• parasite
  • It has been suggested that at least part of the reason for the increasing prevalence of asthma in the developed world is a decrease in parasite infections resulting from improved living conditions with economic development. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To establish definitively whether parasites can protect against allergic disease, and specifically asthma, ultimately requires a randomised clinical trial of parasite infection in patients with asthma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In 1961, an epidemiological study of eosinophilic meningitis in humans was conducted by Rosen, Laigret, and Bories, who hypothesized that the parasite causing these infections was carried by fish. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • This is the most common tapeworm infection in the world and can be transmitted between humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • This observation, along with epidemiology and autopsy of infected brains, confirmed A. cantonensis infection in humans as the cause of the majority of eosinophilic meningitis cases in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. (wikipedia.org)
  • mice
  • We found that anti-CTLA-4 mAb treatment induced a profound 20-fold increase in IL-5 production (Fig. 1 a) and a massive 40-fold increase in IL-4 production (Fig. 2 a) from the draining mediastinal lymph node at day 6 after infection compared to mice given control antibody. (nih.gov)
  • The mediastinal lymph node obtained from mice given anti-CTLA-4 mAb had nearly fourfold more lymphocytes 6 d after infection than control mice (Fig. 3). (nih.gov)
  • Mice were sacrificed at weeks 9 and 12 post infection and liver RNA specimens were prepared individually for real-time PCR analysis of Retnla, Retnlb, Retn, and Retnlg (A). Gene expression (mean±SEM) is expressed as the fold-increase over naïve WT controls after normalization to HPRT. (nih.gov)
  • Mice were sacrificed at weeks 9 (WT n = 9, IL-5−/− n = 10) and 12 (WT n = 6, IL-5−/− n = 8) post infection and liver RNA specimens were prepared individually for real-time PCR analysis of Retnla. (nih.gov)
  • largely
  • A. caninum is therefore largely restricted to warm, moist climates though infections are seen in the United States and southern Canada where the temperature is sub-optimal. (wikipedia.org)
  • hosts
  • Food items that can be contaminated by the mucus excretions of intermediate or paratenic hosts such snails and slugs or by the feces of rats that act as definitive hosts can lead to infection of A. cantonensis. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • This type of infection is not common with beef or fish tapeworms, but can occur with the pork tapeworm - called cysticercosis - and can also occur with dog and sheep tapeworms - called echinococcosis . (wikipedia.org)
  • living conditions
  • Possible risk factors including gender, age, ownership status, living conditions and co-infections with other parasites were assessed using binary regression models for each one of the most prevalent parasites. (biomedcentral.com)
  • risk
  • Concerning risk factors, the likelihood of T. cati infection was higher for female cats living outdoors and for cats being infected with Cystoisospora spp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • generally
  • Infection is generally recognized when the infected person passes segments of proglottids in the stool (which look like white worms), especially if a segment is moving. (wikipedia.org)
  • miscellaneous infections with other species in ruminants generally are C. bisonis , C. spatulata , C. surnabada (syn. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • disease
  • Angiostrongyliasis is an infection of increasing public health importance as globalization contributes to the geographic spread of the disease. (wikipedia.org)