• fetus
  • When the fetus is in the uterus, the pulmonary circulation is diminished since blood flow goes through the foramen ovale and the ductus arteriosus. (ispub.com)
  • Maintenance of the fetus-placental circulation while the baby begins to breathe allows the pulmonary capillaries to fill, which improves pulmonary perfusion. (ispub.com)
  • If the cord is clamped immediately after birth, 25-50% of the fetus-placental blood volume is excluded from the newborn circulation, especially if the newborn has not begun spontaneous breathing. (ispub.com)
  • The location of fatty acid translocase (FAT) and fatty acid transporter protein (FATP) on both sides of the bipolar placental trophoblast cells and the lack of specificity for particular types of free fatty acids (FFA) allows transport by all FFAs (non-essential, essential and long-chain PUFAs) bidirectionally, i.e. from the mother to the fetus and vice versa. (wikipedia.org)
  • arteries
  • Dr. Ramsey's work also revealed how trophoblastic cells spread along the inner wall of the placental arteries, in a frequently cited image, "like wax dripping down a candle. (wikipedia.org)
  • circulatory
  • Later in her career, Dr. Ramsey worked on a team that used cineradiology to reveal the workings of the placental circulatory system in primates. (wikipedia.org)
  • primate
  • In addition to advances in imaging technology, Dr. Ramsey's teams pioneered exacting injection techniques and established the use of primate models to study human placental function. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Placental growth factor-expression within human atherosclerotic lesions is associated with plaque inflammation and neovascular growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • VEGF
  • DHA stimulates the synthesis of VEGF whereas other fatty acids stimulate ANGPTL4 in placental first-trimester trophoblast cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • It is presumed to play a thrombomodulatory role on the apical surfaces of placental syncytiotrophoblasts and on endothelial cells. (yu.edu)
  • It forms as a result of differentiation and fusion of the underlying cytotrophoblast cells, a process that continues throughout placental development. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • More than two-thirds of fetal hepatic circulation is via the main portal vein, while the remainder is shunted from the left portal vein via the ductus venosus to the inferior vena cava, eventually being delivered to the fetal right atrium. (wikipedia.org)
  • birth
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity in the guinea pig fetal-placental unit was assessed at the different oxygen tensions found in utero, during labor, and at birth. (ahajournals.org)
  • found
  • Using BK as substrate, we found that placental and fetal ACE activities were reflected by 45% (SD = 10) and 24% (SD = 7) clearances, respectively, at a perfusate PO2 of 29 mm Hg. (ahajournals.org)
  • addition
  • In addition, placental sFlt-1 levels were significantly increased and PGF decreased in women with preeclampsia as compared to those with uncomplicated pregnancies. (wikipedia.org)