• sperm
  • The government's draft bill would allow surplus embryos to be used for medical research with the consent of the egg and sperm donors. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • Donors must meet certain criteria in order to be eligible for sperm, egg, or embryo donation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sperm, eggs and embryos received in the donation process are currently tested for many medical conditions, and also quarantined for six months to reduce the risk of complications to the mother and child. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sperm, eggs and embryos are stored in liquid nitrogen using cryopreservation (defined as the freezing of cells or whole tissues to sub-zero temperatures-the boiling point of liquid nitrogen). (wikipedia.org)
  • Italy has a 2004 law that forbids all sperm or egg donations and the freezing of embryos, but allows, in effect, using existing stem cell lines that have been imported. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2004, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (Disclosure of Donor Information) Regulations 2004/1511, enabled donor-conceived children to access the identity of their sperm, egg or embryo donor upon reaching the age of 18. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Regulations were implemented on 1 April 2005 and any donor who donated sperm, eggs or embryos from that date onwards is, by law, identifiable. (wikipedia.org)
  • donor
  • The donor can donate for research purposes or fertility treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pluripotent stem cells can also be derived from Somatic cell nuclear transfer which is a laboratory technique where a clone embryo is created from a donor nucleus. (wikipedia.org)
  • These cells genetically matched the donor organism from which they came.This gives them the ability to create patient specific pluripotent cells, which could then be used in therapies or disease research. (wikipedia.org)
  • SCNT
  • It was created using SCNT - a nucleus was taken from a man's leg cell and inserted into a cow's egg from which the nucleus had been removed, and the hybrid cell was cultured, and developed into an embryo. (wikipedia.org)
  • In January 2008, Dr. Andrew French and Samuel Wood of the biotechnology company Stemagen announced that they successfully created the first five mature human embryos using SCNT. (wikipedia.org)
  • In genetics and developmental biology, somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is a laboratory strategy for creating a viable embryo from a body cell and an egg cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only a handful of the labs in the world are currently using SCNT techniques in human stem cell research. (wikipedia.org)
  • legislation
  • Controversial legislation to regulate the use of human embryos for research and treatment in the United Kingdom had its second reading in the House of Commons this week, but ministers face a fight next week to push the most contentious measures through. (bmj.com)
  • There are calls for the strictest legislation to be applied where no consensus exist, and that there should be a focus on research that is agreed by all to be necessary. (readabstracts.com)
  • Such research was forbidden by the initial bioethics legislation passed in France in 1994 and by the first revision to the law in 1999. (catholiclane.com)
  • After a state lawmaker recently introduced legislation that would have criminalized the creation of embryos for research, "my scientific priorities had to become public," says Gosden. (sciencemag.org)
  • The primary legislation in South Africa that deals with embryo research is the Human Tissue Act, which is set to be replaced by Chapter 8 of the National Health Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists
  • How far should scientists be allowed to go in creating things that resemble primitive human brains, hearts, and even human embryos? (wkms.org)
  • Scientists are reporting the results of controversial experiments that they say are encouraging them to continue to try to develop embryos that are part-human and part-animal. (wkms.org)
  • The Obama administration has dropped a controversial proposal that would have required all federally funded scientists to get permission from patients before using their cells, blood, tissue or DNA for research. (wkms.org)
  • Many scientists believe that embryonic stem cell research may eventually lead to therapies that could be used to treat diseases that afflict approximately 128 million Americans. (archives.gov)
  • Dr Wolinetz said that advances in stem cell and genome-editing technology have meant that scientists are increasingly interested in the potential of growing human organs for drug testing, disease modelling and - in the future - transplantation, by inserting stem cells into animal embryos. (bionews.org.uk)
  • It also recommends that, in countries which oppose embryonic stem cell research, scientists should be free to pursue their research elsewhere. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, scientists at the Harvard Stem Cell Institute, the University of California San Francisco, the Oregon Health & Science University, Stemagen (La Jolla, CA) and possibly Advanced Cell Technology are currently researching a technique to use somatic cell nuclear transfer to produce embryonic stem cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • experimentation
  • It is a system of acquiring knowledge based on empiricism, experimentation and methodological naturalism, as well as to the organized body of knowledge human beings have gained by such research. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1998
