• 1942
  • In July 1942 the remaining Jews from Rivne (perhaps 7,000 people) were brought by train to Kostopol and were murdered by German police in a quarry near woods outside the town. (wikipedia.org)
  • From September 1941 to February 1942 more than 55,000 deportees came through the town. (wikipedia.org)
  • 19th century
  • This began to change at the end of the 19th century when several Jews entered the University of Tartu and later contributed significantly to enliven Jewish culture and education. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, many German Jews arrived in the middle of the 19th century, established clothing stores in towns across the country, formed Reform synagogues, and were active in banking in New York. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1940
  • Later in 1940, Wolf emigrated to the United States-the same period that 300,000 Jews emigrated to the U.S. from Germany. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the summer of 1940, after the German occupation of Paris, Blum returned to France to be with his family. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the end of 1940, the Jews of Pulaw were deported to Demblin in rail cars, and because of the terrible cold, a lot of the children and the old people froze to death on the way. (jewishgen.org)
  • ghetto
  • They lived in the Będzin Ghetto neighbourhood of Kamionka until sometime after July 16, 1943 (the date of Gertner's last known letter) and were probably deported to Auschwitz with the remaining Jews of Sosnowiec and Będzin in early August, 1943. (wikipedia.org)
  • A ghetto was established in Kostopol on 5 October 1941. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is the plaque at the place that was a ghetto under the Nazis, and there is the monument in a barren field where many of the city's 220,000 Jews were killed. (nytimes.com)
  • He escaped and returned to Vilna and worked as a doctor in the ghetto. (yadvashem.org)
  • In the spring of 1941, shop workers were fainting from hunger, and the ghetto inmates had become blasé about seeing dead bodies lying in the streets although recollections of the bloated corpses of children remain vivid 45 years later. (remember.org)
  • The chief historian of the ghetto, Emmanuel Ringelblum, recorded the case of a 6-year-old beggar boy who lay in front of Muranowska 24 one night in August 1941,too weak to roll over to a piece of bread thrown down to him from a window. (remember.org)
  • Poland
  • Following the re-emergence of sovereign Poland after World War I and during the interwar period the number of Jews in the country grew rapidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the same time, every year around 100,000 Jews were passing through Poland in unofficial emigration overseas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jews preferred to live in relatively tolerant Poland rather than in the USSR, and continued to integrate, to marry into Polish Gentile families, to bring them into their community through marriage, to feel Polish and to form an important part of Polish society. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between 1933 and 1938, around 25,000 German Jews fled Nazi Germany to sanctuary in Poland. (wikipedia.org)
  • From amongst the 6 million Polish citizens who perished during the occupation of Poland in World War II, roughly half (or 3 million) were Polish Jews murdered at the Nazi extermination camps of Auschwitz, Treblinka, Majdanek, Belzec, Sobibór, and Chełmno. (wikipedia.org)
  • Just after the end of World War I, the West became alarmed by reports about alleged massive pogroms in Poland against Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over 50,000 Jews from western Poland were forced to work for German businesses, primarily in construction, munitions, and textile manufacturing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lithuanian Jews or Litvaks are Jews with roots in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Latvia and the northeastern Suwałki (Suvalkai) region of Poland). (wikipedia.org)
  • Of the main Yiddish dialects in Europe, the Litvishe Yiddish (Lithuanian Yiddish) dialect was spoken by Jews in Lithuania, Belarus, Latvia, Estonia and northeastern Poland, including Suwałki, Łomża, and Białystok. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ruzhyn's history is that of Ukraine, as a whole: founding of Kievan Rus in 885 by Count Oleg occupation by the Mongol Golden Horde in the mid-13th century occupation by Lithuanian nobles from 1398-1449 the "Independence War" against Poland, led by Bogdan Chmielnitski from 1648-57, in which tens of thousands of Jews were massacred Polish noblemen began to wield influence in the western Ukraine. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1933, for example, some 2,800 Jews emigrated from Vilna to Eretz Israel - more than a quarter of all those who made Aliya from the whole of Poland. (yadvashem.org)
  • Czech Jews and Holocaust survivors have for years been calling for a memorial for the Prague-Bubny station, which last year welcomed a theatre troupe that roamed the Czech Republic and Poland on board a train to perform a play about the Holocaust. (medindia.net)
  • The ghettos served as transit camps for Jews before they were sent to Auschwitz in Poland or other Nazi German death camps. (medindia.net)
  • Nazi Germany
  • With the ensuing Great Depression, and despite worsening conditions for Jews in Europe, with the rise of Nazi Germany, these quotas remained in place with minor alterations until the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soviet
