• Needles
  • It was shown that FA composition of needle lipids changed during the entire growth period (from March to October) under the influence of environmental factors (temperature, solar radiation) affecting the biosynthesis of chloroplast membrane lipids in pine needles. (deepdyve.com)
  • These Ascomycota are apothecial in shape and once infection of the host occurs, they locate to the subepidermal tissue of the host's pine needles. (wikipedia.org)
  • As winter persists, Cyclaneusma will survive on pine needles attached to the tree as well as the needles no longer attached to the host. (wikipedia.org)
  • trees
  • Four-year-old Pinus sylvestris trees were exposed to ammonia (16, 55, 110 ppb for 24 h d-1)and ozone (0, 45 and 68 ppb, 9 h d-1) in a factorial design in open-top chambers for 15 months. (wur.nl)
  • levels
  • Field radiometry collected spectral and biochemical data from Pinus sylvestris growing on the Belarusian landscape contaminated with varying levels of [sup]137Cs, and investigated the links between foliar biochemistry, [sup]137Cs specific activity and spectral reflectance. (kingston.ac.uk)
  • needle
  • These spores will disperse from fruiting bodies of the pine either through the wind or remain on the needle for prolonged periods of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • pines
  • There are also previously protected areas: strict natural reserve "Park Forest" (12.54 ha (31.0 acres)) and natural monuments "Lira black pine" (near Nova Varoš) and "Three black pines - Dobroselica" (near Čajetina). (wikipedia.org)
  • green
  • It is currently made by several companies around Italy but always comes in a distinctive green pine-cone shaped bottle. (wikipedia.org)
  • evaluate
  • The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of acid and alkaline treatment of pine wood on photodegradation. (ncsu.edu)
  • Europe
  • Gastrodes grossipes, the Pine Cone Bug, is a true bug found in most of Europe except in the far North. (wikipedia.org)