• fate of residues
  • 3. Information on the nature, level and fate of residues following washing, blanching, storage, and thermal processing of treated crops. (inchem.org)
  • FATE OF RESIDUES In Animals One adult female and one adult male albino rat were each dosed for 7 consecutive days with 14 C-dinocap, labelled uniformly in the aromatic ring (Rohm and Haas, 1970). (inchem.org)
  • FATE OF RESIDUES In animals Lactating dairy cattle were fed continuously during 3-4 weeks with food containing 10, 20 and 30 mg/kg thiabendazole. (inchem.org)
  • Revised national tolerances and pre-harvest intervals as well as studies an the fate of residues in rats have become available and are summarized in the following monograph addendum. (inchem.org)
  • MRLs
  • Since MRLs are set at levels well below the amount that could pose a health concern, a residue level above the limit may indicate non-compliance of GAP but does not necessarily imply immediate risk to consumers' health. (gov.hk)
  • meat
  • These show that when diazinon is fed to lactating cows, even at concentrations as high as 1000 ppm in the ration, no residues appear in milk, meat, or tissues other than fat. (inchem.org)
  • insecticide
  • Methiocarb is a carbamate pesticide which is used as a bird repellent, insecticide, acaricide and molluscicide since the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hams were soaked in the pesticide dichlorvos, which is a volatile organophosphate insecticide used for fumigation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tolerances
  • 4. Residue data obtained by the newer methods of analysis on the main commodities for which tolerances have been recommended. (inchem.org)
  • exposure
  • According to a study by Emory University researcher Chensheng "Alex" Lu, PhD, 'Organic diets lower children's dietary exposure to two common pesticides used in U.S. agricultural production. (medindia.net)
  • In his initial research, Dr. Lu and his colleagues specifically measured the exposure of two organophosphorus pesticides (OP) - malathion and chlorpyrifos - in 23 elementary students in the Seattle area by testing their urine over a 15-day period. (medindia.net)
  • Dietary exposure risk assessment will be conducted to ensure that any pesticide residues remaining in the crop will not be harmful to consumers before an MRL is adopted. (gov.hk)
  • See also Pesticide exposure raises risk of Parkinson's BBC News. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certain reproductive effects in fertility, growth, and development for males and females have been linked specifically to OP pesticide exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • In females menstrual cycle disturbances, longer pregnancies, spontaneous abortions, stillbirths, and some developmental effects in offspring have been linked to OP pesticide exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • These syndromes result after acute and chronic exposure to OP pesticides. (wikipedia.org)
  • amounts
  • Very small amounts of short-lived residues were found in milk after spraying cows with a large volume of 0.06% diazinon suspension. (inchem.org)
  • Additional work is also underway to determine whether amounts of oxygen analogues are present in dioxathion residues on plants. (inchem.org)
  • Evaluation
  • Evaluation of residue data In a trial undertaken in the UK three short-wooled and three long-wooled sheep were dipped under normal farm conditions with an aqueous suspension containing 0.04 w/v phosalone. (inchem.org)
  • maximum
  • Following oral doses of 0.7 to 1.5 mg/kg, tissue residues reached maximum values within 8 hours and residues were rapidly excreted within 24 hours, primarily in the urine. (inchem.org)
  • When cows were sprayed with the officially recommended concentration (0.075%) of dioxathion emulsion, the maximum level of residues in milk were found at the third milking (29 hours) after spraying. (inchem.org)
  • Environmental Protec
  • It is classified as Restricted Use Pesticide (RUP) by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (wikipedia.org)
  • NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference Database Number 69, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg (MD), http://webbook.nist.gov (retrieved 2015) US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Pesticide Programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • trials
  • In subsequent rock melon trials (Tables 8 and 9), the more complete data obtained confirmed that whole fruit residue of up to 4.5 mg/kg could result from likely treatments, irrespective of the presence of benomyl. (inchem.org)
  • In subsequent citrus trials (Tables 4-6), the more complete data indicated higher average residues than obtained in the initial trials, ranging from about 0.9 mg/kg for the dip, up to 2.5 mg/kg for the flood and combined treatments. (inchem.org)
  • All trials indicated that most of the citrus residue remains on the surface of the fruit during 28 days storage after treatment, with appreciable decrease by 56 days. (inchem.org)
