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  • patients
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW In a society with a steadily increasing population of patients with hypertension, a significant mortality risk factor, it is important that clinicians be cognizant of the changes seen in ophthalmic examination. (semanticscholar.org)
  • causal
  • Risk factors or determinants are correlational and not necessarily causal, because correlation does not prove causation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Statistical analysis along with the biological sciences can establish that risk factors are causal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some prefer the term risk factor to mean causal determinants of increased rates of disease, and for unproven links to be called possible risks, associations, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although a causal link is not proved by this data, this increased risk could be caused by micronutrient deficiencies: possibly iron, vitamin B12 or vitamin D. Further studies have provided more evidence of a link between vitamin D deficiency and an increased risk of contracting tuberculosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors can also be interpreted as causal factors of the scenario that is materialising, or as vulnerabilities or weaknesses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Imputation - e.g. assuming that risk factors and definitions of offending are homogenous across countries and cultures, assuming that statistical correlations between risk factors and offending actually represent causal relationships, assuming that risk factors apply to individuals on the basis of aggregated data. (wikipedia.org)
  • 27001
  • Computer security portal Information security management ISACA ISO/IEC 27001 Risk management Vulnerability (computing) Technical Standard Risk Taxonomy ISBN 1-931624-77-1 Document Number: C081 Published by The Open Group, January 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemotherapy
  • This risk is greater for patients treated with both radiation therapy and chemotherapy. (cancer.org)
  • The risk of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting varies based on the type of treatment received, as well as several outside factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some highly emetogenic agents and chemotherapy regimens include: Cisplatin Dacarbazine Cyclophosphamide (>1500 mg/m2) Carmustine (>250 mg/m2) Mechlorethamine Streptozocin ABVD MOPP/COPP/BEACOPP CBV VIP BEP AC Some moderately emetogenic agents and regimens include: Carboplatin Methotrexate Doxorubicin/Adriamycin Docetaxel Paclitaxel Etoposide Ifosfamide Cyclophosphamide (≤1500 mg/m2) CHOP/CHOP-R Besides the type of treatment, personal factors may put a patient at greater risk for CINV. (wikipedia.org)
  • globally
  • This latest study, which is being presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference in London, combined the work of 29 globally renowned experts to identify the nine modifiable lifestyle factors that contribute to increased dementia risk - all of which add up to 35% of overall impact. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Geographically there is a lot of variation in lung cancer risk, both globally and within nations. (news-medical.net)
  • causes
  • NCHS works in partnership with the vital registration systems in each jurisdiction to produce critical information on such topics as teenage births and birth rates, prenatal care and birth weight, risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes, infant mortality rates, leading causes of death, and life expectancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancer
  • A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Scientists have found several risk factors that make a person more likely to get stomach cancer. (cancer.org)
  • An increased risk of stomach cancer is seen in people with diets that have large amounts of smoked foods, salted fish and meat, and pickled vegetables. (cancer.org)
  • On the other hand, eating lots of fresh fruits and vegetables appears to lower the risk of stomach cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Along with anemia (too few red blood cells), people with this disease have an increased risk of stomach cancer. (cancer.org)
  • For unknown reasons, people with type A blood have a higher risk of getting stomach cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Many lifestyle-related factors have been linked to colorectal cancer. (cancer.org)
  • In fact, the links between diet, weight, and exercise and colorectal cancer risk are some of the strongest for any type of cancer. (cancer.org)
  • If you are overweight or obese (very overweight), your risk of developing and dying from colorectal cancer is higher. (cancer.org)
  • Being overweight (especially having a larger waistline) raises the risk of colon and rectal cancer in both men and women, but the link seems to be stronger in men. (cancer.org)
  • A diet that's high in red meats (such as beef, pork, lamb, or liver) and processed meats (like hot dogs and some luncheon meats) raises your colorectal cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • Cooking meats at very high temperatures (frying, broiling, or grilling) creates chemicals that might raise your cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • It's not clear how much this might increase your colorectal cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • It's not clear if other dietary components (for example, certain types of fats) affect colorectal cancer risk. (cancer.org)
  • Limiting alcohol use to no more than 2 drinks a day for men and 1 drink a day for women could have many health benefits, including a lower risk of many kinds of cancer . (cancer.org)
  • Your risk of colorectal cancer goes up as you age. (cancer.org)
  • If you have a history of adenomatous polyps (adenomas), you are at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. (cancer.org)