  • Manstein's oral testimony included material about the Einsatzgruppen, the treatment of prisoners of war, and the concept of military obedience, especially as related to the Commissar Order, an order issued by Hitler in 1941 requiring all Soviet political commissars to be shot without trial. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only about 50,000-120,000 Polish Jews survived the war on native soil, including up to 230,000 in the Soviet Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the military conflicts that engulfed Eastern Europe at the time-the Russian Civil War, Polish-Ukrainian War, and Polish-Soviet War-many pogroms were launched against the Jews by all sides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Survivors who returned from the camps attempted to rebuild the community, but many emigrated because they feared the advances of the Soviet Union. (torahtots.com)
  • German Policy During the Period of Relative Stability - During the "period of relative stability" the aktions stopped as the German losses in the war and the murder of Jews and Soviet prisoners of war had led to a severe shortage of manpower. (yadvashem.org)
  • leading personalities of the business world, members of the Soviet Russian Intelligence, all Jews, all persons who are found to be agitators or fanatical Communists. (blogspot.com)
  • 1944
  • A few days before the liberation of Demblin in 1944, they deported all of the Jews in the city to the Czenstechov camp, Warta. (jewishgen.org)
  • Hitler
  • 11) Goebbels citing Hitler 20.8.41: "But I will not rest or be idle until we too have gone all the way with the Jews" (Goebbels' diary in Browning, p.320 ). (blogspot.com)
  • Rather than accept responsibility for his Bohemian lifestyle, Hitler in denial and increasing signs of the mental illness of psychosis , followed the political current in Europe at the time of blaming Jews for exploiting him. (conservapedia.com)
  • persecution
  • Following Speer's release in 1966, their friendship gradually deteriorated, until the two men became so embittered that Wolters allowed papers demonstrating Speer's knowledge of the persecution of the Jews to become public in 1980. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apart from his theological writings, Bonhoeffer was known for his staunch resistance to Nazi dictatorship , including vocal opposition to Hitler's euthanasia program and genocidal persecution of the Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1918
  • During World War I, while many other non-Polish minorities were ambivalent or neutral to the idea of a sovereign Polish state, Jews actively participated in the fight for Poland's independence between 1914 and 1918 - a significant number joining Józef Piłsudski at the famous Oleandry area in Kraków, among them Bronisław Mansperl-Chaber killed in 1915 as the First Lieutenant of Brigade I of the Polish Legions. (wikipedia.org)
  • It identified eighty-nine major incidents in years 1918-1919, and estimated the number of victims at 200-300 Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • soldiers
  • Few Jews were publicly shot already in the first days of occupation - on July 2 five Jews, five communists and ten Red army soldiers were shot near the river Mēmele bridge. (wikipedia.org)
  • During World War II, she aided Vatican official, Monsignor Hugh O'Flaherty, in saving the lives of 6,500 Allied soldiers and Jews, while her husband, Dr. Thomas J. Kiernan, was the Irish Ambassador in Rome from 1941-46. (wikipedia.org)
  • Murphy became one of those who assisted Hugh O'Flaherty (the "Vatican pimpernel") in hiding Jews and escaped allied soldiers from the Nazis. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1938
  • In 1938, their new company was allowed to regain the name Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo (although the company fled for the United States in 1939, and was thereafter mostly based in New York City). (wikipedia.org)
  • German
  • Only about 270 Kostopol Jews had survived the German occupation, including those who had escaped eastwards before the mass killings. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, after the summer of 1941, with the arrival of the German Nazi Afrika Korps, they started to be moved into temporary internment camps within Italian Libya under Nazi SS control). (wikipedia.org)
  • On July 5 all Jews between the ages of 18 and 50 were required to register with the German authorities, and also to turn in their radios. (wikipedia.org)
  • The German Civil Administration - On the 17th of July 1941, an order was published announcing that in Eastern areas where fighting had ceased, power would be transferred from the Military Administration to a Civil Administration. (yadvashem.org)
  • Polish
  • Polish Jews played a significant role in it. (wikipedia.org)
  • On top of that, Jews made substantial financial contributions to the formation of the Polish military fund called Polski Skarb Wojskowy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the airfield the Jews worked together with Polish workers who would help them a little bit every now and then. (jewishgen.org)
  • But the Polish supervisors had a very, very bad attitude towards the Jews. (jewishgen.org)
  • victims
  • None of the previous holocausts has given rise to any financial indemnity, reparation or compensation to match those that the Jews have claimed and obtained for a catastrophe or "Shoah" they describe as unique and unprecedented, and which would, in effect, be so if its three components (genocide, Nazi gas chambers and six million victims) had been real. (blogspot.com)
  • weak
  • In a first part, in order to avoid any mistakes as to the opponents' identity and to ensure that they are correctly sized up, I shall expound on what are, in my view, the seeming weak points of the Jews and Zionists, then on their true weak points. (blogspot.com)
  • pogroms
  • Between 1880 and the start of World War I in 1914, about 2,000,000 Yiddish-speaking Ashkenazi Jews immigrated from diaspora communities in Eastern Europe, where repeated pogroms made life untenable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prague
  • In the latter part of the 15th century, Ferdinand 1 retired from the Bohemian government and Jews were allowed to return to Prague. (torahtots.com)
