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  • animal behavior
  • The types of social behaviour include the following: Collective animal behavior involves the coordinated behavior of large groups of similar animals as well as emergent properties of these groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • At once instructive and compelling, this theme-spanning book reveals the complex nature of maturity in scores of social species and shows that animal behavior often displays the same diversity we find in ourselves. (jhu.edu)
  • To do this, you may need help, both from your veterinarian and from an animal behavior specialist who is knowledgeable in cat behavior. (paws.org)
  • You may need professional help from an animal behavior specialist to successfully implement these techniques. (paws.org)
  • He has been elected Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science for sustained and outstanding distinguished contributions to psychological sciences, and Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for distinguished contributions to the integrative study of animal behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • people's behavior
  • If individuals exhibit, however, systematically biased beliefs about external events or other people's behavior or if they systematically deviate from the action that best satisfies their preferences, we speak of bounded rationality. (sciencemag.org)
  • Feelings of loneliness and social isolation can affect a human brain activity as well as people's behavior, shows a new study conducted at the University of Chicago. (enotalone.com)
  • primates
  • Most of the anthropoid primates live in social groupings which create many opportunities for interaction. (wwnorton.com)
  • Join unique field courses from Earthquest (Canada) for the Environment in Costa Rica designed to study the ecology and behavior of neotropical primates. (goabroad.com)
  • The field station encompasses 1,000 acres and includes a mosaic of primary and secondary tropical rainforest, riparian habitats, and areas of human use, and is inhabited by wild groups of three species of nonhuman primates, making it an ideal location in which to study primate behavior and diversity and the effects of anthropogenic habitat modifications on wildlife. (goabroad.com)
  • 5. Record significant or rare behavior patterns of free-ranging primates species. (goabroad.com)
  • Dario Maestripieri (born 1964) is an Italian behavioral biologist who is known for his research and writings about biological aspects of behavior in nonhuman primates and humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • His studies of nonhuman primates have addressed topics such as aggression and dominance, affiliation and social bonding, communication and cognition, mating and reproduction, and parenting and development. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Games Primates Play: An Undercover Investigation of the Evolution and Economics of Human Relationships, Maestripieri illustrates how evolutionary and comparative studies, along with economic cost-benefit analyses of behavior, can explain why people behave the way they do in everyday social situations and in the negotiation of their personal and business relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • autism
  • The study, which appears in Biological Psychiatry , suggests that social impairments characteristic of autism spectrum disorder may stem from alteration of activity in this circuit, and that tuning this circuit may help treat the social deficits in the disorder. (elsevier.com)
  • We are excited about this study as it identifies a brain circuit that may play a critical role in social reward, which is affected in autism," said senior author Dr. Anirvan Ghosh, who was the Head of Neuroscience Research at Roche and now serves as Head of Research and Early Development at Biogen. (elsevier.com)
  • Understanding how altered brain function leads to social deficits could help develop novel targeted therapeutics for autism spectrum disorder," said Ghosh, such as by tuning the circuit to correct the altered activity. (elsevier.com)
  • An Iranian scientist Peyman Golshani, along with his colleagues at UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles), has managed to restore social behavior in autism mice model. (iran-daily.com)
  • Among the problems people with Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) struggle with, are difficulties with social behavior and communication, ISNA wrote. (iran-daily.com)
  • Social Behavior in Autism. (wikipedia.org)
  • TEACCH methodology is rooted in behavior therapy, more recently combining cognitive elements, guided by theories suggesting that behavior typical of people with autism results from underlying problems in perception and understanding. (wikipedia.org)
  • overt
  • Psychological science in the 21st century can, and should, become not only the science of overt behavior, and not only the science of the mind, but also the science of the brain,' concluded the experts. (enotalone.com)
  • situations
  • In kindergarten , teachers answered questions about how their students interacted with other children in social situations. (parents.com)
  • Teresa Doyle and Ursula Bellugi of the Salk Institute, along with Julie Korenberg and John Graham of UCLA and Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, found that children with Williams syndrome scored significantly higher on tests measuring behavior in social situations, including their ability to remember names and faces, eagerness to please others, empathy with others' emotions and tendency to approach strangers. (scienceagogo.com)
  • As such, when strong situations (situations where situational strength is high) exist, the relationship between personality variables (for example, extraversion, risk-taking behaviors, etc...) and behaviors is reduced, because no matter what the personality of the individual is, they will act in a way dictated by the situation. (wikipedia.org)
  • When weak situations exist, there is less structure and more ambiguity with respect to what behaviors to perform. (wikipedia.org)
