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  • cognitive
  • DYL), used because it was easy to learn and lacked pre-learned cognitive associations, and a common word (e.g. road). (wikipedia.org)
  • His most significant contribution to the fields of educational psychology, cognitive science, and science education learning was on the development and research on advance organizers since 1960. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the preface to his book Educational Psychology: A Cognitive View, he says that "If [he] had to reduce all of educational psychology to just one principle, [he] would say this: The most important single factor influencing learning is what the learner already knows. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereby
  • Impaired verbal associative learning is a compound term referring to disturbances in a learning process whereby conjunctions are formed between co-occurring linguistic entities, ranging from the phonemic, through lexical, to propositional levels of language. (springer.com)
  • Mediational processes, especially verbal ones, have provided a mechanism whereby objective and behavioristic psychologists can account for forms of thought, stimulus and response equivalence, and other phenomena which are otherwise refractory to a simple analysis in terms of stimulus and response (Goss 1961a). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The spacing effect is the phenomenon whereby learning is greater when studying is spread out over time, as opposed to studying the same amount of content in a single session. (wikipedia.org)
  • Test
  • Using a combination of the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT) and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), we investigated the prevalence of possible dementia (DEM) in community-dwelling elderly in Shanghai. (mdpi.com)
  • Xu X, Xiao S, Rahardjo TB, Hogervorst E. Risk Factors for Possible Dementia Using the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test and the Mini-Mental State Examination in Shanghai. (mdpi.com)
  • The effect of proactive interference was reduced when the test was immediate and when the new target list was obviously different from the previously learned lists. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adults
  • Adults with limited learning capacity may perform well on early trials but reach a plateau where repeated trials do not reflect improved performance, or have inconsistent recall across trials. (wikipedia.org)
  • semantic
  • A big feature, compared to other verbal learning tests, is that the words are drawn from four semantic categories (tools, fruits, clothing, spices and herbs), with no consecutive words from the same category. (wikipedia.org)
  • The remaining components, learning strategy (semantic and serial clustering), serial position (primacy and recency) and proactive effect (List B recall) are inconsistent and account for little additional variance. (wikipedia.org)
  • context
  • It is most commonly discussed in the context of English language learning and teaching, but it can occur in any situation when someone does not have a native-level command of a language, as when translating into a second language. (wikipedia.org)
  • free recall
  • The experimenter reads a list of 16 nouns aloud, at one-second intervals, in fixed order, over five learning trials (list A). After each trial, the subject is asked to recall as many words as they can in any order (i.e., free recall). (wikipedia.org)
  • general
  • Of primary interest in this study was the effect of general ability on learning. (ed.gov)
  • It was hypothesized that students higher in general ability would obtain higher posttest scores on the average than lower ability students, and that verbal and figural explanatory supplements to minimal instructional materials would reduce the regression of general ability on outcome. (ed.gov)
  • proactive interference
  • There are two main kinds of interference: proactive interference (see Proactive learning), retroactive interference (see Retroactive learning). (wikipedia.org)
  • If the items or pairs to be learned are conceptually related to one another, then proactive interference has a greater effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proactive interference also affected learning when dealing with multiple lists. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, Proactive interference affected the correct recall of the last list learned, because of the previous one, or two. (wikipedia.org)
  • Negative transfer concerns itself with a detrimental effect of prior experience on the learning of a new task, whereas proactive interference relates to a negative effect of prior interference on the recall of a second task. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • In Thorndike's most frequently cited study of "multiple-choice learning" (1934, pp. 278+ff), Ss were presented with a series of multiple-choice items each consisting of one Spanish and five English words. (conductual.com)
  • Thus, Tilton's study provides evidence for the effectiveness of verbal punishment in multiple-choice learning, but his results are still in conflict with most of the recent results on punishment. (conductual.com)
  • The study of verbal learning was begun in the laboratory almost as early as the word association method. (encyclopedia.com)
  • When studying, for example, students make judgements of whether they have successfully learned the assigned material and use these decisions, known as "judgments of learning", to allocate study time. (wikipedia.org)
  • curve
  • A computer administration and scoring system generates scores for every measure, graphs a learning curve, and provides learning parameters, response errors and interference effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • responses
  • His results show verbal punishment to be only weakly effective in suppressing responses, whereas strong effects of at least one aversive stimulus (electric shock) have been repeatedly demonstrated with both animals and humans (e.g. (conductual.com)
  • better
  • Secondly, we investigated whether regularities are learned better when they are associated with contingent effects. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • It will be hard at first as you learn to manage better your weaknesses,though in the end, you will be happy. (nvld.org)
  • The speech therapist can work with the child to learn how to better understand and interpret non-verbal cues in communication and improve their interactions with others. (wordpress.com)
  • show
  • It was designed to not only measure how much a subject learned but also show the strategies they used and ultimately what kind of errors they made. (wikipedia.org)
  • Robinson
  • Since his formal retirement in 1991, Robinson has been a volunteer learning consultant with professionals in health, education, adult literacy and a variety of other social service agencies that see the need to introduce formal curriculum design concepts into their increasingly pro-active (educational) professional work. (wikipedia.org)
  • By acting as reminders, the organizer points out explicitly "whether already established anchoring ideas are nonspecifically or specifically relevant to the learning material" (Ausubel & Robinson, 1969, p. 146). (wikipedia.org)
  • evidence
  • However, Ausubel was a critic of discovery-based teaching techniques, stating: Actual examination of the research literature allegedly supportive of learning by discovery reveals that valid evidence of this nature is virtually nonexistent. (wikipedia.org)
  • tasks
  • Verbal thinkers tend to have less trouble than visual thinkers in conventional K-12 school tasks. (blogspot.com)
  • strong
  • The result was interesting because other studies using only twice-presented items have shown a strong spacing effect, although the lag between learning and testing was longer. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • To learn how to ride the subways, my Mom decided to give me a tour of popular neighborhoods in NYC, where my age group went to enjoy a social life. (nvld.org)
  • In this program teachers and parents work together to monitor the progress of the child's comprehensive, verbal, written, social, and motor skills in school and in the home. (wikipedia.org)
  • expression
  • Prior to that, the expression "verbal satiation" had been used along with terms that express the idea of mental fatigue. (wikipedia.org)
  • difficult
  • Advance organizers make it easier to learn new material of a complex or otherwise difficult nature, provided the following two conditions are met: 1. (wikipedia.org)
  • highly
  • We know and have learned of many highly (and sometimes exclusively) verbal thinkers working in various diverse occupations - academia / research, law, business, education, writing, science, math, and computers and engineering. (blogspot.com)
  • word
  • Prepare a 1,400- to 1,750-word paper in which you analyze the concept of verbal learning. (edusolutionguide.com)
  • Brainstorming may take place through conscious chains of deductive thinking, word play or conscious manipulation of words (e.g. drawing verbal analogies),or even verbal brainstorms (e.g. freewriting)in which loosely associated words, digressions, phrases, etc. are written down to open ideas up about a problem or question. (blogspot.com)
  • Specific
  • The effects of a more task-specific aptitude, graph processing, were explored, and involved both immediate and delayed learning outcome measures. (ed.gov)
  • skills
  • SLPs evaluate the child's comprehension skills, and the child's ability to follow verbal and written directions. (wikipedia.org)