• Frontal lobe epilepsy can be difficult to diagnose because its symptoms may be mistaken for psychiatric problems or sleep disorders, such as night terrors. (mayoclinic.org)
  • EEGs are often helpful in diagnosing some types of epilepsy, but results may be normal in frontal lobe epilepsy. (mayoclinic.org)
  • An autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy that has_material_basis_in variation in the chromosome region 15q24. (jax.org)
  • Other ways in which injury can occur include head injuries such as traumatic brain injuries incurred following accidents, diagnoses such as Alzheimer's disease or Parkinson's disease (which cause dementia symptoms), and frontal lobe epilepsy (which can occur at any age). (wikipedia.org)
  • Frontal lobe epilepsy, or FLE, is a neurological disorder that is characterized by brief, recurring seizures that arise in the frontal lobes of the brain, often while the patient is sleeping. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the second most common type of epilepsy after temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), and is related to the temporal form by the fact that both forms are characterized by the occurrence of partial (focal) seizures. (wikipedia.org)
  • The symptoms and clinical manifestations of frontal lobe epilepsy can differ depending on which specific area of the frontal lobe is affected. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many different causes of frontal lobe epilepsy ranging from genetics to head trauma that result in lesions in the frontal lobes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although frontal lobe epilepsy is often misdiagnosed, tests such as prolonged EEG monitoring and/or a MRI scan of the frontal lobes can be administered in order to reveal the presence of a tumor or vascular malformation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tonic posture and clonic movements are common symptoms among most of the areas of the frontal lobe, therefore the type of seizures associated with frontal lobe epilepsy are commonly called tonic-clonic seizures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE) is an epileptic disorder that causes frequent violent seizures during sleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certain mutations in specific parts of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit genes CHRNA4 , CHRNB2 , and probably CHRNA2 , can cause autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE). (aspetjournals.org)

parietal lobe

  • There are several language areas of the brain, and they are located in the frontal lobe, the temporal lobe and the parietal lobe. (verywell.com)
  • The area of the frontal lobe bordering the parietal lobe related to movement and control of body's muscles. (sophia.org)
  • The frontal lobe is located at the front of each cerebral hemisphere (in front of the parietal lobe and the temporal lobe). (wikipedia.org)
  • It is separated from the parietal lobe by a groove between tissues called the central sulcus, and from the temporal lobe by a deeper groove called the lateral sulcus (Sylvian fissure). (wikipedia.org)
  • On the lateral surface of the human brain, the central sulcus separates the frontal lobe from the parietal lobe. (wikipedia.org)


  • The frontal lobes are large regions at the front of the brain that extend back towards the middle of the brain, taking up approximately 1/3 to 1/2 of the cerebral cortex. (verywell.com)
  • 1.(145) What fraction of the whole cortex is commandeered by the dormant frontal lobes? (co-bw.com)
  • This lesson will identify, describe and differentiate the primary motor cortex, prefrontal cortex, and association areas of the frontal lobe. (sophia.org)
  • Railroad construction foreman who survived an explosion which shot a tamping rod through his left frontal cortex. (sophia.org)
  • Aron AR, Robbins TW, Poldrack RA (2004) Inhibition and the right inferior frontal cortex. (springer.com)
  • We found that corticospinal projections to cervical segments of the spinal cord originate from the primary motor cortex and from the 6 premotor areas in the frontal lobe. (jneurosci.org)
  • The frontal lobe, located at the front of the brain, is the largest of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the mammalian brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The precentral gyrus, a portion of the frontal lobe directly anterior to the central sulcus, contains the primary motor cortex, which controls voluntary movements of specific body parts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The frontal lobe contains most of the dopamine-sensitive neurons in the cerebral cortex. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the latest imaging research on frontal cortex areas suggests that executive functions may be more discrete than was previously thought. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frontal abulic syndromeLoss of initiative, creativity and curiosity Pervasive emotional apathy and blandness Akinetic mutism The frontal lobe contains the precentral gyrus and prefrontal cortex and, by some conventions, the orbitofrontal cortex. (wikipedia.org)
  • The left frontal operculum region of the prefrontal cortex, or Broca's area, is responsible for expressive language, i.e. language production. (wikipedia.org)
  • A wide range of more specific symptoms arise when different parts of the frontal cortex are affected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary motor cortex The primary motor cortex has jacksonian seizures that spread to adjacent areas of the lobe which often trigger a second round of seizures originating in another cortical area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Firstly, thalamocortical loops are important in sleep and the frontal cortex is the origin of ADNFLE seizures. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary motor cortex or precentral gyrus, is one of the most important areas in the frontal lobe. (wikipedia.org)
  • The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is a prefrontal cortex region in the frontal lobes in the brain which is involved in the cognitive processing of decision-making. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frontal lobe damage, particularly to the Ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), results in impaired abilities to organize and plan behavior and learn from previous mistakes, without affecting intellect in terms of working memory, attention, and language comprehension and expression. (wikipedia.org)

