• salts
  • Molten salts and solutions containing dissolved salts (e.g., sodium chloride in water) are called electrolytes, as they are able to conduct electricity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Salts can appear to be clear and transparent (sodium chloride), opaque, and even metallic and lustrous (iron disulfide). (wikipedia.org)
  • Salts exist in many different colors, for example: yellow (sodium chromate) orange (potassium dichromate) red (cobalt nitrate) mauve (cobalt chloride hexahydrate) blue (copper sulfate pentahydrate, ferric hexacyanoferrate) purple (potassium permanganate) green (nickel chloride hexahydrate) colorless (sodium chloride, magnesium sulfate heptahydrate)-may appear white when powdered or in small pieces Most minerals and inorganic pigments, as well as many synthetic organic dyes, are salts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Different salts can elicit all five basic tastes, e.g., salty (sodium chloride), sweet (lead diacetate, which will cause lead poisoning if ingested), sour (potassium bitartrate), bitter (magnesium sulfate), and umami or savory (monosodium glutamate). (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, all salts of sodium, potassium and ammonium are soluble in water, as are all nitrates and many sulfates - barium sulfate, calcium sulfate (sparingly soluble) and lead(II) sulfate are examples of exceptions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soaps are sodium salts of fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Addition of sodium chloride reduces the solubility of the soap salts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethanoate
  • Sodium ethanoate is used in the textile industry to neutralize sulfuric acid waste streams and also as a photoresist while using aniline dyes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium ethanoate is used to mitigate water damage to concrete by acting as a concrete sealant, while also being environmentally benign and cheaper than the commonly used epoxy alternative for sealing concrete against water permeation. (wikipedia.org)
  • ammonium
  • Cellular and histone proteins bound to the DNA can be removed either by adding a protease or by having precipitated the proteins with sodium or ammonium acetate, or extracted them with a phenol-chloroform mixture prior to the DNA-precipitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • hydrogen
  • The halide (Br, Cl) or triflate is an aryl, benzyl, or vinyl compound and the alkene contains at least one hydrogen and is often electron-deficient such as acrylate ester or an acrylonitrile.The catalyst can be tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0), palladium chloride or palladium(II) acetate. (wikipedia.org)
  • potassium
  • The original reaction by Tsutomu Mizoroki (1971) describes the coupling between iodobenzene and styrene to form stilbene in methanol at 120 °C (autoclave) with potassium acetate base and palladium chloride catalysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • 0.01
  • The reaction conditions differ in catalyst used (palladium acetate) and catalyst loading (0.01 eq.), base used (a hindered amine) and lack of solvent. (wikipedia.org)