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  • 1942
  • In July 1942 the remaining Jews from Rivne (perhaps 7,000 people) were brought by train to Kostopol and were murdered by German police in a quarry near woods outside the town. (wikipedia.org)
  • From September 1941 to February 1942 more than 55,000 deportees came through the town. (wikipedia.org)
  • From early 1942 until late 1944, transport trains delivered Jews to the camp's gas chambers from all over German-occupied Europe , where they were killed en masse with the cyanide -based poison Zyklon B , originally developed to be used as a pesticide . (wikipedia.org)
  • The persecution began in 1940, and culminated in deportations of Jews from France to concentration camps in Germany and Nazi-occupied Poland from 1942 which lasted until July 1944. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1940
  • Later in 1940, Wolf emigrated to the United States-the same period that 300,000 Jews emigrated to the U.S. from Germany. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the summer of 1940, after the German occupation of Paris, Blum returned to France to be with his family. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Holocaust in France refers to the persecution, deportation, and annihilation of Jews and Roma between 1940 and 1944 in occupied France , metropolitan Vichy, and in Vichy-North Africa, during World War II . (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the 340,000 Jews living in metropolitan/continental France in 1940, more than 75,000 were deported to death camps, where about 72,500 were killed. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the summer of 1940, there were around 700,000 Jews living in French-ruled territory, of which 400,000 lived in French Algeria, then an integral part of France, and in the two French protectorates of Tunisia and Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 3 October 1940, Vichy passed a set of anti-Jewish laws called the Statut des Juifs ("statute on Jews") to solve the Jewish question in areas under its control. (wikipedia.org)
  • The statut also forbade Jews from working in certain professions (teachers, journalists, lawyers, etc.) while a Law of 4 October 1940 envisaged the incarceration of foreign Jews in internment camps in southern France such as the one at Gurs . (wikipedia.org)
  • At the end of 1940, the Jews of Pulaw were deported to Demblin in rail cars, and because of the terrible cold, a lot of the children and the old people froze to death on the way. (jewishgen.org)
  • 19th century
  • This began to change at the end of the 19th century when several Jews entered the University of Tartu and later contributed significantly to enliven Jewish culture and education. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, many German Jews arrived in the middle of the 19th century, established clothing stores in towns across the country, formed Reform synagogues, and were active in banking in New York. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1944
  • A few days before the liberation of Demblin in 1944, they deported all of the Jews in the city to the Czenstechov camp, Warta. (jewishgen.org)
  • Nazi Germany
  • With the ensuing Great Depression, and despite worsening conditions for Jews in Europe, with the rise of Nazi Germany, these quotas remained in place with minor alterations until the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965. (wikipedia.org)
  • Poland
  • Following the re-emergence of sovereign Poland after World War I and during the interwar period the number of Jews in the country grew rapidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the same time, every year around 100,000 Jews were passing through Poland in unofficial emigration overseas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jews preferred to live in relatively tolerant Poland rather than in the USSR, and continued to integrate, to marry into Polish Gentile families, to bring them into their community through marriage, to feel Polish and to form an important part of Polish society. (wikipedia.org)
  • From amongst the 6 million Polish citizens who perished during the occupation of Poland in World War II, roughly half (or 3 million) were Polish Jews murdered at the Nazi extermination camps of Auschwitz, Treblinka, Majdanek, Belzec, Sobibór, and Chełmno. (wikipedia.org)
  • Just after the end of World War I, the West became alarmed by reports about alleged massive pogroms in Poland against Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over 50,000 Jews from western Poland were forced to work for German businesses, primarily in construction, munitions, and textile manufacturing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the main Yiddish dialects in Europe, the Litvishe Yiddish (Lithuanian Yiddish) dialect was spoken by Jews in Lithuania, Belarus, Latvia, Estonia and northeastern Poland, including Suwałki, Łomża, and Białystok. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ruzhyn's history is that of Ukraine, as a whole: founding of Kievan Rus in 885 by Count Oleg occupation by the Mongol Golden Horde in the mid-13th century occupation by Lithuanian nobles from 1398-1449 the "Independence War" against Poland, led by Bogdan Chmielnitski from 1648-57, in which tens of thousands of Jews were massacred Polish noblemen began to wield influence in the western Ukraine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fleeing Jews were refugees from German-occupied Western Poland and Soviet-occupied Eastern Poland , as well as residents of Lithuania. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1938
