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  • maternal
  • Stress the importance of the interconception period of at least 18 months before the next pregnancy (modify if necessary based on maternal age, fertility issues, etc. (ohio.gov)
  • Encourage an interconception period of 18-59 months if she desires pregnancy in the future (modify if necessary based on maternal age, gestational age at fetal death, grieving time, etc. (ohio.gov)
  • PST, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting ™, in San Francisco, researchers will report findings that suggest shifting from a traditional model of obstetrical care to a laborist model improves pregnancy outcomes. (health.am)
  • Maternal nutrition and the avoidance of drugs, alcohol and other substances during all nine months of pregnancy (especially the critical period when the nervous system is developing) is important to the development of the fetus and its memory systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fetal
  • The aim of this cross-sectional hospital-based study of 7,845 pregnancies was to analyze deaths of women hospitalized for childbirth and abortion, and fetal and neonatal deaths, in public hospitals in. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Aggressive, timely management of respiratory failure, control of infection, correction of endotoxin shock, treatment of biopsy-proven bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia, and obstetric intervention for fetal compromise produced a good outcome for mother and infant. (ovid.com)
  • Small particle pollution exposure in pregnancy has previously been linked to fetal growth, 3 as well as preterm birth, 4 stillbirth, 5 and respiratory morbidity in children. (bmj.com)
  • All of the outcomes listed above have been linked to fetal programming and may explain the increased rates of chronic diseases among people of different ethnicities. (springer.com)
  • Women who terminate a pregnancy because of abnormalities discovered through fetal screenings have a similar risk of negative mental health outcomes as women who miscarry a wanted pregnancy or experience a stillbirth or the death of a newborn. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fetal memory is vulnerable to certain diseases so much so that exposure can permanently damage the development of the fetus and even terminate the pregnancy by aborting the fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Preterm
  • Preterm and postterm are defined above, whereas premature and postmature have historical meaning and relate more to the infant's size and state of development rather than to the stage of pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • For early cleavage embryos, frozen ones appear to have at least as good obstetric outcome, measured as preterm birth and low birthweight for children born after cryopreservation as compared with children born after fresh cycles. (wikipedia.org)
  • fetus
  • Late termination of pregnancy is more controversial than abortion in general because it results in the death of a fetus that is more developed and sometimes able to survive independently. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drug use during pregnancy can have temporary or permanent effects on the fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alcohol can affect the fetus at any stage during pregnancy, but the level of risk depends on the amount and frequency of alcohol consumed. (wikipedia.org)
  • This type of mosaicism is described in normal pregnancies and is sometimes associated with delayed growth of the fetus. (wikipedia.org)
  • contraception
  • If no pregnancy is desired in the future, provider should assist with choosing appropriate contraception. (ohio.gov)
  • Until she desires pregnancy in future, assist in selecting appropriate contraception. (ohio.gov)
  • The prescribing doctor is required to ensure that contraception is being used, and regularly pregnancy tests must be administered. (wikipedia.org)
  • subsequent
  • A woman who is (or has been only) pregnant for the first time is referred to as a primigravida, and a woman in subsequent pregnancies as a multigravida or as multiparous. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk of pregnancy
  • Treatment was associated with a reduced risk of pregnancy loss in women with a TSH level between 4.1 to 10 but not for a TSH of 2.5 to 4. (thyroid.org)
  • Treatment was associated with a lower risk of pregnancy loss but a higher risk of premature delivery, diabetes and high blood pressure during pregnancy and in high heart rates. (thyroid.org)
  • This study suggests that treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism was associated with a lower risk of pregnancy loss, especially in women with TSH concentrations of 4.1 to 10 mU/L prior to treatment. (thyroid.org)
  • placenta
  • An impaired placenta cannot support the pregnancy and this may lead to the loss of a chromosomally normal baby. (wikipedia.org)
  • Culturable and non-culturable bacterial species in the placenta obtained following normal term pregnancy have been identified. (wikipedia.org)
  • term pregnancy
  • Halle C.F. Moore, M.D., from the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, and colleagues examined long-term pregnancy and disease-related outcomes for patients in S0230/POEMS, which enrolled premenopausal women with stage I to IIIA estrogen receptor-negative, progesterone receptor-negative breast cancer. (drugs.com)
  • Term pregnancy is 37 to 41 weeks, with early term being 37 and 38 weeks, full term 39 and 40 weeks, and late term 41 weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • insulin
  • Ethnicity modifies the effect of obesity on insulin resistance in pregnancy: a comparison of Asian, South Asian, and Caucasian women. (springer.com)
  • Study
  • The current study investigated the harms and benefits associated with the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism during pregnancy. (thyroid.org)
  • This study provides additional information to help determine to need to treat women diagnosed with subclinical hypothyroidism during pregnancy. (thyroid.org)
  • For the purpose of sample size estimation in the overall study, we used a binary outcome and associated measures of sensitivity and likelihood ratio as determinants of the value of these tests. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • trimester
  • The researchers evaluated the risk of major birth defects and pregnancy losses in a cohort of pregnant women exposed to metformin during first trimester for different indications relative to a matched unexposed reference group. (rcm.org.uk)
  • The risk of major birth defects was 5.1% (20/392) in pregnancies exposed to metformin during the first trimester and 2.1% (9/431) in the reference group. (rcm.org.uk)
  • While a single first-trimester abortion carried no more mental health risk than carrying a pregnancy to term, abortion could not be proven safe in other cases as far as mental health was concerned. (wikipedia.org)
  • birth
  • Twins and other multiple births are counted as one pregnancy and birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The outcome from using cryopreserved embryos has uniformly been positive with no increase in birth defects or development abnormalities, also between fresh versus frozen eggs used for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). (wikipedia.org)
