• practices
  • The Better Farming Train was an agricultural demonstration train which toured Victoria, Australia in the 1920s and 1930s to promote better farming practices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unfortunately, for example, take tobacco: It took 50, 60 years of research before policy catches up with what the science is showing- Laura Anderko, professor at Georgetown University and director of the Mid-Atlantic Center for Children's Health and the Environment commenting on public health practices in response to proposal to ban chlorpyrifos pesticide. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a fine example of a district hospital and demonstrates the evolution of Queensland district hospitals from the 1890s in accordance with changes to community needs, health practices and hospital legislation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laura Anderko, professor at Georgetown University and director of the Mid-Atlantic Center for Children's Health and the Environment commenting on public health practices in response to proposal to ban chlorpyrifos pesticide. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was set up in the wake of claims that the bodies of up to 800 babies and children may have been interred in an unmarked mass grave in the Bon Secours Mother and Baby Home, located in Tuam, County Galway, but its remit covers investigation into records of and practices at an additional 13 Mother and Baby Homes. (wikipedia.org)
  • nurses
  • It proclaimed a "Children's Year" beginning April 6, 1918, to protect children from shortages of milk, food, and public health nurses during World War I. As part of this effort, volunteers weighed and measured millions of children, resulting in the publication of the nation's first age, height, and weight standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this way the French government was able to monitor how many children were placed with wet nurses (eighty thousand a year between 1874 and World War I) and how many of those infants died (15.1 percent). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The ubiquitous custom of wet-nursing did not wane in France until World War I. The war's tumult disrupted access to wet nurses and demonstrated to urban families, long reluctant to consider any alternative to maternal nursing other than wet-nursing, that safe, inexpensive, and easy artificial infant feeding options now existed. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The goal was to promote the Zionist ideal through education, public health initiatives, and the training of nurses in what was then the Palestine region of the Ottoman Empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its charter articulates twin goals: to begin public-health initiatives and nurses training in Palestine, and to foster Zionist ideals through education in America. (wikipedia.org)
  • mothers
  • Comacchio, Cynthia R. Nations are Built of Babies: Saving Ontario's Mothers and Children (Qu├ębec, PQ: MicGill-Queen's University Press, 1993), Nathoo, Tasnim and Aleck Ostry, The One Best Way? (wikipedia.org)
  • The Infant Welfare movement in Australia began around 1904 and aimed both to improve the health of children and to educate their mothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workers' wages were so low during this era, and rents so high, that even mothers with infants had to work. (encyclopedia.com)
  • No longer able to keep their infants at their sides as they toiled, working-class urban mothers began to send their babies to the countryside to be cared for by women even poorer than themselves. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A decline in working mothers after World War I, passage of a law granting a monthly bonus of fifteen francs to working women if they breast-fed their babies for twelve months, the routine pasteurization of milk, and the availability of canned milk all contributed to the virtually instantaneous extinction of wetnursing in France. (encyclopedia.com)
  • These statistics record the distribution of free or subsidised milk to infants, nursing mothers and ante-natal cases. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • maternal health
  • However, her extensive work in improving maternal health benefited women across Canada and worldwide through her books that talked about new techniques such as sterilization of bottles, pasteurization, and handwashing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sheppard-Towner Act led to the creation of 3,000 child and maternal health care centers, many of these in rural areas, during the eight years it was in effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1914
  • In 1914 MacMurchy wrote A Little Talk about the Baby, a book that mixed scholarly research with common sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women's
  • In addition, the "Domestic" and "Women's" sections of the train, featuring baby health, needlework and cookery, made independent tours to some locations and a Wool Demonstration Train ran in 1934. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hadassah's health and medical services were also intimately connected to professions that in turn-of-the-twentieth-century America were identified as women's professions par excellence: nursing and especially public health. (jwa.org)
  • In Israel, Hadassah supports health education and research, women's initiatives, schools and programs for underprivileged youth. (wikipedia.org)
  • concern
  • Their proposal (with colleagues) to President Theodore Roosevelt in 1905 reflected the Progressive Era's generally heightened concern for social welfare issues, as well as the influence of the Settlement movement, of which both women were members. (wikipedia.org)
  • eugenics
  • MacMurchy was vocal in her attempts to persuade the Canadian government that eugenics was the answer to preventing degenerate babies. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • Wet-nursing was a particularly entrenched cultural phenomenon in France, where the wealthy sent their infants to the countryside to be suckled for several years by peasant women. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In addition to the health and wellbeing of women, the missing women phenomenon has led to an excess of males in society and an imperfectly balanced marriage market. (wikipedia.org)
