• symptoms
  • We investigated the association of depressive symptoms with breast and colorectal cancer screening rates and stage of cancer among a cohort of postmenopausal women. (umassmed.edu)
  • Depressive symptoms were measured at baseline and at 3 years using the 6-item scale from the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale (CES-D). We calculated a cancer screening rate expressed as a proportion of the years that women were current with recommended cancer screening over the number of follow-up visits in the study. (umassmed.edu)
  • The breast cancer screening rate was 1.5% (CI 0.9%-2.0%) lower among women who reported depressive symptoms at baseline than among those who did not. (umassmed.edu)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Among a healthy and self-motivated cohort of women, self-reported depressive symptoms were associated with lower rates of screening mammography but not with colorectal cancer screening. (umassmed.edu)
  • Substance abuse symptoms significantly raised the rate of violence in both the patient and the comparison groups, and a higher portion of patients than of others in their neighborhoods reported symptoms of substance abuse. (umassmed.edu)
  • SANS is split into 5 domains, and within each domain separate symptoms are rated from 0 (absent) to 5 (severe). (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been argued that the term phenomenology has become corrupted in clinical psychiatry: current usage, as a set of supposedly objective descriptions of a psychiatric patient (a synonym for signs and symptoms), is incompatible with the original meaning which was concerned with comprehending a patient's subjective experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • The BDI is a clinically-based, 21-item, self-rated symptom scale for adults in determining whether or not they are experiencing depression and/or depressive symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disorders
  • Mental disorders are often diagnosed in accordance with clinical concepts listed in diagnostic manuals such as the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), edited and used by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the widely used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). (wikipedia.org)
  • The figure rating scale has been used in several influential studies on body image, body satisfaction, and eating disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • He created mental health tests, including verbal and written Mental Health Diagnostic Examinations, verbal and written Cognitive Function Examinations, the Card Test Cognitive Function Examination, and the Personality Inventory Scale for diagnoses of personality disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because it is not disorder-specific, the BRIEF may be used to assess executive function behaviors in children and adolescents experiencing a wide range of difficulties, such as those related to learning, attention, brain injuries, developmental disorders, and various psychiatric conditions and medical issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pauly also served on the American Psychiatric Association's Subcommittee on Gender Identity Disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Each form of the BRIEF parent- and teacher- rating form contains 86 items in eight non-overlapping clinical scales and two validity scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • These theoretically and statistically derived scales form two indexes: a) Behavioral Regulation (three scales) and b) Metacognition (five scales), as well as a Global Executive Composite score which takes into account all of the clinical scales and represents the child's overall executive function. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinician
  • The purpose of the MSE is to obtain a comprehensive cross-sectional description of the patient's mental state, which, when combined with the biographical and historical information of the psychiatric history, allows the clinician to make an accurate diagnosis and formulation, which are required for coherent treatment planning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depression
  • The analyses revealed a significant association between public care status and adult maladjustment on depression [odds ratio (OR) 1. life dissatisfaction (OR 1.45), low self-efficacy (OR 1.95), smoking (OR 1.70) and criminal convictions (OR 2.13). (edu.au)
  • typically
  • For example, when using the self-report method, interference by the subject's psychopathy in the perception of their abilities can cause results to be distorted, and in the case of clinicians' ratings, patients are typically only observed for a short duration, so clinicians may not be capable of comprehensively evaluating the patient's ability to perform daily tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • traumatic
  • This issue is important because there is some evidence that intentionally induced violence produces higher rates of psychopathology than nonintentional traumatic experiences. (umassmed.edu)
  • commonly
  • The war years were a time in the United States of relatively low suicide rates, a wartime phenomenon commonly observed when a nation's armed forces and citizens unite under feelings of common purpose and mutual goals. (wikipedia.org)
  • represents
  • These influences may cause participants to choose a silhouette on the figure rating scale that represents themselves as the opposite of the desired body type in the media. (wikipedia.org)
  • Correlations
  • The BRIEF has demonstrated good reliability, with high test-retest reliability (rs ≈ .88 for teachers, .82 for parents) internal consistency (Cronbach's alphas ≈ .80 - .98), and moderate correlations between parent and teacher ratings (rs ≈ .32 - .34). (wikipedia.org)
  • descriptions
  • Descriptions of CDI's scales are also provided, including examples of sample tests, along with associated tables of data and information. (wikipedia.org)
  • history
  • As with the psychiatric history, the MSE is prone to errors if cultural differences between the examiner and the patient are not taken into account, as different cultural backgrounds may be associated with different norms of interpersonal behavior and emotional expression. (wikipedia.org)
  • adult
  • Kovacs reported that she and Aaron T. Beck worked together in using his adult scale of the BDI as a model for developing the CDI. (wikipedia.org)
  • Suicide
  • Suicidal intent in deliberate self-harm and the risk of suicide: the predictive power of the Suicide Intent Scale. (ox.ac.uk)
  • In the decade after the war, suicide rates rose quickly as the sense of unity and shared purpose began to disappear. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the 1950s, the men worked together at the Veterans Administration (VA) in Los Angeles and sought answers for another jump in suicide rates-the sudden doubling of suicides among the VA's neuropsychiatric hospital patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicate
  • This type of measurement was originally developed and validated to indicate the weight status of relatives of research subjects when other specific measurements or self-reported values were unavailable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scores on the Negativity scale measures the extent to which the respondent answered selected items in an unusually negative manner whereas scores on the Inconsistency scale indicate the extent to which the respondent answered similar items in an inconsistent manner. (wikipedia.org)
  • neuropsychological
  • The UPSA has been shown to be predictive of outcomes such as employment status, independence, and social skills, and shows a strong correlation with neuropsychological deficits. (wikipedia.org)
  • predictive
  • The predictive value of the Beck Suicidal Intent Scale (SIS) was examined using Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) plots. (ox.ac.uk)
  • observation
  • Through this observation, African-American women chose larger ideal body sizes from the figures provided in the scale than the Caucasian and Asian women. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • Self-rated health was lowest in Vietnamese Americans, while Filipino Americans have the highest rates of chronic diseases, including asthma, high blood pressure, and heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • In 1975, Pauly and University of Oregon medical student Thomas W. Lindgren introduced the Body Image Scale, with which subjects rate feelings about 30 body parts from 1 (very satisfied) to 5 (very dissatisfied). (wikipedia.org)
  • Physical
  • This scale is a visible measure of how an individual perceives his or her own physical appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research involving the figure rating scale has related the techniques of this measurement to identify how gender, media, race, and culture have an effect on how sensitive an individual is to his or her own physical appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • adolescents
  • Worry about not getting well," "mucositis," "nausea," "pain from procedures and treatments," and "worry about missing school" were rated as the overall worst aspects by most adolescents. (diva-portal.org)
  • issues
  • Like other purveyors of professional ethics, the World Psychiatric Association issues an ethical code to govern the conduct of psychiatrists. (wikipedia.org)
  • whereas
  • Losing hair" and "missing leisure activities" were identified as the most prevalent aspects of distress, whereas "missing leisure activities" and "fatigue" were rated with the highest levels of distress. (diva-portal.org)
  • study
  • For example, one comparative study showed the silhouettes in the figure rating scale to college women in Korea and the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research
  • The majority of research involving the figure rating scale focuses on observing body dissatisfaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • In association with the figure rating scale, there has been more research conducted on female body image. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other research that involves the figure rating scale indicates that the media is an important factor in body dissatisfaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The figure rating scale has also been translated into different languages in order for body image research to be conducted in other countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, researchers have developed a Portuguese version of this scale for body image research in Brazil. (wikipedia.org)