• halitosis
  • This coating has been identified as a major contributing factor in bad breath (halitosis), which can be managed by brushing the tongue gently with a toothbrush or using special oral hygiene instruments such as tongue scrapers or mouth brushes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intraoral halitosis - possibly due to increased activity of halitogenic biofilm on the posterior dorsal tongue (although dysgeusia may cause a complaint of nongenuine halitosis in the absence of hyposalivation). (wikipedia.org)
  • teeth
  • Exposure to irritants such as spicy food or tobacco or rubbing the tongue over teeth that are broken or uneven may cause irritant and pain. (sharecare.com)
  • Chronic low-grade trauma due to parafunctional habits (e.g. rubbing the tongue against the teeth or pressing it against the palate), may be involved. (wikipedia.org)
  • In edentulous persons, a lack of teeth leaves more room for the tongue to expand into laterally, which can create problems with wearing dentures and may cause pseudomacroglossia. (wikipedia.org)
  • scarlet fever
  • Scarlet fever is caused by streptococci species, and starts as tonsilitis and pharyngitis before involving the soft palate and the tongue. (wikipedia.org)
  • palate
  • Pseudomembraneous candidiasis can involve any part of the mouth, but usually it appears on the tongue, buccal mucosae or palate. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tongue may stick to the palate, causing a clicking noise during speech, or the lips may stick together. (wikipedia.org)
  • ventral
  • The sides (lateral) and undersurface (ventral) of the tongue are high risk sites for the development of oral cancer, most commonly squamous cell carcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • It's generally harmless and has no symptoms, although if the fissures are very deep, they can trap food particles that cause bad breath. (sharecare.com)
  • Although it may be asymptomatic, symptoms usually are more likely to be present and more severe with larger tongue enlargements. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotic
  • This is usually termed "antibiotic sore mouth", "antibiotic sore tongue", or "antibiotic-induced stomatitis" because it is commonly painful as well as red. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enlargement
  • Severe enlargement of the tongue can cause cosmetic and functional difficulties in speaking, eating, swallowing and sleeping. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enlargement due to lymphangioma gives the tongue a pebbly appearance with multiple superficial dilated lymphatic channels. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tongue may show a diffuse, smooth generalized enlargement. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • When the tongue is extremely dry and has a leathery appearance, the cause may be uremia. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • If the tongue is very red and smooth, then there is likely a local or systemic cause (e.g. eythematous candidiasis, anemia). (wikipedia.org)
  • Motor neuron disease (Lou Gehrig's disease) can cause impaired control of tongue movement, affecting speech and swallowing. (wikipedia.org)
  • appearance
  • The clinical appearance is considerably varied in both the orientation, number, depth and length of the fissure pattern. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tongue is known to have many variations with pigmenting, size, appearance, & not always due to disease. (healthtap.com)
  • Leukoplakia
  • Oral hairy leukoplakia (seen in people with immunosuppression, caused by Epstein-Barr virus) Oral candidiasis can affect the tongue. (wikipedia.org)