  • At a meeting at Temple Emanu-El in New York City on February 24, 1912, Henrietta Szold together with other Zionist women, proposed to the Daughters of Zion study circle that they expand their purpose and embrace proactive work to help meet the health needs of Palestine's people. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevention
  • Public health aims to improve the quality of life through prevention and treatment of disease, including mental health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common public health initiatives include promoting handwashing and breastfeeding, delivery of vaccinations, suicide prevention and distribution of condoms to control the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States Public Health Service (PHS), led by the Surgeon General of the United States, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, headquartered in Atlanta, are involved with several international health activities, in addition to their national duties. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada is the national agency responsible for public health, emergency preparedness and response, and infectious and chronic disease control and prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • hygiene
  • The development of kindergartens was an outcome of a movement that developed in the Western world in the late 19th century in response to new knowledge about the role of diet, hygiene and exercise in the health of children. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1919, Hadassah organized the first School Hygiene Department in Palestine to give routine health examinations to Jerusalem school children. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • Rescue work, the secular counterpart of the traditional Jewish commandment of pidyon shevuyyim (ransoming of captives), has been a central theme in Hadassah's ideology and the basis of its practical work: medical and health services, support of Youth Aliyah , and-in a wider sense-vocational training and education. (jwa.org)
  • rural
  • By the eighteenth century the custom of sending babies away to be wet-nursed had crossed class lines, as economic conditions forced even the urban working class to place their babies with rural families for up to four years. (encyclopedia.com)
  • clinical
  • Although Egyptian medicine, to a considerable extent, dealt with the supernatural, it eventually developed a practical use in the fields of anatomy, public health, and clinical diagnostics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Males who were sexually abused as children more frequently appear in the criminal justice system than in a clinical mental health setting. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • She made a special study of medical inspection of schools, child welfare and public health in England and in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • But when in that same city- Birmingham, Alabama -five hundred black babies die each year because of the lack of power, food, shelter and medical facilities, and thousands more are destroyed and maimed physically, emotionally and intellectually because of conditions of poverty and discrimination in the black community, that is a function of institutional racism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hadassah fundraises for community programs and health initiatives in Israel, including the Hadassah Medical Center, a leading research hospital in Israel renowned for its inclusion of and treatment for all religions and races in Jerusalem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Difficulties
  • Warwick Brunton, '"A Choice of Difficulties": National Mental Health Policy in New Zealand, 1840-1947', PhD thesis, 2001. (otago.ac.nz)
  • Education
  • It was operated jointly by the Victorian Departments of Agriculture, Railways, Education and Public Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States federal government shutdowns of 1995 and 1995-96 were the result of conflicts between Democratic President Bill Clinton and the Republican Congress over funding for Medicare, education, the environment, and public health in the 1996 federal budget. (wikipedia.org)
  • Measures
  • Measures such as these have contributed greatly to the health of populations and increases in life expectancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health measures were developed especially in the 19th century as the rapid growth of cities required systematic sanitary measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • Republican amendments would have limited appeals by death-row inmates, made it harder to issue health, safety and environmental regulations, and would have committed the President to a seven-year budget plan. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • Public health programs providing vaccinations have made strides in promoting health, including the eradication of smallpox, a disease that plagued humanity for thousands of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • government
  • Most countries have their own government public health agencies, sometimes known as ministries of health, to respond to domestic health issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Mother and Baby Homes Commission of Investigation (officially the "Commission of Investigation into Mother and Baby Homes and certain related matters") is a judicial commission of investigation, established in 2015 by an order of the Irish government. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 16 July 2014, the government announced that Judge Yvonne Murphy would chair a Commission of Investigation into Mother and Baby homes, including Tuam. (wikipedia.org)
  • cities
  • The custom was so pervasive among all classes that cities like Paris and Lyon literally became cities without babies. (encyclopedia.com)
  • national
  • With the passage of the Roussel Law in 1874, the supervision of wet-nursed infants became a national, rather than a municipal, responsibility. (encyclopedia.com)
  • conditions
  • The focus of a public health intervention is to prevent and manage diseases, injuries and other health conditions through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviors, communities and environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although legislative policy prefers such conditions as adoption by people of the same religion as the prospective adoptee, an interfaith adoption is allowed when it does not adversely affect the welfare of the child. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. (ifitweremyhome.com)