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  • crisis
  • International risk sharing did little to shield domestic demand from the country-specific component of output declines, while those countries with large pre-crisis current account deficits saw domestic demand fall by much more than domestic output during the crisis. (repec.org)
  • After the Global Financial Crisis and Great Recession, Sheard argued that sustained, aggressive monetary and fiscal policy expansion was needed to restore lost aggregate demand in the developed economies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amsterdam assumed the role as the senior partner in acting as the stabilizing force for London during times of English financial crisis. (wikipedia.org)
  • minimize
  • Television deficit financing also helps to minimize the substantial risks and costs of developing programs for the networks and gives studios initial benefits as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objective of RTGS systems by central banks throughout the world is to minimize risk in high-value electronic payment settlement systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • asset
  • Providing information about the expected path of policy helped to ensure that long-term interest rates and other asset prices did not build in a projected pace of tightening that was more rapid than the Committee itself anticipated, and the statement's focus on the conditionality of future policy actions emphasized the ongoing need for both policymakers and financial market participants to respond to economic news. (federalreserve.gov)
  • Asset Prices and Exchange Rates ," Review of Financial Studies , Society for Financial Studies, vol. 20(4), pages 1139-1180. (repec.org)
  • Asset Prices Under Habit Formation and Catching Up With the Jones ," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 1-90, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research. (repec.org)
  • Asset Prices Under Habit Formation And Catching Up With The Joneses ," Weiss Center Working Papers 1-90, Wharton School - Weiss Center for International Financial Research. (repec.org)
  • allocation
  • This article discusses the concept of gatekeeping, contrasts the processes of referral to specialists in the United States and the United Kingdom, examines the mechanisms by which gatekeeping influences resource allocation, and discusses the effects of linking gatekeeping with financial incentives and utilisation review. (bmj.com)
  • Benefits of financial integration include efficient capital allocation, better governance, higher investment and growth, and risk-sharing. (wikipedia.org)
  • management
  • This report studies the global Financial Risk Management Software market, analyzes and researches the Financial Risk Management Software development status and forecast in United States, EU, Japan, China, India and Southeast Asia. (whatech.com)
  • He has written on economic topics that range from behavioral finance to real estate to risk management, and has been co-organizer of NBER workshops on behavioral finance with Richard Thaler since 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • The model places financial responsibility on providers in hopes of improving care management and limiting unnecessary expenditures, while providing patients freedom to select their medical service providers. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • To be sure, LLS can't singlehandedly address the financial weight of our healthcare system. (lls.org)
  • The Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States, provides the nation with a safe, flexible, and stable monetary and financial system. (federalreserve.gov)
  • The World Bank has been paying increasing attention to payment system development as a key component of the financial infrastructure of a country, and has provided various forms of assistance to over 100 countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The possibility of sharing development with providers that have built RTGS systems in more than one country (CGI of UK, CMA Small System of Sweden, JV Perago of South Africa, SIA SpA of Italy and Montran of USA) has presumably lowered the cost and hence made it feasible for many countries to adopt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Papers
  • Financial deleveraging and the international transmission of shocks ," BIS Papers chapters ,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed. (repec.org)
  • program
  • We found a shared risk program that seemed amazing but in the beginning I thought for sure that it was too good to be true. (sheknows.com)
  • For our shared risk, we had to apply into the program. (sheknows.com)
  • With an average of $8,500 per IVF with my doctors, as you can see, if you do not conceive after the second IVF treatment and need to go on to a third IVF treatment then you will save a significant amount of money by participating in the Shared Risk Program. (sheknows.com)
  • The current financial and program structure for delivering medical and social services to SPDs is fragmented. (ca.gov)
  • Since its inception, the Program has supplemented the financial resources available to eligible students from other sources to assist in their pursuit of post-secondary education. (wikipedia.org)
  • Services
  • Generally, no single entity has the capacity and financial incentive to coordinate the full range of services SPDs need. (ca.gov)
  • From 2003 to 2010, Sheard served as a non-executive director of ORIX Corporation, a large Japanese financial services firm. (wikipedia.org)
  • PwC claims to have operated as a partner, taking on a share of the financial risk, rather than being paid fees for services provided. (wikipedia.org)
  • Financial services are offered by a large number of businesses that encompass the finance industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Financial Services and Systems 2nd edition, p. 3. (wikipedia.org)
