• dysfunction
  • Methods and Results- This prospective and descriptive study of 4801 patients having coronary bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass from November 1996 to June 2000 at 70 centers in 16 countries established associations between predictor variables and postoperative renal composite (renal dysfunction and/or renal failure) from a cohort of 2381 patients and developed a risk index assessed in a validation cohort of 2420 patients. (ahajournals.org)
  • Acute renal failure after coronary bypass graft surgery continues to be a devastating complication associated with multiorgan dysfunction, increased resource use, high cost, and increased mortality. (ahajournals.org)
  • In hyperacute and acute liver failure the clinical picture develops rapidly with progressive encephalopathy and multiorgan dysfunction such as hyperdynamic circulation, coagulopathy, acute renal and respiratory insufficiency, severe metabolic alterations and cerebral edema that can lead to brain death. (wikipedia.org)
  • cardiac
  • 12,13 Several studies have suggested that application of exogenous AM suppresses the development of cardiac hypertrophy and renal damage. (ahajournals.org)
  • The aim of the present study was to use this model to examine the effect of endogenous AM expression on cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and renal damage. (ahajournals.org)
  • Conclusions -We conclude that total homocysteine and particularly cardiac troponin T are important predictors of mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease, whereas other laboratory variables and baseline disease status have less prognostic value. (ahajournals.org)
  • dialysis
  • 1-10 Among the 1 million patients worldwide having coronary revascularization with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) yearly, ≈77 000 develop acute renal events, with 20% requiring dialysis postoperatively. (ahajournals.org)
  • Most of the toxins that accumulate in the plasma of patients with liver insufficiency are protein bound, and therefore conventional renal dialysis techniques, such as hemofiltration, hemodialysis or hemodiafiltration are not able to adequately eliminate them. (wikipedia.org)
  • sodium
  • Bradykinin caused a dose-related increase in renal blood flow, urine flow, sodium excretion, and kinin content of renal venous blood. (ahajournals.org)
  • Furthermore, the values of peptide survival were positively correlated with the increases in renal blood flow (r = 0.92, P less than 0.01), urine flow (r = 0.75, P less than 0.01), and sodium excretion (r = 0.68, P less than 0.01) produced by bradykinin. (ahajournals.org)
  • In addition, BPP9alpha by itself increased renal blood flow (16%, P less than 0.01), urine flow (115%, P less than 0.005), and sodium excretion (167%, P less than 0.02). (ahajournals.org)
  • Most of the known actions of Ang II are mediated through the AT1 receptors, for example vasoconstriction, aldosterone release, renal sodium reabsorption and vasopressin secretion. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • Reabsorption occurs in the renal tubules and is either passive, due to diffusion, or active, due to pumping against a concentration gradient. (wikipedia.org)
  • kidney
  • Intravenous administration of BPP9alpha (300 mug/kg), a peptide kininase II inhibitor, potentiated the renal vasodilator, diuretic, and natriuretic actions of bradykinin and augmented the survival of the kinin on passage through the kidney from 12.72 +/- 1.64% in control dogs to 53.92 +/- 7.48% (P less than 0.001). (ahajournals.org)
  • These studies suggest that kinins generated intrarenally play a role in the regulation of renal blood flow and salt-water excretion and that variations in the capacity of the kidney to inactivate kinins may be a determinant of the intrarenal activity of the kallikrein-kinin system. (ahajournals.org)
  • The role of lipids in the progression of kidney disease and the potential beneficial effects of statins on renal function is unknown. (ahajournals.org)
  • function
  • 50% of the life expectancy of a person of the same age but with normal renal function. (ahajournals.org)
  • Deterioration of renal function was defined as doubling of the baseline or increase in creatinine of 0.5 mg/dl over at least 90 days. (ahajournals.org)
  • Stenosis severity is associated with poor renal function in people with ARAS. (ahajournals.org)
  • The AT2 receptor also takes part in regulation of blood pressure and renal function but mediates antagonistic effects compared to the AT1 receptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rats
  • In one recent study, pure Burantashi powder obtained from a local suya vendor in Lagos, Nigeria was extracted aqueously and studied on the renal circulation of Sprague-Dawley rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immersion
  • Hydrostatic pressure on the surface of the body due to head out immersion in water causes negative pressure breathing which shifts blood into the intrathoracic circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • pulse
  • Conclusions- Beside established risk factors, pulse pressure is independently and significantly associated with increased renal composite. (ahajournals.org)