• 1974
  • In 1974, the new Constitution provided for a collective federal presidency, consisting of representatives of the six republics, the two autonomous provinces within Serbia and (until 1988) the President of the League of Communists, with a Chairman in rotation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under the 1974 Yugoslav Constitution, the province gained extensive rights of self-rule, which defined Vojvodina as one of the subjects of the Yugoslav federation, and also gave it voting rights equivalent to Serbia itself on the country's collective presidency. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 1974 Yugoslav Constitution allowed for the official recognition of the Muslims as a nationality, therefore allowing more individuals to declare their alignment with a compromise categorization of Muslims by nationality (Muslimani), in this case separated from a religious basis (muslimani without capital letter). (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990
  • However, until 1990 the position of President of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia was usually the most powerful position (the position often coincided with the position of President). (wikipedia.org)
  • With the reforms in 1990, individual republics elected their own heads of state, but the country's head of state continued to rotate among appointed representatives of the republics until the country's dissolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Regular federal elections set for 1990 were never held before the country dissolved. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the course of 1990 each constituent republic adopted democratic constitutions which allowed for political parties other than the League of Communists, and subsequently held multi-party elections. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the first multi-party elections since Communist rule and the adoption of the 1990 constitution, the Sabor was bicameral (Chamber of Representatives and Chamber of Counties) until 2001, when constitutional amendments changed it to the unicameral form currently used. (wikipedia.org)
  • As it existed in 1990, Yugoslavia was bounded on the north by Austria and Hungary, on the northeast by Romania, on the east by Bulgaria, on the south by Greece, and on the west by Albania, the Adriatic Sea, and Italy. (doklad.ru)
  • 1921
  • On that day, King Alexander I abolished the Vidovdan Constitution (adopted in 1921), prorogued the National Assembly and introduced a personal dictatorship (so-called 6 January Dictatorship). (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to protect itself against Hungarian and Bulgarian demands for treaty revisions, Yugoslavia entered (1920, 1921) into alliances with Czechoslovakia and Romania, the three states forming the Little Entente in close cooperation with France. (questia.com)
  • Late in 1920 the Serbian Pašić became premier and obtained enactment of the centralized constitution of 1921. (questia.com)
  • 1929
  • He renamed the country Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 3 October 1929, and continued to rule as a de facto absolute monarch until his assassination on 9 October 1934, during a state visit to France. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1929, the Kingdom was transformed into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1931
  • Parliamentary Elections were held in 1923, 1925 and 1927, while with the new constitution a de facto Lower and Upper House were introduced in 1931 (the Senate next to the National Assembly). (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Within the territory of the present Republic of Croatia, Muslim believers were registered for the first time during the 1931 census: 1,239 of them were in Zagreb and their overall number in Croatia being only about 4000. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kosovo
  • It was then part of Serbia (and later Yugoslavia), until the 1999 Kosovo War resulted in the de facto separation of Kosovo from the rest of Serbia, followed by its secession from Serbia in 2008 which is not wholly and legally recognised by the international community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colonisation of Kosovo was a state project implemented by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia during the interwar period. (wikipedia.org)
  • President Bill Clinton stated that the crisis in Kosovo can be blamed on a single individual, Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic: "The roots of this conflict lie in the policies of Mr. Milosevic, the dictator of Serbia. (rastko.rs)
  • The solution Clinton offers is that the people of Kosovo be given "the autonomy they were guaranteed under their constitution before Mr. Milosevic came to power. (rastko.rs)
  • But will autonomy create stability and political integration of Kosovo within Serbia and Yugoslavia or will the opposite more likely occur? (rastko.rs)
  • In addition to the impacts of the ground war between the KLA and the Yugoslav Armed Forces, the bombings and the resulting radioactive fall-out in Kosovo have been more devastating than in the rest of Yugoslavia. (rrojasdatabank.info)
  • With the "diplomatic shuttle" still ongoing, the Alliance is intent on inflicting as much damage on the Yugoslav economy (including Kosovo) as possible prior to reaching a G8 brokered "peace initiative" which will empower them to send in ground troops. (rrojasdatabank.info)
  • presidium
