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  • bronchiectasis
  • Methods Patients with non-CF bronchiectasis and a history of chronic excess production of sputum and ≥2 pulmonary exacerbations in the previous 12 months were randomised (1:1) to 52 weeks treatment with inhaled mannitol 400 mg or low-dose mannitol control twice a day. (bmj.com)
  • Our aim is to extend prior work by comparing the metabolically active bacterial and fungal communities present in sputum samples from CF patients with those from non-CF bronchiectasis. (northumbria.ac.uk)
  • Adult CF and non-CF bronchiectasis patients provided spontaneously expectorated sputum samples which were treated with RNAlater. (northumbria.ac.uk)
  • bacterial
  • The primary outcome was change in sputum P aeruginosa bacterial density to the end of treatment cycle 1 (day 28), analysed by modified intention to treat (mITT). (bmj.com)
  • specimen
  • Coughing to produce the sputum specimen may be mildly uncomfortable, but there are no risks associated with this procedure. (kidshealth.org)
  • A culture means that the specimen (in this case sputum) is plated on a plate with growth medium and incubated to test for any bacteria (or fungi ). (healthtap.com)
  • induced sputum a sputum specimen produced for diagnostic tests by aerosol administration of a hypertonic saline solution. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The optimum time for collection of a sputum specimen is in the morning before eating or drinking anything. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Specimen adequacy is assessed by the laboratory technologists by examining a Gram stain or cytology stain of the sputum. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] When a sputum specimen is plated out in microbiology, it is best to get the portion of the sample that most looks like yellow pus onto the swab. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whitish gray sputum color against a white color background (such as a white sink surface) tends to indicate either a specimen from someone who is dehydrated, and/or from an older person, and/or a specimen with a mixed, modest number of eosinophils and maybe some acute inflammatory neutrophil cells (this last choice tends to suggest a chronic allergic bronchitis). (wikipedia.org)
  • phlegm
  • Phlegm, sputum after it is expelled by coughing it up Clinical Microbiology procedures handbook, American Society for Microbiology 2nd Ed. 2007 update Richard F.LeBlond. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smear
  • The program initially adopted the WHO-DOTS strategy which consisted of the five components of strong political will and administrative commitment, diagnosis by quality assured sputum smear microscopy, uninterrupted supply of quality assured Short Course chemotherapy drugs, Directly Observed Treatment (DOT) and systematic monitoring and Accountability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • In recent years, it has been conceptualized that oxidative stress markers in sputum should be employed to monitor oxidative processes in patients with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or cystic fibrosis (CF). In this review, the use of sputum-based oxidative markers was explored and potential clinical applications were considered. (hindawi.com)
  • 2017
  • 2017 Sputum Bowl Student Winners (Texas Team) Since 1978, the Sputum Bowl has been a key component in our annual Congress meetings. (aarc.org)
  • smokers
  • Breakdown of airways such as is seen with environmental pollution or tobacco smokers increases damage and therefore increased production of sputum . (healthtap.com)
  • Eosinophils
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine whether proximity to major roads or highways is associated with an increase in sputum neutrophils or eosinophils, and to evaluate the effect of proximity to roads on spirometry and exacerbations in patients with asthma. (hindawi.com)
  • sterile
  • Specimens collected for bacteriologic culture must be placed in a sterile container and handled with care to avoid contamination from sources other than the sputum. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • nose
  • Moreover, sputum samples might be less frequently obtained in the elderly.Aspiration (both of microscopic drops and macroscopic amounts of nose and throat secretions) is thought to be the most important cause of HCAP. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • Measurement of oxidized guanine species and antioxidant enzymes in the sputum could be other approaches for assessing oxidative stress in pulmonary patients. (hindawi.com)
  • samples
  • One factor responsible for these differences is the reliance on sputum samples and the strictness of the criteria to discriminate between colonising or disease-causing bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • breath
  • In contrast, exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and sputum collections are noninvasive and semi-invasive procedures and, thus, they are more likely to gain a foothold in clinical practice [ 8 , 9 , 12 , 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • color
  • Such color hints are best detected when the sputum is viewed on a very white background such as white paper, a white pot, or a white sink surface. (wikipedia.org)