achilles tendon

  • A specific tendon in horses known as the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) stretches and recoils in the same way as the Achilles tendon and is injured in the same way. (
  • Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. (
  • The Achilles tendon ruptures most often in athletes participating in sports that involve running, pivoting and jumping. (
  • When the Achilles tendon ruptures you will experience severe pain in the back of your leg above your heel, swelling, stiffness, and difficulty to stand on tiptoe and push the leg when walking. (
  • If the Achilles tendon is intact, there will be flexion movement of the foot, if it is ruptured, there will be no movement observed. (
  • Achilles tendon rupture is treated using non-surgical method or surgical method. (
  • Surgery helps to decrease the recurrence of the Achilles tendon in comparison to the non-surgical treatment. (
  • With either treatment, physical therapy is recommended to improve the strength and flexibility of leg muscles and the Achilles tendon. (
  • To help prevent an Achilles tendon injury, it is a good practice to perform stretching and warm-up exercises before participating in any exercises or sports activities. (
  • Unfortunately I have pulled up with a sore achilles tendon this morning after a 12k run with a group who set a pretty fast pace! (
  • Hello, Depending on the severity and duration of the injury,I would start with soft tissue treatment on the muscles above the achilles tendon. (
  • Tightness and restricted ankle mobility can lead to adhesions and tenderness in the muscles that act on the achilles tendon. (
  • I have have been away from racquetball since Nov.2013 due to an inflamed Achilles tendon. (
  • Very tough to figure out from the given info, When you say, slighty lateral to the achilles tendon, how far is that? (
  • After an informal doctors visit (no x-ray), I was told it may be a torn or broken Achilles tendon, keep up the RICE method and to use a brace boot if I needed to walk around. (
  • There are many famous athletes that have injured their Achilles tendon including Kobe Bryant and David Beckham. (
  • A torn Achilles tendon can lead to prolonged period of not able to participate in the sport. (
  • Patients that have torn Achilles tendon may be regular people in the community, team sports athletes and professional athletes. (
  • Achilles tendon injury can be misdiagnosed, neglected and sometimes we may see ruptures that might be diagnosed as partial and this may lead to full tear. (
  • The Achilles tendon connects the muscles of the calf of the leg and the heel bone and is the strongest tendon in the body. (
  • Achilles tendon injury is treated conservatively and surgically. (

tibialis posterior tendon

  • Tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction presents one of the most challenging problems that a foot and ankle specialist faces (see the images below). (
  • Ankle, tibialis posterior tendon injuries. (
  • this is caused by tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction. (
  • Image reveals the speckled internal signal intensity of the tibialis posterior tendon (open arrow). (
  • Lateral plain radiograph of a flat foot resulting from long-standing tibialis posterior tendon rupture. (
  • Drawing shows the relationship of the tibialis posterior tendon to the remainder of the tarsal tunnel. (
  • and PTT, tibialis posterior tendon. (
  • Drawing shows the complex insertions of the tibialis posterior tendon beneath the undersurface of the foot with the muscle dissected away. (
  • 2 An x ray film showed degenerative changes of the ankle and hindfoot joints, and ultrasonography of the ankle showed a discontinuity of the tibialis posterior tendon. (

flexor tendons

  • Your flexor tendons begin in your forearm and continue to the palm side of your fingers and thumb. (
  • Each finger has two flexor tendons and your thumb has one. (
  • A sheath thickened in areas by fibrous pulleys guide the flexor tendons and keep them close to your phalanges during motion. (
  • The flexor tendons allow your fingers and thumbs to bend, grasp items, and perform fine coordinated movements. (
  • The nerves in your fingers(digital nerves) travel parallel and along both sides of the flexor tendons. (
  • There are many ways to surgically repair flexor tendons. (
  • Deep cuts on the palm side of the wrist, hand, or fingers can injure the flexor tendons and nearby nerves and blood vessels. (


