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  • 1910
  • In 1910, he was transferred to the Second University Hospital of Vienna, where he devoted himself to developing surgical techniques for the treatment of uterine prolapse. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1950s
  • Cell culture techniques were advanced significantly in the 1940s and 1950s to support research in virology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Her elegantly written and well-documented narrative demonstrates how, within 20th-century biological laboratories, a whole range of vessels and containers were used in order to store, breed, study, and manipulate cells and tissue outside the body of organic [End Page individuals: from hanging-drop preparations in the 1910s to tissue culture flasks in the 1930s and powerful freezers in the 1950s and 1960s. (jhu.edu)
  • During the 1950s and the 1960s cell culture was growing in use, increasing production of various containers, media composition and accessories for handling fluids, concentrating cells, isolating organelles, developing staining methods and labels for identifying specific molecules (markers) and more. (celartia.com)
  • agar
  • In 1908, Margaret Reed researched in Berlin in Max Hartmann's lab where she performed probably the first in vitro mammalian cell culture with guinea pig bone marrow by explanting the bone marrow and placing it into a nutrient-rich agar produced by fellow lab researcher Rhoda Erdmann and incubating the sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, he discovered that gonococcus grows best on a culture of agar mixed with human blood serum. (wikipedia.org)
  • In microbiology research, agar - a plant-based goo similar to gelatin and made from seaweed - is extensively used as culture medium. (blogspot.com)
  • Agrobacterium
  • In 1907 a bacterium that caused plant tumors, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, had been discovered and in the early 1970s it was found that the bacteria inserted its DNA into plants using a Ti plasmid. (wikipedia.org)
  • reproductive
  • As Paul Rabinow does in Making PCR: A Story of Biotechnology (1996), Landecker poses the question of how today's cell manipulations-from cloning techniques to stem cell research and reproductive medicine-have altered our understanding and experience of life. (jhu.edu)
  • subsequently
  • Mikimoto Kōkichi (御木本 幸吉, 25 January 1858 - 21 September 1954) was a Japanese entrepreneur who is credited with creating the first cultured pearl and subsequently starting the cultured pearl industry with the establishment of his luxury pearl company Mikimoto. (wikipedia.org)
  • refers
  • Culturing Life points to biological research practices in the lab, but at the same time it refers to our contemporary culture that, in more than one way, refers to and relies on developments in the life sciences. (jhu.edu)
  • regenerative
  • In 1996, the first use of regenerative tissue was used to replace a small length of urethra, which led to the understanding that the technique of obtaining samples of tissue, growing it outside the body without a scaffold, and reapplying it, can be used for only small distances of less than 1 cm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, thiomers show great potential in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • genetically
  • While fluorescence-based techniques can be applied to the study of disease at a fundamental mechanistic level, e.g. using molecular cell biology techniques with highly specific labels, including genetically expressed fluorescent proteins, they can also be applied to preclinical and clinical studies. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • grown
  • The tissue grown in this medium was prepared in a method that become known as the "Lewis Culture" where the tissue bits were put into a hanging drop on the underside of a thin glass slip. (wikipedia.org)
  • With so many avenues opened by cell culture to explore, Margaret Lewis and her husband diverged in their area of study, with Margaret Lewis choosing to focus on microbiological problems, which involved close observations of chick embryo intestines reacting to typhoid bacilli in the medium in which it was grown. (wikipedia.org)
  • microscopic
  • The studies of the French scientists H. Milne-Edwards, R. J. H. Dutrochet, and F. Raspail and the Czech scientist J. Purkinje yielded extensive information by the mid-1830's on the microscopic structure of animal tissues. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cell Culture
  • The historical development and methods of cell culture are closely interrelated to those of tissue culture and organ culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • The injectable polio vaccine developed by Jonas Salk was one of the first products mass-produced using cell culture techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • This vaccine was made possible by the cell culture research of John Franklin Enders, Thomas Huckle Weller, and Frederick Chapman Robbins, who were awarded a Nobel Prize for their discovery of a method of growing the virus in monkey kidney cell cultures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since Haberlandt's original assertions, methods for tissue and cell culture have been realized, leading to significant discoveries in biology and medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • This early use of electrospun fibrous lattices for cell culture and tissue engineering showed that various cell types would adhere to and proliferate upon polycarbonate fibers. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2003. Springer ISBN 978-3-211-83839-6 Martin, Bernice M. "Routine Cell Culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Present generation of cell culture technologies. (celartia.com)
  • The Cell Culture Blog. (celartia.com)
  • Dr. Barbera and Dr. Forteza regularly contribute topical Biology articles and news associated with cellular physiology, cellular pathology, cell culture, materials, equipment, methodologies and research. (celartia.com)
  • The Cell Culture Blog, Top Rated Blog: +360,000 visitors. (celartia.com)
  • However, the major difficulty of the reliable cell culture was not the composition of the medium, it was the contamination, either bacterial, fungal or by yeast. (celartia.com)
  • The introduction of HEPA filters and antibodies in the late 1940s added a new twist in cell culture practice. (celartia.com)
  • Laminar flow hoods became standard instruments for tissue and cell culture laboratories. (celartia.com)
  • Cell culture turned into basic tool, mainly a routine to produce molecules and a background for testing molecular relations, tumor development and cellular interactions. (celartia.com)