  • In 1938, their new company was allowed to regain the name Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo (although the company fled for the United States in 1939, and was thereafter mostly based in New York City). (wikipedia.org)
  • 1943
  • They lived in the Będzin Ghetto neighbourhood of Kamionka until sometime after July 16, 1943 (the date of Gertner's last known letter) and were probably deported to Auschwitz with the remaining Jews of Sosnowiec and Będzin in early August, 1943. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soviet
  • Manstein's oral testimony included material about the Einsatzgruppen, the treatment of prisoners of war, and the concept of military obedience, especially as related to the Commissar Order, an order issued by Hitler in 1941 requiring all Soviet political commissars to be shot without trial. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only about 50,000-120,000 Polish Jews survived the war on native soil, including up to 230,000 in the Soviet Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the military conflicts that engulfed Eastern Europe at the time-the Russian Civil War, Polish-Ukrainian War, and Polish-Soviet War-many pogroms were launched against the Jews by all sides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Survivors who returned from the camps attempted to rebuild the community, but many emigrated because they feared the advances of the Soviet Union. (torahtots.com)
  • genocide
  • This German plan called for the total annihilation of the Jews and the genocide of other groups, including selected population strata of the Slavs, undesirable Sinti and Roma, and the mentally ill and physically handicapped. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • None of the previous holocausts has given rise to any financial indemnity, reparation or compensation to match those that the Jews have claimed and obtained for a catastrophe or "Shoah" they describe as unique and unprecedented, and which would, in effect, be so if its three components (genocide, Nazi gas chambers and six million victims) had been real. (blogspot.com)
  • German
  • Only about 270 Kostopol Jews had survived the German occupation, including those who had escaped eastwards before the mass killings. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, after the summer of 1941, with the arrival of the German Nazi Afrika Korps, they started to be moved into temporary internment camps within Italian Libya under Nazi SS control). (wikipedia.org)
  • On July 5 all Jews between the ages of 18 and 50 were required to register with the German authorities, and also to turn in their radios. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a result, most Ukrainians welcomed the German Wehrmacht in 1941 as liberators. (mwcnews.info)
  • 1918
  • During World War I, while many other non-Polish minorities were ambivalent or neutral to the idea of a sovereign Polish state, Jews actively participated in the fight for Poland's independence between 1914 and 1918 - a significant number joining Józef Piłsudski at the famous Oleandry area in Kraków, among them Bronisław Mansperl-Chaber killed in 1915 as the First Lieutenant of Brigade I of the Polish Legions. (wikipedia.org)
  • It identified eighty-nine major incidents in years 1918-1919, and estimated the number of victims at 200-300 Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Polish
  • Polish Jews played a significant role in it. (wikipedia.org)
  • On top of that, Jews made substantial financial contributions to the formation of the Polish military fund called Polski Skarb Wojskowy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the airfield the Jews worked together with Polish workers who would help them a little bit every now and then. (jewishgen.org)
  • But the Polish supervisors had a very, very bad attitude towards the Jews. (jewishgen.org)
  • Nazis
  • Murphy became one of those who assisted Hugh O'Flaherty (the "Vatican pimpernel") in hiding Jews and escaped allied soldiers from the Nazis. (wikipedia.org)
  • persecution
  • Following Speer's release in 1966, their friendship gradually deteriorated, until the two men became so embittered that Wolters allowed papers demonstrating Speer's knowledge of the persecution of the Jews to become public in 1980. (wikipedia.org)
  • extermination
  • It is, moreover, fitting to add that millions of European Jews survived this alleged policy of physical extermination to go on to enjoy, after the war, a power and a prosperity without precedent in their history. (blogspot.com)
  • pogroms
  • Between 1880 and the start of World War I in 1914, about 2,000,000 Yiddish-speaking Ashkenazi Jews immigrated from diaspora communities in Eastern Europe, where repeated pogroms made life untenable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paris
  • He was arrested on 12 December 1941 in his Parisian home, among the first Jews to be arrested in Paris by the French Police. (wikipedia.org)
