• industry's
  • Despite a multimillion-dollar media campaign designed and produced by the tobacco industry to mislead the American public, citizens nationwide are voicing their disapproval of this industry's long history of deception and unethical practices. (deseretnews.com)
  • The industry's relationship with ALEC showed its worth quickly after ALEC provided Tobacco Institute members with face-to-face access to highest-level federal elected officials. (prwatch.org)
  • ALEC has functioned both as a particularly potent front group and an ostensibly credible public relations conduit for the industry, by facilitating communication between the industry and legislators, and working to influence legislators' opinion in the industry's favor. (prwatch.org)
  • ALEC provides the tobacco industry with valuable services like drafting and circulating pro-industry editorials in specific states, creating and disseminating pro-industry reports to legislators, and serving as a credible third-party mouthpiece who helps " bring pressure to bear on targeted individuals " (lawmakers) to vote the industry's way on legislation. (prwatch.org)
  • This shows that the tobacco industry's influence on our nation's health extends far beyond policies directly concerned with smoking or cigarettes," said Ruth Malone, RN, PhD, associate professor in the UCSF School of Nursing and senior author on the study. (innovations-report.com)
  • Zoecon also collected data about international regulatory efforts on methoprene while concealing the tobacco industry's interest in these regulations, the UCSF researchers found. (innovations-report.com)
  • Since today is World No-Tobacco Day, I urge Congress to embrace the FDA proposal, a comprehensive approach to reduce youth tobacco use and reject the tobacco industry's sham proposal. (wikisource.org)
  • The documents deal with the tobacco industry's advertising, manufacturing, marketing, sales, and scientific research activities for the last century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proctor cites as a prime example of the deliberate production of ignorance the tobacco industry's advertising campaign to manufacture doubt about the cancerous and other health effects of tobacco use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Legacy Tobacco
  • To explore this relationship, we studied publicly-available tobacco industry documents found in the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (LTDL), an electronic archive created by the University of California San Francisco that contains 70+ million pages of previously-secret, internal tobacco industry documents obtained in the discovery phases of the 46 state attorneys general lawsuits against the tobacco industry. (prwatch.org)
  • The University of California, San Francisco purchased, install and configure the computer systems and network equipment to develop and launch the digital Legacy Tobacco Documents Library. (rwjf.org)
  • The MSA provisions also created and funded the American Legacy Foundation, subsequently renamed to the Truth Initiative, an anti-smoking advocacy group, and in the early 2000s the foundation gave around $10 million of the settlement funds it managed to UCSF to formalize the collection it already hosted into the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library and to expand their efforts. (wikipedia.org)
  • University of Califo
  • Starting in November 2001, the University of California, San Francisco Library set up a searchable, online database of some 10-million tobacco industry documents released to the public by legal settlements between the National Association of Attorneys General and the tobacco companies. (rwjf.org)
  • They include the contents of tobacco industry websites and two collections from the Tobacco Control Archives at the University of California, San Francisco as of July 1999. (rwjf.org)
  • The library of the University of California San Francisco (USCF) had started digitizing and hosting internal tobacco industry documents in 1995 - these efforts were part of wider efforts to make public what the tobacco industry had done and helped drive the turning of public sentiment and litigation against the tobacco companies. (wikipedia.org)
  • restrict
  • Tobacco advertising is becoming increasingly restricted by the governments of countries around the world citing health issues as a reason to restrict tobaccos appeal[citation needed] The tobacco industry in the United States has suffered greatly since the mid-1990s, when it was successfully sued by several U.S. states. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998
  • The documents were made public as a term of the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement between the states and the tobacco industry. (prwatch.org)
  • In 1998, when the EPA proposed a series of risk mitigation measures to protect workers and the community from sometimes-fatal poisoning by phosphine, tobacco interests protested that the rules would "make it virtually impossible for our industry to continue to fumigate stored tobacco. (innovations-report.com)
  • farmers
  • 5. Even in the old days and currently farmers really grow tobacco. (mixbook.com)
  • Tobacco, one of the most widely used addictive substances in the world[citation needed], is a plant native to the Americas and historically one of the half-dozen most important crops grown by American farmers. (wikipedia.org)