  • overt
  • It is clear that overt hypothyroidism should be treated, especially when diagnosed during pregnancy in the mother. (thyroid.org)
  • interfere
  • Leiomyomata tend to grow during pregnancy but only the large ones causing endometrial cavity distortion could interfere with the growing pregnancy directly. (wikipedia.org)
  • The symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy are those presentations and conditions that result from pregnancy but do not significantly interfere with activities of daily living or pose a threat to the health of the mother or baby. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in the mother during pregnancy has been recommended in the recently published guidelines of the American Thyroid Association as well as in prior guidelines from the Endocrine Society and the European Thyroid Association. (thyroid.org)
  • The exact point when a pregnancy becomes late-term, however, is not clearly defined. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, in selected cases myomectomy may become necessary during pregnancy, or also at the time of a caesarean section to gain access to the baby. (wikipedia.org)
  • evaluate
  • Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of the laborist model compared to traditional OB care using select OB outcomes. (health.am)
  • A multiple time series statistical approach was used to evaluate the association between laborists and each outcome controlling for patient level characteristics, secular time trends, and baseline rates of each outcome at individual hospitals. (health.am)
  • compromise
  • It is also possible that there is no selection against the abnormal cells, but their presence could compromise the pregnancy on a whole. (wikipedia.org)
  • complications
  • The Foundation's main goals are (1) to minimize the suffering and complications related to HG through education, (2) to develop an effective HG treatment protocol, (3) to eliminate the need to terminate pregnancy due to ineffective HG treatment, and (4) to raise awareness of the debilitating effects of HG. (wikipedia.org)
  • She gave birth to a stillborn baby and died herself shortly thereafter due to pregnancy complications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Assess
  • The International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (ISUOG) recommends that pregnant women have routine obstetric ultrasounds between 18 weeks and 22 weeks gestational age (the anatomy scan) in order to confirm pregnancy timing, to measure the fetus so that growth abnormalities can be recognized quickly later in pregnancy, and to assess for congenital malformations and multiple pregnancies (i.e. twins). (wikipedia.org)
  • Performing an ultrasound at this early stage of pregnancy can more accurately confirm the timing of the pregnancy and can also assess for multiple fetuses and major congenital abnormalities at an earlier stage. (wikipedia.org)
  • maternal
  • Differences in social behaviours are a hallmark of numerous human conditions, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and these findings provide further evidence of the importance of maternal vitamin D levels during pregnancy for brain development of offspring. (eurekalert.org)
  • Human studies have found that lower levels of maternal Vitamin D during pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of ASD in children. (eurekalert.org)
  • To examine how maternal vitamin D levels may influence brain development, Dr Caitlin Wyrwoll and colleagues at the University of Western Australia, assessed alterations in markers of brain function and social behaviours of adult rats, born to mothers that were vitamin D deficient during pregnancy and lactation. (eurekalert.org)
  • North Carolina Latina maternal health : 2004-2007 N.C. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). (ncdcr.gov)
  • NORTH CAROLINA PRAMS FACT SHEET October 2010 North Carolina Latina Maternal Health 2004- 2007 N. C. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System ( PRAMS) North Carolina has a sizable Latino population. (ncdcr.gov)
  • In this report, we examine North Carolina Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System ( PRAMS) data from 2004- 2007 to better understand the maternal health of Latina mothers in the state. (ncdcr.gov)
  • Therefore, the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine recommendation is that placement of cervical pessary in pregnancy to decrease preterm birth, should be used only in the context of a clinical trial or research protocol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Healthcare
  • Affiliated with the University of Southern California and University of California Los Angeles, the HER Foundation regularly works with experts in psychology, genetics, nutrition, and obstetrics to improve healthcare and outcome for HG sufferers. (wikipedia.org)
  • early
  • Prenatal Care Timing Access to early prenatal care is important for good birth outcomes. (ncdcr.gov)
  • Cervical cerclage, also known as a cervical stitch, is a treatment for cervical incompetence or insufficiency, when the cervix starts to shorten and open too early during a pregnancy causing either a late miscarriage or preterm birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The treatment consists of a strong suture being inserted into and around the cervix early in the pregnancy, usually between weeks 12 to 14, and then removed towards the end of the pregnancy when the greatest risk of miscarriage has passed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thin Sow Syndrome (TSS) is a behavior observed in stalled sows that is similar to AA where some sows after early pregnancy are extremely active, eat little and waste away, resulting very often in death. (wikipedia.org)
  • mothers
  • 3 According to 2004- 2007 North Carolina PRAMS data ( see Figure 1), Latina mothers of all ages were less likely than other race/ ethnicity groups to receive prenatal care during the first trimester of their pregnancy. (ncdcr.gov)
  • patient
  • Its utility in streamlining treatment planning and enhancing the periodontist's specialized surgical and anatomical skills may allow for more predictable patient outcomes, especially in complex cases. (perio.org)
  • A transabdominal cerclage can also be placed pre-pregnancy if a patient has been diagnosed with an incompetent cervix. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Research shows that routine obstetric ultrasound before 24 weeks gestational age can significantly reduce the risk of failing to recognize multiple gestations and can improve pregnancy dating to reduce the risk of labor induction for post-dates pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • second
  • Usually the treatment is done in the second trimester of pregnancy, for a woman who had either one or more late miscarriages in the past. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Low levels of vitamin D during pregnancy and breast feeding may be related to an unusual pattern of brain development that can lead to differences in social behaviour of children in later life, according to a study published in the Journal of Endocrinology . (eurekalert.org)
  • social
  • Rats with vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy and lactation produced offspring that displayed altered social behaviours in adulthood. (eurekalert.org)