  • If you have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including either ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, your risk of colorectal cancer is increased. (cancer.org)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease is different from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which does not increase your risk for colorectal cancer. (cancer.org)
  • People with a history of colorectal cancer in a first-degree relative (parent, sibling, or child) are at increased risk. (cancer.org)
  • The risk is even higher if that relative was diagnosed with cancer when they were younger than 45, or if more than one first-degree relative is affected. (cancer.org)
  • Having family members who have had adenomatous polyps is also linked to a higher risk of colon cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Smoking remains the biggest risk to developing lung cancer, and is responsible for more than 85% of cases. (news-medical.net)
  • However, there are many other risk factors associated with increased lung cancer incidence. (news-medical.net)
  • Studies have shown that the risk of lung cancer is increased by approximately 50% in those with a family history of lung cancer in first-degree relatives, when compared with those without a family history. (news-medical.net)
  • Smokers have been advised not to take beta-carotene supplements as studies have shown an increased risk of lung cancer associated with this dietary supplement. (news-medical.net)
  • Alcohol consumption has also been linked to increased lung cancer risk. (news-medical.net)
  • This risk increases with the duration and amount of smoking, but duration has the biggest effect on lung cancer risk. (news-medical.net)
  • Starting smoking at a younger age increases risk of lung cancer. (news-medical.net)
  • ETS, otherwise known as passive smoking or second-hand smoking, where smoke is inhaled from someone else's cigarette, pipe, or cigar, can increase the risk of developing lung cancer even though you are not smoking yourself. (news-medical.net)
  • People exposed to ETS who have never smoked before are believed to have a lung cancer risk 31% higher than those who have never smoked and were not exposed to ETS. (news-medical.net)
  • There are a number of materials people will regularly come into contact with through their work that may increase lung cancer risk. (news-medical.net)
  • A risk factor is anything that changes your chance of getting a disease like cancer. (cancer.org)
  • Studies of survivors of atomic bombs and nuclear reactor accidents have shown they have an increased risk of developing several types of cancer, including NHL, leukemia ,and thyroid cancer . (cancer.org)
  • Mainly taken from risk factors for breast cancer, risk factors can be described in terms of, for example: Relative risk, such as "A woman is more than 100 times more likely to develop breast cancer in her 60s than in her 20s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors for breast cancer may be divided into preventable and non-preventable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although many epidemiological risk factors have been identified, the cause of any individual breast cancer is most often unknowable. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of getting breast cancer increases with age. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the actual lifetime risk is lower than that, because 90% of women die before age 95, most commonly from heart attacks, strokes, or other forms of cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Male individuals have a much lower risk of developing breast cancer than females. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women who carry a harmful BRCA mutation have a 60% to 80% risk of developing breast cancer in their lifetimes. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the suspected impact of most of these variants on breast cancer risk should, in most cases, be confirmed in large populations studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • attributable
  • Regional estimates of mortality and burden of disease and injury attributable to these 24 global risk factors are available for download. (who.int)
  • Hodgkin
  • For example, patients who have been treated for Hodgkin lymphoma have an increased risk of later developing NHL. (cancer.org)
  • Other disease states that increase the risk of developing tuberculosis are Hodgkin lymphoma, end-stage renal disease, chronic lung disease, malnutrition, and alcoholism. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • There was not enough data available to include dietary factors or alcohol consumption in the findings, but experts believe both could be similarly influential. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • These risk factors include, but are not limited to, economic conditions in the United States and other major world economies, current fluctuations, political instability, changes in laws and regulations, and changes in product demand. (graco.com)
  • The nation also has a higher risk if there is state legitimacy deficit, which would include high corruption, disregard for constitutional norms, or mass protests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors include a weak immune system, atopic dermatitis, and crowded living conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other risk factors include: Female sex Patient age (under 55 years old) History of light alcohol use History of previous CINV History of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy History of motion sickness Anxiety or depression Anticipation of CINV Several treatment methods are available to help prevent CINV. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists
  • Through careful epidemiological studies conducted on large populations, a number of scientists, including Craig Newschaffer at Drexel University and Peter Bearman at Columbia University, have been able to point to some factors that correlate to the risk of autism. (cnbc.com)
  • immune
  • People with weakened immune systems have an increased risk for NHL. (cancer.org)