  • After liberalization in 1990, Malawi reverted to a pre-liberalization allowance system that limited tobacco farmers' production to a certain productivity quota. (wikipedia.org)
  • officials
  • A glossy ``Passport to Smokers' Rights'' kit, complete with talking points, draft letters and preprinted postcards to public officials and government agencies, produced by the Tobacco Institute. (csmonitor.com)
  • Beyond providing access to influential government officials, tobacco industry documents reveal that a relationship with ALEC benefits the industry in many other ways. (prwatch.org)
  • Tobacco companies invited EPA officials to view a series of emissions tests to persuade them that a 500-foot buffer zone was not needed around fumigated warehouses. (innovations-report.com)
  • Adding to WHO documentation, the authors describe how the consultant, Gaston Vettorazzi, worked with WHO officials in the capacity of an expert consultant from 1990 until 2001, influencing regulations on EBDC while concealing tobacco industry payments of as much as $100,000 a year. (innovations-report.com)
  • ADMARC, gave priority to a policy of the development of estates growing Burley tobacco, many controlled by Banda and senior officials and politicians. (wikipedia.org)
  • companies
  • Tobacco companies have funded nearly 50 studies on the link between secondhand smoke and heart disease - but when scientists found a connection, the industry skewed their conclusions or stopped funding them, report University of California researchers. (wired.com)
  • Have journalists become so cynical and novelty-consumed that we don't even bother to tell the public when tobacco companies are once again caught in a coverup that, in ethical if not legal terms, is close to murder? (wired.com)
  • The Beyond McDonald's pages provide information about the unethical practices of many other companies and industries . (mcspotlight.org)
  • Some Wall Street analysts and health advocates say tobacco companies may again be considering the expanding market for legalized weed. (latimes.com)
  • The issues the tobacco companies were exploring are all still there today. (latimes.com)
  • They not only shed new light on the Nixon era, but appear when some Wall Street analysts and health advocates say tobacco companies may again be considering the expanding market for legalized weed. (latimes.com)
  • The issues the tobacco companies were exploring are all still there today,' said Stanton Glantz, director of the UC San Francisco Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. (latimes.com)
  • The tobacco companies say the newly unearthed documents are no longer relevant. (latimes.com)
  • The tobacco industry comprises those persons and companies engaged in the growth, preparation for sale, shipment, advertisement, and distribution of tobacco and tobacco-related products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Philip Morris Companies Inc.), still owns the Philip Morris tobacco business in the United States, but Philip Morris International has been fully independent since 2008. (wikipedia.org)
  • The suits claimed that tobacco causes cancer, that companies in the industry knew this, and that they deliberately understated the significance of their findings, contributing to the illness and death of many citizens in those states. (wikipedia.org)
  • The suit resulted in a large cash settlement being paid by a group of tobacco companies to the states that sued. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Since the settlement is a heavy tax on the profits of the tobacco industry in the US, regressive against smokers, and further settlements being made only add to the financial burden of these companies, it is debatable if the industry has a money-producing long term outlook. (wikipedia.org)
  • A coalition of phosphine users, including tobacco companies, hired Sciences International, a private company headed by Elizabeth Anderson, a former EPA director, to prepare a report challenging the EPA's plan to impose stricter exposure limits for workers and the community. (innovations-report.com)
  • In contrast, it has been hard to find groups opposing the move that do not have financial links to tobacco companies. (scotsman.com)
  • Experience tells us to expect a series of reports, paid for by tobacco companies, predicting economic and social ruin if they are not allowed to promote their addictive products in designed, branded packs. (scotsman.com)
  • When tobacco companies were opposing plans to remove tobacco displays from shops they brought in the CEBR to write a report concluding that serving times following a display ban could double. (scotsman.com)
  • The chief executives of multi-national tobacco companies are among the hardest-nosed business interests around. (scotsman.com)
  • Global information and data on the behavior of the tobacco companies, especially in low and middle-income countries where they are seeking to grow their markets, will be collated and held on a public Web site. (taipeitimes.com)
  • I understand the tobacco companies want to protect their business, but to deliberately go out and to misinform people where lives are at stake is just something that I think we should not permit. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Mark Hurley, International Director of Tobacco Industry Campaigns, told IPS it is disappointing that ILO has postponed a decision on whether to end its relationship with tobacco companies. (ipsnews.net)
