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  • legumes
  • Indeterminate nodules are found in the majority of legumes from all three sub-families, whether in temperate regions or in the tropics. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can be seen in papilioinoid legumes such as Pisum (pea), Medicago (alfalfa), Trifolium (clover), and Vicia (vetch) and all mimosoid legumes such as acacias (mimosas), the few nodulated caesalpinioid legumes such as partridge pea They earned the name "indeterminate" because they maintain an active apical meristem that produces new cells for growth over the life of the nodule. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Many species are cultivated as garden plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Purshia glandulosa is a species of flowering plant in the rose family known by the common names antelope bitterbrush, desert bitterbrush, Mojave antelope brush. (wikipedia.org)
  • This mutualism has been observed with many plant species, including Medicago polymorpha and Medicago truncatula plants from around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • In areas where the ant inhabits the same ecosystem as the aphid, the plants they inhabit normally suffer from a higher presence of aphids which is detrimental to the plant but not to the two species protocooperating. (wikipedia.org)
  • Different strains of this species can form effective nodules and enhance growth of lentil, pea and lathyrus, and are useful for bio-fertilizer production. (wikipedia.org)
  • These range from simple crowding out of wild plants in favor of more desirable cultivars to larger scale impacts such as reducing biodiversity by reducing food availability of native species, which can propagate across food chains. (wikipedia.org)
  • In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trees are not a taxonomic group but include a variety of plant species that have independently evolved a woody trunk and branches as a way to tower above other plants to compete for sunlight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trees and forests provide a habitat for many species of animals and plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • With an estimated 60,000-100,000 species, the number of trees worldwide might total twenty-five per cent of all living plant species. (wikipedia.org)
  • hairs
  • These are always associated with the axils of lateral or adventitious roots and are formed following infection via cracks where these roots emerge and not using root hairs. (wikipedia.org)
  • legume
  • Within legume nodules, nitrogen gas from the atmosphere is converted into ammonia, which is then assimilated into amino acids (the building blocks of proteins), nucleotides (the building blocks of DNA and RNA as well as the important energy molecule ATP), and other cellular constituents such as vitamins, flavones, and hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • Another types of determinate nodule is found in a wide range of herbs, shrubs and trees, such as Arachis (peanut). (wikipedia.org)
  • The tree growth habit is an evolutionary adaptation found in different groups of plants: by growing taller, trees are able to compete better for sunlight. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • The straw of paddy and cholam and dry plants of pulse crops and groundnut form important forages. (wikipedia.org)
  • In its broadest sense, a tree is any plant with the general form of an elongated stem, or trunk, which supports the photosynthetic leaves or branches at some distance above the ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under such a definition, herbaceous plants such as palms, bananas and papayas are not considered trees regardless of their height, growth form or stem girth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The tree form has evolved separately in unrelated classes of plants in response to similar environmental challenges, making it a classic example of parallel evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • leaf
  • Adults hibernate over winter, emerging in the spring to breed and eat the leaf margins of host plants leaving them with frilly edges. (wikipedia.org)
  • The energy for splitting the nitrogen gas in the nodule comes from sugar that is translocated from the leaf (a product of photosynthesis). (wikipedia.org)
  • growth
  • These determinate nodules lose meristematic activity shortly after initiation, thus growth is due to cell expansion resulting in mature nodules which are spherical in shape. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phytotoxin is an umbrella term that refers to substances (known as phytotoxic substances) that are inhibitory to the growth of or poisonous to plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • mnnm, 454 vcv 45 Herbicides usually interfere with plant growth and often imitate plant hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some usages, the definition of a tree may be narrower, including only woody plants with secondary growth, plants that are usable as lumber or plants above a specified height. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • A toxin from Corynebacterium insidiosum causes plugging of the plant stem interfering with water movement between cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trees have modified structures such as thicker stems composed of specialised cells that add structural strength and durability, allowing them to grow taller than many other plants and to spread out their foliage. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • Phytotoxic substances may result from human activity, as with herbicides, or they may be produced by plants, by microorganisms, or by naturally occurring chemical reactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • particularly
  • The plants, particularly those with large bright colourful flowers bearing nectar glands, experience cross pollination because of the insects activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • widely
  • The holoprotein (protein + heme cofactor) is widely believed to be a product of both plant and the bacterium in which the apoprotein is produced by the plant and the heme (an iron atom bound in a porphyrin ring) is produced by the bacterium. (wikipedia.org)
  • originally
  • R. bangladeshense was originally isolated from root nodules of the lentil Lens culinaris in Khulna district, Bangladesh by M. Harun-or Rashid and others in 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • types