  • In sum, situations have the ability to restrict the expression of individual differences in terms of actual behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • determinants
  • instead, the complexity of human behavior and its determinants must be studied from a perspective that accounts for the simultaneous and interactive impact of individual differences and situational characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • emotional
  • The screen identified changes in activity in regions related to emotional behavior, particularly in the habenula. (elsevier.com)
  • The good news is that social and emotional skills can improve,' said senior research associate Damon Jones, 'and this shows that we can inexpensively and efficiently measure these competencies at an early age. (parents.com)
  • markedly
  • We've known for many years that children with Williams syndrome are markedly more social than other children, in spite of the moderate mental retardation and physical problems that also are associated with the disorder," said Doyle. (scienceagogo.com)
  • Abstracts
  • The journal is abstracted and indexed in AgeLine, Applied Social Science Index and Abstracts, Education Resources Information Center, MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycINFO, Science Citation Index, Scopus, and Social Sciences Citation Index. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolution
  • The evolution of chemical signaling in reptiles is discussed along with behaviors governed by pheromones including conspecific trailing, male-male agonistic interactions, sex recognition and sex pheromones, and reptilian predator recognition. (nih.gov)
  • study
  • It is interesting that the circuit implicated in social behavior in this study is also a circuit implicated in the biology of depression," said Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry . (elsevier.com)
  • Since its establishment in 1993, the La Suerte Biological Field Station has been visited by more than 1,300 students from across the United States, Canada, and all over the world to study primate behavior and ecology, tropical rainforest ecology and conservation. (goabroad.com)
  • The study shows that a primary deficit in oxytocin may cause the social problems in these mice, and that correcting this deficit can correct social behavior,' said Geschwind. (iran-daily.com)
  • Jean Decety says, 'The study raises the intriguing possibility that loneliness may result from reduced reward-related activity in the ventral striatum in response to social rewards,' leading to speculation that activity in the ventral striatum may even promote feelings of loneliness. (enotalone.com)
  • The current study is the first one that used fMRI scans to measure activity in the brain in combination with data about social isolation, or loneliness. (enotalone.com)
  • A study recently published online in the American Journal of Public Health found that prosocial behavior at age 5 can predict success in adulthood. (parents.com)
  • According to the study's press release , for each one-point increase in a student's social competency score, he or she was twice as likely to graduate from college and 46 percent more likely to be employed full-time job by age 25. (parents.com)
  • A rare genetic disorder may lead scientists to genes for social behavior, a Salk Institute study has found. (scienceagogo.com)
  • The study takes aim at the genes that may lead to the marked extroverted behavior seen in children with Williams syndrome, demonstrating that "hyper-sociability" - especially the drive to greet and interact with strangers - follows a unique developmental path. (scienceagogo.com)
  • Collective Behavior and Social Movements (CBSM) is a section of the American Sociological Association (ASA) composed of sociologists who focus on the study of emerging and extra-institutional group phenomena. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1970s, there was a desire among some members of the ASA to establish a group that would study collective behavior and social movements as a fused topic. (wikipedia.org)
  • males
  • Males establish social hierarchies through "necking", which are combat bouts where the neck is used as a weapon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Collective
  • However, John Lofland, who was central in the effort to establish an entirely separate section within the ASA for this cause, responded adamantly that the title should pay homage to the traditional link between collective behavior and social movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bond between collective behavior and social movements had formed earlier in the twentieth century through the work of Robert Ezra Park and Herbert Blumer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, in 1978, a formal petition was circulated to create a new section, which would be called Collective Behavior and Social Movements (CBSM). (wikipedia.org)
  • In recent years, the relevance of "CB" (Collective Behavior) in "CBSM" has been questioned. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, as the section gains more international attendance, the link between collective behavior and social movements has become more obscure, given that the traditional American sociological link between the two areas is tenuous for non-US academics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The CBSM section of the ASA gives the following awards: Charles Tilly Award for Best Book: Established in 1986, this award recognizes a significant published contribution in the field of collective behavior and social movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998. "Collective Behavior and Social Movements in the Postmodern Age: Looking Backward to Look Forward. (wikipedia.org)
  • influences
  • Sociogenomics is an integrated field that accounts for the complete cellular genetic complement of an organism from a top-down approach, accounting for all biotic influences that effect behavior on a cellular level. (wikipedia.org)