  • The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can weaken the immune system, and people infected with HIV are at increased risk of NHL. (cancer.org)
  • This is particularly true, and there is added risk, in particular situations such as medication that suppresses the immune system or advancing age. (wikipedia.org)
  • stomach
  • People who have had a certain type of lymphoma of the stomach known as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma have an increased risk of getting adenocarcinoma of the stomach. (cancer.org)
  • Reflux (backup) of bile from the small intestine into the stomach after surgery might also add to the increased risk. (cancer.org)
  • Certain cells in the stomach lining normally make a substance called intrinsic factor (IF) that we need to absorb vitamin B12 from foods. (cancer.org)
  • Some preliminary research also suggests that babies who begin daycare or who are put in the care of someone other than a parent before 4 months of age may be at increased risk as well if they put the baby to sleep on their stomach. (parenting.com)
  • practice
  • In practice, a linear combination of observed factors included in a linear asset pricing model (for example, the Fama-French three-factor model) proxy for a linear combination of unobserved risk factors if financial market efficiency is assumed. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • And many people who get the disease may have few or no known risk factors. (cancer.org)
  • And some people who get the disease may not have any known risk factors. (cancer.org)
  • Other conflict histories that put a state at risk are past cultural traumas that have hurt the core social identity of the state, or if the people have been known to have legacy of group grievances or vengeance. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • For example, if you take prescription pain pills after a surgery, you may be at risk of addiction. (healthline.com)
  • For example, driving-while-intoxicated (DWI) history is a risk marker for pilots as epidemiologic studies indicate that pilots with a DWI history are significantly more likely than their counterparts without a DWI history to be involved in aviation crashes. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, among immigrants in London from the Indian subcontinent, vegetarian Hindu Asians were found to have an 8.5 fold increased risk of tuberculosis, compared to Muslims who ate meat and fish daily. (wikipedia.org)
  • alcohol
  • Regardless of your upbringing or moral code, many factors can raise your risk of becoming addicted to alcohol and other drugs. (healthline.com)
  • According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse , up to half of your risk of addiction to alcohol, nicotine, or other drugs is based on genetics. (healthline.com)
  • For children and teens, lack of parental involvement can lead to greater risk-taking or experimentation with alcohol and other drugs. (healthline.com)
  • analyze
  • Analyze behavior and risk using R, the open-source statistical computing software. (lynda.com)
  • R provides an environment and a language you can use to analyze data, including the publicly available Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) dataset. (lynda.com)
  • people
  • Peer pressure is another risk factor for addiction, especially among young people. (healthline.com)
  • Determining if these drugs increase risk is complicated by the fact that people with RA, which is an autoimmune disease, already have a higher risk of NHL (see below). (cancer.org)
  • These people have a higher risk of developing NHL. (cancer.org)
  • People with this condition are at an increased risk to develop benign tumors in nerves at an early age. (healthline.com)
  • People with silicosis have an approximately 30-fold greater risk for developing TB. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of contracting tuberculosis, and they have a poorer response to treatment, possibly due to poorer drug absorption. (wikipedia.org)
  • The identification of risk factors that are allegedly predictive of offending and reoffending (especially by young people) has heavily influenced the criminal justice policies and practices of a number of first world countries, notably the UK, the USA and Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • raise
  • This can speed up the process of addiction and raise your risk of serious complications, including overdose. (healthline.com)
  • Some types of infections may raise the risk of NHL in different ways. (cancer.org)
  • cause
  • If you have any risk factors for GIST or any other condition that could cause these symptoms, be sure to mention that to your doctor. (healthline.com)
  • higher
  • Overall, the risk of NHL is higher in men than in women , but there are certain types of NHL that are more common in women. (cancer.org)
  • Along with an increased risk of serious infections, these children also have a higher risk of developing NHL. (cancer.org)
  • If signs are presented the international community takes notes of them and watches over the countries that have a higher risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • If a state structure is weak and provides poor basic services for the citizens, restricted the rule of law, or has a lack of civilian protection, it also creates a higher risk and could become unstable. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Well, it's keeping track of the rates of risk factors…which are things we do or states we are in…that confer risk to our health. (lynda.com)
  • Underlying mental health issues can increase your risk of addiction. (healthline.com)
  • NHIS is the Nation's largest in-person household health survey, providing data on health status, access to and use of health services, health insurance coverage, immunizations, risk factors, and health-related behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • They conduct the National Survey of Family Growth, that obtains information on factors affecting birth and pregnancy rates, adoptions, and maternal and infant health, and supplements the information obtained on birth certificates collected through the National Vital Statistics System. (wikipedia.org)