  • The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, he said, strongly urges the ILO to cut ties with tobacco companies and prohibit all members of the tobacco industry from participation in the ILO when the decision is revisited in March 2018 at the 332nd Session of the Governing Body in Geneva. (ipsnews.net)
  • He said tobacco companies that spread death and disease across the globe should have no place in a UN agency like the ILO, or any responsible organization. (ipsnews.net)
  • Around the world, he pointed out, tobacco companies remain the greatest obstacle to reducing the more than 7 million deaths their products cause each year. (ipsnews.net)
  • Hurley said tobacco companies use membership in respected organizations like the ILO to portray themselves as responsible corporate citizens and divert attention from their role in causing a global tobacco epidemic that is projected to kill one billion people worldwide this century. (ipsnews.net)
  • She pointed out that the tobacco companies' sponsorship money goes to a few poor countries in Africa (Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi) for programme on child labour, while the companies continue to buy tobacco leaves at cheap prices that use child labour. (ipsnews.net)
  • Assunta also said "the tobacco industry is giving a paltry sum to the ILO compared to the huge profits the transnational companies reap by paying low prices to tobacco growers in poor countries. (ipsnews.net)
  • She said tobacco farm workers are trapped in a vicious cycle of poverty, illness and labour exploitation despite the corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives of tobacco companies. (ipsnews.net)
  • Since 15 October 2017, the UN Global Compact has delisted companies whose business involves manufacturing or producing tobacco products. (ipsnews.net)
  • composed of the CEO and head of the tobacco division of each of 5 major companies supporting institute. (nysed.gov)
  • TTID contains over 14 million documents produced by major tobacco companies and organizations, many of them internal strategic memoranda made public as a consequence of the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement. (wikipedia.org)
  • The MSA effectively settled the outstanding lawsuits by requiring yearly payments by the tobacco companies to the states and placing restrictions on the advertising and marketing of tobacco products. (wikipedia.org)
  • As part of the Master Settlement Agreement, the U.S. tobacco companies were ordered to release the internal documents produced for the case for public access in both a physical depository in Minnesota and on their own document websites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Documents are continually added to the MSA collections through the use of spidering (also known as "web crawling") applications that identify and download index records and document images directly from the tobacco companies' websites. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Library collects and maintains the internal documents of the tobacco companies and their trade organizations that were a party to the Master Settlement Agreement as well as documents from other litigation or companies not party to the settlement. (wikipedia.org)
  • International tobacco manufacturing companies identified Malawi in the 1970s as possible ally for fighting against tobacco control. (wikipedia.org)
  • lawsuits
  • Although individuals will still be allowed to bring smoking-related lawsuits against the industry, their ability to win punitive damages will be severely curtailed - so excluding the possibility of potentially ruinous awards. (mcspotlight.org)
  • 1989
  • Starting in 1989, labor and human rights activists began calling attention to the use of children in Malawian tobacco production. (wikipedia.org)
  • organization
  • Based on an analysis of internal tobacco company documents, the article outlines evidence that the tobacco industry hired ex-agency scientists to intervene in federal Environmental Protection Agency decision-making, hired a consultant to influence World Health Organization pesticide regulatory deliberations without revealing his industry ties, and staged a useless test aimed at convincing regulators that no further restrictions were needed to control an especially deadly pesticide, among other actions. (innovations-report.com)
  • After the U.S. EPA determined that a breakdown product of EBDC fungicides was a probable human carcinogen in 1987, CORESTA, an international tobacco research organization, hired a consultant to provide advice on influencing international regulations on EBDC fungicide limits. (innovations-report.com)
  • UNITED NATIONS, Nov 21 2017 (IPS) - Back in November 2008, the 193-member General Assembly decided, by consensus, to ban smoking and tobacco sales at the UN headquarters in New York: a ruling observed by all affiliated agencies worldwide, including the Geneva-based World Health Organization (WHO) which has severed links with the tobacco industry. (ipsnews.net)
  • But there still remains one holdout: the 187-member International Labour Organization (ILO) in Geneva whose Governing Body, which meets three times a year, has postponed once again its decision on whether or not to cut ILO's ties with the tobacco industry. (ipsnews.net)
  • health
  • Our representatives in Congress are duty-bound to approach this historic opportunity at tobacco control with the health and well-being of their constituents as their primary concern. (deseretnews.com)