precentral gyrus

  • The precentral gyrus is the most posterior gyrus of the frontal lobe and it lies anterior to the central sulcus. (wikipedia.org)

Phineas Gage

  • A widely reported case of frontal lobe injury was that of Phineas Gage, a railroad worker whose left frontal lobe was damaged by a large iron rod in 1848 (though Gage's subsequent personality changes are almost always grossly exaggerated). (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with frontal lobe damage, such as Phineas Gage, provided the first evidence that the frontal lobes were associated with decision-making. (wikipedia.org)

right frontal lobe

  • What are the effects of right frontal lobe damage? (reference.com)
  • The effects of right frontal lobe damage include problems with self-monitoring, attention and concentration, personality, inhibition of behavior and emotio. (reference.com)
  • We have a left frontal lobe and a right frontal lobe. (verywell.com)
  • Usually, a frontal lobe stroke involves only the left frontal lobe or the right frontal lobe because each side receives blood from arteries on its own side. (verywell.com)


  • The brain's frontal lobe is relatively large and it controls many important functions in everyday life. (verywell.com)
  • Manual volumetric measurement of the brain's frontal lobe and its subregions from magnetic resonance images (MRIs) is an established method for researching neural correlates of clinical disorders or cognitive functions. (springer.com)
  • We searched EMBASE and MEDLINE for studies in English reporting three-dimensional boundaries for manually delineating the brain's frontal lobe or sub-regional ROIs from MRIs. (springer.com)


  • It's possible that some seizure effects found in the frontal lobe may be the result of seizures that begin in other parts of the brain. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Picking up a slice of pizza or sending a text message: Scientists long believed that the brain signals for those and related movements originated from motor areas in the frontal lobe of brain, which control voluntary movement. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Effects of frontal lobe meningiomas may include faint variations in personality, mood swings or hemi-paralysis (paralysis of one side of the body), indicates Brain-Surgery.com. (reference.com)
  • Thank you for your honesty about what is one of the most complicated parts of recovering from a brain injury, and it's especially complicated because sexuality after frontal lobe injury and romance are the most complicated things we do as growing up to be adults. (tbilaw.com)
  • Do you feel like your sexuality today, sexuality after frontal lobe injury, is changed because of your brain injury, or have you, although at a slower process, ultimately got to the same place? (tbilaw.com)
  • The frontal lobe of the brain controls movement of the opposite side of the body. (verywell.com)
  • The understanding of language is controlled by the dominant temporal and parietal lobes of the brain. (verywell.com)
  • Some people who repeatedly experience several small strokes involving the frontal lobes of the brain may develop a type of dementia called vascular dementia . (verywell.com)
  • The frontal lobe also plays an important part in integrating longer non-task based memories stored across the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The frontal lobe of the brain plays a key role in higher mental functions such as motivation, planning, social behaviour, and speech production. (wikipedia.org)
  • The frontal lobe of the human brain is both relatively large in mass and less restricted in movement than the posterior portion of the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • This lobe is often cited as the part of the brain responsible for the ability to decide between good and bad choices, as well as recognize the consequences of different actions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the lack of knowledge surrounding the functions associated with the frontal lobes, seizures occurring in these regions of the brain may produce unusual symptoms which can often be misdiagnosed as a psychiatric disorder, non-epileptic seizure or a sleep disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brain and frontal lobe. (wikipedia.org)


