• peripheral
  • Paraplegia is the loss of power in the lower extremities usually due to spinal cord (spastic variety) or peripheral nerve and muscle disease (flaccid type) amputee is a person who has had part or the whole of a limb removed this could be due to a variety of causes from vascular disease trauma or cancer . (healthtap.com)
  • It may result from peripheral nerve damage or spinal cord damage at the S2 to S4 level. (patient.info)
  • patients
  • Most patients with quadriplegia were either born with brain injury or acquired it due to injury or infection. (healthtap.com)
  • Patients with high thoracic or cervical spinal cord lesions are at risk of autonomic dysreflexia (a life-threatening syndrome of malignant hypertension, bradycardia or tachycardia, headache, piloerection, and sweating due to unregulated sympathetic hyperactivity). (patient.info)
  • brain
  • Conditions that affect the brain and spinal cord can cause quadriplegia and this can happen from trauma, infections, autoummune conditions like multiple sclerosis and many others. (healthtap.com)
  • Quadreplegic cerebral palsy is the most common type, it is a static brain injury due to a sigifican injury to the brain like hypoxia and trauma, the most common cause in early life is hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy which occurred pernatally, around the time of delivery, exam showed increased muscle tone and brisk reflexes also with microcephaly and developmental delay. (healthtap.com)
  • Mixed patterns (flaccid and spastic bladder) may be caused by many disorders, including syphilis, diabetes mellitus and brain or spinal cord tumours. (patient.info)