  • We want to learn how the honey bee society influences behavior in individual honey bees," said Sinha, who is lead author of a paper that will be posted online this week ahead of regular publication by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (biologynews.net)
  • In books and articles on the topic, Mischel stressed the importance of better understanding how, when, and why individual differences are most likely to be important predictors of behavior, and when they are more likely to be nullified by situational influences. (wikipedia.org)
  • diversity
  • The behavior of these fossil ants, frozen for 100 million years, resolves any ambiguity regarding sociality and diversity in the earliest ants. (amnh.org)
  • involvement
  • We will also investigate both the causes and consequences of girls involvement in these behaviors. (indiana.edu)
  • We don't know at this point whether these genes are involved in regulating social behavior in the general population, or whether their involvement is specific to Williams syndrome," said Bellugi. (scienceagogo.com)
  • research
  • Biological Psychiatry is the official journal of the Society of Biological Psychiatry , whose purpose is to promote excellence in scientific research and education in fields that investigate the nature, causes, mechanisms and treatments of disorders of thought, emotion, or behavior. (elsevier.com)
  • New research published in the FASEB Journal ( http://www.fasebj.org ) suggests that these receptors also play an important role in social interaction and the ability to choose between competing motivations. (redorbit.com)
  • Recent research has documented the existence of a substantial share of strong reciprocators who exhibit a particular form of other-regarding behavior ( 5 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • 2003. "From Structure to Dynamics: A Paradigm Shift in Social Movements Research? (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of his work has elucidated the neuroendocrine regulation of primate behavior while other research has investigated its evolutionary significance. (wikipedia.org)
  • generate
  • Likewise, a minority of other-regarding individuals can generate a "cooperative" aggregate outcome if their behavior generates incentives for a majority of self-regarding people to behave cooperatively. (sciencemag.org)
  • personality
  • Traffic rules dictate how people are supposed to act when they see a red light, and this influence often prevents people from engaging in behaviors that are consistent with their personality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mischel's work led to an important shift in social scientists' thinking about the behavioral expression of personality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Search
  • To search for genes that might play a role in social behavior, Sinha and his colleagues used the newly sequenced honey bee genome to scan the binding sites of transcription factors known to function in the development of fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) from a single cell to an adult. (biologynews.net)
  • individual
  • So how might seemingly altruistic behavior have evolved, given the conflict with individual fitness? (wwnorton.com)
  • Reproduction: the individual copies or emulates the behavior that is observed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Preferences are considered to be self-regarding if an individual does not care per se for the outcomes and behaviors of other individuals. (sciencemag.org)
  • Permanent social networks consist of all individual members of a faunal community and often varies to track changes in their environment and based on individual animal dynamics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Situational strength is said to result in psychological pressure on the individual to engage in and/or refrain from particular behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important to note that Mischel did not imply that people show no consistencies in behavior, or that individual differences are unimportant. (wikipedia.org)
  • He further argued that individual differences are most likely to directly affect behavior "when the situation is ambiguously structured. (wikipedia.org)
  • interaction
  • The circuit incorporates brain regions involved in reward and pleasure, leading the authors to consider that social dysfunction may stem from reduced enjoyment in social interaction. (elsevier.com)
  • genes
  • Here we not only have shown hyper-social behavior as a hallmark symptom that follows a characteristic developmental course in Williams syndrome, but we may be closer to identifying the genes involved in regulating that behavior. (scienceagogo.com)
  • changes
  • Of particular interest are differential gene expression of mRNA (transcriptomics) and protein transcription (proteomics) that correspond to changes in behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • If your cat's behavior changes suddenly, your first step should always be to contact your veterinarian for a thorough health examination. (paws.org)
  • cues
  • That can translate to an inability to make friends, engage in routine conversations, or pick up on the social cues that are second nature to most people. (iran-daily.com)
  • Using that model system, Sinha led a team that searched the honey bee genome for clues for social cues - a form of bee pressure that can cause bees to change jobs in response to needs of the hive. (biologynews.net)
  • Situational strength is defined as cues provided by environmental forces regarding the desirability of potential behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • findings
  • Recently developed theories of other-regarding preferences and bounded rationality explain these findings and provide better predictions of actual aggregate behavior than does traditional economic theory. (sciencemag.org)
  • symptoms
  • Symptoms can vary depending on several factors, such as trauma severity, the amount of social support, and additional life stresses. (wikipedia.org)
  • affect