  • A frontal lobe stroke can produce a variety of symptoms, some of which are clearly related to a stroke (weakness) and some of which can be confused with depression or dementia. (verywell.com)
  • Frontal lobe impairment is also a feature of Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia and Pick's disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wide base, poor balance control when in stance Short stride En bloc turns Often patients with frontal lobe ataxia may experience minute cognitive changes that accompany the gait disturbances, such as frontal dementia and presentation of frontal release signs (Plantar reflex). (wikipedia.org)


  • The lateral sulcus separates the frontal lobe from the temporal lobe. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, these postictal states are often undetectable and generally do not last as long as the periods of confusion following seizures that occur in the temporal lobes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fear is associated with temporal and frontal lobe epilepsies, but in FLE the fear is predominantly expressed on the person's face whereas in TLE the fear is subjective and internal, not perceptible to the observer. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, the vertebral column is registered as FMA13478, the temporal lobe is registered as FMA61825, and so on. (wikipedia.org)


  • Further investigation A range of neuropsychological tests are available for clarifying the nature and extent of frontal lobe dysfunction. (wikipedia.org)


  • A frontal lobe syndrome can be caused by a range of conditions including head trauma, tumours, degenerative diseases, neurosurgery and cerebrovascular disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tumours such as meningiomas may present with a frontal lobe syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • A frontal lobe atrophy can result from a range of causes including head trauma , tumours, degenerative diseases, neurosurgery and cerebrovascular disease . (healthcaremagic.com)
  • It was originally described in patients with frontal lobe tumours, but is now more commonly seen in patients with cerebrovascular disease. (wikipedia.org)

blood vessels

  • Frontal lobe seizures can be caused by tumors, abnormal blood vessels or injuries. (mayoclinic.org)
  • A frontal lobe stroke can be large or small, depending on whether interruption of blood flow occurs in one of the large blood vessels or in a small branch of a blood vessel. (verywell.com)


  • A frontal lobe stroke can cause a variety of symptoms and long-term effects which range from weakness to lack of motivation. (verywell.com)
  • medical citation needed] The signs and symptoms of frontal lobe disorder can be indicated by Dysexecutive syndrome which consists of a number of symptoms which tend to occur together. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to the massive amount of diversity in both the cognitive and motor functions that occur within the frontal lobes, there is an immense variety in the types of symptoms that can arise from epileptic seizures based on the side and topography of the focal origin. (wikipedia.org)
  • This indicates that cerebellar function is intact and that the presented symptoms of Bruns apraxia are due to damage located within frontal lobe regions and pathways leading from there to the cerebellum. (wikipedia.org)


  • For the frontal lobe and each subregion (frontal pole, anterior cingulate, dorsolateral, inferior-lateral, and orbitofrontal) we identified reproducible methods for a biologically plausible target ROI. (springer.com)
  • The most anterior rounded part of the frontal lobe (though not well-defined) is known as the frontal pole, one of the three poles of the cerebrum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of its location in the anterior part of the head, the frontal lobe is arguably more susceptible to injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The frontal margin of the cephalon is semicircular to parabolic, and lacks an anterior extension. (wikipedia.org)
  • The frontal margin of the cephalon is semicircular to parabolic, and it may have a simple and short anterior extension. (wikipedia.org)

measure frontal

  • We therefore performed a systematic literature review to highlight variations in the anatomical boundaries used to measure frontal regions, contextualised by up-to-date evidence from histology, hodology and neuropsychology. (springer.com)
  • Psychological tests that measure frontal lobe function include finger tapping (as the frontal lobe controls voluntary movement), the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, and measures of language and numeracy skills. (wikipedia.org)


  • A small amount of atrophy, however, is normal in the aging person's frontal lobe. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pathogenesis of frontal lobe disorders entails, various pathologies some are as follows: Foster Kennedy syndrome - It is caused due to tumor of frontal lobe and gives rise to ipsilateral optic atrophy and contralateral papilledema. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnosed with frontal lobe atrophy. (healthcaremagic.com)
  • I am 51 yrs old and diagnosed on an MRI with frontal lobe atrophy.I had an in office eeg which was normal but I am having a 72 hr eeg next week. (healthcaremagic.com)
  • So if you are having an atrophy (thinning or reduction in size) of the frontal lobe it might be probably due to an underlying diseases condition. (healthcaremagic.com)


