• animal behavior
  • The types of social behaviour include the following: Collective animal behavior involves the coordinated behavior of large groups of similar animals as well as emergent properties of these groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • At once instructive and compelling, this theme-spanning book reveals the complex nature of maturity in scores of social species and shows that animal behavior often displays the same diversity we find in ourselves. (jhu.edu)
  • To do this, you may need help, both from your veterinarian and from an animal behavior specialist who is knowledgeable in cat behavior. (paws.org)
  • You may need professional help from an animal behavior specialist to successfully implement these techniques. (paws.org)
  • He has been elected Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science for sustained and outstanding distinguished contributions to psychological sciences, and Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for distinguished contributions to the integrative study of animal behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • primate behavior
  • Since its establishment in 1993, the La Suerte Biological Field Station has been visited by more than 1,300 students from across the United States, Canada, and all over the world to study primate behavior and ecology, tropical rainforest ecology and conservation. (goabroad.com)
  • The field station encompasses 1,000 acres and includes a mosaic of primary and secondary tropical rainforest, riparian habitats, and areas of human use, and is inhabited by wild groups of three species of nonhuman primates, making it an ideal location in which to study primate behavior and diversity and the effects of anthropogenic habitat modifications on wildlife. (goabroad.com)
  • Some of his work has elucidated the neuroendocrine regulation of primate behavior while other research has investigated its evolutionary significance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolutionary Theory and Primate Behavior includes a collection of essays illustrating evolutionary analyses of major aspects of primate socioecology and behavior including feeding, social, and reproductive strategies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cognitive
  • Secondly, behavior is learned from the environment through the process of observational learning In and out of the classroom children learn through a four step pattern Bandura formulated through a cognitive and operant view. (wikipedia.org)
  • To understand both individual cognition and collective activity, perhaps the greatest opportunity today is to integrate the cognitive modeling approach (which stresses how beliefs are formed and drive behavior) with social studies (which stress how relationships and informal practices drive behavior). (cogprints.org)
  • Reciprocal cooperation, meaning an investment in a partner, which is later reciprocated, is thought to require complex cognitive and social skills. (medindia.net)
  • TEACCH methodology is rooted in behavior therapy, more recently combining cognitive elements, guided by theories suggesting that behavior typical of people with autism results from underlying problems in perception and understanding. (wikipedia.org)
  • overt
  • Psychological science in the 21st century can, and should, become not only the science of overt behavior, and not only the science of the mind, but also the science of the brain,' concluded the experts. (enotalone.com)
  • determinants
  • instead, the complexity of human behavior and its determinants must be studied from a perspective that accounts for the simultaneous and interactive impact of individual differences and situational characteristics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abstracts
  • The journal is abstracted and indexed in AgeLine, Applied Social Science Index and Abstracts, Education Resources Information Center, MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycINFO, Science Citation Index, Scopus, and Social Sciences Citation Index. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolution
  • The evolution of chemical signaling in reptiles is discussed along with behaviors governed by pheromones including conspecific trailing, male-male agonistic interactions, sex recognition and sex pheromones, and reptilian predator recognition. (nih.gov)
  • situations
  • Teresa Doyle and Ursula Bellugi of the Salk Institute, along with Julie Korenberg and John Graham of UCLA and Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, found that children with Williams syndrome scored significantly higher on tests measuring behavior in social situations, including their ability to remember names and faces, eagerness to please others, empathy with others' emotions and tendency to approach strangers. (scienceagogo.com)
  • As such, when strong situations (situations where situational strength is high) exist, the relationship between personality variables (for example, extraversion, risk-taking behaviors, etc...) and behaviors is reduced, because no matter what the personality of the individual is, they will act in a way dictated by the situation. (wikipedia.org)
  • When weak situations exist, there is less structure and more ambiguity with respect to what behaviors to perform. (wikipedia.org)
  • In sum, situations have the ability to restrict the expression of individual differences in terms of actual behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • To search for genes that might play a role in social behavior, Sinha and his colleagues used the newly sequenced honey bee genome to scan the binding sites of transcription factors known to function in the development of fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) from a single cell to an adult. (biologynews.net)
  • The study takes aim at the genes that may lead to the marked extroverted behavior seen in children with Williams syndrome, demonstrating that "hyper-sociability" - especially the drive to greet and interact with strangers - follows a unique developmental path. (scienceagogo.com)
  • Here we not only have shown hyper-social behavior as a hallmark symptom that follows a characteristic developmental course in Williams syndrome, but we may be closer to identifying the genes involved in regulating that behavior. (scienceagogo.com)