  • In this article we will discuss about Animal Cell Culture:- 1. (biotechnologynotes.com)
  • History of Animal Cell Culture 2. (biotechnologynotes.com)
  • Requirements for Animal Cell Culture 3. (biotechnologynotes.com)
  • First, there was the development of antibiotics that made it easier to avoid many of the contamination problems that plagued earlier cell culture attempts. (biotechnologynotes.com)
  • He was considered by some as the father of cell culture. (biotechnologynotes.com)
  • The use of the antibiotics penicillin and streptomycin in culture medium decreased the problem of contami-nation in cell culture. (biotechnologynotes.com)
  • The '3D Cell Culture Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Technology, By End Use, By Application (Tissue Engineering, Drug Development, Stem Cell Research, Cancer), By Culture Component, And Segment Forecasts 2018 - 2024' report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering. (benzinga.com)
  • The global 3D cell culture market size is expected to reach USD 1.69 billion by 2024, exhibiting a 14.8% CAGR during the forecast period. (benzinga.com)
  • Several 3D cell culture options are available in the form of scaffold-based, scaffold-free, and 3D bioreactor systems. (benzinga.com)
  • North America dominated the global 3D cell culture market with a share of over 41.0% in 2016. (benzinga.com)
  • Cell culture can be an alternative to animal use in some cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • assay
  • Emergence of 3D optimized assays, kits, and protocols, along with maturity in development of different assay techniques, is projected to accelerate market growth. (benzinga.com)
  • organism
  • Through the tissue culture techniques the Lewises had developed, these studies showed that infections and diseases were cellular phenomena in that infection was observed in an isolated system but the events occurred in a way that would be observed in an organism as a whole. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, not until 1943 did Friedrich Laibach (who had published the chromosome number in 1907) propose A. thaliana as a model organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • stem cell res
  • Asia Pacific is projected to witness substantial growth over the forecast period owing to rapid developments across major economies, especially in the tissue engineering and stem cell research domain. (benzinga.com)
  • vaccine
  • By 1898 the culture had been used to develop enough vaccine to allow for the large-scale production of rabies vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • contamination
  • One complication of these blood-derived ingredients is the potential for contamination of the culture with viruses or prions, particularly in medical biotechnology applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • fragments
  • In 1913, E. Steinhardt, C. Israeli, and R. A. Lambert grew vaccinia virus in fragments of guinea pig corneal tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • method
  • Mikimoto had received a patent in 1896 for producing hemispherical pearls, or mabes, and a 1908 patent for culturing in mantle tissue, but he could not use the Mise-Nishikawa method without invalidating his own patents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Williams developed a new and fast method for preparing and staining brain tissue to show the presence of Negri bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • growth
  • Aside from temperature and gas mixture, the most commonly varied factor in culture systems is the cell growth medium. (wikipedia.org)
  • 400 d, the cultured roots showed no diminution of growth rate. (plantcell.org)
  • Thus, while he had demonstrated "potentially unlimited growth," the second part of his definition of a tissue culture had not been met because the roots clearly were not undifferentiated. (plantcell.org)
  • White calculated that any material from the original explant would have been diluted to at least 10 −17 by this time and that the cultures therefore satisfied the criterion of a capacity for unlimited growth. (plantcell.org)
  • Rapid adoption of these systems for tissue engineering research, drug discovery, and personalized medicine contributes to market growth. (benzinga.com)
  • methods
  • In 1907, when the American Public Health Association established a committee on the standard methods for the diagnosis of rabies, they named Williams chair of the committee in recognition of her expertise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several tissue culture methods which measure the rate of chemical absorption by the skin have been approved by the OECD. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are a few different methods used by the various artists to shape their trees, which share a common heritage with other artistic horticultural and agricultural practices, such as pleaching, bonsai, espalier, and topiary, and employing some similar techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • These methods use a variety of horticultural and arboricultural techniques to achieve an intended design. (wikipedia.org)
  • earliest
  • The diverse, high quality permanent exhibitions, which attract up to two million visitors annually, range from the earliest fossils to past and current cultures from around the world to interactive programming demonstrating today's urgent conservation needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest archeological evidence for a dominant position of wine-making in human culture dates from 8,000 years ago in Georgia. (wikipedia.org)
  • give rise
  • When embryonal carcinoma cells are injected into a genetically marked host blastocyst, they continue to divide and participate in normal development, and give rise to fully differentiated cells in all tissues of the adult, including skin, muscle, nerve, kidney, and blood. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • several
  • In 1885 Wilhelm Roux removed a section of the medullary plate of an embryonic chicken and maintained it in a warm saline solution for several days, establishing the basic principle of tissue culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upon
  • HUMOUR TERMS acute woe dyed in the wool cramp remedy sufferance epidural analgesia preside over sedation neuromodulators neuropathic trouble nociceptive torture nociceptors travail wound door-sill patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) man dependence somatic cramp transduction visceral pain Culture Objectives Upon termination of the chapter, you wishes be expert to: 1. (wipark.ru)