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  • carboxyl
  • The scope of the reaction is effectively limited to decarboxylating acids where the carboxyl group is α to the nitrogen, (reactivity has been reported when the acids are located elsewhere on the molecule but with low yields) thus suitable substrates are limited to the derivatives of α-picolinic acid including the α-carboxylic acids of quinoline and isoquinoline. (wikipedia.org)
  • carboxylic acid
  • In the process of chelation, picolinic acid ( PA ), known also as 2-pyridine carboxylic acid to biochemists, is able to attract a positively charged ion into its larger molecular structure and shield the charge so that the ion appears to be neutral or negatively charged. (fsu.edu)
  • Known also as 3,6-dichloropyridine-2-carboxylic acid, the herbicide clopyralid, labeled for use on weeds and woody plants (including mesquite and thistle), is structured with 6 carbon, 3 hydrogen, 2 chlorine, 1 nitrogen, and 2 oxygen atoms per molecule. (fsu.edu)
  • Picloram, the organic chemical 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropyridine-2-carboxylic acid, and known to foresters, range managers, and highway departments as the trade product Tordon, is usually applied to cut tree stumps, as a potassium salt, to prevent resprouting. (fsu.edu)
  • Sodium
  • Sodium deoxycholate, the sodium salt of deoxycholic acid, is often used as a biological detergent to lyse cells and solubilise cellular and membrane components. (wikipedia.org)
  • residue
  • Histidine is often the residue involved in these acid/base reactions, since it has a pKa close to neutral pH and can therefore both accept and donate protons. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary decomposition is the hydrolysis of the trichloromethyl functional group, resulting primarily in 6-chloro-picolinic acid which is the only detected residue in plant metabolisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proton
  • Proton donors and acceptors, i.e. acids and base may donate and accept protons in order to stabilize developing charges in the transition state.This typically has the effect of activating nucleophile and electrophile groups, or stabilizing leaving groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oxalic acid dihydrate is another important ligand, that easily forms stable structures when copper salts are added, which can be used as proton conductors. (wikipedia.org)
  • formula
  • Among the evidence supporting breast-feeding of infants over the feeding of cow's milk or commercial formula is that picolinic acid is found at 30 times the concentration in a mother's milk compared to cow's milk, and about 300 times greater than in infant formula. (fsu.edu)
  • include
  • Other names in common use include picolinic acid carboxylase, picolinic acid decarboxylase, alpha-amino-beta-carboxymuconate-epsilon-semialdehade decarboxylase, alpha-amino-beta-carboxymuconate-epsilon-semialdehyde, beta-decarboxylase, 2-amino-3-(3-oxoprop-2-enyl)but-2-enedioate carboxy-lyase, and 2-amino-3-(3-oxoprop-1-en-1-yl)but-2-enedioate carboxy-lyase. (wikipedia.org)
  • compound
  • 9. The method of claim 1 wherein the compound is the compound 5-n-butylpicolinic acid hydrazide. (google.com)
  • family
  • Drug formulations, methods and their use in treatment of diseases using formulations of pure di-acid salts of tetrandrine family members, especially. (patents.com)
  • forms
  • Allowed to cool from a melt, slowly-recrystallizing picolinic acid forms beautiful dendritic, needle-like crystals. (fsu.edu)
  • human
  • Deoxycholic acid has been used since its discovery in various fields of human medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to these publications, a sufficient amount of deoxycholic acid in the human body would correspond with a good immune reaction of the non-specific immune system. (wikipedia.org)
  • towards
  • Some publications point towards the effect of deoxycholic acid as an immunostimulant of the innate immune system, activating its main actors, the macrophages. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural
  • Clinical studies conducted in the 1970s and 1980s confirm the expectation that deoxycholic acid is involved in the natural healing processes of local inflammations, different types of herpes, and possibly cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • In research deoxycholic acid is used as a mild detergent for the isolation of membrane associated proteins. (wikipedia.org)