  • thousand
  • During the Second World War , Sugihara helped some six thousand Jews flee Europe by issuing transit visas to them so that they could travel through Japanese territory , risking his job and his family's lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over a thousand Jews were sent off to Sobibor. (jewishgen.org)
  • soldiers
  • Few Jews were publicly shot already in the first days of occupation - on July 2 five Jews, five communists and ten Red army soldiers were shot near the river Mēmele bridge. (wikipedia.org)
  • During World War II, she aided Vatican official, Monsignor Hugh O'Flaherty, in saving the lives of 6,500 Allied soldiers and Jews, while her husband, Dr. Thomas J. Kiernan, was the Irish Ambassador in Rome from 1941-46. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1914
  • Immigration of Eastern Yiddish-speaking Ashkenazi Jews, in 1880-1914, brought a large, poor, traditional element to New York City. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the declaration of World War II , French Jews were mobilized into the French military like their compatriots, and, like in 1914, a significant number of foreign Jews enlisted in regiments of foreign volunteers. (wikipedia.org)
  • transit
  • Mohyliv-Podilskyi soon became a transit camp for Jews expelled from Bessarabia and Bukovina to Transnistria. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • In 1920, the Maccabi Sports Society was founded and became well known for its endeavours to encourage sports among Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Politically, American Jews have been especially active as part of the liberal New Deal coalition of the Democratic Party since the 1930s, although recently there is a conservative Republican element among the Orthodox. (wikipedia.org)
  • the Jews among them commonly engaged in trade, manufacturing, and operated dry goods (clothing) stores in many cities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The economic success and community of the Jews in the city awakened among the towns peoplean active hatred. (torahtots.com)
  • History
  • The history of the Jews in the United States has been part of the American national fabric since colonial times. (wikipedia.org)
  • ethnic
  • The term is sometimes used to cover all Orthodox Jews who follow a "Lithuanian" (Ashkenazic and non-Hasidic) style of life and learning, whatever their ethnic background. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • They returned to Ireland in 1901 and purchased the large Mount Jennings Estate in Hollymount. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, France hosted a large population of foreign Jews who had fled persecutions in Germany. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Jews killed many people in Mlabis and in many other places. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Tatar people, who had ruled the peninsula in the past, were deported to Central Asia, then allowed to return decades later. (mwcnews.info)
  • People who are grown up, people who are young and people who are children, in the years 1946 and 1947, told about their memories to the people who were working for the historical commission at the central committee of the liberated Jews in the American section of Germany. (jewishgen.org)
  • summer
  • Documents from 1941 presented at Nuremberg and at Manstein's own later trial contradict this claim: he received regular reports throughout that summer regarding the execution of hundreds of political commissars. (wikipedia.org)
  • He enrolled in Queens College in New York City and also spent a summer at the Highlander Folk School in Tennessee in 1941. (wikipedia.org)
  • cemetery
  • Jews demanded their rights to the cemetery to be restored but the court case dragged on for many years until they lost in 1935. (wikipedia.org)
  • camp
  • He also allowed Irish travellers to camp on the estate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only the workers at the airport were allowed in the camp in town which was a kind of a section of Maidanek. (jewishgen.org)
  • A lot of Dembliner Jews died from hunger in the camp or just disappeared without a trace, after they were taken away for some supposed infraction. (jewishgen.org)
  • Germany
  • Immediately after the Nazi seizure of power in Germany, acts of violence perpetrated against Jews became ubiquitous. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Germany, the eighteenth century proved especially productive for Jews. (torahtots.com)
  • especially
  • B enjamin Netanyahu is very good at making speeches, especially to Jews, neocons and such, who jump up and applaud wildly at everything he says, including that tomorrow the sun will rise in the west. (mwcnews.info)
  • local
  • On August 18, 1941 there was an ad in the local newspaper that the belongings "left behind" by Jews are to be auctioned off. (wikipedia.org)
  • family
  • but their escape boat-with Rachel, Rob, the rest of the Stein family, and other Jews on board-is ambushed. (wikipedia.org)
  • city
  • In 1799, after the Duchy was incorporated in the Russian empire, Jews were officially allowed to live right outside Bauska city limits. (wikipedia.org)
  • In mid-July in the city ambulatory 56 Jews, including some boys, were castrated. (wikipedia.org)