• polymerase chain re
  • This can be done by means of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing for HRSV nucleic acids in peripheral blood samples if all other infectious processes have been ruled out or if it is highly suspicious for RSV such as a recent exposure to a known source of HRSV infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • nucleic
  • For asymptomatic pregnant women with a history of living in or traveling to areas with Zika virus transmission, Zika virus nucleic acid test (NAT) testing at least once per trimester is recommended, in addition to IgM testing as previously recommended. (kchdwv.org)
  • citation needed] In the US, the Food and Drug Administration requires that all donated blood be screened for several infectious diseases, including HIV-1 and HIV-2, using a combination of antibody testing (EIA) and more expeditious nucleic acid testing (NAT). (wikipedia.org)
  • human immun
  • Are you sure you want to remove Counselling guidelines for human immunodeficiency virus serologic testing from your list? (openlibrary.org)
  • HIV tests are used to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), in serum, saliva, or urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • In these patients, serologic testing provides no information about the state of the intestinal epithelium and these patients are often diagnosed when clinical symptoms persist despite adherence to a gluten-free diet . (clinicalcorrelations.org)
  • Although IgM persistence could affect IgM test interpretation for all infected people, it would have the greatest effect on clinical management of pregnant women with a history of living in or traveling to areas with Zika virus transmission. (kchdwv.org)
  • CDC will update clinical management ( https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6529e1.htm ) and laboratory testing ( https://www.cdc.gov/zika/laboratories/lab-guidance.html ) recommendations as new information becomes available. (kchdwv.org)
  • Prevention
  • Some keystones were to recognize its importance for blood transfusion (including reliable diagnostic tests), hemolytic disease of the newborn (including exchange transfusion), and very importantly the prevention of it by screening and prophylaxis. (wikipedia.org)
  • https
  • In July 2016, CDC issued Interim Guidance for Health Care Providers Caring for Pregnant Women with Possible Zika Virus Exposure - United States, July 2016 ( https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/wr/mm6529e1.htm ) that includes Zika virus immunoglobulin M (IgM) testing of pregnant women. (kchdwv.org)
  • syphilis
  • These studies became the basis for complement-fixation testing methods that enabled the development of serological tests for syphilis (specifically, the development of the Wassermann test by August von Wassermann). (wikipedia.org)
  • specimens
  • 3) Consider NAT testing of amniocentesis specimens if amniocentesis is performed for other reasons. (kchdwv.org)
  • The DoDSR, along with its precursor repositories, were designated as the ultimate storage facility for all serologically negative HIV specimens obtained through military HIV testing programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Standardized processes in place at the contracted military HIV testing laboratories ensured efficient management of the growing inventory, permitting the DoDSR to enforce standards in specimen labelling, configuration, and shipment of specimens which facilitated their physical integration into the DoDSR inventory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although a small number of specimens were collected directly for health surveillance outside of existing HIV testing channels, specimens collected in this manner suffered from lack of standardization. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Blood tests are often negative in the early stages of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2006, the Centers for Disease Control announced an initiative for voluntary, routine testing of all Americans aged 13-64 during health care encounters. (wikipedia.org)
  • A reported increase in human babesiosis diagnoses in the 2000s is thought to be caused by more widespread testing and higher numbers of people with immunodeficiencies coming in contact with ticks, the disease vector. (wikipedia.org)
  • In nonhuman animals, Babesia canis rossi, Babesia bigemina, and Babesia bovis cause particularly severe forms of the disease, including a severe haemolytic anaemia, with positive erythrocyte-in-saline-agglutination test indicating an immune-mediated component to the haemolysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • laboratory
  • The DoDSR traces its origins to 1985 and the beginnings of the United States Armed Forces HIV screening program (originally referred to as the HTLV-III screening program), when serum remaining after periodic laboratory testing of service members was retained first by the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), then later systematically archived in the Army/Navy Serum Repository, the precursor to the DoDSR. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early laboratory testing was performed via contracted private laboratories. (wikipedia.org)
  • A condition of some early laboratory testing contracts specified that remnant serum were to remain in frozen storage. (wikipedia.org)
  • positive
  • Pregnant women who test positive for IgM antibody may have been infected with Zika virus and developed an IgM response before conception. (kchdwv.org)
  • 2) Conduct NAT testing at least once per trimester, unless a previous test has been positive. (kchdwv.org)
  • False positive: The test incorrectly indicates that HIV is present in a non-infected person. (wikipedia.org)
  • This allows for monitoring of infected individuals easily, compared to anonymous testing that has a number attached to the positive test results. (wikipedia.org)
  • straightforward
  • There is a lack of straightforward tests for field application and known biomarkers for predicting leprosy progression in infected individuals. (bvsalud.org)
  • indirect
  • As a result, it has largely been supplanted by other methods of serology, including indirect immunofluorescence antibody (IFA) testing, which is the gold standard. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • Note some population test DR3 or DQA1:DQB1, the DR3-DQ2 serotype is generally synonymous in frequency with DQ2.DR3-DQ2 probably originated from Central or West Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • The UNAIDS/WHO policy statement on HIV Testing states that conditions under which people undergo HIV testing must be anchored in a human rights approach that pays due respect to ethical principles. (wikipedia.org)
  • dogs
  • PROCEDURES: Dogs' leptospirosis status was defined with a paired serologic MAT against a panel of 11 Leptospira serovars as leptospirosis-associated (n = 30) or nonleptospirosis-associated AKI (12). (uzh.ch)
  • In 34 dogs, convalescent serologic testing was not possible, and leptospirosis status was classified as undetermined. (uzh.ch)