• Pneumonia
  • The majority of these deaths occur in low income countries and almost 1 million of these deaths are attributable to infectious causes including neonatal sepsis, meningitis, and pneumonia. (hindawi.com)
  • Earlier this year, WHO and UNICEF joined other partners in establishing a new Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea which aims to end preventable child deaths from these two major killers of under-fives by 2025. (unicef.org)
  • It says Ethiopia, Kenya, Niger, Tanzania, Bangladesh and states in India are following strategies to reduce child deaths from pneumonia and diarrhea, which together kill two million children each year. (voanews.com)
  • encephalopathy
  • The aim of EFM is to detect abnormalities of the fetal heart rate pattern during labour that are associated with asphyxia so that action can be taken to expedite delivery and prevent stillbirth and the development of encephalopathy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • occur
  • About half of under-five deaths occur in only five countries: China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. (unicef.org)
  • Up to half of all newborn deaths occur within the first day. (unicef.org)
  • The report says about half of under-five deaths occur in only five countries-China, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. (voanews.com)
  • maternal
  • Elizabeth Mason, director of the World Health Organization's department of maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health, says the first 28 days of life are critical for a child's survival. (voanews.com)
  • They expanded geographic access by establishing a series of rural health posts… staffed by community trained health workers to deliver essential maternal-newborn child health services at the peripheral level. (voanews.com)
  • South Africa
  • Garrib et al in 2006 found high levels of baby HA14-1 mortality in another rural section of South Africa, 67.5 per 1000 person-years, with HIV/AIDS approximated as the single largest reason behind loss of life in the under-5 age-group (41% of fatalities) . (aksumuniversity.org)
  • 1990
  • However, sub-Saharan Africa has shown remarkable acceleration in its progress, with the annual rate of reduction in deaths increasing from 0.8 per cent in 1990 -1995 to 4.1 per cent in 2005-2012. (unicef.org)
  • In 2013 it was estimated to have resulted in 644,000 deaths down from 874,000 deaths in 1990. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the same time, the report says the pace of decline in the number of annual deaths has quadrupled since 1990. (voanews.com)
  • infections
  • The clinical manifestations of newborn infections vary and include subclinical infection, mild to severe manifestations of focal or systemic infection, and, rarely, congenital syndromes resulting from in utero infection(5). (medicaljb.com)
  • severe
  • According to statistics by world health organization (WHO), in developing countries 3% of infants (3.6 million people) suffer from moderate to severe asphyxia, of whom 23% (840,000) die, and almost the same number suffer from the associated consequences ( 2 ). (tums.pub)
  • If less severe it results in the development of an encephalopathic state in the newborn. (biomedcentral.com)
  • consequences
  • Although the majority of these disorders are transient, the long-term consequences of asphyxia may affect the central nervous system (CNS), which can ultimately lead to cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and learning disabilities ( 2 , 3 ). (tums.pub)
  • Malnutrition and its consequences are large contributors to deaths and disabilities worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • oxygen
  • It has been demonstrated that high concentrations of oxygen lead to generation of oxygen free radicals, which have a role in reperfusion injury after asphyxia. (wikipedia.org)