• psychotropic
  • Though much of the research and understanding of psychopharmacology comes from the field of medicine and psychiatry, there are of course, other areas where psychotropic drugs have been used, ranging from illegal recreational use to the possibility of applying them as agents of "mind control. (encyclopedia.com)
  • mood
  • The investigations into the mechanism of activity of these agents that followed their discovery led to the proposal of the "chemical imbalance" of neurotransmitters theory of mood disorders, which is supposed to account for the pathophysiology and/or pathogenesis of these states. (wikipedia.org)
  • This has led some to question the common use of antipsychotics for the treatment of agitation in the elderly, particularly with the availability of alternatives such as mood stabilizing and antiepileptic drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The typical treatment for schizoaffective disorder involves the individual taking an antipsychotic drug and possibly a mood stabilizer in addition to psychoeducation. (medicinenet.com)
  • [ 1 ] It is used as an antidepressant and anxiolytic agent in the clinical treatment of mood and anxiety disorders , respectively. (thefullwiki.org)
  • symptoms
  • The main effect of treatment with antipsychotics is to reduce the so-called "positive" symptoms, including delusions and hallucinations. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, the efficacy of antipsychotic treatment in reducing both positive and negative symptoms appears to increase with increasing severity of baseline symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • While generally useful for reducing symptoms, the clinical trials performed to date provide little evidence that early use of antipsychotics, alone or in combination with cognitive-behavioral therapy, provides improved long term outcomes in those with prodromal symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • withdrawal
  • Heavy recreational use of methamphetamine may lead to a post-acute-withdrawal syndrome, which can persist for months beyond the typical withdrawal period. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thorazine
  • Whitaker further criticizes the magic bullet theory by attacking the historical notion that the "invention of the antipsychotic Thorazine" emptied the asylums. (wikipedia.org)
  • tend
  • Bipolar disorder (acute mania and mixed episodes) may be treated with either typical or atypical antipsychotics, although atypical antipsychotics are usually preferred because they tend to have more favourable adverse effect profiles and, according to a recent meta-analysis, they tend to have a lower liability for causing conversion from mania to depression. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • It was proposed that designing agents that were more selective for 5-HT and/or NA would lower the incidence of side effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • In addition to those reviewed in the following sections, atypical agents include perospirone (Sumitomo's Lullan) and zotepine (Fujisawa's Lodopin, Aventis's Nipolept, Orion Pharma' s Zoleptil, generics). (cnsdiseases.com)
  • medicinal
  • Although there is no record to establish when plants were first used for medicinal purposes (herbalism), the use of plants as healing agents, as well as clays and soils is ancient. (wikipedia.org)
  • imipramine
  • Imipramine is also known to function as a fast sodium channel blocker, which is said to account for the cardiotoxicity of this agent. (wikipedia.org)
  • introduction
  • Prior to the introduction of these agents, the management of mental disorders in America relied mainly on "psychoanalytic" methods said to be deriving from a "Freudian" understanding of the subject area. (wikipedia.org)