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  • International Trachoma I
  • It has already donated through the International Trachoma Initiative 37 million doses of azithromycin and has committed to provide 100 million additional doses by 2008. (who.int)
  • International Trachoma Initiative (ITI) is a US-based non-profit organization committed to the elimination of blinding trachoma, the most common cause of preventable blindness. (wikipedia.org)
  • http://trachoma.org/global-strategy-2020-INSight International Trachoma Initiative The SAFE Strategy GET2020 2020 INSight: The end in sight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those programs include the African Health Workforce Project, the Center for Vaccine Equity, Children Without Worms, International Trachoma Initiative, Mectizan Donation Program, Neglected Tropical Diseases Support Center, Public Health Informatics Institute, and TEPHINET. (wikipedia.org)
  • interventions
  • Because of her commitment to gathering quality data, the trachoma control program continues to implement effective interventions to help reduce blindness in Amhara. (cartercenter.org)
  • At today's 10th meeting of GET 2020, held at WHO Headquarters in Geneva, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Mexico, Morocco and Oman have reported successfully implementing their national strategies of interventions necessary for eliminating trachoma, based on the WHO-recommended SAFE strategy. (who.int)
  • She also oversees monthly tracking of trachoma interventions, supports operational research, provides technical assistance, evaluates program performance, and develops implementation strategies. (cartercenter.org)
  • We conducted this study to estimate the prevalence of trachoma, estimate targets for interventions, and establish a baseline for monitoring and evaluation. (rti.org)
  • Dr. Emerson brings a broad portfolio of experience in trachoma control and in designing interventions that work at the community level," said John Hardman, M.D., Carter Center executive director. (cartercenter.org)
  • Chlamydia
  • Trachoma is caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria and is essentially totally preventable and curable. (rxlist.com)
  • Trachoma is an infectious disease caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trachoma is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, serotypes (serovars) A, B, and C. It is spread by direct contact with eye, nose, and throat secretions from affected individuals, or contact with fomites (inanimate objects that carry infectious agents), such as towels and/or washcloths, that have had similar contact with these secretions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trachoma is a highly infectious eye disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which can be spread through contact with an infected person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trachoma is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which spreads through contact with an infected person. (wikipedia.org)
  • sanitation
  • Although trachoma is caused by a small parasitic bacteria, poor sanitation, unclean water supply, and reduced personal and community hygiene allow the bacteria to infect and reinfect eyes of individuals living in endemic areas. (rxlist.com)
  • The Carter Center's Trachoma Control Program works with ministries of health and other partners in Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Sudan to promote improvements in personal and environmental sanitation and to deliver antibiotics to people at risk for blinding trachoma. (cartercenter.org)
  • conjunctival
  • Repeated infections by the trachoma bacteria are common and, unless treated, can result in scarring of the conjunctival surface of the lids. (rxlist.com)
  • An intracytoplasmic body found in the conjunctival epithelial cells in acute trachoma. (dictionary.com)
  • Blinding Trachoma
  • Blinding trachoma is a horribly painful disease that has devastating effects on the people it affects and their communities. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • WHO is currently developing the specific epidemiological assessment criteria to determine when countries have fully eliminated blinding trachoma. (who.int)
  • Reports from eye surgery camps and anecdotal data indicated that blinding trachoma is a serious cause of visual impairment in Mankien payam (district) of southern Sudan. (rti.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Trachoma is a serious public health problem in Mankien, and the high prevalence of trichiasis in children underscores the severity of blinding trachoma. (rti.org)
  • As part of our mission to protect sight, Sightsavers works to treat and prevent neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), a group of infections such as blinding trachoma, which affect more than a billion people worldwide. (sightsavers.org)
  • ITI builds on growing international momentum to support the World Health Organization's goal of eliminating blinding trachoma as a public health concern by 2020. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carter Center
  • In 2018, The Carter Center is marking 20 years of impact against trachoma, the world's leading cause of preventable blindness. (cartercenter.org)
  • She previously worked for The Carter Center in South Sudan, serving as a regional coordinator in the Guinea Worm Eradication Program before taking a position as a technical adviser in the Trachoma Control Program. (cartercenter.org)
  • My hope is that The Carter Center will be able to lead by example at the cutting edge of trachoma control, both through implementing innovative and inclusive programs and by conducting the research necessary to strengthen the evidence base and improve program delivery. (cartercenter.org)
  • antibiotics
  • In 2016, more than 260 000 people received surgical treatment for advanced trachoma, and 85 million people were treated with antibiotics. (who.int)
  • In 2016, in the 26 countries of WHO's Africa Region in which trachoma is known to be a public health problem, more than 247 000 people with trichiasis were given operations (95% of the global total operated on for trichiasis), and nearly 83 million people in Africa were treated with antibiotics (97% of the total given antibiotics for trachoma worldwide). (who.int)
  • Could provide more than 700 people with the antibiotics to treat trachoma. (sightsavers.org)
  • disease
  • Trachoma is a disease associated with poverty and unhygienic conditions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The greatest risk for contracting trachoma is having a family member with the disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that as of the early 2000s, between 360 and 500 million people are affected by trachoma worldwide and that six million people are blind because of the disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Trachoma is an ancient disease and was once prevalent throughout the world except in colder climates. (rxlist.com)
  • Trachoma is a disease that we can both prevent and treat," said Dr. Emerson. (cartercenter.org)