  • however, it may be that the basic genetic and physiological requirements were present in an incipient state in the last common ancestors of all these plants, but only evolved to full function in some of them: Two main types of nodule have been described: determinate and indeterminate. (wikipedia.org)
  • majority
  • Terpenes are made of water-insoluble lipids, and synthesized from acetyl-CoA or basic intermediates of glycolysis They often end in -ol (menthol) and comprise the majority of plant essential oils. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • The term is also sometimes used, on the contrary, to describe toxic chemicals produced by plants themselves, which function as defensive agents against their predators. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Aside from structural definitions, trees are commonly defined by use, for instance as those plants which yield lumber. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nitrogen
  • Furthermore, the topological clustering and single enrichment analysis of several network models revealed the roles of individual members of the MtARF family in nitrogen regulation, nodule initiation, and post-embryonic development through a specialized protein packaging and secretory pathway. (frontiersin.org)
  • response
  • Depending on the degree of polymerization, N-acetyl chitin oligomers induced the alkalinization response in both plant cell-suspension cultures, while only tobacco cell cultures developed an oxidative burst. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • abundant
  • It grows in montane chaparral and woodlands regions, in hardwood forests, and in fir, spruce, and Ponderosa pine plant communities, being most abundant in the California chaparral and woodlands and Sierra Nevada. (wikipedia.org)
  • edible
  • Although grown worldwide for its protein and oil, high value added products such as plant functional nutraceuticals, including phospholipids, saponins, isoflavones, oligosaccharides and edible fibre, have gained importance in the last decade. (intechopen.com)
  • List of root vegetables List of potato dishes List of sweet potato cultivars Vegetables - in culinary terms, a vegetable is an edible plant or its part, intended for cooking or eating raw. (wikipedia.org)
  • fungi
  • Professor Lev Semionovich Tsenkovsky excited in him an interest in investigating the lower plants, among which fungi were placed that time. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • These results have been compared with the expression of the β- glucuronidase (GUS) gene fused with the 5' flanking regions of the P. vulgaris GS genes in chimaeric Lotus corniculatus plants. (dur.ac.uk)
  • flowers
  • For gardeners who are pressed for time or prefer to have Territorial start their plants, our selection of vegetables, flowers, and herbs is an easy and economical way to fill your garden with summer goodness. (pearltrees.com)
  • There are two types of apical meristem tissue: shoot apical meristem (SAM), which gives rise to organs like the leaves and flowers, and root apical meristem (RAM), which provides the meristematic cells for the future root growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • long
  • Hackberry leaf gall: this gall is caused by a small (0.1 inch long) aphid-like insect with sucking mouthparts called a jumping plant louse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sharon R. Long, Ph.D. is an American plant biologist, and a professor in the Department of Biology at Stanford University. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • They are plant tissue which is controlled by the insect. (wikipedia.org)
  • A meristem is the tissue in most plants containing undifferentiated cells (meristematic cells), found in zones of the plant where growth can take place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite
  • Despite the strong body of evidence supporting plant-based diets, many of us do not recommend a healthy plant-based diet and avoiding consumption of meat, dairy and eggs as a treatment option for diabetes or health promotion. (thischangedmypractice.com)
  • bacterial
  • ii) the studies were performed in autumn and spring to evaluate the influence of low temperatures on the bacterial populations, and (iii) in roots of Scots pine at plantations where stumps were previously colonized by the saprotrophic Phlebiopsis gigantea or the pathogenic Heterobasidion annosum and Armillaria ostoyae . (springer.com)
  • fruits
  • List of culinary fruits List of citrus fruits List of coconut dishes List of fruit dishes List of apple dishes List of avocado dishes List of banana dishes List of lemon dishes and beverages List of melon dishes List of plum dishes List of garden plants List of plants used in South Asian cuisine Edible tubers - Not all tubers are edible. (wikipedia.org)
  • eggs
  • I often start by saying that studies have shown that a plant-based, vegan diet that avoids meat, eggs and dairy products has shown health benefits, particularly in patients with diabetes. (thischangedmypractice.com)
  • Feeding by the nymphs that hatch from these eggs causes abnormal plant growth that forms a pouch. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • The study of plant galls is known as cecidology. (wikipedia.org)
  • LjKLAVIER also exhibits a nodule regulation phenotype though it is not yet known how this relates to the other AON receptor kinases. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • He explained that although this trial and other larger observational studies are not as rigorous as other cardiology trials, the data to support the health benefits of plant-based diets are very compelling. (thischangedmypractice.com)
  • For diabetes in particular, observational studies suggest that persons who follow a plant-based diet have a lower risk for diabetes, and an RCT demonstrated reductions in HbA1c in patients with diabetes randomized to a vegan diet compared to the standard American Diabetes Association diet. (thischangedmypractice.com)
  • forms
  • This insect has a complex life cycle-it forms galls on elm in early summer, then feeds on grass roots later in the summer. (wikipedia.org)
  • trees
  • In Mexico, coffee-plantation workers can double their annual salary by selling the pods from the Inga trees used to shade the coffee plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • contains
  • This plant also contains salicylic acid, a compound which unclogs the pores and eliminates acne, blackheads, and whiteheads from the skin. (stylecraze.com)
  • factors
  • Agler TA, Ruhe J, Kroll S, Morhenn C, Kim ST, Weigel D, Kemen EM (2016) Microbial hub taxa link host and abiotic factors to plant microbiome variation. (springer.com)