  • With its superior soft-tissue contrast resolution and multiplanar capabilities, MRI is the imaging procedure of choice for evaluating the musculoskeletal system, particularly in detecting tenosynovitis and in assessing partial and complete ruptures of the tendons. (

spring ligament

  • Also note the close anatomic relationship of the distal tendon, spring ligament, and distal deltoid ligament. (


  • Higher-resolution transducers and the dynamic real-time capability of ultrasonography make it attractive for evaluating muscles and tendons. (
  • Tendons are strong fibers that attach your muscles to your bones and allow movement. (
  • You see, the two tendons run from the outside muscles of the calves down the leg, then pass behind the outside of the ankle. (
  • These flexor muscles move the fingers through cord-like extensions called tendons, which connect the muscles to bone. (
  • The flexor muscles start at the elbow and forearm regions, turn into tendons just past the middle of the forearm, and attach to the bones of the fingers (see Figure 1). (


  • In the finger, the tendons pass through fibrous rings called pulleys, which guide the tendons and keep them close to the bones, enabling the tendons to move the joints much more effectively. (


  • Permanent weakness during rotatory movements of the forearm may occur if the tendon is not repaired surgically. (


  • An extensor tendon injury occurs when the tendon is torn, cut or otherwise detached. (
  • Once the distal biceps tendon is torn, it cannot regrow back to the bone and heal by itself. (
  • The torn biceps tendon is brought up through the incision. (
  • Surgical procedure involves opening the skin and suturing the torn tendon together. (
  • In many instances the torn tendon requires surgical repair and rehabilitation that likely requires 6-9 months before the athlete is able to return to competitive play. (


  • 1 Although lacerations of the ankle are uncommon, injury to underlying structures is still possible. (
  • We report on four patients who presented an average of 23 years after injury to the ankle with the consequences of undetected tendon injuries. (
  • Together, these two tendons help to stabilize and balance the foot and ankle. (
  • Unfortunately, like any other tendon (and stirrups too, for that matter), the peroneal tendons can become damaged over time or injured, such as during an ankle sprain. (
  • In some cases, the tendons may even experience subluxation, in which they move out of their proper position and come up over the ankle bone, usually due to a weakening or tearing of the surrounding tissue that keeps the tendons in place. (
  • With either type of tearing, you're likely to experience some instability in your ankle and foot (since those stabilizing peroneal tendons aren't exactly in top form). (
  • Pain may be a bit more constant with tears due to sudden injury, but pain from overstraining over time may be more sporadic, and is likely to be on the outside of the ankle. (
  • In the case of peroneal tendon injuries, your podiatrist will probably perform a physical examination, checking for the symptoms listed above, like swelling behind the outside of your ankle bone, tenderness, and instability in your foot or ankle. (


  • Kevin Cross of Spectrum Therapy in Palmyra, Va., will present "Managing Chronic Tendon Injuries in Athletes. (
  • It is possible with the findings from this research that many common tendon injuries in athletes, as well as horses, can be prevented. (
  • Sports such as basketball, track, volleyball and track where the athletes jump may lead to more stress on the tendon. (


  • There are several procedures to accomplish reattachment of the distal biceps tendon to the forearm bone. (
  • During distal biceps tendon repair, your surgeon makes a small incision over the upper forearm, where the biceps muscle attaches to the radius bone. (


  • Because of its superficial location, the posterior tibial tendon is particularly amenable to evaluation with ultrasonography. (


  • Note the relative sites and the distal extent of tendon sheaths in black. (
  • The biceps tendon at the elbow is called the distal biceps tendon and if there is a tear in this tendon, you will be unable to move your arm from the palm-down to palm-up position. (


  • This distinction is important because a more rigorous treatment is needed if the tendon is involved, because it might lead to partial and complete tear. (
  • A tendon that has not been cut completely through may still allow the fingers to bend, but can cause pain or catching, and may eventually tear all the way through. (
  • Chronic inflammation of the tendon (Achilles tendonitis) can lead to a tear. (

heal without surgery

  • When a flexor tendon separates, the two ends pull away from each other, making it impossible for the tendon to heal without surgery. (
  • Because the cut ends of a tendon usually separate after an injury, a cut tendon can not heal without surgery. (