  • Over the past decade, treatment options have increased for frontal lobe seizures. (mayoclinic.org)
  • All anti-seizure drugs seem to work equally well at controlling frontal lobe seizures, but not everyone becomes seizure-free on medication. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Partial seizures occurring in the frontal lobes can occur in one of two different forms: either simple partial seizures (that do not affect awareness or memory) or complex partial seizures (that affect awareness or memory either before, during or after a seizure). (wikipedia.org)
  • Medications such as anti-epileptic drugs can typically control the onset of seizures, however, if medications are ineffective the patient may undergo surgery to have focal areas of the frontal lobe removed. (wikipedia.org)


  • Sometimes, behavioral changes may develop after a frontal lobe stroke. (verywell.com)
  • Behavioral Utilization behavior Perseveration behavior Social inhibition Compulsive eating Language signs Aphasia Expressive aphasia The causes of frontal lobe disorders can be closed head injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • In testing the behavioral effects of a frontal lobe injury, however, many of the tests are still very simple and do not involve greatly advanced technology. (wikipedia.org)


  • Frontal sinusitis, tension headaches and migraines are some of the most common causes of headaches affecting the frontal lobe area, as listed by Right Diagnosis. (reference.com)
  • The diagnosis of frontal lobe disorder can be divided into the following three categories: Clinical history Frontal lobe disorders may be recognized through a sudden and dramatic change in a person's personality, for example with loss of social awareness, disinhibition, emotional instability, irritability or impulsiveness. (wikipedia.org)


  • We determined the origin of corticospinal neurons in the frontal lobe. (jneurosci.org)

cognitive changes

  • The cognitive changes after a frontal lobe stroke may be subtle. (verywell.com)

inferior frontal

  • Each of these parts consists of a particular gyrus: Lateral part: lateral part of the superior frontal gyrus, middle frontal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The middle and inferior frontal gyri are divided by the inferior frontal sulcus. (wikipedia.org)


  • Frontal lobe disorder is an impairment of the frontal lobe that occurs due to disease or head trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frontal lobe impairment can be detected by recognition of typical clinical signs, use of simple screening tests, and specialist neurological testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Memory impairment is another common effect associated with frontal lobe injuries, but this effect is less documented and may or may not be the result of flawed testing. (wikipedia.org)


  • The dorsolateral part of the frontal lobe is concerned with planning, strategy formation, and other executive functions. (wikipedia.org)


  • Patients with damaged frontal lobes often complain of minimal to substantial memory loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with damaged frontal lobes show lower working memory and, therefore, a lessened ability to retrieve information from their secondary memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • The increase of risk taking amongst damaged frontal lobe patients can be directly observed during gambling, and gambling tasks have been developed to measure such behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bruns apraxia, or frontal ataxia is a gait apraxia found in patients with bilateral frontal lobe disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients typically afflicted with Parkinsonian ataxia typically have irregular arm swing, a symptom not typically present in frontal ataxia. (wikipedia.org)


  • Antisocial behaviour is a characteristic feature of frontal disinhibition syndrome. (wikipedia.org)


  • Medial part: Medial part of the superior frontal gyrus, cingulate gyrus. (wikipedia.org)


  • There are four main categories of problems that can occur after a frontal lobe stroke. (verywell.com)
  • discuss in a review of many studies how damage to the frontal lobe can occur in a number of ways and result in many different consequences. (wikipedia.org)


  • If a tumor is located in the left side of the frontal lobe, the individual may also experience difficulty speaking or slurring words. (reference.com)


  • The function of the frontal lobe involves the ability to project future consequences resulting from current actions, the choice between good and bad actions (or better and best) (also known as conscience), the override and suppression of socially unacceptable responses, and the determination of similarities and differences between things or events. (wikipedia.org)
  • The frontal lobe modifies those emotions to generally fit socially acceptable norms. (wikipedia.org)


  • The frontal lobe plays a large role in voluntary movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many neurologists describe frontal lobe ataxia as really an apraxia, in which voluntary control of initiating movement is greatly hindered, but normal movement is present when elicited involuntarily or reflexively. (wikipedia.org)


  • Damage to the frontal lobe can cause increased irritability, which may include a change in mood and an inability to regulate behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • The onset of a seizure may be hard to detect since the frontal lobes contain and regulate many structures and functions about which relatively little is known. (wikipedia.org)


  • Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) also known as mini-strokes, and strokes are common causes of frontal lobe damage in older adults (65 and over). (wikipedia.org)


