• symptoms
  • We investigated the association of depressive symptoms with breast and colorectal cancer screening rates and stage of cancer among a cohort of postmenopausal women. (umassmed.edu)
  • Depressive symptoms were measured at baseline and at 3 years using the 6-item scale from the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D). We calculated a cancer screening rate expressed as a proportion of the years that women were current with recommended cancer screening over the number of follow-up visits in the study. (umassmed.edu)
  • The breast cancer screening rate was 1.5% (CI 0.9%-2.0%) lower among women who reported depressive symptoms at baseline than among those who did not. (umassmed.edu)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Among a healthy and self-motivated cohort of women, self-reported depressive symptoms were associated with lower rates of screening mammography but not with colorectal cancer screening. (umassmed.edu)
  • SANS is split into 5 domains, and within each domain separate symptoms are rated from 0 (absent) to 5 (severe). (wikipedia.org)
  • The main clinical measure in progression of the disability and severity of the symptoms is the Expanded Disability Status Scale or EDSS. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been argued that the term phenomenology has become corrupted in clinical psychiatry: current usage, as a set of supposedly objective descriptions of a psychiatric patient (a synonym for signs and symptoms), is incompatible with the original meaning which was concerned with comprehending a patient's subjective experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • The BDI is a clinically-based, 21-item, self-rated symptom scale for adults in determining whether or not they are experiencing depression and/or depressive symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnoses
  • Diagnoses were based on patient interviews using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Lifetime Version (SADS-L). The SADS-L was supplemented to include DSM-III-R criteria for substance abuse or dependence and other psychiatric diagnoses and DSM-III criteria for attention deficit disorder. (umassmed.edu)
  • He created mental health tests, including verbal and written Mental Health Diagnostic Examinations, verbal and written Cognitive Function Examinations, the Card Test Cognitive Function Examination, and the Personality Inventory Scale for diagnoses of personality disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • depression
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES In this intention-to-treat analysis, the primary outcome measure was the change in Montgomery-Asberg depression rating scale score at 6 weeks (end point). (biomedsearch.com)
  • The current study directly compares the fit of dimensional, categorical, and hybrid models of BPD in a large community sample (N = 700) of young adults at risk for psychopathology due to elevated rates of maternal depression. (biomedsearch.com)
  • However, whites had significantly higher rates of life-time major depression, alcohol dependence, attention deficit disorder, and conduct disorder. (umassmed.edu)
  • treatment
  • This study attempts to determine whether sustainable improvements occur in neurocognitive function among ADHD patients following 12-month treatment with MPH, at drug-free status. (biomedsearch.com)
  • METHODS: Rates of psychiatric comorbidity were assessed in 263 cocaine addicts seeking substance abuse treatment. (umassmed.edu)
  • commonly
  • The war years were a time in the United States of relatively low suicide rates, a wartime phenomenon commonly observed when a nation's armed forces and citizens unite under feelings of common purpose and mutual goals. (wikipedia.org)
  • represents
  • These influences may cause participants to choose a silhouette on the figure rating scale that represents themselves as the opposite of the desired body type in the media. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Functional status was assessed with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-20). (mendeley.com)
  • This study examines psychiatric comorbidity in African-American and white cocaine addicts. (umassmed.edu)
  • For example, one comparative study showed the silhouettes in the figure rating scale to college women in Korea and the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • descriptions
  • Descriptions of CDI's scales are also provided, including examples of sample tests, along with associated tables of data and information. (wikipedia.org)
  • history
  • As with the psychiatric history, the MSE is prone to errors if cultural differences between the examiner and the patient are not taken into account, as different cultural backgrounds may be associated with different norms of interpersonal behavior and emotional expression. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicate
  • This type of measurement was originally developed and validated to indicate the weight status of relatives of research subjects when other specific measurements or self-reported values were unavailable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scores on the Negativity scale measures the extent to which the respondent answered selected items in an unusually negative manner whereas scores on the Inconsistency scale indicate the extent to which the respondent answered similar items in an inconsistent manner. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • During the 1950s, the men worked together at the Veterans Administration (VA) in Los Angeles and sought answers for another jump in suicide rates-the sudden doubling of suicides among the VA's neuropsychiatric hospital patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • physical
  • BMI in women remained related to ratings of physical health (P=.01) and body pain (P=.004), independent of genetic and familial influences. (umassmed.edu)
  • This scale is a visible measure of how an individual perceives his or her own physical appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research involving the figure rating scale has related the techniques of this measurement to identify how gender, media, race, and culture have an effect on how sensitive an individual is to his or her own physical appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Ratings of Mental Health and Vitality were lower than norm values. (diva-portal.org)
  • Self-rated health was lowest in Vietnamese Americans, while Filipino Americans have the highest rates of chronic diseases, including asthma, high blood pressure, and heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • overall
  • The overall average screening rate was 71% for breast cancer and 53% for colorectal cancer. (umassmed.edu)
  • Worry about not getting well," "mucositis," "nausea," "pain from procedures and treatments," and "worry about missing school" were rated as the overall worst aspects by most adolescents. (diva-portal.org)
  • medical
  • In 1975, Pauly and University of Oregon medical student Thomas W. Lindgren introduced the Body Image Scale, with which subjects rate feelings about 30 body parts from 1 (very satisfied) to 5 (very dissatisfied). (wikipedia.org)
  • reliability
  • The BRIEF has demonstrated good reliability, with high test-retest reliability (rs ≈ .88 for teachers, .82 for parents) internal consistency (Cronbach's alphas ≈ .80 - .98), and moderate correlations between parent and teacher ratings (rs ≈ .32 - .34). (wikipedia.org)
  • issues
  • Like other purveyors of professional ethics, the World Psychiatric Association issues an ethical code to govern the conduct of psychiatrists. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • Through this observation, African-American women chose larger ideal body sizes from the figures provided in the scale than the Caucasian and Asian women. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereas
  • Losing hair" and "missing leisure activities" were identified as the most prevalent aspects of distress, whereas "missing leisure activities" and "fatigue" were rated with the highest levels of distress. (diva-portal.org)
  • higher rates
  • The ones with higher rates in Asian American populations are of infectious origin, such as human papillomavirus leading to cervical cancer, hepatitis B virus leading to liver cancer, and Helicobacter pylori- induced stomach cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • This scale has also been developed for measuring adolescent body image. (wikipedia.org)
  • The majority of research involving the figure rating scale focuses on observing body dissatisfaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other research that involves the figure rating scale indicates that the media is an important factor in body dissatisfaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, when asked to point to the image of their desired body type, participants may choose a silhouette on the scale that is more similar to attractive body types that are presented in the media. (wikipedia.org)
  • The figure rating scale has also been translated into different languages in order for body image research to be conducted in other countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, researchers have developed a Portuguese version of this scale for body image research in Brazil. (wikipedia.org)
  • A body image scale for evaluating transsexuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • purpose
  • In the decade after the war, suicide rates rose quickly as the sense of unity and shared purpose began to disappear. (wikipedia.org)