  • It was one of the main themes of the SRT Project study "Engineering Genesis",1 in which context it was mentioned briefly in SRT's 1998 Assembly report as well as in the 1997 National Mission report on Animal and Human Cloning.2 The recent genetic engineering of a monkey in the USA has now brought to the fore some important issues about the research on animals for human benefits. (srtp.org.uk)
  • In 1998, privately funded research led to the breakthrough discovery of human Embryonic stem cells (hESC). (wikipedia.org)
  • hESC
  • According to modern stem cell researchers, Spain is one of the leaders in stem cell research and currently has one of the most progressive legislations worldwide with respect to hESC research. (wikipedia.org)
  • donors
  • Other than a screening for genetic disorders, donors are tested for HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Embryos must be donated by a woman between the ages of 18-35 years old, who has also undergone a medical screening and given informed consent (which can be revoked at any point up until the embryo is used). (wikipedia.org)
  • On the ethical issues surrounding embryonic stem cell research, the group has additionally recommended that an international database be created, containing guidelines for ethical practice, research protocols, consent forms, and the information provided to donors. (wikipedia.org)
  • blastocyst stage
  • The NIH extended the ban in 2015 , imposing a funding moratorium on such research involving pre-blastocyst stage embryos prior to gastrulation (when the three germ layers start to appear), and applying this restriction to all animal embryos. (bionews.org.uk)
  • The latest announcement by the NIH marks the start of a one-month consultation on its proposal to replace the moratorium with an internal steering committee, which would make funding decisions on research that involves inserting human stem cells into all vertebrate animal embryos up to the end of the gastrulation stage - except for primate embryos, which would only be considered after blastocyst stage. (bionews.org.uk)
  • The embryos were developed only to the blastocyst stage, at which point they were studied in processes that destroyed them. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulations
  • Finally, on January 12, 2011, hearings were held in an appeal to the Court of Justice of the European Communities to debate the definition of "human embryo" and to determine whether a procedure for deriving nerve cells from embryonic stem cells can be patented under EU regulations. (catholiclane.com)
  • The European Union has yet to issue consistent regulations with respect to stem cell research in member states. (wikipedia.org)
  • These developments prompted the federal government to create regulations barring the use of federal funds for research that experimented on human embryos. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetuses
  • or (2) research in which a human embryo or embryos are destroyed, discarded, or knowingly subjected to risk of injury or death greater than that allowed for research on fetuses in utero under 45 CFR 46.208(a)(2) and Section 498(b) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 289g(b)) (Title 42, Section 289g(b), United States Code). (wikipedia.org)
  • The second bill makes it illegal to create, grow, and abort fetuses for research purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990
  • They are in charge of reviewing information about human embryos and subsequent development, provision of treatment services, and activities governed by the Act of 1990. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethics
  • A report by the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies was presented to the European Union in November 2000, and found that the creation of human embryos to be used in stem-cell research is "premature. (readabstracts.com)
  • The views, opinions and positions expressed by these authors and blogs are theirs and do not necessarily represent that of the Bioethics Research Library and Kennedy Institute of Ethics or Georgetown University. (georgetown.edu)
  • treatments
  • Prize committee member Juleen Zierath said Gurdon and Yamanaka's discoveries, which also earned them a Lasker award for basic research in 2009, could hold "immense potential," including in developing treatments for Parkinson's disease and in making cells that produce insulin. (heraldnet.com)
  • destroy
  • In no case does the possibility of research influence the decision to destroy the embryo. (catholiclane.com)
  • In the 2-1 opinion of April 29, 2011, the appeals panel said that the Dickey-Wicker Amendment was "ambiguous" and that the National Institutes of Health had "reasonably concluded" that although federal funds could not be used to directly destroy an embryo, the amendment does not prohibit funding a research project using embryonic stem cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Somatic
  • A recent report by a group selected to advise the European Union on bioethics has found that using somatic-cell nuclear transfer to create embryos for stem-cell therapy research would be "premature. (readabstracts.com)
  • Somatic cell nuclear transplantation has become a focus of study in stem cell research. (wikipedia.org)
  • restriction
  • In March 2009, President Obama issued an executive order which removed the restriction against federal funding of stem cell research. (wikipedia.org)
  • laboratory
