• late 1950s
  • The CATS procedure was not viewed with favor by the emerging Urban Transportation Planning professional peer group, and in the late 1950s there was interest in the development of analytic forecasting procedures. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Ethiopia, poultry research and extension (distribution of exotic breeds) started in the late 1950s. (lrrd.org)
  • 1970s
  • International Style modern architecture was popular from the 1950s to the 1970s, especially in the public housing apartment blocks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The high economic growth period from the 1950s to the early 1970s, the adjustment or stable growth period from the early 1970s to early 1980s and the period of slow growth from the 1980s to date (MITI 2002, Mano and Otsuka 2000). (dislib.info)
  • 1960s
  • then it becomes a concrete reality at the start of the 1950s, and lasts through to the end of the 1960s, when it goes into irreversible crisis. (wildcat-www.de)
  • Traditional standards for the exact length of an inch have varied in the past, but since the adoption of the international yard during the 1950s and 1960s it has been based on the metric system and defined as exactly 2.54 cm. (wikipedia.org)
  • early
  • Development in Latin America has been discussed since the early 1950s and began with the diffusion of innovations concept where countries like Brazil and Colombia would incorporate models brought by developed countries to foster economic growth, use media for technological and scientific advancements, address local problems and manage processes of modernization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Developed in the early 1950s, the weapon entered service with the French army in 1957. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the innovations in its early years would be the first practical mass-produced four-wheel hydraulic brakes, a system nearly completely engineered by Chrysler with patents assigned to Lockheed. (wikipedia.org)
  • shift
  • From the 1950s, marketing began to shift is reliance away from economics and towards other disciplines, notably the behavioural sciences, including sociology, anthropology and clinical psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • closely
  • His methodologies are closely followed in recent diffusion research, even as the field has expanded into, and been influenced by, other methodological disciplines such as social network analysis and communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Closely related to relative complexity, knowledge requirements are the ability barrier to use presented by the difficulty to use the innovation. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • At the end of the 1950s, two important reports criticised marketing for its lack of methodological rigor, especially the failure to adopt mathematically-oriented behavioural science research methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • An important area of local innovation has involved seeking to develop a form of modern architecture appropriate to Singapore's tropical climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • extent
  • As expected, there were different sets of factors behind the decision to adopt and the decision about to which extent to do so. (lrrd.org)
  • among
  • It refers to a process with a slow beginning when only a few speakers use the incoming form or pattern, followed by a middle stage when it is gaining ground rapidly among the speakers, and a slower final phase in which the vast majority have adopted it. (helsinki.fi)
  • And, diffusion is the process of communicating an innovation through certain channels over time among members of a social system. (wikibooks.org)
  • countries
  • Products tend to be adopted more quickly in the United States and Japan, for example, so once the demand for a product (say, VCRs) is in the decline in these markets, an increasing market potential might exist in other countries (e.g. (consumerpsychologist.com)
  • This is a simplification, however, which obscures the fact that developments in the countries experiencing these waves of innovation are much more nuanced. (docplayer.net)
  • The diffusion of such retail formats into more and more countries and regions can be understood not only as the success of a specific business model but also as the success of a series of accumulating innovations. (docplayer.net)
  • In the 1950s, this system of production is seen as reaching out from the United States towards the countries of Western Europe, and Japan. (wildcat-www.de)
  • global
  • 1 MORAVIAN GEOGRAPHICAL REPORTS 4/2013, Vol. 21 SHORT WAVES OF SUPERMARKET DIFFUSION IN TURKEY Abstract Martin FRANZ, Alexandra APPEL, Markus HASSLER In order to categorize the global diffusion of supermarkets, the metaphor of waves is often used. (docplayer.net)
  • Until the 1950s, the economic mechanism behind energy systems was local rather than global. (wikipedia.org)
  • concept
  • The concept of diffusion was first studied by the French sociologist Gabriel Tarde in late 19th century and by German and Austrian anthropologists and geographers such as Friedrich Ratzel and Leo Frobenius . (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • The history of Chrysler involves engineering innovations, high finance, wide alternations of profits and losses, various mergers and acquisitions, and multinationalization. (wikipedia.org)
  • product
  • Formed by Robert Gottschalk as a small partnership to create anamorphic projection lenses during the widescreen boom in the 1950s, Panavision expanded its product lines to meet the demands of modern filmmakers. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are an official set of universal goals created by world leaders and adopted by the United Nations to be completed within a specific time frame (2000-2015). (wikipedia.org)
  • This case study on the development of the Turkish grocery retail sector since the 1950s, shows how this development can be divided into different phases. (docplayer.net)
  • different
  • This article tries to demonstrate, for the case of Turkey, that the supermarketization of the country happened in different phases, which include waves of innovations with different reach. (docplayer.net)
  • After incorporating the study in the relevant literature, the different phases of supermarket diffusion in Turkey are identified and analyzed, leading to some final conclusions. (docplayer.net)
  • often
  • 2 Vol. 21, 4/2013 MORAVIAN GEOGRAPHICAL REPORTS includes an attention to the often neglected role of state institutions and cooperatives for the diffusion of modern retail formats. (docplayer.net)
  • modern
  • The waves refer to the quantitative and spatial diffusion of supermarkets and other modern retail formats such as discounters and hypermarkets. (docplayer.net)