  • The Distinguished Lecture Series in Sports Medicine at Hope College will examine the management of chronic tendon injuries on Wednesday, Sept. 13, at 7 p.m. in the Maas Center. (
  • Tearing of the tendon comes in two different forms: acute (sudden) and chronic (or tears that develop and accumulate over time). (


  • Surgery may be necessary in cases of tendon separation, fracture, or malalignment. (
  • Certain types of injuries need specific types of surgery. (
  • Your hand will be immobilized with a splint to allow the flexor tendon to heal after surgery. (
  • Hand therapy rehabilitation and continued splinting follow flexor tendon repair surgery. (
  • Recovery from flexor tendon surgery is very individualized, and rarely is full normal motion regained. (
  • Your doctor will advise you on how soon surgery is needed after a flexor tendon is cut. (
  • If therapy fails to improve motion, surgery to release scar tissue around the tendon may be required. (

blood vessels

  • Your hand surgeon will stitch the ends of the tendon together and repair damaged nerves, blood vessels, or bones. (


  • There are several tendons that travel posteriorly to the lateral malleolus, perhaps most notably to climbers is flexor hallucis longus (FHL). (


  • The symptoms exhibited by the various types of peroneal tendon injuries vary a bit, although they do have some points in common. (
  • Pain and other symptoms may only develop over time, and the longer your injury goes undiagnosed, the worse it may get. (
  • Your doctor diagnoses the rupture based on symptoms, history of the injury and physical examination. (

heel bone

  • Your doctor may also feel a gap or depression in the tendon, just above heel bone. (
  • There are several injury such us pulling of the tendon from the heel bone, blow to the tissue or a cut. (


  • Most people have a groove in the back of the fibula where the peroneal tendons move around (no doubt complaining from time to time about inadequate space). (
  • However, about a quarter of the general population do not have this groove, and thus may be more likely to experience subluxation of the peroneal tendons. (
  • It feels like a tendon pops out of a groove and then pops back in really quick. (

surgical repair

  • Flexor tendon injuries do not heal well without surgical repair. (


  • In the finger, it is important to preserve certain pulleys, and there is very little space between the tendon and pulley in which to perform a repair. (


  • He will present the general anatomy of tendons and the characteristics of chronically inflamed tendons, and will review scientific evidence concerning various treatments. (


  • for peritendinosis, increased soft tissue and fluid in the area around the tendon. (
  • If the cut ends of the tendon can be brought back together, healing begins through the cells that are inside of the tendon as well as the tissue outside of the tendon. (
  • If it is hard to bend the finger using its own muscle power, it could mean that the repaired tendon has pulled apart or is bogged down in scar tissue. (
  • Depending on the injury, your doctor may prescribe therapy to loosen up the scar tissue and prevent it from interfering with the finger's movement. (




  • From there, one tendon stays on the outside part of the foot and attaches to the base of the fifth metatarsal (the long thin bone that connects the base of your pinky toe to the middle part of your foot). (
  • The other tendon actually passes underneath your foot and attaches near the arch of the foot. (
  • The biceps muscle has two tendons, one of which attaches it to the bone in the shoulder and the other attaches at the elbow. (


  • At the moment of landing the Achilles is pushed into comrepssion and the theory goes hat his is the trigger that causes the injury. (


  • The extensor tendons are attached to the back of your fingers and thumbs. (


  • For just 97p you can become a subscriber to Sports Injury Bulletin and stay up to date with all the latest prevention, treatment and rehabilitation information. (


  • There are many ways to repair a cut tendon, and certain types of cuts need a specific type of repair. (


  • However, we have now found that the matrix which binds the fascicles together in the tendon, the IFM, is essential for tendon function and that changes to this structure may be responsible for tendon injury. (


  • Your treatment will really depend on the severity of your injury. (
  • Non-surgical treatment involves wearing a cast or special brace which lifts your heel, allowing the tendon to heal. (


