• cause of de
  • Detailed Mortality Statistics, North Carolina Residents (Annual): This statewide report provides annual counts of deaths specific for detailed underlying cause of death (4 digits) and age-race- sex group. (ncdcr.gov)
  • This makes it the 10th leading cause of death worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • acts
  • Alcohol acts through both behavioural and physiological pathways to impact on the acquisition, further transmission and then progression of HIV disease. (scielo.org.za)
  • rates
  • North Carolina Vital Statistics, Volume 2: Leading Causes ofDeath (Annual): For the state and counties, cause-specific annual and 5-year data are given in the form of numbers of deaths, unadjusted death rates, and age-adjusted death rates. (ncdcr.gov)
  • North Carolina Reported Pregnancies (Annual): For the state, PCRs, and counties, annual estimates of pregnancy rates, live birth rates, abortion rates, and abortion fractions by age and race are followed by one-page tables displaying counts of pregnancies (abortions, live births, and fetal deaths) by race and age for total and unmarried women. (ncdcr.gov)
  • South Africans are heavy drinkers, with amongst the highest per capita consumption rates for alcohol in the world, namely, 9.46 litres of pure alcohol per person annually (World Health Organization 2011:276). (scielo.org.za)
  • given
  • Given the decentralised approach of nurse-initiated and -sustained ART in the South African primary health sector, it is important to document key aspects of alcohol use to be conveyed to HIV-positive individuals and those at risk for HIV. (scielo.org.za)
  • risk
  • This spans the role of alcohol consumption as a risk factor for HIV infection, HIV replication in infected individuals, a person's response to HIV infection and HIV treatment. (scielo.org.za)
  • role
  • This is in contrast to euthanasia, where another person takes a more active role in bringing about a person's death. (wikipedia.org)