  • The frontal lobes are involved with movement of the opposite side of the body, speech production, regulating behavior, maintaining appropriate social inhibitions, and memory and thinking skills. (verywell.com)
  • The dominant frontal lobe controls our production of fluent speech. (verywell.com)
  • A dominant frontal lobe stroke affects a stroke survivor's ability to produce fluent speech and can result in a choppy speech pattern, sometimes with normal comprehension of language. (verywell.com)
  • Examination On mental state examination a person with frontal lobe damage may show speech problems, with reduced verbal fluency. (wikipedia.org)


  • Unlike ataxias of cerebellar origin, Bruns apraxia exhibits many frontal lobe ataxia characteristics, with some or all present. (wikipedia.org)


  • A brief period of confusion known as a postictal state may sometimes follow a seizure occurring in the frontal lobes. (wikipedia.org)


  • Common effects of damage to the frontal lobe are varied. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frontal disinhibition syndrome, Rett syndrome and attention deficit hyperactivity disorderIt is produced from frontal lobe damage often due to tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • An increase in impulsivity, risk taking or both is often seen in individuals following frontal lobe damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frontal lobe ataxia is often associated with damage to the frontopontocerebellar tract (Arnold's bundle) that connects the frontal lobe to the cerebellum. (wikipedia.org)


  • Because the frontal lobes are substantial in size, specific regions of the frontal lobe may be damaged by a stroke, while other regions are spared. (verywell.com)
  • These observations indicate that a substantial component of the corticospinal system originates from the premotor areas in the frontal lobe. (jneurosci.org)



  • A frontal sinus headache occurs as the result of increased pressure in the sinus cavities located above the eyes within the bone of the skull, according to MedicineNet.com. (reference.com)
  • The disparity occurs because it is not the memory system itself that is afflicted, but the functions of the frontal lobe that facilitate working memory. (wikipedia.org)


  • In our previous blog, Lori's discussed the difficult task of navigating sexuality after frontal lobe injury. (tbilaw.com)
  • When you manage to reestablish a meaningful relationship with your boyfriend, your fiancĂ©, how did you regrow grow the intimacy and the sexuality after frontal lobe injury and the romantic feelings again? (tbilaw.com)
  • Following a frontal lobe injury, an individual's abilities to make good choices and recognize consequences are often impaired. (wikipedia.org)


  • If primal nature is crucial to discovering the way to release frontal lobe dormancy, what consequences to mankind's survival that soon all wilderness will be polluted and destroyed? (co-bw.com)


  • 12.Do you know of any evidence of measurement of activity in the frontal lobes of a child, which may or may not be blocked or cauterized in later life? (co-bw.com)


  • Neurological examination may show primitive reflexes (also known as frontal release signs) such as the grasp reflex. (wikipedia.org)


  • The premotor areas collectively comprise more than 60% of the cortical area in the frontal lobe that projects to the spinal cord. (jneurosci.org)


  • Eye strain, tension and sinus problems can cause pain in the frontal lobe, according to MajorDiseases.com. (reference.com)
  • Cerebrovascular disease may cause a stroke in the frontal lobe. (wikipedia.org)


  • What are the effects of a frontal lobe meningioma? (reference.com)
  • Someone who has had a frontal lobe stroke may experience any combination of these effects. (verywell.com)
  • Frontal lobe effects. (wikipedia.org)


  • 14.(150) If frontal lobotomy "cures" an unmanageable, "psychotic" individual of obsessive concern about self and society, of growing criticism against injustice, and of less restrained violence against power leaders, discuss this as political surgery. (co-bw.com)


  • An association area in the frontal lobe related to language production. (sophia.org)
  • The frontal lobe of the central raised area of the cephalon (or glabella) is much wider than the other lobes. (wikipedia.org)


  • BaarĂ© WF, Hulshoff PHE, Hijman R, Mali WP, Viergever MA, Kahn RS (1999) Volumetric analysis of frontal lobe regions in schizophrenia: relation to cognitive function and symptomatology. (springer.com)


  • The functions and problems that may be associated with the frontal lobes will be discussed. (sophia.org)
  • Because of this, frontal lobe injuries have long been associated with memory problems, despite little evidence actually showing this relation to be true. (wikipedia.org)