  • By Richard J. Durbin , Rep. Richard J. Durbin (D) of Illinois, co-chairman of the Congressional Task Force on Tobacco and Health, is the original author of the federal law that bans smoking on airline flights of two hours or less. (csmonitor.com)
  • They contained no information from government-funded public health agencies like the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control or the U.S. Surgeon General's office, or from non-profit groups with decades of experience fighting tobacco-related illnesses, like the American Cancer Society , American Lung Association or American Heart Association . (prwatch.org)
  • It addresses the lack of discerning understanding of current and future approaches utilized by the tobacco industry and the way it attempts to or interferes with public health policy development. (who.int)
  • According to the World Health Organisations, tobacco kills more than two and a half million people prematurely every year. (mcspotlight.org)
  • The industry that sells these products has been well aware of the dangers for decades but continues to put their own profits before peoples health. (mcspotlight.org)
  • THE Scottish Government's commitment to introducing plain, standardised packs for tobacco has been welcomed by health groups, children's charities and most MSPs. (scotsman.com)
  • STOP was launched in Cape Town at the 17th World Conference on Tobacco or Health, an event that is held every three years and brings together experts and campaigners from all over the world. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Given all we know about the transnational corporations who foster the tobacco epidemic and the conditions that keep farm workers in poverty, the ILO must heed the call of the nearly 200 non-governmental organizations from the labour, health and development sectors who sent a letter asking for an end to partnerships with the tobacco industry," she declared. (ipsnews.net)
  • Therefore, despite the fact that the consequences of smoking are a major health issue in Argentina, the national government supports the producers by means of a Tobacco Special Fund (Fondo Especial del Tabaco, FET), which consists in a subsidy plus easier access to credit in order to modernize the industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers, journalists, students, and activists interested in tobacco control issues and public health policies use the Library extensively to investigate tobacco industry strategies. (wikipedia.org)
  • documents
  • ALEC works to educate legislators about specific issues, but tobacco documents show ALEC offers legislators a sharply limited, and thus flawed view of the industry and its effects on the American populace. (prwatch.org)
  • The Library is a part of the larger UCSF Industry Documents Library which also includes the Drug Industry Document Archive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the documents are more than 8,000 tobacco industry video and audio tapes including recordings of focus groups, internal corporate meetings, depositions of tobacco industry employees, government hearings, corporate communications, and commercials. (wikipedia.org)
  • In July 2008, the BAT documents were added to the Library in an effort to provide researchers, as well as the general public, with unhindered access to the entire body of internal tobacco industry documents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Textile
  • The National Committee of the Chinese Financial, Commercial, Light Industry, Textile and Tobacco Workers' Union is a national industrial union of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions in the People's Republic of China. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1964
  • Since 1964 conclusive medical evidence of the deadly effects of tobacco consumption has led to a sharp decline in official support for producers and manufacturers of tobacco, although it contributes to the agricultural, fiscal, manufacturing, and exporting sectors of the economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • products
  • Is it then odd that some of the same groups and people who helped create the confusion around the science positions on tobacco products are now involved with the creation of confusion around the science positions on global climate change? (envirolink.org)
  • The funding for the agency - Stopping Tobacco Organizations and Products (STOP) - comes from Bloomberg Philanthropies, whose founder, former New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg, has committed nearly US$1 billion to the global fight against tobacco. (taipeitimes.com)
  • The executive body's deliberations remained deadlocked at a meeting in early November resulting in a second postponement of a decision to sever ties with an industry, whose products are responsible for killing some seven million people per year from lung cancer and heart disease. (ipsnews.net)
  • Tobacco products are uniquely lethal and kill up to half of lifetime users. (ipsnews.net)
  • But most importantly, the Philip Morris/UST proposal eliminates FDA jurisdiction over tobacco products. (wikisource.org)
  • With no FDA jurisdiction over tobacco, there is no agency with authority over nicotine-containing tobacco products. (wikisource.org)
  • An important part of the report is Porter Five Forces analysis that surveys an industry through five major questions (What composes a threat of substitute products and services? (marketpublishers.com)
