• causes
  • That is, anything that causes an inflammatory response in the pregnant mother, such as infection or an immune disorder, may expose the fetal brain to inflammatory signals and disrupt development. (wikipedia.org)
  • manifests
  • Autism is a global neurodevelopment disorder which, in most cases, manifests during the first 2 years and prolongs throughout life, having clinical variances with aging. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) manifests in early childhood and is characterized by qualitative abnormalities in social interactions, markedly aberrant communication skills, and restricted repetitive behaviors, interests, and activities (RRBs). (medscape.com)
  • behavior
  • Researchers say they knew instantly they were on to something, as the telltale overgrooming - a repetitive motor behavior - had been linked in other experiments in mice to the brain condition that prevents children from developing normal social, behavioral, cognitive, and motor skills. (newswise.com)
  • Now and for what NYU Langone researchers believe to be the first time, an autistic motor behavior has been traced to specific biological pathways that are genetically determined. (newswise.com)
  • TEACCH also uses a behavioral approach and teaches children skills for self-care and to manage inappropriate behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • variants
  • GCTA heritability estimates are useful because they can lower bound the genetic contributions to traits such as intelligence without relying on the assumptions used in twin studies and other family studies and pedigree analyses, thereby corroborating them, and enabling the design of well-powered Genome-wide association study (GWAS) designs to find the specific genetic variants. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • Although outcomes are variable and specific behavioral characteristics change over time, most children with ASDs remain within the spectrum as adults and, regardless of their intellectual functioning, continue to experience problems with independent living, employment, social relationships, and mental health. (aappublications.org)
  • Children and adults with selective mutism are fully capable of speech and understanding language but forgo speaking in certain situations, though speech is expected of them. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a hierarchical variation among people with this disorder: some people participate fully in activities and appear social but do not speak, others will speak only to peers but not to adults, others will speak to adults when asked questions requiring short answers but never to peers, and still others speak to no one and participate in few, if any, activities presented to them. (wikipedia.org)
  • impairments
  • The DSM-5 also added a new category called social communication disorder (SCD) to diagnose individuals who have verbal and nonverbal communication impairments but lack other attributes associated with autism. (blogspot.com)
  • neurological
  • This approach is expected to be able to identify the secondary gene networks that are disrupted in neurological disorders, subsequently assisting drug development stratagems for brain diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • anxiety
  • Selective mutism (SM) is an anxiety disorder in which a person who is normally capable of speech cannot speak in specific situations or to specific people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Selective mutism is strongly associated with other anxiety disorders, particularly social anxiety disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, the majority of children diagnosed with selective mutism also have social anxiety disorder (100% of participants in two studies and 97% in another). (wikipedia.org)
  • Some researchers therefore speculate that selective mutism may be an avoidance strategy used by a subgroup of children with social anxiety disorder to reduce their distress in social situations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some autistic people may be selectively mute due to anxiety in social situations that they do not fully understand. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Preliminary screening instruments include the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT), Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ), and Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Behavioral interventions include Applied Behavioral Analysis, Developmental, Individual Difference, Relationship-based (DIR)/Floortime Model, and Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children (TEACCH). (wikipedia.org)
  • Related terms include developmental psychology, referring to development throughout the lifespan, and pediatrics, the branch of medicine relating to the care of children. (wikipedia.org)
  • multiplex
  • The aim of our study was to validate a cost-effective set of commercial Multiplex Ligation dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA) and methylation specific multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA) test in autistic children refered by the neurodevelopmental center and autism unit of a Paediatric Hospital. (biomedcentral.com)
  • study
  • This paper reflects the results of the study that involved autistic children and relied on RTI principles and constructs. (studentshare.net)
  • This study raises a concern that a medical provider diagnosing a child under the new guidelines won't find the child to be on the autism spectrum, when the same child under the old criteria might have been diagnosed with ASD," says Kulage. (blogspot.com)
  • Because these developmental changes may be strongly influenced by genetic factors and events during prenatal life, genetics and prenatal development are usually included as part of the study of child development. (wikipedia.org)
  • cognitive
  • The optimal development of children is considered vital to society and so it is important to understand the social, cognitive, emotional, and educational development of children. (wikipedia.org)
  • cohort
  • Data on the 78 children identified by local health and/or education systems to have special educational provision for ASD were compared with the 12 906 remaining children in the cohort. (bmj.com)
  • patients
  • All the patients had been previously studied by conventional karyotype and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis for 15(q11.2q13) and, with these techniques, four alterations were identified. (biomedcentral.com)
  • treatment
  • The primary goals of treatment are to maximize the child's ultimate functional independence and quality of life by minimizing the core autism spectrum disorder features, facilitating development and learning, promoting socialization, reducing maladaptive behaviors, and educating and supporting families. (aappublications.org)
  • The DIR/Floortime Model allows those conducting treatment to tailor the treatment to individual children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Autistic Children Though autism is incurable and usually results in social isolation to varying degrees, various forms of treatment have proven to make a decidedly positive impact in the way autistics interact with others. (studentshare.net)
  • And although ridiculous to any sane person, many medical professionals say that these disorders are legitimate conditions that often warrant treatment on behalf of Big Pharma's effort to control diagnoses. (blogspot.com)
  • Particularly in young children, SM can sometimes be confused with an autism spectrum disorder, especially if the child acts particularly withdrawn around his or her diagnostician, which can lead to incorrect treatment. (wikipedia.org)