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  • complications
  • Complications that can occur in the short and long term after injury include muscle atrophy, pressure sores, infections, and respiratory problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • thoracotomy
  • A resuscitative thoracotomy (sometimes referred to as an emergency department thoracotomy, trauma thoracotomy or, colloquially, as "cracking the chest") is a thoracotomy performed to resuscitate a major trauma patient who has sustained severe thoracic or abdominal trauma and who has entered cardiac arrest because of this. (wikipedia.org)
  • The clamshell thoracotomy is used when there is a right sided pulmonary or vascular injury, or when greater access or visualization is desired. (wikipedia.org)
  • sternal fracture
  • Inclusion criteria for the control group were as follows: (a) thoracic spine fracture without concomitant sternal fracture, (b)-(d) same as study cohort. (uzh.ch)
  • CONCLUSIONS The concomitant sternal fracture is an indicator for an unstable burst fracture, type B or C fracture of the thoracic spine, which requires surgical stabilization. (uzh.ch)
  • Because of the high frequency of associated injuries, clinicians are taught to suspect that a patient has multiple severe injuries if a sternal fracture is present. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is controversy over the question of whether the presence of sternal fracture is an indication of cardiac injuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, because it is common for cardiac injuries to accompany sternal fracture, heart function is monitored with electrocardiogram. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fracture
  • Other associated injuries that may occur include damage to blood vessels in the chest, myocardial rupture, head and abdominal injuries, flail chest, and vertebral fracture. (wikipedia.org)
  • While for elderly individuals a fall can cause a rib fracture, in adults automobile accidents are a common event for such an injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • lungs
  • however, its primary significance is that it can indicate the presence of serious associated internal injuries, especially to the heart and lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The shape of the chest does not correspond to that part of the thoracic skeleton that encloses the heart and lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • cardiac
  • The injury may also affect a specific organ such as the heart, which can develop an air embolism or a cardiac tamponade (which prevents the heart from beating properly). (wikipedia.org)
  • The mediastinum contains the heart and its vessels, the esophagus, trachea, phrenic and cardiac nerves, the thoracic duct, thymus and lymph nodes of the central chest. (wikipedia.org)
  • catheter
  • A chest tube (chest drain, thoracic catheter, tube thoracostomy, or intercostal drain) is a flexible plastic tube that is inserted through the chest wall and into the pleural space or mediastinum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mediastinum
  • The mediastinum can be divided into an upper (or superior) and lower (or inferior) part: The superior mediastinum starts at the superior thoracic aperture and ends at the thoracic plane. (wikipedia.org)
  • The thoracic plane separates the superior and inferior mediastinum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anthrax Mediastinum testis (unrelated structure in the scrotum) Mediastinal germ cell tumor Mediastinitis Mediastinal tumor This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918) https://www.unifr.ch/ifaa/Public/EntryPage/TA98%20Tree/Alpha/All%20KWIC%20W%20LA.htm Mediastinum dictionary definition Thoracic Wall, Pleura, and Pericardium - Dissector Answers Archived 2012-09-01 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • accidents
  • Among all of the thoracic injuries analyzed, the most common was traffic accidents, which made up 111 (40.7%) cases. (infona.pl)
  • Falls, sports injuries and car accidents are less likely to produce cord injury in the middle back than in the other more delicate spinal regions. (cure-back-pain.org)
  • The injury became more common with the introduction and wide use of automobiles and the subsequent rise in traffic accidents. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the majority of cases the damage results from physical trauma such as car accidents, gunshots, falls, or sports injuries, but it can also result from nontraumatic causes such as infection, insufficient blood flow, and tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • outcomes
  • Better clinical outcomes are achieved in high-volume hospitals and when procedures are performed by a thoracic surgeon. (lww.com)