  • Self-regarding preferences may, therefore, be considered to be amoral preferences because a self-regarding person neither likes nor dislikes others' outcomes or behaviors as long as they do not affect his or her economic well-being. (sciencemag.org)
  • Among other things, people frequently do not form rational beliefs, objectively irrelevant contextual details affect their behavior in systematic ways, they prefer to be treated fairly and resist unfair outcomes, and they do not always choose what seems to be in their best interest. (sciencemag.org)
  • The behavior of one intact animal can affect all of your pets. (paws.org)
  • Evidence
  • Fighting ants, giant solider termites, and foraging worker ants recently discovered in 100-million-year-old amber provide direct evidence for advanced social behavior in ancient ants and termites-two groups that are immensely successful because of their ability to organize in hierarchies. (amnh.org)
  • However, much evidence challenges this view, raising the question of when "Economic Man" dominates the outcome of social interactions, and when bounded rationality or other-regarding preferences dominate. (sciencemag.org)
  • individuals
  • A minority of self-regarding individuals can trigger a "noncooperative" aggregate outcome if their behavior generates incentives for the majority of other-regarding individuals to mimic the minority's behavior. (sciencemag.org)
  • It turns out that individuals who had shown more prosocial skills in kindergarten were more likely to have graduated from college, be consistently employed, and less likely to have been arrested than those who had demonstrated less prosocial behavior at the same age. (parents.com)
  • In a fission-fusion society, the main parent group can fracture (fission) into smaller stable subgroups or individuals to adapt to environmental or social circumstances. (wikipedia.org)
  • influence
  • To examine how maternal vitamin D levels may influence brain development, Dr Caitlin Wyrwoll and colleagues at the University of Western Australia, assessed alterations in markers of brain function and social behaviours of adult rats, born to mothers that were vitamin D deficient during pregnancy and lactation. (eurekalert.org)
  • This stage is typically characteristic of younger years, when the expectations of others are a more significant influence on preferences and behavior. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Applicants without realizing it may engage in a number of behaviors that influence ratings of their performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • management
  • Since then, the method has been used in different settings and population like by refugees in San Diego seeking in-person medical interpretation options, by homeless adults in Ann Arbor, Michigan, by Dr. Claudia Mitchell to support community health workers and teachers in rural South Africa, and by Dr. Laura S. Lorenz of the Heller School for Social Policy and Management at Brandeis University in her work with brain injury survivors. (wikipedia.org)
  • life
  • In looking further into the purchase behaviors of millennials using our proprietary data of millions of households, we found that it's not about age, it's about life stage. (epsilon.com)
  • Low levels of vitamin D during pregnancy and breast feeding may be related to an unusual pattern of brain development that can lead to differences in social behaviour of children in later life, according to a study published in the Journal of Endocrinology . (eurekalert.org)
  • The Cedar Rapids man has nearly depleted the couple's life savings as Marie struggles with Alzheimer's, one of 64,000 Iowans estimated to be living with the disease, a progressive type of dementia that affects memory, thinking and behavior. (iowawatch.org)
  • Those traces allow for partial assessment of life conditions not only in environmental and social but also cultural aspects for prehistoric populations. (blogspot.com)
  • The magazine mostly covers a wide range of topics favoured by the modern Arab women, from beauty and fashion to social and family life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flexibility, or psychological flexibility as it is sometimes referred to, is the ability to adapt to situational demands, balance life demands, and commit to behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • content
  • Constructs can be classified into three categories: job-relevant content, interviewee performance (behavior unrelated to the job but which influences the evaluation), and job-irrelevant interviewer biases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Long
  • Poland was a centre of Jewish culture, thanks to a long period of statutory religious tolerance and social autonomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • memory
  • They found that rats with vitamin D-deficient mothers displayed abnormal social behaviours, altered brain chemistry and impaired learning and memory. (eurekalert.org)
  • Although
  • Although the environment and genetics may not be amenable to prevention or alteration, social behaviors such as alcohol consumption can be modified with appropriate counseling and pharmacological interventions, and therefore, appears to be a promising adjunct to the medical therapy of psoriasis. (digitalsolution.info)
  • Although reports of Gello's behavior are consistent, her nature is less determinate. (wikipedia.org)
  • school
  • The Ron Sandwith Teen Center in Federal Way exceeded their BE GREAT: Graduate attendance goal with 86% of participants improving their school attendance and 94% of participants reducing their number of behavior-related referrals at school. (positiveplace.org)
  • Groups
  • The Council also assisted the Free Clinic and organized housing, food, sanitation, music and arts, along with maintaining coordination with local churches and other social groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • personal
  • For those with closely aligned persona and personal preferences, moderate changes in perception, priorities, and behavior may not necessarily be negative and can be associated with a productive realignment of resources and behavior congruent with age. (encyclopedia.com)