• symptoms
  • We investigated the association of depressive symptoms with breast and colorectal cancer screening rates and stage of cancer among a cohort of postmenopausal women. (umassmed.edu)
  • Depressive symptoms were measured at baseline and at 3 years using the 6-item scale from the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D). We calculated a cancer screening rate expressed as a proportion of the years that women were current with recommended cancer screening over the number of follow-up visits in the study. (umassmed.edu)
  • The breast cancer screening rate was 1.5% (CI 0.9%-2.0%) lower among women who reported depressive symptoms at baseline than among those who did not. (umassmed.edu)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Among a healthy and self-motivated cohort of women, self-reported depressive symptoms were associated with lower rates of screening mammography but not with colorectal cancer screening. (umassmed.edu)
  • SANS is split into 5 domains, and within each domain separate symptoms are rated from 0 (absent) to 5 (severe). (wikipedia.org)
  • The main clinical measure in progression of the disability and severity of the symptoms is the Expanded Disability Status Scale or EDSS. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been argued that the term phenomenology has become corrupted in clinical psychiatry: current usage, as a set of supposedly objective descriptions of a psychiatric patient (a synonym for signs and symptoms), is incompatible with the original meaning which was concerned with comprehending a patient's subjective experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • The BDI is a clinically-based, 21-item, self-rated symptom scale for adults in determining whether or not they are experiencing depression and/or depressive symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disorders
  • Mental disorders are often diagnosed in accordance with clinical concepts listed in diagnostic manuals such as the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), edited and used by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the widely used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). (wikipedia.org)
  • The figure rating scale has been used in several influential studies on body image, body satisfaction, and eating disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • He created mental health tests, including verbal and written Mental Health Diagnostic Examinations, verbal and written Cognitive Function Examinations, the Card Test Cognitive Function Examination, and the Personality Inventory Scale for diagnoses of personality disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because it is not disorder-specific, the BRIEF may be used to assess executive function behaviors in children and adolescents experiencing a wide range of difficulties, such as those related to learning, attention, brain injuries, developmental disorders, and various psychiatric conditions and medical issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pauly also served on the American Psychiatric Association's Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • The decision to retain the old DSM-IV categorical model of personality disorders in DSM-5 was controversial, and efforts continue to persuade the American Psychiatric Association to replace it with the dimensional model in DSM 5.1. (wikipedia.org)
  • depression
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES In this intention-to-treat analysis, the primary outcome measure was the change in Montgomery-Asberg depression rating scale score at 6 weeks (end point). (biomedsearch.com)
  • The current study directly compares the fit of dimensional, categorical, and hybrid models of BPD in a large community sample (N = 700) of young adults at risk for psychopathology due to elevated rates of maternal depression. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Treatment
  • This study attempts to determine whether sustainable improvements occur in neurocognitive function among ADHD patients following 12-month treatment with MPH, at drug-free status. (biomedsearch.com)
  • commonly
  • The war years were a time in the United States of relatively low suicide rates, a wartime phenomenon commonly observed when a nation's armed forces and citizens unite under feelings of common purpose and mutual goals. (wikipedia.org)
  • represents
  • These influences may cause participants to choose a silhouette on the figure rating scale that represents themselves as the opposite of the desired body type in the media. (wikipedia.org)
  • descriptions
  • Descriptions of CDI's scales are also provided, including examples of sample tests, along with associated tables of data and information. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical
  • Functional status was assessed with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-20). (mendeley.com)
  • In 1975, Pauly and University of Oregon medical student Thomas W. Lindgren introduced the Body Image Scale, with which subjects rate feelings about 30 body parts from 1 (very satisfied) to 5 (very dissatisfied). (wikipedia.org)
  • history
  • As with the psychiatric history, the MSE is prone to errors if cultural differences between the examiner and the patient are not taken into account, as different cultural backgrounds may be associated with different norms of interpersonal behavior and emotional expression. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicate
  • This type of measurement was originally developed and validated to indicate the weight status of relatives of research subjects when other specific measurements or self-reported values were unavailable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scores on the Negativity scale measures the extent to which the respondent answered selected items in an unusually negative manner whereas scores on the Inconsistency scale indicate the extent to which the respondent answered similar items in an inconsistent manner. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • There were no gender differences in physician ratings of patients' health, but women rated their health significantly more poorly than did men. (mendeley.com)
  • Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Self-rated health was lowest in Vietnamese Americans, while Filipino Americans have the highest rates of chronic diseases, including asthma, high blood pressure, and heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing rates in adults and children. (wikipedia.org)
  • measure
  • A performance measure for rating the ability of a person to perform usual activities, evaluating a patient's progress after a therapeutic procedure, and determining a patient's suitability for therapy. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This scale is a visible measure of how an individual perceives his or her own physical appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • hospital
  • During the 1950s, the men worked together at the Veterans Administration (VA) in Los Angeles and sought answers for another jump in suicide rates-the sudden doubling of suicides among the VA's neuropsychiatric hospital patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical
  • Research involving the figure rating scale has related the techniques of this measurement to identify how gender, media, race, and culture have an effect on how sensitive an individual is to his or her own physical appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • reliability
  • The BRIEF has demonstrated good reliability, with high test-retest reliability (rs ≈ .88 for teachers, .82 for parents) internal consistency (Cronbach's alphas ≈ .80 - .98), and moderate correlations between parent and teacher ratings (rs ≈ .32 - .34). (wikipedia.org)
  • issues
  • Like other purveyors of professional ethics, the World Psychiatric Association issues an ethical code to govern the conduct of psychiatrists. (wikipedia.org)
  • purpose
  • In the decade after the war, suicide rates rose quickly as the sense of unity and shared purpose began to disappear. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • The majority of research involving the figure rating scale focuses on observing body dissatisfaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other research that involves the figure rating scale indicates that the media is an important factor in body dissatisfaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The figure rating scale has also been translated into different languages in order for body image research to be conducted in other countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, researchers have developed a Portuguese version of this scale for body image research in Brazil. (wikipedia.org)
  • women
  • Through this observation, African-American women chose larger ideal body sizes from the figures provided in the scale than the Caucasian and Asian women. (wikipedia.org)