experimental
  • The experimental results of these tests indicate that through the cybernetic approach quality of investment decisions can be improved. (repec.org)
  • Microworlds become the laboratory analogues for real-life situations and help DDM investigators to study decision-making by compressing time and space while maintaining experimental control. (wikipedia.org)
  • context
  • The median response time, (T1/2), requires to be amended to make it specific to the situational context. (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristics
  • The primary characteristics of dynamic decision environments are dynamics, complexity, opaqueness, and dynamic complexity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rosenhead provided another list of common characteristics of PSMs, formulated in a more prescriptive style: Seek solutions which satisfice on separate dimensions rather than seeking an optimal decision on a single dimension. (wikipedia.org)
  • System
  • And while we value that particular decision, we believe the transplant system should neither reward nor punish people for their personal decisions or beliefs," she said. (drugs.com)
  • From 1973 to 2011 (the year of Emeritus Professor Ebbe B. Ebbesen's passing), Ebbesen and Konečni worked on judicial decision-making in the criminal justice system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dynamic complexity refers to the decision maker's ability to control the system using the feedback the decision maker receives from the system. (wikipedia.org)
  • method
  • These selected thematic maps were integrated using a weighted linear combination method to create the final landslide susceptibility map. (springer.com)
  • individual
  • PSMs are usually used by a group of people in collaboration (rather than by a solitary individual) to create a consensus about, or at least to facilitate negotiations about, what needs to change. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • He organized several years the traditional International Symposium on Simulation Based Decision Support and Business Intelligence, at Baden-Baden, Germany. (igi-global.com)
  • At this time several possible conference names were presented including: North Central Indiana Conference and Mid-Indiana Conference, but no final decision was made at this time. (wikipedia.org)
  • field
  • Examples of dynamic decision making situations include managing climate change, factory production and inventory, air traffic control, firefighting, and driving a car, military command and control in a battle field. (wikipedia.org)
  • complex
  • This approach is computer oriented--it enables us to automate or program directly the complex judgmental aspects of investment decision making. (repec.org)
  • A microworld is a complex simulation used in controlled experiments designed to study dynamic decision-making. (wikipedia.org)
  • Procedural memory is created through procedural learning or, repeating a complex activity over and over again until all of the relevant neural systems work together to automatically produce the activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • final
  • Lesley launches a custody suit and the judge postpones the final decision to allow Laura to get to know her biological mother first. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • In this study the participants were asked to work on a deliberative managerial ethical decision-making task, in which they had to decide on one of two options. (springer.com)
  • development
  • Lloyd G. Nigro, Decision Making in the Public Sector (1984), Marcel Dekker Inc. David G. Carnevale, Organizational Development in the Public Sector (2002), Westview Pr. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shaping the 21st Century," a report published by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1996, made people-centered development a target policy for all member countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • He calls on external development partners to support objectives chosen by the people, building communities' capacity to manage resources and meet local needs independently. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • User units include a receiver which displays the images so that the user may preview the roadway ahead to make route choices. (google.ca)
  • model
  • Even if this alternative approach had been taken, a great many subjective estimates on Soviet intelligence and policies would still have dominated the results of the model. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adams, Roy J. Two policy approaches to labour-management decision-making at the level of the enterprise : a comparison of the Wagner model and statutory works councils / by R.J. Adams. (wikipedia.org)
  • another
  • The term "embodied energy" was used for a time in the early 1980s to refer to energy quality differences in terms of their costs of generation, and a ratio called a "quality factor" for the calories (or joules) of one kind of energy required to make those of another. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • In 1975 he was appointed as an associate professor, and in 1984 became a full-time professor (personal chair) in agricultural economics and business management, a position he held until 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dynamic decision-making (DDM) is interdependent decision-making that takes place in an environment that changes over time either due to the previous actions of the decision maker or due to events that are outside of the control of the decision maker. (wikipedia.org)
  • references
  • If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. (repec.org)
  • suggests
  • Changes in the traditional C-A-B approach are also based on evidence which suggests that a consumer's level of involvement in a particular advertising message may influence his or her processing strategy (Krugman 1965, Rothchild 1979, Vaughn 1980). (acrwebsite.org)
  • Table
  • In 1975, he introduced a table of "Energy Quality Factors", kilocalories of sunlight energy required to make a kilocalorie of a higher quality energy, the first mention of the energy hierarchy principle which states that "energy quality is measured by the energy used in the transformations" from one type of energy to the next. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following table lists similar (but not exactly equivalent) distinctions made by a number of thinkers between two types of "problem" situations, which can be seen as a continuum between a left and right extreme: Tame problems (or puzzles or technical challenges) have relatively precise, straightforward formulations that are often amenable to solution with some predetermined technical fix or algorithm. (wikipedia.org)
  • choice
  • The receiver is also responsive to a local broadcast of the camera's identification signal to thereby determine the geographical location of the user and alert the user when particularly pertinent images are being displayed and when decision points are reached where the user must make a route change choice. (google.ca)
  • Lesley made the devastating choice to call off the custody suit and sends Laura back to live with the Vinings. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • TE is treated as anindicator for performance of DMUs and comparison has been made among them. (slideshare.net)
  • people
  • We designed the building as a sculptural element to stand out in an area where so many people head south every day", says Patrik Ekenhill. (archdaily.com)
  • philosophy
  • UNOS, which manages the nation's Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, established by Congress in 1984, takes issue with the LifeSharers' philosophy. (drugs.com)
  • By using Response-to-Instruction's tiered approach and Universal Design's equal access philosophy, you can bridge the gap so that you are truly leaving no child behind. (readingrockets.org)
  • tracks
  • The combination of a vaulted bottom and a curved top in the direction of the tracks creates associations with both motion and the softly undulating topography of the City Park", says Patrik Ekenhill. (archdaily.com)