• late 1950s
  • The CATS procedure was not viewed with favor by the emerging Urban Transportation Planning professional peer group, and in the late 1950s there was interest in the development of analytic forecasting procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Ethiopia, poultry research and extension (distribution of exotic breeds) started in the late 1950s. (lrrd.org)
  • among
  • It refers to a process with a slow beginning when only a few speakers use the incoming form or pattern, followed by a middle stage when it is gaining ground rapidly among the speakers, and a slower final phase in which the vast majority have adopted it. (helsinki.fi)
  • The S-curve model has come to be associated with the diffusion of innovations among populations in various fields of scholarship and science. (helsinki.fi)
  • And, diffusion is the process of communicating an innovation through certain channels over time among members of a social system. (wikibooks.org)
  • extent
  • As expected, there were different sets of factors behind the decision to adopt and the decision about to which extent to do so. (lrrd.org)
  • concept
  • The concept of diffusion was first studied by the French sociologist Gabriel Tarde in late 19th century and by German and Austrian anthropologists and geographers such as Friedrich Ratzel and Leo Frobenius. (wikipedia.org)
  • countries
  • Products tend to be adopted more quickly in the United States and Japan, for example, so once the demand for a product (say, VCRs) is in the decline in these markets, an increasing market potential might exist in other countries (e.g. (consumerpsychologist.com)
  • This is a simplification, however, which obscures the fact that developments in the countries experiencing these waves of innovation are much more nuanced. (docplayer.net)
  • The diffusion of such retail formats into more and more countries and regions can be understood not only as the success of a specific business model but also as the success of a series of accumulating innovations. (docplayer.net)
  • global
  • 1 MORAVIAN GEOGRAPHICAL REPORTS 4/2013, Vol. 21 SHORT WAVES OF SUPERMARKET DIFFUSION IN TURKEY Abstract Martin FRANZ, Alexandra APPEL, Markus HASSLER In order to categorize the global diffusion of supermarkets, the metaphor of waves is often used. (docplayer.net)
  • high
  • The history of Chrysler involves engineering innovations, high finance, wide alternations of profits and losses, various mergers and acquisitions, and multinationalization. (wikipedia.org)
  • product
  • Formed by Robert Gottschalk as a small partnership to create anamorphic projection lenses during the widescreen boom in the 1950s, Panavision expanded its product lines to meet the demands of modern filmmakers. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are an official set of universal goals created by world leaders and adopted by the United Nations to be completed within a specific time frame (2000-2015). (wikipedia.org)
  • This case study on the development of the Turkish grocery retail sector since the 1950s, shows how this development can be divided into different phases. (docplayer.net)
  • eventually
  • The size and prosperity of the Indus civilisation grew as a result of this innovation, which eventually led to more planned settlements making use of drainage and sewers. (wikipedia.org)
  • This safety wheel was eventually adopted by the auto industry worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • knowledge
  • Closely related to relative complexity, knowledge requirements are the ability barrier to use presented by the difficulty to use the innovation. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • This article tries to demonstrate, for the case of Turkey, that the supermarketization of the country happened in different phases, which include waves of innovations with different reach. (docplayer.net)
  • After incorporating the study in the relevant literature, the different phases of supermarket diffusion in Turkey are identified and analyzed, leading to some final conclusions. (docplayer.net)
  • often
  • 2 Vol. 21, 4/2013 MORAVIAN GEOGRAPHICAL REPORTS includes an attention to the often neglected role of state institutions and cooperatives for the diffusion of modern retail formats. (docplayer.net)
  • modern
  • The waves refer to the quantitative and spatial diffusion of supermarkets and other modern retail formats such as discounters and hypermarkets. (docplayer.net)
  • procedures
  • Potential adopters evaluate an innovation on its relative advantage (the perceived efficiencies gained by the innovation relative to current tools or procedures), its compatibility with the pre-existing system, its complexity or difficulty to learn, its trialability or testability, its potential for reinvention (using the tool for initially unintended purposes), and its observed effects. (wikipedia.org)