  • Medical genetics encompasses many different areas, including clinical practice of physicians, genetic counselors, and nutritionists, clinical diagnostic laboratory activities, and research into the causes and inheritance of genetic disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • federal
  • With certain restrictions, the President has announced that federal funds may be used to conduct research on human embryonic stem cells. (unt.edu)
  • The current federal policy, as described in National Security Decision Directive 189, is that fundamental research should remain unrestricted and that in the rare case where it is necessary to restrict such information, classification is the appropriate vehicle to do so. (unt.edu)
  • While the federal government continues to be the primary supporter of university based research and development (R&D), the financial composition of support for university-based research has changed considerably over the past 31 years. (unt.edu)
  • No federal law ever did ban stem cell research in the United States, but only placed restrictions on funding and use, under Congress's power to spend. (wikipedia.org)
  • In April 2004, 206 members of Congress, including many moderate Republicans, signed a letter urging President Bush to expand federal funding of embryonic stem cell research beyond what Bush had already supported. (wikipedia.org)
  • On July 29, 2005, Senate Majority Leader William H. Frist (R-TN), announced that he too favored loosening restrictions on federal funding of embryonic stem cell research. (wikipedia.org)
  • Committee
  • But it hopes the ethical and scientific questions about when and how embryos are used will be determined by a parliamentary committee that begins hearings this fall, Health Minister Allan Rock's spokesman said in late July. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • experiments
  • Ali Brivanlou slides open a glass door at the Rockefeller University in New York to show off his latest experiments probing the mysteries of the human embryo. (wkms.org)
  • the Catalonian Ministry of Health has authorized experiments to duplicate the technique with human embryos. (catholiclane.com)
  • nucleus
  • In this case, each embryo was created by taking a nucleus from a skin cell (donated by Wood and a colleague) and inserting it into a human egg from which the nucleus had been removed. (wikipedia.org)
  • development
  • The implantation of a chimera or hybrid embryo into a human or its development beyond 14 days is prohibited under statute. (bionews.org.uk)
  • In summary, McCain would make the Bush tax cuts permanent instead of letting them expire, he would eliminate the Alternative Minimum Tax in order to assist the middle-class, he would double the personal exemption for dependents, reduce the corporate tax rate, and offer a new research and development tax credit. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • Medical genetics differs from human genetics in that human genetics is a field of scientific research that may or may not apply to medicine, while medical genetics refers to the application of genetics to medical care. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, research on the causes and inheritance of genetic disorders would be considered within both human genetics and medical genetics, while the diagnosis, management, and counselling people with genetic disorders would be considered part of medical genetics. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some ways, many of the individual fields within medical genetics are hybrids between clinical care and research. (wikipedia.org)
  • The President's decision reflects his fundamental commitment to preserving the value and sanctity of human life and his desire to promote vital medical research. (archives.gov)
  • After spending 14 months recovering in a hospital, he returned to medical school, graduating to become a psychiatrist involved in the creation of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders III, and later developing a career as a Pulitzer prize-winning writer. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientific
  • In effect, in the years following the publication of the Encyclical, the fundamental moments of human life, as well as the transmission of life, have been present in an unprecedented way, not only in scientific research but also in the formulation of policies and the creation of international juridical instruments. (priestsforlife.org)
  • It was almost 50 years before the value - the potential value - of that basic scientific research comes to light. (heraldnet.com)
  • These stem cells can differentiate into all other cells in the human body and are the subject of much scientific research. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some Muslim writers have claimed that the Qur'an made prescient statements about scientific phenomena that were later confirmed by scientific research for instance as regards to the structure of the embryo, our solar system, and the creation of the universe. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Stem cell laws are the law rules, and policy governance concerning the sources, research, and uses in treatment of stem cells in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was also a strong opponent of gay marriage, abortion (a stance that won him much praise and support from groups such as the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children) and embryological research, warning Catholics involved in the creation of embryos as part of IVF treatment for infertility that they would be excommunicated. (wikipedia.org)