• The aorta is the body's largest artery. (
  • They are most common in the aorta (thoracic and abdominal), iliac artery, and femoral artery. (


  • Carotid artery atherosclerosis is a major cause of ischemic cerebrovascular disease. (


  • This article discusses fractures of the femoral diaphysis. (
  • For proximal femur fractures (subtrochanteric to femoral head), see the article Fractures, Hip . (
  • Once a fracture does occur, this same protective musculature usually is the cause of displacement, which commonly occurs with femoral shaft fractures. (
  • Morbidity and mortality rates have been reduced in femoral shaft fractures, mainly as the result of changes in methods of fracture immobilization. (
  • Braten M, Helland P, Myhre HO, Molster A, Terjesen T. 11 femoral fractures with vascular injury: good outcome with early vascular repair and internal fixation. (
  • Femur fractures with femoral or popliteal artery injuries in blunt trauma. (
  • Salminen S, Pihlajamaki H, Avikainen V, Kyro A, Bostman O. Specific features associated with femoral shaft fractures caused by low-energy trauma. (
  • Atypical Femoral Fractures: A Teaching Perspective. (
  • Atypical subtrochanteric and diaphyseal femoral fractures: second report of a task force of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. (
  • External fixation of open femoral shaft fractures. (


  • Thirty patients with suspected carotid artery stenosis underwent unenhanced MRA by using black-blood and TOF MRA and dual-source CTA. (
  • The degree of carotid artery stenosis was measured, and plaque surface morphology at the stenosis was analyzed and compared among different techniques. (
  • DSA is the current reference standard for evaluating carotid artery stenosis. (
  • CTA is another widely used technique for the evaluation of carotid artery stenosis with high accuracy. (
  • An angiogram obtained in a 45-year-old woman with progressive symptoms of right arm ischemia after 16 hours of thrombolysis that demonstrates a tight residual stenosis in the right subclavian artery. (
  • Prevalence rate ratio (PRR) of angiographically-determined coronary artery stenosis was separately examined in association with coronary sinus and femoral artery PTX3 concentrations using a general linear model. (
  • Results Both coronary sinus (PRR: 2.33, 95% CIs 1.64 to 3.31) and femoral artery PTX3 (PRR: 2.09, 95% CIs 1.46 to 2.97) independently predicted the prevalence rate of coronary artery involved with stenosis independent of the established CAD risk factors. (
  • As renal artery stenosis was suspected, angiography was performed. (


  • An angiogram in a 35-year-old woman with right arm ischemia that demonstrates right subclavian artery occlusion from the medial margin of the first rib to the axillary artery at the level of the humeral head. (
  • Occlusion of the right subclavian artery near the junction between the clavicle and first rib is shown. (
  • The patient presented emergently 2 days later with repeat occlusion of the right subclavian artery in the same location and was treated with surgical bypass (same patient as in the previous image). (


  • Central adiposity is considered an even more accurate indicator of CVD risk in adults, and it was shown to predict coronary artery disease risk even among young people ( 10 ). (
  • We investigated the diagnostic values of systematic arterial and coronary sinus (PTX3) in developing prediction models for estimating pretest probability of coronary artery disease (CAD) among an intermediate-risk population of patients with chronic stable angina. (


  • Huge intercostal arteries feeding collaterals over the abdominal wall to the pelvic and leg arteries were found. (


  • We reviewed 10 patients with 14 cerebral AVM feeding artery aneurysms or intranidal aneurysms treated with intra-arterial ethanol sclerotherapy at our institution between 2005 and 2014. (
  • In a subset of ruptured cerebral AVMs, ethanol sclerotherapy of feeding artery aneurysms and intranidal aneurysms can be performed with a high degree of technical success and a low rate of complication. (
  • Aneurysms are often seen in association with cerebral arteriovenous malformations, occurring either along an artery supplying the AVM, within the AVM nidus, or arising from an unrelated artery. (


  • Can PET-CT imaging and radiokinetic analyses provide useful clinical information on atypical femoral shaft fracture in osteoporotic patients? (


  • Bisphosphonates and risk of subtrochanteric, femoral shaft, and atypical femur fracture: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (
  • When we added femoral artery PTX3 to the predictive models incorporating traditional CAD risk factors, net reclassification improvement indices were 40% (cutpoint-free) and 15% (cutpoint-based). (


  • Severe atheromatous plaques, an occluded left renal artery, a partially (70%) occluded right renal artery, an occluded coeliac trunk, and partially (50%) occluded superior mesenteric artery were found (fig 1 ). (


  • Serial angiograms were obtained on days 3, 7, 10, and 14, and chronologic changes in the mean diameter of the basilar artery (BA) were recorded. (


  • Don't read things into the question like if I punctured the Femoral artery and injected it wold certainly have a great effect. (

How deep under the skin is the femoral artery?