  • We don't know at this point whether these genes are involved in regulating social behavior in the general population, or whether their involvement is specific to Williams syndrome," said Bellugi. (scienceagogo.com)
  • feelings
  • Social rewards and feelings of love also may stimulate the region. (enotalone.com)
  • Jean Decety says, 'The study raises the intriguing possibility that loneliness may result from reduced reward-related activity in the ventral striatum in response to social rewards,' leading to speculation that activity in the ventral striatum may even promote feelings of loneliness. (enotalone.com)
  • By addressing communication deficits, the person will be supported to express their needs and feelings by means other than challenging behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • males
  • Males establish social hierarchies through "necking", which are combat bouts where the neck is used as a weapon. (wikipedia.org)
  • Collective
  • Collective Behavior and Social Movements (CBSM) is a section of the American Sociological Association (ASA) composed of sociologists who focus on the study of emerging and extra-institutional group phenomena. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1970s, there was a desire among some members of the ASA to establish a group that would study collective behavior and social movements as a fused topic. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, John Lofland, who was central in the effort to establish an entirely separate section within the ASA for this cause, responded adamantly that the title should pay homage to the traditional link between collective behavior and social movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bond between collective behavior and social movements had formed earlier in the twentieth century through the work of Robert Ezra Park and Herbert Blumer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, in 1978, a formal petition was circulated to create a new section, which would be called Collective Behavior and Social Movements (CBSM). (wikipedia.org)
  • In recent years, the relevance of "CB" (Collective Behavior) in "CBSM" has been questioned. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, as the section gains more international attendance, the link between collective behavior and social movements has become more obscure, given that the traditional American sociological link between the two areas is tenuous for non-US academics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The CBSM section of the ASA gives the following awards: Charles Tilly Award for Best Book: Established in 1986, this award recognizes a significant published contribution in the field of collective behavior and social movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998. "Collective Behavior and Social Movements in the Postmodern Age: Looking Backward to Look Forward. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanisms
  • These observations have suggested linkages between immune responses and social behavior, but specific mechanisms that connect peripheral immunity with neural circuit function have not been validated. (jax.org)
  • deficits
  • Naringenin attenuates social defeat stress induced neurobehavioral deficits. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Their results suggest that social deficits symptomatic in a variety of neuropsychatric disorders may result from the dysfunctional immune responses altering neural circuit homeostasis. (jax.org)
  • 002287 ) showed social deficits and non-anxious behavior similar to the SCID mice. (jax.org)
  • Microglia were excluded as the IFN-γ source mediating social behaviors in mice, because mice with cre-recombinase mediated, microglia-specific deletion of STAT1,a signaling molecule downstream of IFN-γ, did not show social deficits. (jax.org)
  • These results suggest that social deficits derived from IFN-γ deficiency may be linked to a concomitant loss of GABAergic neuron-mediated synaptic inhibition. (jax.org)
  • influences
  • We want to learn how the honey bee society influences behavior in individual honey bees," said Sinha, who is lead author of a paper that will be posted online this week ahead of regular publication by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (biologynews.net)
  • In books and articles on the topic, Mischel stressed the importance of better understanding how, when, and why individual differences are most likely to be important predictors of behavior, and when they are more likely to be nullified by situational influences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Motivation
  • 001913 ) mice were tested in a three-chamber sociability test, which measures social motivation by quantifying time spent investigating a novel object versus another conspecific mouse. (jax.org)
  • neural
  • Now, a study published in the July 2016 issue of Nature from a research team lead by Dr. Vladimir Litvak at the University of Massachusetts and Dr. Jonathan Kipnis at the University of Virginia demonstrates a critical role for meningeal interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in mediating both neural function and social behavior ( Filiano et al, 2016 ). (jax.org)
  • symptoms
  • Interestingly, both dysfunctional social behaviors and immune system dysregulation are clinical symptoms associated with several neurologic and mental disorders. (jax.org)
  • Symptoms can vary depending on several factors, such as trauma severity, the amount of social support, and additional life stresses. (wikipedia.org)
  • mice
  • Now the researchers have treated ASD mice with a neuropeptide, molecules used by neurons to communicate with each other, called oxytocin, and have found that it restores normal social behavior. (iran-daily.com)
  • The study shows that a primary deficit in oxytocin may cause the social problems in these mice, and that correcting this deficit can correct social behavior,' said Geschwind. (iran-daily.com)
  • The group first investigated social behavior in mice devoid of a functional adaptive immune system. (jax.org)
  • Wild-type mice preferentially investigated the mouse over the object, whereas the SCID mice did not show a social preference. (jax.org)
