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  • 1994
  • From this, it is a natural extension to address the meritocracy thesis of The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class in American Life (Herrnstein & Murray, 1994): This thesis is that the heritability of IQ plus social trends render inevitable a society in which good genes for IQ are highly correlated with class. (docplayer.net)
  • Charles Murray called IQ gains the 'Flynn effect' because I infered that they were part of a persistent and perhaps universal phenomenon (Herrnstein & Murray, 1994, p. 307). (docplayer.net)
  • developmental
  • An increase in maternal Ery-Se from the fifth to the 95th percentile [median: 0.44 μg/g hemoglobin (Hb)] was associated with an increase in full developmental score of 3.5 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.1, 7. corresponding to 0.16 standard deviation (SD) at 5 y, and 8.1 (95% CI: 3.8, 13), corresponding to 0.24 SD at 10 y. (nih.gov)
  • A second rationale for the use of CAS as a cover term for this disorder, rather than alternative terms such as developmental apraxia of speech (DAS) or developmental verbal dyspraxia (DVD) , is that our literature review indicated that apraxia of speech occurs in children in three clinical contexts. (asha.org)
  • cognitive
  • Measures of prenatal and childhood (below the 98th percentile) selenium status were associated with higher cognitive function scores at 5 and 10 y of age. (nih.gov)
  • A score on a well-constructed test is believed to reflect a psychological construct such as achievement in a school subject, cognitive ability , aptitude , emotional functioning, personality , etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • tests
  • When current IQ tests were developed, the median raw score of the norming sample is defined as IQ 100 and scores each standard deviation (SD) up or down are defined as 15 IQ points greater or less, although this was not always so historically. (wikipedia.org)
  • METHODS Ten high functioning subjects with autism spectrum disorder and 13 age and IQ matched controls were tested using recall tests. (bmj.com)
  • Psychological tests can strongly resemble questionnaires , which are also designed to measure unobserved constructs, but differ in that psychological tests ask for a respondent's maximum performance whereas a questionnaire asks for the respondent's typical performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first large-scale tests may have been examinations that were part of the imperial examination system in China. (wikipedia.org)
  • level
  • This was a turning point in psychology: A new type of test had been produced in which the average level of performance was the criterion. (wilderdom.com)
  • The main hypothesis predicted a significantly higher level of field independence among good readers than among poor readers with the effects of nonreading verbal intelligence controlled. (ubc.ca)
  • measure
  • Indeed, correlations of the magnitude of r = 0.58 have been reported between Openness and verbal ability, which is a measure of gc (Kyllonen, 1997). (scribd.com)
  • relation
  • Scientists such as Robert Rosenthal laid the groundwork for this understanding, revealing the importance of experimenter expectations in relation to participant performance and, among other things, the importance of experimenter gender ( 5 ). (cloudfront.net)
  • possibility
  • Yet the IQ advantage did not seem to be accompanied by a corresponding achievement advantage, which suggested the possibility that the mean IQ of Chinese and Japanese Americans might underpredict their achievements. (docplayer.net)
  • An alternate scoring technique was proposed which might reduce the possibility of contamination by the extraneous variable of impulsivity-reflectivity in responding. (ubc.ca)
  • previous
  • Massive IQ gains over time revealed that the present generation has a huge IQ advantage over the previous generation. (docplayer.net)
  • higher
  • Without exception, whenever the same participants were given both the new test and an older test, they had a higher score on the latter. (docplayer.net)
  • intervention
  • To date, the UCLA method of early intensive behavioral intervention has received the most large-scale research attention and empirical support. (ubc.ca)
  • Consistent with the findings of Yoshinaga-Itano et al, 1 significantly better language scores were associated with early enrollment in intervention. (aappublications.org)
  • years
  • Statistical analyses included (1) latent growth modeling to determine how clinical dementia severity changes over 2 years (measured by performance on the Dementia Rating Scale), (2) confirmatory factor analysis to establish a baseline E-CR factor, and (3) path analysis to predict dementia severity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • study
  • In Binet's view, there were limitations with the scale and he stressed what he saw as the remarkable diversity of intelligence and the subsequent need to study it using qualitative, as opposed to quantitative, measures (White, 2000). (wikipedia.org)
  • single
  • The single variable which correlated most highly with reading comprehension was nonreading verbal IQ. (ubc.ca)
  • Both patients exhibited relatively good performance with single letters or words but were significantly impaired in the recognition of the same stimuli when presented as part of an array. (barnardhealth.us)
  • group
  • 1 Searching for Justice The Discovery of IQ Gains Over Time James R. Flynn University of Otago Humane-egalitarian ideals, whose aims are group justice and reducing environmental inequality and privilege, must be tested against reality, as revealed by psychology and other social sciences. (docplayer.net)
  • Four issues are addressed: the equation between IQ and intelligence, whether group potential is determined by a group's mean IQ, whether the Black- White IQ gap is genetic, and the meritocratic thesis that genes for IQ will become highly correlated with class. (docplayer.net)
  • A comparison of a group ABA (GABA) verbal behaviour. (ubc.ca)
  • factors
  • IQ scores have been shown to be associated with such factors as morbidity and mortality, parental social status, and, to a substantial degree, biological parental IQ. (wikipedia.org)
  • Review
  • It takes us from IQ gains over time, to the IQs and achievements of Chinese and Japanese Americans, to a review of the race and IQ debate, and finally, to a critique of the meritocracy thesis. (docplayer.net)
  • genetic
  • Four issues are addressed: the equation between IQ and intelligence, whether group potential is determined by a group's mean IQ, whether the Black- White IQ gap is genetic, and the meritocratic thesis that genes for IQ will become highly correlated with class. (docplayer.net)
  • early
  • To date, the UCLA method of early intensive behavioral intervention has received the most large-scale research attention and empirical support. (ubc.ca)
  • Average
  • Today, Jensen, a professor of educational psychology at the University of California-Berkeley, is even more convinced that biology causes the 15-point gap in the average scores of blacks and whites. (sunysuffolk.edu)
  • addition
  • In addition, verbal intelligence was a considerably more valid predictor of field dependency than was reading comprehension, which accounted for almost none of the field dependency variance. (ubc.ca)
  • among
  • Scientists such as Robert Rosenthal laid the groundwork for this understanding, revealing the importance of experimenter expectations in relation to participant performance and, among other things, the importance of experimenter gender ( 5 ). (cloudfront.net)
  • school
  • High scores can still be the ticket to America's own brand of privileged education -- public school classes for the gifted or expensive private schools geared to high achievers. (sunysuffolk.edu)
  • review
  • It takes us from IQ gains over time, to the IQs and achievements of Chinese and Japanese Americans, to a review of the race and IQ debate, and finally, to a critique of the meritocracy thesis. (docplayer.net)
  • standard
  • An increase in maternal Ery-Se from the fifth to the 95th percentile [median: 0.44 μg/g hemoglobin (Hb)] was associated with an increase in full developmental score of 3.5 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.1, 7. corresponding to 0.16 standard deviation (SD) at 5 y, and 8.1 (95% CI: 3.8, 13), corresponding to 0.24 SD at 10 y. (nih.gov)