  • About how many inches under the skin is the femoral artery? I cut my leg riding my bike and it's fine now but someone said any deeper would've cut the femoral artery. It wasn't that deep though.
  • 2-3 inches in maybe 4

How common is it for the femoral artery to be punctured during a heart cath and then need surgery to repair?

  • I recently had a heart cath and my femoral artery was punctured during the process.  My BP lowered and they eventually could not get a BP or a pulse.  I was rushed into surgery and the artery was repaired.  How common is this?  I was told by the cardiologist it happens about 1 in 100 caths.  The thoracic surgeon claims it is less common.  Does anyone know?
  • I am a cardiac nurse and I know of it happening once when I worked in CCU. I worked there for 1 yr. It also happened to my husbands grandmother. It is more like 1 in 1000. I currently work in a cardiologist office and get consents signed very often. It is a known risk and unless your cardiologist was blatantly negligent there isn't much you can do.

if your Femoral Artery is totally cut how long with it take to die?

  • I am watching something on tv and a person's femoral artery is totally cut. there isn't any time shown but it looks like it would take about a minute at the fastest for help to even get to the person. I know if your throat is cut you can die in about 4 minutes tops. What about the Femoral?
  • it depends on how the artery is cut...if it is cut clean and straight across then you have plenty of time to get help because arteries and veins are sphinctoral muscles or circular muscles that are desicned to contratc and close off the cut but if the cut is at an angle then they can not close off and the bleeding will not stop with out additional treatment. you can lose consciousness in about 30 seconds for the average adult male and death in about 3 minutes if the bleeding is unrestricted.

Where would patient complain of pain if he had superficial femoral artery stenosis?

  • I'm working on my med surg case study and I'm trouble finding where the location of pain would be located. What would you expect pt. to complain of pain if he had superficial femoral artery stenosis? Popliteal stenosis?
  • The pain from both would be in the foot/calf. Think of the legs as a field being irrigated by the arteries. No matter where the blockage is, the first place affected is the furthest away from the heart (hence, the foot & calf).

after femoral artery leg bypass surgery, how long before you can fly?

  • I will be traveling to the UK for femoral artery (leg) bypass surgery. How long before I can take a flight back home?
  • Ask your surgeon. It may not seem like a big deal but you need to understand that if the bypass closes up it could lead to amputation. So take your time healing on the station and and ask about how soon you can fly. It probably won't be too long after since you will be on anticoagulants the rest of your life anyway

How deep is the femoral artery?

  • Hi, I just wanted to know how deep down is the femoral artery?? also where is it located (in know it in the leg) but exactly where?? Thanks (also if possible can you tell me the deepness in cm rather than inches)
  • The femoral artery is in the thigh, not the leg (the leg starts at the knee, where the femoral becomes the popliteal artery). It's most superficial in the groin (see link below). It depends on how fat the person is, but in a skinny person it's usually <1.5cm below the skin's surface there. In obese persons it can be 5-7cm, or even more if morbidly obese (I've had patients whose artery could not be reached with a 12cm needle!). Below the groin it divides into its deep and superficial branches, both of which are much deeper in the thigh.

If the femoral artery was nicked, would amputation be needed?

  • It's for another story I'm writing, and I found NOTHING online that answered. If someone was shot, and the femoral artery was nicked, would amputation be absolutely needed, and if the leg wasn't amputated, would permanent damage be left to the leg? Thanks!
  • No, it may be repairable. I had a friend who's femoral artery got severed during an operation. He lost a lot of blood but after several transfusions and the surgeon corrected it, he did not need amputation. But after that he still experiences heavy nerve damage which has caused a pins and needles like feeling in his leg. Hope this helped.

Does anybody suffered an injury to their femoral artery and still lived a good life?

  • A was rob and got shot at home during july 2006. It's a one shot that when thru first to my left wrist, then to my left side of my hip, thru the left femoral artery, then thru my left upper inner thigh. I was rushed to the ER. The thing that the doctors did during the surgery was to take a piece of my vein from my right thigh and replace it with my damaged femoral artery in my left thigh. I lost > 30 pounds while staying > a week in the hospital. I managed to recover the function of my left thigh. I can walk and stand; I could run, but it looks more like a brisk/power walk. Does anyone experience this kind of thing? I'm still worried that this replacement vein might come off. I will be glad if there are any medical professionals or other people equivalent professions share their views, knowledge, or experience.
  • Yes, I was in a car wreck that cracked my femur, bypass fracture which severed my femoral artery. I bled out profusly and ended up with a total hip and total knee. At any rate, I still have pain at the crushed site after 5 years, and I walk with a cane. I praise God I still have a leg. I just try to put the pain out of my mind and go about my business. I don't think I'll ever get over it, but that's ok. I'm here! I'm alive! I'm NOT crippled because I choose NOT to be!!! Now, I have to go cha-cha!!! God loveya.