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  • Research
  • This, as well as scarcity of donor organs for kidney transplantation has prompted research in developing alternative therapies, including the development of a wearable or implantable device. (wikipedia.org)
  • insufficiency
  • Renal insufficiency and the risk of infection from pacemaker or defibrillator surgery," Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology , vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 142-145, 2006. (hindawi.com)
  • Inflated intersubject variability of 40% (coefficient of variation) was used for pharmacokinetic parameters (representative of clinical variation) and nonrenal clearance was doubled to account for potential changes with acute renal insufficiency. (hindawi.com)
  • nephrologist
  • If this is unrecognized until the patient has symptoms of terminal renal failure, the nephrologist and the patient face a multitude of problems. (springer.com)
  • A nephrologist has completed medical school, foundation year posts (FY1 and FY2) and core medical training (CMT) and passed the Membership of the Royal College of Physicians (MRCP) exam before competing for a National Training Number (NTN) in renal medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • dialysis solution
  • The concentrations of solutes (for example potassium, phosphorus and urea) are undesirably high in the blood, but low or absent in the dialysis solution, and constant replacement of the dialysate ensures that the concentration of undesired solutes is kept low on this side of the membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, the substitution fluid used in CHF or CHDF is commercially prepared, prepackaged, and sterile (or sometimes is prepared in the local hospital pharmacy), avoiding regulatory issues of on-line creation of replacement fluid from dialysis solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • End stage renal disease is a relatively frequent disease with high mortality due to cardiac causes. (hindawi.com)
  • analysis showed increased rates of renal failure and increased mortality when compared to LR. (wikipedia.org)
  • High molecular weight HES has been linked to coagulopathy, pruritus, as well as nephrotoxicity, acute renal failure and mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coronary
  • It is an independent predisposing factor for heart failure, coronary artery disease, stroke, renal disease, and peripheral arterial disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • Some people decide not to receive renal replacement therapy but choose conservative management, which comprises full supportive management (including advance care planning and control of symptoms and complications). (bmj.com)
  • End-stage renal disease predicts complications in pacemaker and ICD implants," Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology , vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 1099-1104, 2011. (hindawi.com)
  • The degree of renal failure must be estimated, disturbancies in the acid-base and calcium-phosphate balance corrected, the general state of the patient as regards other diabetic complications evaluated and the appropriate form of renal replacement therapy chosen and instituted. (springer.com)
  • failure
  • However, co-morbidities can obscure this criterion as the symptoms listed above may be due to co-morbidities and not renal failure. (brainscape.com)
  • This combination of the technological and the biological allows for the elimination of pumps, tubes, dialysis, and immunosuppressive drugs for a permanent solution to renal failure. (homedialysis.org)
  • There may be little difference in outcome between the two in the context of acute renal failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • HES derivatives have been demonstrated to have increased rates of acute renal failure and need for renal replacement therapy and to decrease long-term survival when used alone in cases of severe sepsis compared with Ringer lactate solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, the authors showed that resuscitation with hydroxyethyl starch (as opposed to Ringer's acetate) resulted in an increased risk of death or end stage renal failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • The disease is characterized by a 'second hit' phenomenon, in which a mutated dominant allele is inherited from a parent, with cyst formation occurring only after the normal, wild-type gene sustains a susequent second genetic 'hit', resulting in renal tubular cyst formation and disease progression. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Several clinical trials suggest that antihypertensive therapy has a beneficial effect on cognitive function, although this remains an active area of investigation. (wikipedia.org)
  • infection
  • Although the risk of acquiring hepatitis C virus infection through transfusions has decreased considerably with the advent of screening tests for anti-hepatitis C virus, precautionary measures should be instituted rigorously at renal units to prevent nosocomial transmission. (fmshk.com.hk)
  • System
  • 4. A system according to claim 1 , wherein the controller operates during the first and second cycles to achieve a predetermined volumetric balance between waste fluid conveyed into the first compartment and replacement fluid conveyed from the second compartment, and vice versa. (google.com)