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  • famine
  • The motivation of the study was twofold: First, to produce a definitive treatise on the subject of human starvation based on a laboratory simulation of severe famine and, second, to use the scientific results produced to guide the Allied relief assistance to famine victims in Europe and Asia at the end of World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was recognized early in 1944 that millions of people were in grave danger of mass famine as a result of the conflict, and information was needed regarding the effects of semi-starvation-and the impact of various rehabilitation strategies-if postwar relief efforts were to be effective. (wikipedia.org)
  • Severe
  • Figures on actual starvation are difficult to come by, but according to the Food and Agriculture Organization, the less severe condition of undernourishment currently affects about 842 million people, or about one in eight (12.5%) people in the world population. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • In glaciology, starvation occurs when a glacier retreats, not because of temperature increases, but due to precipitation so low that the ice flow downward into the zone of ablation exceeds the replenishment from snowfall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • This causes a decreased supply of food to the whole of the population, and thus mass starvation may occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, as the continental ice sheets of Quaternary glaciations advanced south according to each Milankovitch cycle, their northern edges were starved and it is believed that starvation caused them to retreat substantially southward by the time the southern limits of maximum glaciation were approached. (wikipedia.org)
  • The river was thus named starveout and later changed to Starvation Creek. (wikipedia.org)
  • another
  • However, because of the bitter reality of large scale Earthly starvation, I cannot help but reluctantly find that by saying grace before a meal, we, the well-fed, are in effect assuming that our Creator has found one portion of this planet's populace worthy of nourishment while allowing another to go hungry. (thestar.com)
  • Another besieged population of 42,000 is trapped in the town of Madaya, which has received two convoys of aid this month, but local aid workers have reported 32 deaths there from starvation. (voanews.com)
  • On aircraft, fuel starvation is often the result of incorrect fuel management, for example by selecting to feed the engine from an empty tank while fuel is present in another one. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another account describes a group of fur trappers stranded in harsh winter conditions who survived by stealing a local Native American cache of food, which resulted in their starvation. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • Although the length of time varies with an individual's percentage of body fat and general health, one medical study estimates that in adults complete starvation leads to death within 8 to 12 weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • After prolonged periods of starvation the body has depleted its body fat and begins to burn primarily lean tissue and muscle as a fuel source. (wikipedia.org)
  • After prolonged periods of starvation, the body uses the proteins within muscle tissue as a fuel source. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • Fuel exhaustion (also called fuel depletion) is defined instead as an occurrence in which the vehicle in question becomes completely devoid of usable fuel, with results similar to those of fuel starvation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two subjects were dismissed for failing to maintain the dietary restrictions imposed during the starvation phase of the experiment, and the data for two others were not used in the analysis of the results. (wikipedia.org)
  • While this definitive treatise came too late to substantially impact postwar recovery efforts, preliminary pamphlets containing key results from the Minnesota Starvation Experiment were produced and used extensively by aid workers in Europe and Asia in the months following the cessation of hostilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Josef Bro┼żek (1914-2004) was responsible for psychological studies during the Starvation Study, including the psychomotor tests, anthropometric measurements and statistical analysis of the results. (wikipedia.org)
  • thousands
  • WELLINGTON, New Zealand (AP) -- A remnant of the largest iceberg ever recorded is blocking Antarctica's McMurdo Sound, threatening tens of thousands of penguin chicks with starvation and cutting off a supply route for three science stations, a New Zealand official said Tuesday. (redorbit.com)
  • known
  • For the inter-connected tidal islands known as Starvation Island in North Wales, see Ynys Feurig. (wikipedia.org)
  • Starvation Island (also known as Mohawk Island) on the Navesink River in Rumson, New Jersey was a small (approximately 2.5 acre) island located between Sea Bright and Barley Point. (wikipedia.org)
  • Starvation of continental ice sheets is known to have occurred during the period before the Last Glacial Maximum in many areas of Canada and the West Siberian Plain. (wikipedia.org)
  • animals
  • All the chapters in this volume draw attention to the remarkable recent progress that has been made in documenting how different animals respond to voluntary or involuntary starvation. (springer.com)
  • Moreover, it is clear that our progress in identifying the behavioral and physiological adaptations that animals have evolved to tolerate prolonged starvation has not kept pace with our understanding of the potential tradeoffs associated with such adaptations. (springer.com)
  • Starvation response in animals is a set of adaptive biochemical and physiological changes that reduce metabolism in response to a lack of food. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Victims of starvation are often too weak to sense thirst, and therefore become dehydrated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Modern scheduling algorithms normally contain code to guarantee that all processes will receive a minimum amount of each important resource (most often CPU time) in order to prevent any process from being subjected to starvation. (wikipedia.org)
  • little
  • however, we know little about how starvation alters the communities of gut microflora, and more importantly the repercussions that these microecological disturbances may have on the host organism. (springer.com)
  • Starvation of glaciers is believed to have occurred during the Little Ice Age in parts of Alaska, the Himalayas and the Karakoram. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mountain
  • When starvation does occur, however, it can almost always be reversed by slight changes in precipitation, such as are brought about by mountain ranges. (wikipedia.org)
  • experience
  • A high priority process A will run before a low priority process B. If the high priority process (process A) never blocks, the low priority process (B) will (in some systems) never be scheduled-it will experience starvation. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • In their new study, the scientists discovered that cells which repress their "bad-times" pumps when a nutrient is abundant were much more efficient at preparing for starvation and at recovering afterwards than the cells that had been genetically engineered to avoid this repression. (redorbit.com)
  • Olaf Mickelsen was responsible for the chemical analyses conducted in the Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene during the Starvation Study, and the daily dietary regime of the CPS subjects-including the supervision of the kitchen and its staff. (wikipedia.org)
  • Henry Longstreet Taylor had the major responsibility of recruiting the 36 CPS volunteers used in the Minnesota Starvation Experiment, maintaining the morale of the participants and their involvement in the study. (wikipedia.org)
  • Austin Henschel shared the responsibility of screening the CPS volunteers with Taylor for selection in the Minnesota Starvation Experiment and, in addition, had charge of the blood morphology and scheduling all the tests and measurements of the subjects during the course of the study. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • Overall, I believe that the future of starvation research is promising as long as we recognize that significant progress requires an integrative approach and the expertise of researchers in many subfields of biology. (springer.com)
  • role
  • Many incidents have happened on aircraft where fuel exhaustion or starvation played a role. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some have also argued that starvation, as well as increasing temperatures, played a significant role in the decay of continental ice sheets after the LGM. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • Fifteen to 20 people, four of them children, died of starvation in the Syrian city of Deir al-Zor last year, the United Nations said Saturday, citing unverified reports by health personnel. (voanews.com)
  • last
  • Operation Starvation sank more ship tonnage in the last six months of the war than the efforts of all other sources combined. (wikipedia.org)
  • good
  • The conclusion: The "good-times" pumps apparently serve as a signaling mechanism that warns the yeast cell of approaching starvation. (redorbit.com)
  • Orwell has received a wad of literature from the "Save Europe Now Committee" arguing that whereas we are reasonably well off, a good part of Europe is lapsing into brute starvation. (wikipedia.org)
  • river
  • In the fall of 1904 they brought the herd out of the high grazing areas and made it to the river bottoms which is now covered by Starvation reservoir. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • Starvation in biofilms is due to nutrient consumption by cells located on the periphery of biofilm clusters and by reduced diffusion of substrates through the biofilm. (wikipedia.org)