  • A total of 45,513 Czech Jews -- men and women, grandparents and children alike -- passed through Prague-Bubny to take the fateful train ride. (medindia.net)
  • My transport left Prague on October 28, 1941," said Maja Dohnalova, who attended the opening of the exhibition. (medindia.net)
  • For this reason we support the project and we have allowed Shoah Memorial Prague to use the building. (medindia.net)
  • among
  • In 1920, the Maccabi Sports Society was founded and became well known for its endeavours to encourage sports among Jews. (wikipedia.org)
  • Politically, American Jews have been especially active as part of the liberal New Deal coalition of the Democratic Party since the 1930s, although recently there is a conservative Republican element among the Orthodox. (wikipedia.org)
  • the Jews among them commonly engaged in trade, manufacturing, and operated dry goods (clothing) stores in many cities. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was arrested on 12 December 1941 in his Parisian home, among the first Jews to be arrested in Paris by the French Police. (wikipedia.org)
  • The economic success and community of the Jews in the city awakened among the towns peoplean active hatred. (torahtots.com)
  • He had a good reputation both among the Jews and Bulgarians in Yambol. (centropa.org)
  • transit
  • Mohyliv-Podilskyi soon became a transit camp for Jews expelled from Bessarabia and Bukovina to Transnistria. (wikipedia.org)
  • summer
  • Documents from 1941 presented at Nuremberg and at Manstein's own later trial contradict this claim: he received regular reports throughout that summer regarding the execution of hundreds of political commissars. (wikipedia.org)
  • He enrolled in Queens College in New York City and also spent a summer at the Highlander Folk School in Tennessee in 1941. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Jews killed many people in Mlabis and in many other places. (wikipedia.org)
  • People who are grown up, people who are young and people who are children, in the years 1946 and 1947, told about their memories to the people who were working for the historical commission at the central committee of the liberated Jews in the American section of Germany. (jewishgen.org)
  • The Tatar people, who had ruled the peninsula in the past, were deported to Central Asia, then allowed to return decades later. (mwcnews.info)
  • left
  • On August 18, 1941 there was an ad in the local newspaper that the belongings "left behind" by Jews are to be auctioned off. (wikipedia.org)
  • History
  • The history of the Jews in the United States has been part of the American national fabric since colonial times. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is, moreover, fitting to add that millions of European Jews survived this alleged policy of physical extermination to go on to enjoy, after the war, a power and a prosperity without precedent in their history. (blogspot.com)
  • different
  • Spending time in the South allowed Wolf to see a different side of the United States than he was familiar with from New York, and was particularly interested the internal inequalities of the United States that the South made apparent. (wikipedia.org)
  • cemetery
  • Jews demanded their rights to the cemetery to be restored but the court case dragged on for many years until they lost in 1935. (wikipedia.org)
  • especially
  • In Germany, the eighteenth century proved especially productive for Jews. (torahtots.com)
  • B enjamin Netanyahu is very good at making speeches, especially to Jews, neocons and such, who jump up and applaud wildly at everything he says, including that tomorrow the sun will rise in the west. (mwcnews.info)
  • time
  • Levi continued to be bullied during his time at the Lyceum, although six other Jews were in his class. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • At work, they cut off Jews' beards. (jewishgen.org)
  • The commandant, Imerglik, his assistant Frenkel, the watchman Frekle and Shlavinsky, distinguished themselves for their ability to beat up their brother Jews during work or at the roll calls when everybody had to stand straight. (jewishgen.org)
  • family
  • but their escape boat-with Rachel, Rob, the rest of the Stein family, and other Jews on board-is ambushed. (wikipedia.org)
  • lives
  • The resistance decides against saving the Jews from Van Gein, weighing the lives of Jews against imprisoned Dutchmen. (wikipedia.org)
  • in the east already many a Jew no longer lives" (source here ). (blogspot.com)
  • city
  • Immigration of Eastern Yiddish-speaking Ashkenazi Jews, in 1880-1914, brought a large, poor, traditional element to New York City. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1799, after the Duchy was incorporated in the Russian empire, Jews were officially allowed to live right outside Bauska city limits. (wikipedia.org)
  • In mid-July in the city ambulatory 56 Jews, including some boys, were castrated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Vilna Jews also supported the halutzim that came from outside the city. (yadvashem.org)
  • Germany
  • But anti-Semites in Germany refused to acknowledge that Luther prior to the onset of mental illness was highly sympathetic towards Jews. (conservapedia.com)
  • longer
  • On July 1 the curfew was imposed on all inhabitants, but Jews were ordered to stay indoors longer than others - from 6 in the evening until 7 in the morning. (wikipedia.org)
  • great
  • However, following the dispute between the Hasidim and the Misnagdim, in which the Lithuanian academies were the heartland of opposition to Hasidism, "Lithuanian" came to have the connotation of Misnagdic (non-Hasidic) Judaism generally, and to be used for all Jews who follow the traditions of the great Lithuanian yeshivot whether or not their ancestors actually came from Lithuania. (wikipedia.org)