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  • Treatment
  • We describe a rare case of PLGA of the parotid gland in a teenager with its clinical characteristics, histopathological features, and treatment. (ac.ir)
  • inflammation of the salivary
  • Increased plasma levels in humans are found in: Salivary trauma (including anaesthetic intubation) Mumps - due to inflammation of the salivary glands Pancreatitis - because of damage to the cells that produce amylase Renal failure - due to reduced excretion Total amylase readings of over 10 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) are suggestive of pancreatitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pleomorphic Adenoma
  • He's delivered over 500 talks before learned medical societies in the U.S. and on six continents between 1964 and 2013, starting with "Management of Otogenic Brain Abscess," at theNew England Otolaryngological Society, and more recently on "Parapharyngeal Pleomorphic Adenoma" at the 3rd International Congress on Salivary Gland Diseases" in Geneva, Switzerland. (wikipedia.org)
  • head and neck
  • This phase II trial is studying how well bortezomib followed by doxorubicin at the time of disease progression works in treating patients with locally advanced, recurrent, or metastatic adenoid cystic carcinoma (cancer) of the head and neck. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • mucous
  • The submandibular gland is located medial to the angle of the mandible, and it drains its mixture of serous and mucous saliva via the submandibular duct (Wharton duct) into the mouth, usually opening in a punctum located in the floor of mouth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mucous membranes vary in structure in the different regions of the body but they all produce a lubricating mucus, which is either secreted by surface cells or more usually by underlying glands. (wikipedia.org)
  • neck
  • Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS or OMFS) specializes in treating many diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (jaws and face) region. (wikipedia.org)
  • obstruction
  • Acute bacterial infections are usually associated with chronic obstruction of the parotid gland and are an acute exacerbation of a chronic infection. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Signs and symptoms are variable and depend largely upon whether the obstruction of the duct is complete or partial, and how much resultant pressure is created within the gland. (wikipedia.org)
  • Swelling of the gland, also usually intermittent, often suddenly appearing or increasing before mealtimes, and then slowly going down (partial obstruction). (wikipedia.org)
  • acute
  • Acute salivary gland inflammation associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. (bmj.com)
  • The apical abscess usually occurs after pulp necrosis, the pericoronal abscess is usually associated with acute pericoronitis of a lower wisdom tooth, and periodontal abscesses usually represent a complication of chronic periodontitis (gum disease). (wikipedia.org)
  • There may be swollen salivary glands even without acute infection, possibly caused by autoimmune involvement. (wikipedia.org)
  • infection
  • The symptoms are unmistakable, with all the features of infection (swollen, red tender gland), and pus may be milked from the duct orifice. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Inflammation or infection of the gland may develop as a result. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sialolithiasis may also develop because of the presence of existing chronic infection of the glands, dehydration (e.g. use of phenothiazines), Sjögren's syndrome and/or increased local levels of calcium, but in many instances the cause is idiopathic (unknown). (wikipedia.org)
  • The development of infection in the gland also influences the signs and symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the disease is not too severe it is possible to treat it with chlorhexidine rinse and brushing with fluoride toothpaste to kill the bacteria and remove the plaque, but once the infection has progressed antibiotics may be needed to kill the bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stafne
  • Malocclusion Cleft lip and palate Macroglossia Ankyloglossia Stafne defect Torus palatinus Torus mandibularis Eagle syndrome Bacterial (Plaque-induced) gingivitis-A common periodontal (gum) disease is Gingivitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • amylase
  • Saliva also contains digestive enzymes (e.g. salivary amylase) and has antimicrobial action and acts as a buffer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Salivary amylase is inactivated in the stomach by gastric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Optimum pH - 7.0 Human body temperature[citation needed] Presence of certain anions and activators: Chloride and bromide - most effective Iodide - less effective Sulfate and phosphate - least effective The salivary amylase gene has undergone duplication during evolution, and DNA hybridization studies indicate many individuals have multiple tandem repeats of the gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • The number of gene copies correlates with the levels of salivary amylase, as measured by protein blot assays using antibodies to human amylase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perry and colleagues speculated the increased copy number of the salivary amylase gene may have enhanced survival coincident to a shift to a starchy diet during human evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Salivary α-amylase has been used as a biomarker for stress and as a surrogate marker of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity that does not require a blood draw. (wikipedia.org)
  • salivary - AMY1A, AMY1B, AMY1C pancreatic - AMY2A, AMY2B α-Amylase activity in grain is measured by, for instance, the Hagberg-Perten Falling Number, a test to assess sprout damages, or the Phadebas method. (wikipedia.org)
  • dysfunction
  • One recent study concluded that scintigraphy was not useful in determining which patients would respond to pilocarpine after radiotherapy-induced salivary dysfunction. (blogspot.com)
  • diagnosis
  • In addition to signs and symptoms of hypercortisolism, Cushing disease may present with diverse otolaryngic manifestations, which may guide diagnosis and management. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Oded Nahlieli, Abraham M Baruchin, Endoscopic technique for the diagnosis and treatment of obstructive salivary gland diseases, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Volume 57, Issue 12, December 1999, Pages 1394-1401, ISSN 0278-2391, doi:10.1016/S0278-2391(99)90716-4. (wikipedia.org)
  • autoimmune
  • Sixty to seventy percent of IFN-γ −/− NOD.H-2h4 mice given sodium iodide (NaI)-supplemented water develop a slow onset autoimmune thyroid disease, characterized by thyrocyte epithelial cell (TEC) hyperplasia and proliferation (H/P). TEC H/P develops much earlier in CD28 −/− mice and nearly 100% (both sexes) have severe TEC H/P at 4 mo of age. (jimmunol.org)
  • This is one of very few models where autoimmune thyroid disease and hypothyroidism develop in most mice by 4 mo of age. (jimmunol.org)
  • Typically
  • Typically hyperplasia of gland. (brainscape.com)
  • Below indicates the various and main techniques typically associated with a parotidectomy: superficial (near surface) or lateral (side) parotidectomy - excising all the parts of the gland superficial or lateral to the facial nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • pituitary
  • Cushing disease is a relatively rare cause of Cushing syndrome secondary to a hyperfunctioning pituitary adenoma. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • We performed a retrospective chart review of patients who were found to have Cushing disease and who underwent transnasal transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenomas between January 1, 2007, and July 1, 2014, at a tertiary academic medical center. (readbyqxmd.com)