• insufficiency
  • Inflated intersubject variability of 40% (coefficient of variation) was used for pharmacokinetic parameters (representative of clinical variation) and nonrenal clearance was doubled to account for potential changes with acute renal insufficiency. (hindawi.com)
  • nephrologist
  • If this is unrecognized until the patient has symptoms of terminal renal failure, the nephrologist and the patient face a multitude of problems. (springer.com)
  • A nephrologist has completed medical school, foundation year posts (FY1 and FY2) and core medical training (CMT) and passed the Membership of the Royal College of Physicians (MRCP) exam before competing for a National Training Number (NTN) in renal medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • dialysis solution
  • The concentrations of solutes (for example potassium, phosphorus and urea) are undesirably high in the blood, but low or absent in the dialysis solution, and constant replacement of the dialysate ensures that the concentration of undesired solutes is kept low on this side of the membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, the substitution fluid used in CHF or CHDF is commercially prepared, prepackaged, and sterile (or sometimes is prepared in the local hospital pharmacy), avoiding regulatory issues of on-line creation of replacement fluid from dialysis solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • End stage renal disease is a relatively frequent disease with high mortality due to cardiac causes. (hindawi.com)
  • analysis showed increased rates of renal failure and increased mortality when compared to LR. (wikipedia.org)
  • High molecular weight HES has been linked to coagulopathy, pruritus, as well as nephrotoxicity, acute renal failure and mortality. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • It is an independent predisposing factor for heart failure, coronary artery disease, stroke, renal disease, and peripheral arterial disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease is characterized by a 'second hit' phenomenon, in which a mutated dominant allele is inherited from a parent, with cyst formation occurring only after the normal, wild-type gene sustains a susequent second genetic 'hit', resulting in renal tubular cyst formation and disease progression. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • The overall focus will be on renal replacement and the clinical questions that arise during its application in renal failure. (omicsonline.org)
  • Several clinical trials suggest that antihypertensive therapy has a beneficial effect on cognitive function, although this remains an active area of investigation. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • aversion therapy ( aversive therapy ) a form of behavior therapy that uses aversive conditioning, pairing undesirable behavior or symptoms with unpleasant stimulation in order to reduce or eliminate the behavior of symptoms. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • patient
  • The degree of renal failure must be estimated, disturbancies in the acid-base and calcium-phosphate balance corrected, the general state of the patient as regards other diabetic complications evaluated and the appropriate form of renal replacement therapy chosen and instituted. (springer.com)
  • Using techniques drawn in part from behavior therapy, the therapist actively seeks to guide the patient in altering or revising negative or erroneous perceptions and attitudes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Replacement fluid is added and the blood is returned to the patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Classification
  • activity therapy in the nursing interventions classification , a nursing intervention defined as the prescription of and assistance with specific physical, cognitive, social, and spiritual activities to increase the range, frequency, or duration of an individual's (or group's) activity. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • animal-assisted therapy in the nursing interventions classification , a nursing intervention defined as the purposeful use of animals to provide affection, attention, diversion, and relaxation. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • art therapy in the nursing interventions classification , a nursing intervention defined as facilitation of communication through drawings or other art forms. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • failure
  • There may be little difference in outcome between the two in the context of acute renal failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, the authors showed that resuscitation with hydroxyethyl starch (as opposed to Ringer's acetate) resulted in an increased risk of death or end stage renal failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medicine
  • Currently, he is an Assistant Professor in the Division of Renal Medicine at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. (omicsonline.org)
  • The typical subspecialty training is five years and leads to a Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT) in both renal medicine and general (internal) medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • cognitive
  • cognitive therapy ( cognitive-behavioral therapy ) a directive form of psychotherapy based on the theory that emotional problems result from distorted attitudes and ways of thinking that can be corrected. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • form
  • client-centered therapy a form of psychotherapy in which the emphasis is on the patient's self-discovery, interpretation, conflict resolution, and reorganization of values and life approach, which are enabled by the warm, nondirective, unconditionally accepting support of the therapist, who reflects and clarifies the patient's discoveries. (thefreedictionary.com)