  • The global burden of disease from trachoma was estimated by Frick et al 23 , who reported that, in 2000, annual disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) 24 was 3.6 million (note that the authors excluded YLL because they considered the estimate to be unreliable), with 72% of these DALYs occurring within sub-Saharan Africa and 80% of lifetime DALYs occurring in women. (health.gov.au)
  • Around 1.9 million people are blind or visually impaired because of trachoma but the disease can be treated, cured and prevented from recurring. (sightsavers.org)
  • Without intervention, trachoma keeps families shackled within a cycle of poverty, as the disease and its long-term effects are passed from one generation to the next. (wikipedia.org)
  • An estimate 320 million people, mostly women and children, live in areas where they can be exposed to trachoma, a neglected tropical disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trachoma and Kidney disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • Diseases
  • The money comes on top of a ¬£360m pledge the UK government made last April to wipe out the world's forgotten tropical diseases, such as trachoma, sleeping sickness and leprosy. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • But researchers make a compelling case for earlier trachoma found in a corner of the world little associated with early diseases: Australia. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Though there are a few eye diseases that could fit this bill, the skeletons were found in the Australian region in which trachoma is most common today. (howstuffworks.com)
  • In December 2017 we counted down to our one billionth treatment for neglected tropical diseases such as trachoma. (sightsavers.org)
  • Emerson
  • Previously, as principal investigator, Dr. Emerson led the United Kingdom Medical Research Council in The Gambia in conducting the first rigorous study establishing the importance of flies in trachoma transmission and the impact of latrines on trachoma control. (cartercenter.org)
  • graders
  • Participants were examined for trachoma by experienced graders using the World Health Organization simplified grading scheme. (rti.org)
  • However, among the CRS surveys reviewed, we also found several methodological deficiencies of sample-size calculations, standardization of trachoma graders, reporting of confidence intervals of prevalence estimates, variability of age groups for presentation of age-specific prevalence, and lack of estimation of district prevalence estimates. (rti.org)
  • bacteria
  • The bazaar fly Musca sorbens lays its eggs in human feces that can be contaminated with trachoma bacteria. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Certain conditions promote the spread of trachoma bacteria. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This would not be the first time that non-chlamydial bacteria have been implicated in trachoma, 8 but it might be the most convincing evidence so far. (bmj.com)
  • latrines
  • Many factors are indirectly linked to the presence of trachoma including lack of water, absence of latrines or toilets, poverty in general, flies, close proximity to cattle, crowding, and so forth. (wikipedia.org)
  • corneal
  • Approximately 10 million people have significant visual loss from the corneal scarring caused by trachoma. (rxlist.com)
  • Inferior punctate epitheliopathy Corneal ulceration Pannus Distichiasis Madarosis Trachoma Burton M, Habtamu E, Ho D, Gower EW (2015). (wikipedia.org)
  • countries
  • Trachoma is hyperendemic in many of the poorest and most rural areas of 41 countries of Africa, Central and South America, Asia, Australia and the Middle East. (who.int)
  • Although trachoma is rare in developed countries, it is occasionally found in the United States in some Native American communities and in parts of Appalachia. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Trachoma affects the poorest and most remote rural areas of 56 countries in Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Australia and the Middle East. (who.int)
  • Kelly Callahan oversees the Carter Center's Trachoma Control Program, which works in partnership with the ministries of health in six African countries to treat more than 37 million people annually. (cartercenter.org)
  • Harmonization of survey methods will enhance the conduct and comparability of trachoma surveys needed for reliable mapping of prevalence within endemic countries. (rti.org)
  • Today, almost all of the 146 million people who suffer from trachoma live in developing countries in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. (cartercenter.org)
  • Their success demonstrates clear progress in the global fight against NTDs for the remaining trachoma-endemic countries. (medindia.net)
  • Australia is the only developed country of the 55 trachoma endemic countries listed by the WHO to still have prevalent trachoma cases in certain region 27 . (health.gov.au)
  • Yet there are still 43 countries that count trachoma as a public health problem. (sightsavers.org)
  • Since launching its first programs in Morocco and Tanzania in 1999, ITI has steadily expanded trachoma control efforts to an additional 12 countries in Africa and Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • From 2012-2017, ENVISION supported the global distribution of more than 127 million treatments for trachoma. (medindia.net)
  • Control
  • Scott Nash provides technical and scientific support to the Center's Trachoma Control Program. (cartercenter.org)
  • Aisha Stewart supports the Trachoma Control Program as the liaison to the Carter Center's field offices where the program works. (cartercenter.org)
  • There he was the principal investigator for evaluations of Helen Keller International and World Vision trachoma control programs in Morocco, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nepal, Vietnam, Tanzania, and Ethiopia, in addition to leading operational research in The Gambia and lecturing. (cartercenter.org)
  • The Trachoma Control Program also worked in Yemen from 2000-2003. (cartercenter.org)
  • flies
  • Trachoma is spread by direct or indirect contact with eye, nose, or throat secretions of an individual with trachoma, or indirectly via flies or other insects carrying those secretions on their legs or bodies. (rxlist.com)
  • Through the discharge from an infected person's eyes, trachoma is passed on by hands, on clothing, or by flies that land on the person's face. (who.int)
  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnosis is based on a combination of the patient's history (especially living or traveling in areas with high rates of trachoma) and examination of the eyes. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Trachoma is a clinical diagnosis, made by examining the conjunctivae of the eye in good light using a 2.5x magnification lens. (chlamydiae.com)
  • million people
  • The estimated number of people affected by trachoma has fallen from 360 million people in 1985 to approximately 80 million people today. (who.int)