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  • presidium
  • Due to the complicated political system, a new democratic electoral system could not be agreed upon by the Presidium (representing the republics, some of which were openly campaigning for independence and whose interest in Yugoslav reform was moot), the Executive Council (which had dissenting internal opinion about reform), and the Federal Assembly itself which was made up of the old communist cadre. (wikipedia.org)
  • Historically, the first republican heads of state of Croatia (then a constituent republic of the Yugoslavia) were the Presidents of the Presidium of the Croatian Parliament, an office notably distinct from the Speaker of the Parliament (Predsjednik Sabora). (wikipedia.org)
  • When the Presidium was abolished in the constitutional reforms of 1953, the position defaulted to the Presidents of the Parliament. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1921
  • On that day, King Alexander I abolished the Vidovdan Constitution (adopted in 1921), prorogued the National Assembly and introduced a personal dictatorship (so-called 6 January Dictatorship). (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to protect itself against Hungarian and Bulgarian demands for treaty revisions, Yugoslavia entered (1920, 1921) into alliances with Czechoslovakia and Romania, the three states forming the Little Entente in close cooperation with France. (questia.com)
  • Late in 1920 the Serbian Pašić became premier and obtained enactment of the centralized constitution of 1921. (questia.com)
  • Kosovo
  • subsequently, the Yugoslav government agreed to remove its security forces from Kosovo. (britannica.com)
  • It was then part of Serbia (and later Yugoslavia), until the 1999 Kosovo War resulted in the de facto separation of Kosovo from the rest of Serbia, followed by its secession from Serbia in 2008 which is not wholly and legally recognised by the international community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colonisation of Kosovo was a state project implemented by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia during the interwar period. (wikipedia.org)
  • President Bill Clinton stated that the crisis in Kosovo can be blamed on a single individual, Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic: "The roots of this conflict lie in the policies of Mr. Milosevic, the dictator of Serbia. (rastko.rs)
  • The solution Clinton offers is that the people of Kosovo be given "the autonomy they were guaranteed under their constitution before Mr. Milosevic came to power. (rastko.rs)
  • But will autonomy create stability and political integration of Kosovo within Serbia and Yugoslavia or will the opposite more likely occur? (rastko.rs)
  • authorities
  • In 2002, shortly before a planned referendum on independence, Montenegrin leader Milorad Djukanović negotiated an agreement (under the auspices of the EU) with Serb and Yugoslav authorities that called for greater autonomy for Montenegro in a continued loose federation with Serbia named Serbia and Montenegro. (britannica.com)
  • The constitution contained regulations about the dominant position of state property, organization of authority on the principle of unity of authority and dichotomous division of all state authority on state authorities and state administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • This Constitution will enable further firming of the new authorities in the country, but soon after that, the process of changing the Constitution will begin as the result of a conflict with the Soviet Union, until recently ally and model. (wikipedia.org)
  • Axis
  • Education in Hungarian was limited, a number of Hungarian and German cultural societies had been banned in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia until the late 1930s, when Yugoslavia drifted to pro-axis positions. (wikipedia.org)
  • practice
  • Further, how is the question of power settled in the Constitution and in practice in this country? (wikipedia.org)
  • There has been insufficient recognition of those ways in which Yugoslavia had actually become committed institutionally and ideologically to a more thoroughly radical and utopian version of socialism, which lay beyond rather than short of the prevailing eastern European practice. (esiweb.org)
  • independence
  • The Croatian Parliament then declared independence on 25 June 1991, when Tuđman formally became the first president of an independent Croatian nation under the name the Republic of Croatia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Croatia
