• Bacillus
  • Prevention of bacterial pneumonia is by vaccination against Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine for adults and pneumococcal conjugate vaccine for children), Haemophilus influenzae type B, meningococcus, Bordetella pertussis, Bacillus anthracis, and Yersinia pestis. (wikipedia.org)
  • fleas
  • Direct examination of infected fleas, aided by in vitro studies and experiments with the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, have established that Y. pestis forms a biofilm in the insect. (nih.gov)
  • yet only Y. pestis forms biofilms in fleas. (nih.gov)
  • virulence
  • Numerous OmpA-like membrane-spanning domains contribute to bacterial virulence by a variety of mechanisms such as binding to host cells or immune regulators such as Factor H. Notable examples include E. coli OmpA and Y. pestis Ail. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Similar to other Yersinia species, it tests negative for urease , lactose fermentation, and indole . (wikipedia.org)
  • Y. pestis, the first known species, was identified in 1894 by A.E.J. Yersin, a Swiss bacteriologist, and Kitasato Shibasaburō, a Japanese bacteriologist. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacterial
  • TheYersinia pestis protein Ail binds to laminin and heparin, therefore allowing bacterial attachment to host cells. (wikipedia.org)