• antibody
  • Their central role in excitotoxicity and prevalence in the central nervous system has been linked or speculated to be linked to many neurodegenerative diseases, and several other conditions have been further linked to glutamate receptor gene mutations or receptor autoantigen/antibody activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • antagonists
  • The targeting moieties mGluR 5 antagonists based on aromatic alkyne and dipyridyl/heterobiaryl amide derivatives integrated in a modular fashion, involving linkage to the macrocyclic DOTA ligand to allow specific binding to the mGluR 5 receptors. (rsc.org)
  • GRM5
  • Group I includes GRM1 and GRM5 and these receptors have been shown to activate phospholipase C. Group II includes GRM2 and GRM3 while Group III includes GRM4, GRM6, GRM7 and GRM8. (wikipedia.org)
  • The metabotropic glutamate receptors are a family of G protein-coupled receptors, that have been divided into 3 groups on the basis of sequence homology, putative signal transduction mechanisms, and pharmacologic properties: Group I includes GRM1 and GRM5 and these receptors have been shown to activate phospholipase C. Group II includes mGluR2 (this receptor) and GRM3 while Group III includes GRM4, GRM6, GRM7 and GRM8. (wikipedia.org)
  • GABA
  • Coexpression of full-length gamma-aminobutyric acid(B) (GABA(B)) receptors with truncated receptors and metabotropic glutamate receptor 4 supports the GABA(B) heterodimer as the functional receptor. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Glutamate (the conjugate base of glutamic acid) is abundant in the human body, but particularly in the nervous system and especially prominent in the human brain where it is the body's most prominent neurotransmitter, the brain's main excitatory neurotransmitter, and also the precursor for GABA, the brain's main inhibitory neurotransmitter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glutamate is also used by the brain to synthesize GABA (γ-Aminobutyric acid), the main inhibitory neurotransmitter of the mammalian central nervous system, which plays a role in regulating neuronal excitability throughout the nervous system and is also directly responsible for the regulation of muscle tone in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • membrane
  • Stimulating the receptors causes the associated enzyme phospholipase C to hydrolyze phosphoinositide phospholipids in the cell's plasma membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lipophilic diacylglycerol remains in the membrane, acting as a cofactor for the activation of protein kinase C. These receptors are also associated with Na+ and K+ channels. (wikipedia.org)
  • novel
  • The use of this sensitive technique allowed other investigators to begin characterizing the various receptor systems that were linked to this novel second-messenger system in the CNS ( see Fisher and Agranoff, 1987). (springer.com)
  • It is a glutamate derived compound and its mode of action implies a novel mechanism. (wikipedia.org)