  • Due to the complicated political system, a new democratic electoral system could not be agreed upon by the Presidium (representing the republics, some of which were openly campaigning for independence and whose interest in Yugoslav reform was moot), the Executive Council (which had dissenting internal opinion about reform), and the Federal Assembly itself which was made up of the old communist cadre. (wikipedia.org)
  • Axis
  • Education in Hungarian was limited, a number of Hungarian and German cultural societies had been banned in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia until the late 1930s, when Yugoslavia drifted to pro-axis positions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Executive Council
  • The executive branch of the federal government (the Federal Executive Council, FEC) included only the five ministries dealing with national affairs and foreign policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • President of the Republic was also the president of the Federal Executive Council. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was made up of 30 to 45 members elected from the Federal Assembly with only five of these members becoming state secretaries for one of five secretariats (rather than ministries) and two or more members becoming Vice President of the Federal Executive Council. (wikipedia.org)
  • After elections an initial joint session of both councils of the Federal Assembly would vote in a new Federal Executive Council, which also functioned on a four-year term. (wikipedia.org)
  • practice
  • Further, how is the question of power settled in the Constitution and in practice in this country? (wikipedia.org)
  • There has been insufficient recognition of those ways in which Yugoslavia had actually become committed institutionally and ideologically to a more thoroughly radical and utopian version of socialism, which lay beyond rather than short of the prevailing eastern European practice. (esiweb.org)
  • disintegration
  • Closely related linguistically, these peoples are separated by historical and cultural factors that ultimately led to the disintegration of Yugoslavia. (questia.com)
  • The description below covers Yugoslavia, as it existed prior to disintegration. (doklad.ru)
  • authorities
  • The constitution contained regulations about the dominant position of state property, organization of authority on the principle of unity of authority and dichotomous division of all state authority on state authorities and state administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • This Constitution will enable further firming of the new authorities in the country, but soon after that, the process of changing the Constitution will begin as the result of a conflict with the Soviet Union, until recently ally and model. (wikipedia.org)
  • 19th
  • History of modern Serbia or modern history of Serbia covers the history of Serbia since national awakening in the early 19th century from the Ottoman Empire, then Yugoslavia, to the present day Republic of Serbia. (wikipedia.org)
  • It proclaims - and in this regard it differs from the traditional catalog of the rights of man that are contained in various constitutions and fundamental laws of the 18th and 19th centuries and the first decades of the 20th century - not only civil and political rights but also rights that were eventually regulated in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. (encyclopedia.com)
  • state
  • The division of jurisdiction existed between the union state, the member republics, the territorial administration and local administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • The newly formed party organized several protests against political situation in the country and rallies of support for Soviet Russia and the Hungarian Soviet Republic, while the Central Workers' Trade-Union Council organized many strikes and demonstrations against employers and state authority. (wikipedia.org)
  • And with one big interruption (the second world war) it remained part of some sort of Yugoslav state until June 2006. (wikipedia.org)
  • nations
  • One of the youngest nations of Europe, Yugoslavia was created after World War I as a homeland for several different rival ethnic groups. (doklad.ru)
  • 29. Discredit the American Constitution by calling it inadequate, old-fashioned, out of step with modern needs, a hindrance to cooperation between nations on a worldwide basis. (freerepublic.com)
  • minorities
  • For the Slavic majority, four non-Slavic national minorities - Hungarians, Germans, Albanians and Italians - had proved troublesome already in the first Yugoslavia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Yugoslav communist partisan movement was unpopular among those minorities, with the German Ernst Thälmann unit existing merely on paper and the Hungarian Petőfi unit numbering mere hundred men. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, after the war, free education in the native language of the minorities were guaranteed by the Communist constitution. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1950s, the Bulgarians were reported to be a poor and backward minority, in contrast, the Czechs and Slovaks were "industrious and valuable minorities" for Yugoslavia. (wikipedia.org)
  • political
  • The Sabor's powers are defined by the Constitution and they include: defining economic, legal and political relations in Croatia, preservation and use of its heritage and entering into alliances. (wikipedia.org)
  • opposition
  • Lazar Kolishevski however, started a policy fully implementing the pro-Yugoslav line and took hard measures against the opposition. (wikipedia.org)