  • Your therapist will show you initial exercises to promote tendon gliding and help avoid stiffness. (


  • In the delineation of tendon calcification and retinacular avulsions of bone, computed tomography (CT) scanning is superior to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). (
  • Some people may have a slightly abnormal bone structure that puts them at risk for subluxation of the peroneal tendons. (
  • In some cases, the tendon is reattached using stitches passed through holes drilled in the bone. (
  • Then, the radius bone is prepared for tendon reattachment and to promote healing. (


  • Unfortunately, horses that suffer these injuries rarely return to racing. (


  • Lacerations of the hand and wrist may affect underlying tendons. (


  • At 13 years of age he was referred to an orthopaedic clinic and underwent an unsuccessful tendon repair. (
  • Therapy protocols vary, and will depend on the nature of your injury and repair. (
  • If unprotected finger motion begins too soon, the tendon repair is likely to pull apart. (
  • Scarring of the tendon repair is a normal part of the healing process. (
  • The tendon repair might pull apart if your hand is used too soon or if therapy guidelines are not followed. (
  • The sutures from the suture anchors are passed through the tendon in a particular interlocking manner so as to ensure a strong tendon repair. (


  • We tested how the components within the SDFT worked to enable the tendon to stretch and function effectively. (


  • If pain is present, you're likely to feel it around the place where the peroneal tendons usually sit: around the back of the fibula. (
  • And yes, the man's a stud player assuming he's all the way back from his Achilles injury. (


  • Like many other forms of inflammation, tendonitis in the peroneal tendons is characterized by pain, warmth, and swelling. (


  • Research I have seen in articles from SIB show that the cause may well be sudden compression of the tendon. (


  • Also, if your calves are unusually tight, they may put more strain on your peroneal tendons, which, again, can lead to damage. (


  • Some extensor tendon injuries are treated with splinting and hand therapy. (
  • In addition to regaining motion of the finger after a tendon injury, therapy will be helpful in softening scars and building grip strength. (


  • The tibialis posterior is, by far, the most frequently ruptured tendon in the rear foot, but injuries to this structure are often overlooked. (
  • It's probably best if you imagine the peroneal tendons (or at least one of them) as a sort of stirrup that helps support the foot. (


  • When tendons are cut completely through, the finger joints cannot bend on their own (see Figure 2). (


  • Problems with the peroneal tendons can happen to anyone, (unless we're talking about aliens who walk around on tentacles rather than feet-they probably have their own sets of medical to-dos), although certain groups are more likely to develop issues than others. (


  • Dr. Screen noted: 'If we are able to manipulate the IFM, we could potentially design a diagnostic test to see whether someone is more susceptible to tendon injury than others, and also pave the way for prospective treatments. (


  • Playing Duck-Duck-Goose for several hours straight may also result in injury, and not just to your dignity. (


  • Boutonniere deformities and mallet finger injuries are specific types of extensor tendon injuries. (


  • Tendon disorders cost the United Kingdom close to the U.S.-equivalent of eleven billion dollars annually. (

completely cut

ends pull away

  • When a tendon is cut, it acts like a rubber band, and its cut ends pull away from each other. (


  • Even today, with advancements in sports science, little is known about tendon health management, and we still do not understand why some people are more prone to tendon injury than others. (


  • An extensor tendon injury can cause your finger or hand to feel painful and swollen. (
  • Your doctor can diagnose an extensor tendon injury by reviewing your medical history and examining your hand. (


  • Tendon health is extremely important for an athlete, especially when they perform at the highest level such as the Olympics being held in London this summer. (


  • Sometimes, a small metal implant may be used to attach the tendon. (


  • Extensor tendon injuries cause loss of movement, pain, and swelling. (
  • When your tendons sublux over the fibula, you're likely to experience a popping or snapping sensation which may or may not be accompanied by pain. (


  • Tendon disorders are highly debilitating and painful, and may herald the end of an Olympic athlete's career,' said study co-author Dr. Hazel Screen, a senior lecturer in medical engineering at Queen Mary, University of London. (