  • persons
  • R i s k = number of persons experiencing event (food poisoning) number of persons exposed to risk factor (food) {\displaystyle Risk={\frac {\mbox{number of persons experiencing event (food poisoning)}}{\mbox{number of persons exposed to risk factor (food)}}}} So the chicken eaters' risk = 22/74 = 0.297 And non-chicken eaters' risk = 2/35 = 0.057. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persons with chronic renal failure and also on hemodialysis have an increased risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • Then I will describe to you the two main systems…the US uses for risk factor surveillance:…the NHANES and the BRFSS. (lynda.com)
  • FAIR's main document is "'Measuring and Managing Information Risk: A FAIR Approach The document first defines what risk is. (wikipedia.org)
  • analysis
  • Factor analysis of information risk (FAIR) is a taxonomy of the factors that contribute to risk and how they affect each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Risk and Risk Analysis section discusses risk concepts and some of the realities surrounding risk analysis and probabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • https://buildsecurityin.us-cert.gov/bsi/articles/best-practices/deployment/583-BSI.html "An Introduction to Factor Analysis of Information Risk (FAIR)" Archived 2014-11-18 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • affect
  • The occurrence of any of the following risks could affect the Trend Micro group's business, financial condition, and operating results. (trendmicro.com)
  • patients
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW In a society with a steadily increasing population of patients with hypertension, a significant mortality risk factor, it is important that clinicians be cognizant of the changes seen in ophthalmic examination. (semanticscholar.org)
  • pregnancy
  • Human studies have found that lower levels of maternal Vitamin D during pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of ASD in children. (eurekalert.org)
  • Dr Wyrwoll comments, "We know that early life environment can be a powerful determinant of health outcomes in offspring and, although this is a rat study, these data indicate that vitamin D levels during pregnancy are important for brain development, and may point to a contributing factor in the development of neurodevelopmental conditions, such as ASD. (eurekalert.org)
  • weak
  • Therefore, weak immunity is one of the risk factors of diverticulosis, and it should be regularly boosted by natural food supplements, not only when the disease attacks, but primarily as a form of prevention. (penoxal.com)
  • severe
  • On July 25, 2010, the Storm Prediction Center (SPC) issued a slight risk for severe thunderstorms in the Tri-State Region, with a near 2% chance of a tornado touching down within 25 mi (40 km) of a given area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Haemophilia leads to a severely increased risk of prolonged bleeding from common injuries, or in severe cases bleeding may be spontaneous and without obvious cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • food
  • The mainrisk factor of colon diverticulosis is food low on fibre which is very important for the stool content as well as its easy elimination . (penoxal.com)
  • develop
  • These storms tracked generally towards the east-southeast and were noted as having a chance to develop into bow echo, leading to a high risk of damaging winds. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • HPV vaccines protect against between two and seven high-risk strains of this family of viruses and may prevent up to 90% of cervical cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The highest risk of tornadoes was in eastern Pennsylvania where low-level wind shear and high Convective available potential energy (CAPE) values were present. (wikipedia.org)
  • The District consists of a Junior High School for grades 7-9, a High School for grades 10-12 and an Alternative High School for at-risk students in grades 9-12. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • This is particularly true in people presented with more risk factors of diverticulosis. (penoxal.com)
  • Factor VIII medication may be used to treat and prevent bleeding in people with haemophilia A. In terms of the symptoms of Hemophilia A there are internal or external bleeding episodes. (wikipedia.org)
  • About 5-10% of people with haemophilia A are affected because they make a dysfunctional version of the factor VIII protein, while the remainder are affected because they produced factor VIII in insufficient amounts (quantitative deficiency). (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, a less thermodynamic environment in southern New York led to a lower risk around New York City. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, mild haemophilia A is known to occur in heterozygous females due to X-inactivation, so it is recommended that levels of factor VIII and IX be measured in all known/potential carriers prior to surgery and in the event of clinically significant bleeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human
  • A 2011 study in the journal Comparative Political Studies found that "natural resource wealth can be either a "curse" or a "blessing" and that the distinction is conditioned by domestic and international factors, both amenable to change through public policy, namely, human capital formation and economic openness. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • District Factor Groups organize districts statewide to allow comparison by common socioeconomic characteristics of the local districts. (wikipedia.org)
  • female
  • Recently[update] activated factor VII has become available as a treatment for haemorrhage in individuals with haemophilia and factor inhibitors Haemophilia A is inherited as an X-linked recessive trait, and occurs in males and in homozygous females (only possible in the offspring of a carrier female and a hemophilic male). (wikipedia.org)