  • citation needed] Within the territory of the present Republic of Croatia, Muslim believers were registered for the first time during the 1931 census: 1,239 of them were in Zagreb and their overall number in Croatia being only about 4000. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sabor's powers are defined by the Constitution and they include: defining economic, legal and political relations in Croatia, preservation and use of its heritage and entering into alliances. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Croatian parliament's powers are defined by the Constitution of Croatia. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is used almost exclusively outside the country itself or by foreign media sources, while within Croatia itself the spouse of the President is usually referred to as either the wife of the President of the Republic or the husband of the President of the Republic, rather than being referenced as a First Spouse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Partisan
  • The Yugoslav communist partisan movement was unpopular among those minorities, with the German Ernst Thälmann unit existing merely on paper and the Hungarian Petőfi unit numbering mere hundred men. (wikipedia.org)
  • state
  • Yugoslavia was proclaimed a socialist, democratic, federal state of sovereign and equal nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was made up of 30 to 45 members elected from the Federal Assembly with only five of these members becoming state secretaries for one of five secretariats (rather than ministries) and two or more members becoming Vice President of the Federal Executive Council. (wikipedia.org)
  • The newly formed party organized several protests against political situation in the country and rallies of support for Soviet Russia and the Hungarian Soviet Republic, while the Central Workers' Trade-Union Council organized many strikes and demonstrations against employers and state authority. (wikipedia.org)
  • The division of jurisdiction existed between the union state, the member republics, the territorial administration and local administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • And with one big interruption (the second world war) it remained part of some sort of Yugoslav state until June 2006. (wikipedia.org)
  • facto
  • Parliamentary Elections were held in 1923, 1925 and 1927, while with the new constitution a de facto Lower and Upper House were introduced in 1931 (the Senate next to the National Assembly). (wikipedia.org)
  • individual
  • Most governmental powers under the new constitution, ratified in 2003, were reserved to the two republics, though foreign policy , defense, and individual rights fell under federal statutes. (britannica.com)
  • The federal government itself has far more power under the new Constitution than it had under the Articles, but many Founders worry that the government will have, or take upon itself, the power to constrain or even destroy individual rights and freedoms. (historycommons.org)
  • powers
  • Finally, the Founders, all too aware that until the English Revolution of 1688, the King of England could use his "prerogative powers" to dispense with a law that he felt unnecessary, move to ensure that the US president cannot use a similar usurpation of power to override Congressional legislation, writing in the Constitution that the president must "take care that the laws be faithfully executed. (historycommons.org)
  • Instead, Lincoln, wielding powers that the Constitution does not grant him and without a formal declaration of war, drastically enlarges the Union's army and navy, blockades Southern ports, spends money not appropriated by Congress, and arrests Northern citizens suspected of being Confederate sympathizers. (historycommons.org)
  • Muslims
  • The spike in the number of self-declared "Muslims" during socialist Yugoslavia times should thus be understood as persons having a family Muslim cultural background (similar to the concept of cultural Christians), rather than practicing believers in Islam. (wikipedia.org)
  • Congress
  • This second constitution was adopted at the sixth congress of the Communist Party. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the wake of the Congress, the United Socialist (Communist) Woman Movement (Jedinstveni ženski socijalistički (komunistički) pokret), and the Central Workers' Trade-Union Council (Centralno radničko sindikalno vijeće) were also founded, while the Young Communist League of Yugoslavia was formed later that year. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the failure of the US federal government under the Articles of Confederation, the men working to shape the new American government-later termed the "Founders"-determine that the new government must have a president with power equal to that of Congress and the Supreme Court. (historycommons.org)
  • The Congress not from following Yugoslav groups and kinds did a good PTL. (anthonyflood.com)
  • Albanians
  • For the Slavic majority, four non-Slavic national minorities - Hungarians, Germans, Albanians and Italians - had proved troublesome already in the first Yugoslavia. (wikipedia.org)
  • assembly
  • After elections an initial joint session of both councils of the Federal Assembly would vote in a new Federal Executive Council, which also functioned on a four-year term. (wikipedia.org)
  • nations
  • 29. Discredit the American Constitution by calling it inadequate, old-fashioned, out of step with modern needs, a hindrance to cooperation between nations on a worldwide basis. (freerepublic.com)