  • Interestingly, when the 4-week-old, immune-deficient SCID mice were repopulated with lymphocytes from wild-type donors, their social preferences increased to the level of the wild-type group. (jax.org)
  • Further, repopulating SCID mice with lymphocytes from IFN-γ knockout donors did not restore the treated animals' social preferences to wild-type levels. (jax.org)
  • A single injection of recombinant IFN-γ into the cerebrospinal fluid of IFN-γ knockout mice, however, restored the animals' social preferences by 24 hours post-injection. (jax.org)
  • Treatment with diazepam, a benzodiazepine that augments GABAergic neurotransmission, also rescued social behavior in IFN-γ receptor knockout mice. (jax.org)
  • researchers
  • To examine higher insect social order, researchers looked into the potential evolutionary history of a "foraging gene" in honey bees (Apis mellifera). (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • The current study is the first one that used fMRI scans to measure activity in the brain in combination with data about social isolation, or loneliness. (enotalone.com)
  • diversity
  • The behavior of these fossil ants, frozen for 100 million years, resolves any ambiguity regarding sociality and diversity in the earliest ants. (amnh.org)
  • generate
  • Likewise, a minority of other-regarding individuals can generate a "cooperative" aggregate outcome if their behavior generates incentives for a majority of self-regarding people to behave cooperatively. (sciencemag.org)
  • personality
  • Traffic rules dictate how people are supposed to act when they see a red light, and this influence often prevents people from engaging in behaviors that are consistent with their personality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mischel's work led to an important shift in social scientists' thinking about the behavioral expression of personality. (wikipedia.org)
  • individual
  • So how might seemingly altruistic behavior have evolved, given the conflict with individual fitness? (wwnorton.com)
  • Preferences are considered to be self-regarding if an individual does not care per se for the outcomes and behaviors of other individuals. (sciencemag.org)
  • Reproduction: the individual copies or emulates the behavior that is observed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Permanent social networks consist of all individual members of a faunal community and often varies to track changes in their environment and based on individual animal dynamics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Situational strength is said to result in psychological pressure on the individual to engage in and/or refrain from particular behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is important to note that Mischel did not imply that people show no consistencies in behavior, or that individual differences are unimportant. (wikipedia.org)
  • He further argued that individual differences are most likely to directly affect behavior "when the situation is ambiguously structured. (wikipedia.org)
  • cues
  • That can translate to an inability to make friends, engage in routine conversations, or pick up on the social cues that are second nature to most people. (iran-daily.com)
  • Using that model system, Sinha led a team that searched the honey bee genome for clues for social cues - a form of bee pressure that can cause bees to change jobs in response to needs of the hive. (biologynews.net)
  • Situational strength is defined as cues provided by environmental forces regarding the desirability of potential behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • contrast
  • In contrast, people with other-regarding preferences value per se the outcomes or behaviors of other persons either positively or negatively. (sciencemag.org)
  • Research
  • New research published in the FASEB Journal ( http://www.fasebj.org ) suggests that these receptors also play an important role in social interaction and the ability to choose between competing motivations. (redorbit.com)
  • Recent research has documented the existence of a substantial share of strong reciprocators who exhibit a particular form of other-regarding behavior ( 5 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • 2003. "From Structure to Dynamics: A Paradigm Shift in Social Movements Research? (wikipedia.org)
  • Forces
  • Proceedings of the 11th Conference on Computer-Generated Forces and Behavior Representation, Orlando, FL, May, pp. 181-188. (cogprints.org)
  • changes
  • Of particular interest are differential gene expression of mRNA (transcriptomics) and protein transcription (proteomics) that correspond to changes in behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • If your cat's behavior changes suddenly, your first step should always be to contact your veterinarian for a thorough health examination. (paws.org)
  • findings
  • Recently developed theories of other-regarding preferences and bounded rationality explain these findings and provide better predictions of actual aggregate behavior than does traditional economic theory. (sciencemag.org)
  • beliefs
  • Among other things, people frequently do not form rational beliefs, objectively irrelevant contextual details affect their behavior in systematic ways, they prefer to be treated fairly and resist unfair outcomes, and they do not always choose what seems to be in their best interest. (sciencemag.org)
  • conflict
  • Group living offers many benefits, including companionship and shared resources for food and safety, but it also comes with drawbacks, such as social conflict and an increased likelihood for infectious disease transmission. (jax.org)
  • Evidence
  • Fighting ants, giant solider termites, and foraging worker ants recently discovered in 100-million-year-old amber provide direct evidence for advanced social behavior in ancient ants and termites-two groups that are immensely successful because of their ability to organize in hierarchies. (amnh.org)
  • However, much evidence challenges this view, raising the question of when "Economic Man" dominates the outcome of social interactions, and when bounded rationality or other-regarding preferences dominate. (sciencemag.org)