• gums
  • B. The cavity lying at the upper end of the alimentary canal, bounded on the outside by the lips and inside by the oropharynx and containing in higher vertebrates the tongue, gums, and teeth. (healthtap.com)
  • Sjogren syndrome Angioedema Oral cancer may occur on the lips, tongue, gums, floor of the mouth or inside the cheeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • To assess the gums, a tongue depressor gently retracts the cheek to allow inspection of the upper and lower gums. (wikipedia.org)
  • atrophic glossitis
  • This often results in a depapilled, atrophic glossitis, giving the tongue a bald and shiny appearance, along with pallor (paleness) of the lips and other mucous membranes a tendency towards recurrent oral ulceration, and cheilosis (swelling of the lips). (wikipedia.org)
  • furrows
  • Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (also termed "Miescher-Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome"), is a rare neurological disorder characterized by recurring facial paralysis, swelling of the face and lips (usually the upper lip - cheilitis granulomatosis) and the development of folds and furrows in the tongue (fissured tongue). (wikipedia.org)
  • halitosis
  • This coating has been identified as a major contributing factor in bad breath (halitosis), which can be managed by brushing the tongue gently with a toothbrush or using special oral hygiene instruments such as tongue scrapers or mouth brushes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intraoral halitosis - possibly due to increased activity of halitogenic biofilm on the posterior dorsal tongue (although dysgeusia may cause a complaint of nongenuine halitosis in the absence of hyposalivation). (wikipedia.org)
  • teeth
  • Exposure to irritants such as spicy food or tobacco or rubbing the tongue over teeth that are broken or uneven may cause irritant and pain. (sharecare.com)
  • But the importance of the tongue and the cheeks is to be able to hold the food between our teeth during the process of mastication. (identalhub.com)
  • Chronic low-grade trauma due to parafunctional habits (e.g. rubbing the tongue against the teeth or pressing it against the palate), may be involved. (wikipedia.org)
  • In edentulous persons, a lack of teeth leaves more room for the tongue to expand into laterally, which can create problems with wearing dentures and may cause pseudomacroglossia. (wikipedia.org)
  • scarlet fever
  • Scarlet fever is caused by streptococci species, and starts as tonsilitis and pharyngitis before involving the soft palate and the tongue. (wikipedia.org)
  • ventral
  • The sides (lateral) and undersurface (ventral) of the tongue are high risk sites for the development of oral cancer, most commonly squamous cell carcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Assessment of the ventral (bottom) surface of the tongue is done by having the patient touch the tip of their tongue against the roof of their mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • It's generally harmless and has no symptoms, although if the fissures are very deep, they can trap food particles that cause bad breath. (sharecare.com)
  • Although it may be asymptomatic, symptoms usually are more likely to be present and more severe with larger tongue enlargements. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotic
  • This is usually termed "antibiotic sore mouth", "antibiotic sore tongue", or "antibiotic-induced stomatitis" because it is commonly painful as well as red. (wikipedia.org)
  • mouth
  • Think of the millions of times that your cheeks or tongues have done this, guided the food in the mouth and held it all together. (identalhub.com)
  • Now, if you were to go ahead and damage your tongue , lips and cheeks continuously then you are bound to develop tumorous growths in your mouth. (identalhub.com)
  • Pseudomembraneous candidiasis can involve any part of the mouth, but usually it appears on the tongue, buccal mucosae or palate. (wikipedia.org)
  • To assess the tonsils, a patient opens their mouth and a tongue blade is used to depress the tongue. (wikipedia.org)
  • lips
  • The tongue may stick to the palate, causing a clicking noise during speech, or the lips may stick together. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • When the tongue is extremely dry and has a leathery appearance, the cause may be uremia. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • If the tongue is very red and smooth, then there is likely a local or systemic cause (e.g. eythematous candidiasis, anemia). (wikipedia.org)
  • Motor neuron disease (Lou Gehrig's disease) can cause impaired control of tongue movement, affecting speech and swallowing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Severe enlargement of the tongue can cause cosmetic and functional difficulties in speaking, eating, swallowing and sleeping. (wikipedia.org)
  • appearance
  • The clinical appearance is considerably varied in both the orientation, number, depth and length of the fissure pattern. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tongue is known to have many variations with pigmenting, size, appearance, & not always due to disease. (healthtap.com)
  • Leukoplakia
  • Oral hairy leukoplakia (seen in people with immunosuppression, caused by Epstein-Barr virus) Oral candidiasis can affect the tongue. (wikipedia.org)
  • involve
  • Considered according to a surgical sieve, some example conditions which can involve the tongue are discussed below. (wikipedia.org)