  • foods
  • Consumers may also choose to purchase organic foods , which are grown and processed without synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. (orst.edu)
  • milk were found
  • Much lower residues of diazinon in milk were found by Hastie (1963) who reported 0.04 - 0.05 mg/kg 1 day after cows were sprayed with 0.05 and 0.1% diazinon emulsion and less than 0.01 mg/kg within 2 days. (inchem.org)
  • commonly
  • In addition, previous CFS's Total Diet Studies showed that dietary exposures to the residues of 85 commonly encountered pesticides and some organochlorine pesticides would be unlikely to pose unacceptable health risks to consumers. (gov.hk)
  • cholinergic
  • Neurotoxic effects have also been linked to poisoning with OP pesticides causing four neurotoxic effects in humans: cholinergic syndrome, intermediate syndrome, organophosphate-induced delayed polyneuropathy (OPIDP), and chronic organophosphate-induced neuropsychiatric disorder (COPIND). (wikipedia.org)
  • organophosphate
  • Differences in chemical structure that distinguish these two compounds from more common organophosphate pesticides - namely, the presence of the S-alkyl group on the phosphorus atom where most OP compounds possess a methoxy or ethoxy group - underlie differences in their behavior as acetylcholinesterase enzyme inhibitors compared to the rest of the OP class. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulatory
  • The information in this publication does not in any way replace or supersede the restrictions, precautions, directions, or other information on the pesticide label or any other regulatory requirements, nor does it necessarily reflect the position of the U.S. EPA. (orst.edu)
  • found
  • Using a GLC method capable of determining 0.01 mg/kg in milk it was found that residues of diazinon decrease within 15 days after dipping from 0.17 to less tho 0.01 mg/kg (when treated with 0.04% a.i.) or from 0.09 to less than 0.01 mg/kg (when dipped in 0.02% a.i. (inchem.org)
  • No residues greater than the 0.02 mg/kg of phosalone limit of the analytical method used were found in kidney, liver and muscle samples. (inchem.org)
  • no residue was found in the other samples (Warf Inst. (inchem.org)
  • The low residues found in the edible pulp (up to 0.3 mg/kg) may be due to contamination during sample preparation. (inchem.org)
  • citrus
  • The data indicated residues in whole citrus up to 1.5 mg/kg, and in whole rock melon up to 5 mg/kg. (inchem.org)
  • Guazatine Residues in Citrus Fruit Following Post-harvest Treatment Guazatine Fruit Variety Storage Guazatine Residue (mg/kg) in Treatment temp. (inchem.org)
  • It was used as a pesticide for citrus fruits under the name of Trithion. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • By their nature, pesticides are potentially toxic to organisms including humans. (gov.hk)
  • The most common for humans is up take through the skin or as an aerosol, because of its use as a pesticide in agriculture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulp
  • Pulp residues were always very low, ranging from 0.1 to 0.4 mg/kg. (inchem.org)
  • In a study of diphenylamine metabolism in harvested and dipped apples at different time intervals it was observed that radiolabelled residues of diphenylamine penetrate from the surface into the pulp, which after 40 weeks contained 32% of the residue. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1971
  • Between 1971 and 1976 the U.S. used $4 million in United States Agency for International Development funds to ship 13.9 million pounds of leptophos and other banned pesticides to 50 countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • potatoes
  • Residues of chlorpropham were detected in the boiled potatoes, in the boiling water, in the French-fried potatoes and in the frying oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • compounds
  • Further information was required on the compounds included in dinocap, on the nature of terminal residues and on residues in countries other than the USA. (inchem.org)
  • The first-generation pesticides, which were used prior to 1940, consisted of compounds such as arsenic, mercury, and lead. (wikipedia.org)
  • cows
  • The results which are summarized in Table 1 show the residue values to vary considerably from cow to cow and between treatments of individual cows. (inchem.org)
  • The residues persisted in the milk from two of the cows treated with the 2% dust for the first 24 hours after the initial application. (inchem.org)
  • Mathysse and Fisk (1968) measured the residue of diazinon and other insecticides in cows' milk following treatment similar to those used in ectoparasite and fly control. (inchem.org)
  • Their studies included the measurement of residues in the milk of individual cows after topical application. (inchem.org)
  • soil
  • The Soil & Health Association of New Zealand and the Pesticide Action Network Aotearoa New Zealand claim that the 2010 results are the worst ever. (wikipedia.org)