  • monetary
  • The goal, as you know, was to help ensure that the economic expansion would be self-sustaining and to protect against a remote risk that the fall in inflation observed during 2003 might culminate in outright deflation--an outcome that could have had potentially serious consequences for the economy and for the efficacy of monetary policy. (federalreserve.gov)
  • Market
  • The market for private long-term care insurance has been expanding at a rapid rate, but not as fast as the population is aging, and hence a growing proportion of the population is getting older without pooling their financial risks of needing long-term care. (encyclopedia.com)
  • I should say at the outset that the views I will express are my own and are not necessarily shared by my colleagues on the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC). (federalreserve.gov)
  • The model predicts that stock market prices are correlated internationally even though their dividend processes are independent, providing a theoretical argument in favor of financial contagion. (repec.org)
  • Because of financial market imperfections, financial integration in neighboring, regional and/or global economies is therefore imperfect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to financial market imperfections, legal restrictions can also hinder financial integration. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it is important to note that many of the legal restrictions exist because of the market imperfections that hinder financial integration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Legal restrictions are sometimes second-best devices for dealing with the market imperfections that limit financial integration. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary market (or initial market) generally refers to new issues of stocks, bonds, or other financial instruments. (wikipedia.org)
  • The secondary market refers to transactions in financial instruments that were previously issued. (wikipedia.org)
  • hopes
  • By offering these options, LLS hopes to initiate progress toward reducing the financial distress facing blood cancer patients. (lls.org)
  • gross
  • Also there are views that not gross capital flows (capital inflow plus capital outflow), but bilateral capital flows determine financial integration of a country, which disregards capital surplus and capital deficit amounts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Resources
  • The larger the share of the population with adequate private insurance, the less likely that public resources will be needed to provide long-term care to those in need. (encyclopedia.com)
  • foreign
  • At the end of the 17th century, the world's dominant commercial empire was the Dutch Republic with the most important financial center located in Amsterdam where Banking, foreign exchange trading, stock trading and bullion trading were situated. (wikipedia.org)
  • international
  • In addition, financial integration of neighboring, regional and/or global economies can take place through a formal international treaty which the governing bodies of these economies agree to cooperate to address regional and/or global financial disturbances through regulatory and policy responses. (wikipedia.org)
  • patient
  • Sharing financial risk of patient care is creating interdependencies between various providers that didn't exist before. (mcknights.com)
  • Financial toxicity" has become as threatening to patient quality of life as the actual diseases and conditions that patients are battling on the clinical front. (lls.org)
  • When adopting it to speak on behalf of patients, organizations must do so with care and respect, never in a manner that will worsen the patient financial burden. (lls.org)
  • cost
  • No one person in the group bears the full cost of care and everyone in the group shares in financing the care for those who end up needing it. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The cost of cancer care is rising at an alarming rate, with a growing portion of those costs being shifted onto patients who already face tremendous medical and financial burdens. (lls.org)
  • The Trafalgar class had been an evolved derivative of the preceding Swiftsure class, thus, in order to reduce cost and technical risk, it was concluded that this new class of fleet submarine should "build upon" the Trafalgar design. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • Preparing for an event involving known financial consequences, however, is not the same as preparing for an unpredictable event with unknown costs. (encyclopedia.com)
  • However, it was in the Classical Gold Standard Era (the period from the mid-1870s until the start of World War I) that financial integration began to take shape in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Capital
  • SME Working Capital Loan, where the Government co-shares 50% of the default risk for loans of up to $300,000 per SME, has seen good take-up. (medium.com)
  • rather
  • Patients' satisfaction with and trust in their doctors will remain high only if the public believes the trusts are acting on their behalf, rather than making decisions in their own financial interests. (bmj.com)
  • years
  • financial soundness and successful track record of professional experience or of running their businesses, etc. for at least a period of five years. (wikipedia.org)
  • agents
  • For example, the imperfect financial integration can stem from the inequality of the marginal rate of substitutions of different agents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Loan
  • In return, the Government of Canada guaranteed each Canada Student Loan that was issued, by reimbursing the financial institution the full amount of loans that went into default. (wikipedia.org)
  • interest
  • Furthermore, the uncovered interest rate parity relationship has a risk premium in our model, shown to be volatile. (repec.org)