Loading...
  • births
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Contribution of assisted reproductive technology and ovulation-inducing drugs to triplet and higher-order multiple births-United States, 1980-1997," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , vol. 49, no. 24, pp. 535-538, 2000. (hindawi.com)
  • While multiples account for only a small percentage of all births (about 3%), the multiple birth rate is rising. (rochester.edu)
  • White women, especially those over age 35, have the highest rate of higher-order multiple births (triplets or more). (rochester.edu)
  • For women, the number of pregnancies lasting at least 20 weeks and the number of live births were recorded. (medindia.net)
  • The rate of multiple births is on the increase for several reasons, including older age of the mother and the use of reproductive technology. (nyhq.org)
  • Multiple pregnancies are much less likely to carry to full term than single births, with twin pregnancies lasting on average 37 weeks, three weeks less than full term. (wikipedia.org)
  • This led to cost-reductions to the National Health Services of GBP 60 million per year that would otherwise have been spent on ineffective treatments or neonatal intensive care due to excessive numbers of multiple births. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although few had heard of such a trend in 2003, Jones predicted and found that medical tourism and more particularly reproductive tourism away from the United Kingdom, along with an epidemic of multiple births, would be the likely results of fertility regulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is no evidence that cerclage is effective in a multiple gestation pregnancy for preventing preterm births and reducing perinatal deaths or neonatal morbidity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, populations that practice birth control will have lower fertility levels as a result of delaying first births (a lengthened interval between menarche and first pregnancy), extended intervals between births, or stopping child-bearing at a certain age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birth Control has been the main tool to prevent unplanned births, and with greater access to birth control unplanned pregnancies have declined. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, if the duration of lactation is cut short due to use of a formula substitute or the woman has multiple births, the number of offspring could exceed 20. (wikipedia.org)
  • frequent
  • In cycles stimulated with clomifene for intended conception by sexual intercourse, however, triggering oocyte release has been shown to decrease pregnancy chances compared to frequent monitoring with LH surge tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • embryo
  • Under the influence of progesterone, the uterine lining changes to prepare for potential implantation of an embryo to establish a pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • It establishes a connection between the mother and the early embryo which will continue through the remainder of the pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primitive endoderm develops into the amniotic sac which forms the fluid-filled cavity that the embryo resides in during pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transferring at the blastocyst stage confers a significant increase in live birth rate per transfer, but also confers a decreased number of embryos available for transfer and embryo cryopreservation, so the cumulative clinical pregnancy rates are increased with cleavage stage transfer. (wikipedia.org)
  • woman's
  • In fact, sagging is partly determined by genetic factors, but cigarette smoking, a woman's body mass index, her number of pregnancies, the size of her breasts before pregnancy, and age are all influencing factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a woman's breasts grow in size during repeated pregnancies, the Cooper's ligaments that maintain the position of the mammary glands against the chest, are stretched and gradually lose strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • The key factors influencing breast ptosis over a woman's lifetime are cigarette smoking, her number of pregnancies, gravity, higher body mass index, larger bra cup size, and significant weight gain and loss. (wikipedia.org)
  • ovulation
  • These technologies often use ovulation-stimulating medicines to produce multiple eggs. (rochester.edu)
  • When transferring a frozen-thawed oocyte, the chance of pregnancy is essentially the same whether it is transferred in a natural cycle or one with ovulation induction. (wikipedia.org)
  • result
  • Identical multiples also may result if the fertilized egg splits after transfer. (acog.org)
  • Such control does not assume the use of artificial means of fertility regulation or modern contraceptive methods but can result from the use of traditional means of contraception or pregnancy prevention (e.g., coitus interruptus). (wikipedia.org)
  • trimester
  • Usually the treatment is done in the second trimester of pregnancy, for a woman who had either one or more late miscarriages in the past. (wikipedia.org)
  • During a normal pregnancy, the testosterone level will increase slightly in the first and second trimester, but doubles in the third trimester. (wikipedia.org)
  • oocyte
  • A Cochrane review of autologous oocyte transfers estimated that GnRH agonist, compared to hCG, gives an odds ratio of pregnancy of approximately 0.47. (wikipedia.org)
  • parity
  • Similarly, the term parity is used for the number of times that a female carries a pregnancy to a viable stage. (wikipedia.org)
  • In-progress pregnancies, abortions, miscarriages and/ or stillbirths account for parity values being less than the gravida number. (wikipedia.org)
  • cervical
  • It is common to have multiple strains at the same time, including those that can cause cervical cancer along with those that cause warts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cervical cerclage, also known as a cervical stitch, is a treatment for cervical incompetence or insufficiency, when the cervix starts to shorten and open too early during a pregnancy causing either a late miscarriage or preterm birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The leading hypotheses for its mechanisms were that it could help keep the cervix closed similarly to the cerclage, as well as change the inclination of the cervical canal so that the pregnancy weight is not directly above the internal os. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine recommendation is that placement of cervical pessary in pregnancy to decrease preterm birth, should be used only in the context of a clinical trial or research protocol. (wikipedia.org)
  • sclerosis
  • It is crucial for the health of your bones, skin and neurological system , therefore, its deficiency may lead to a number of problems and risks such as rickets, osteoporosis, multiple sclerosis etc. (lybrate.com)
  • There is some evidence for efficacy, but not necessarily safety, in a range of other autoimmune diseases, and rituximab is widely used off-label to treat difficult cases of multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and autoimmune anemias. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnant
  • The International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (ISUOG) recommends that pregnant women have routine obstetric ultrasounds between 18 weeks and 22 weeks gestational age (the anatomy scan) in order to confirm pregnancy timing, to measure the fetus so that growth abnormalities can be recognized quickly later in pregnancy, and to assess for congenital malformations and multiple pregnancies (i.e. twins). (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Reproductive coercion (also called coerced reproduction) is threats or acts of violence against a partner's reproductive health or reproductive decision-making and is a collection of behaviors intended to pressure or coerce a partner into initiating or terminating a pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reproductive coercion is a form of domestic violence, also known as intimate partner violence, where behavior concerning reproductive health is used to maintain power, control, and domination within a relationship and over a partner through an unwanted pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Guttmacher Institute policy analysis states that forcing a woman to terminate a pregnancy she wants or to continue a pregnancy she does not want violates the basic human right of her reproductive health. (wikipedia.org)
  • early
  • The treatment consists of a strong suture being inserted into and around the cervix early in the pregnancy, usually between weeks 12 to 14, and then removed towards the end of the pregnancy when the greatest risk of miscarriage has passed. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • Obstetric ultrasonography is the use of medical ultrasonography in pregnancy, in which sound waves are used to create real-time visual images of the developing embryo or fetus in its mother's uterus (womb). (wikipedia.org)
  • monitor
  • During those visits, healthcare providers may want to repeat testing for HIV, test for other sexually transmitted infections, monitor kidney function, and/or test for pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)