  • The Argentine tobacco industry employs 500,000 people, about half of them directly involved in the planting and harvesting, only about 2% in the manufacturing of the derived products, and the rest in distribution and sales. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • First author Patricia McDaniel, PhD, postdoctoral fellow at the UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, added, "It's one thing for the industry to participate in the public policy process by providing information or arguments, but it's another to hire people to secretly influence the policy process and to manipulate the science guiding policymakers. (innovations-report.com)
  • All of these accept the research evidence that standardised packs will make tobacco less appealing to young people. (scotsman.com)
  • The foundation, which PMI says is independent and is headed by a former anti-tobacco crusader from the WHO, is offering funds for research projects. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Tobacco industry-funded research has repeatedly been a smokescreen for behavior that has led to worse outcomes for smokers. (taipeitimes.com)
  • This report is a comprehensive research of tobacco industry in Fiji. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Under the banner of science, the industry produced research about everything except tobacco hazards to exploit public uncertainty. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers
  • This is familiar territory because the same scare stories were wheeled out, often by "independent" researchers paid by Big Tobacco money, when Australia introduced this legislation last year. (scotsman.com)
  • nicotine
  • Tobacco contains over 4,000 different gases, particles and compounds including tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide. (mcspotlight.org)
  • The industry was found to have decades of internal memos confirming in detail that tobacco (which contains nicotine) is both addictive and carcinogenic (cancer-causing). (wikipedia.org)
  • The industry had long denied that nicotine is addictive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Set up Tobacco Institute Testing Laboratory in 1967 to keep track of Federal Trade Commission's Tar and Nicotine Laboratory and ensure it's work was accurate. (nysed.gov)
  • With the decline of tobacco farms in the West, interest in Malawi's low-grade, high-nicotine tobacco has increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • international
  • Over the past several years, the ILO has received about $15 million from Japan Tobacco International (JTI) and Eliminating Child Labor in Tobacco Growing Foundation (ECLT), an NGO also funded by the transnational tobacco industry, SEATCA said. (ipsnews.net)
  • control
  • The tobacco control movement has roundly denounced the foundation and accused PMI of duplicity. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Nobody from the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World was invited, which the organizers say is in line with the WHO's framework convention on tobacco control. (taipeitimes.com)
  • people
  • An internal memo from an executive at the American Tobacco Co. reported that his team had learned from a 'reliable source' that Philip Morris 'was granted a special permit to grow, cultivate and make marijuana extracts … and that Philip Morris urged the State agency people to secrecy. (latimes.com)
  • work/cooperate with local tobacco people on industry problems that came up. (nysed.gov)
  • Smokers
  • The speakers dwell on the tax revenue generated by tobacco, brag about the economic clout of smokers, and encourage political activity against smoking restrictions. (csmonitor.com)
  • In addition, a new national clearinghouse called the ``Smokers' Rights Alliance'' (SRA) has been created by the tobacco industry to help coordinate the local groups that R.J. Reynolds is setting up. (csmonitor.com)
  • But in reality these smokers' rights organizations are little more than an economic tool of the tobacco industry. (csmonitor.com)
  • million
  • The FDA proposed rule restricts tobacco advertisements to publications with an adult readership of 85 percent or more and less than 2 million readers under 18 years old. (wikisource.org)
  • Tobacco sales generate 165 million dollars per year for Malawi, with tobacco making up 53 percent of Malawi's exports. (wikipedia.org)
  • government
  • Malawi began exporting tobacco in 1893, just two years after the British set up a colonial government in the landlocked territory known then as Nyasaland. (wikipedia.org)
  • The volatile economic state in Malawi made the government look favorably to the intensification of tobacco production. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1972, the government enacted the Special Crops Act that limited the production of tobacco, tea, and sugarcane to estate owners with no exceptions for small landholders. (wikipedia.org)
  • leaf
  • Burley leaf from Malawi makes up 6.6 percent of the worlds tobacco exports and accounts for over 70 percent of Malawi's foreign earnings. (wikipedia.org)
  • producers
  • Further, the report analyses tobacco industry in the country by identifying key market players, (including major producers, traders, etc), as well by evaluating foreign economic relations within the sector in the recent three years. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Tobacco producers are concentrated in the north of the country. (wikipedia.org)