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  • WADA
  • Mitchell was appointed during a time of controversy over the 2006 book Game of Shadows by San Francisco Chronicle investigative reporters Lance Williams and Mark Fainaru-Wada, which chronicles alleged extensive use of performance enhancers, including several different types of steroids and growth hormone by baseball superstars Barry Bonds, Gary Sheffield and Jason Giambi. (wikipedia.org)
  • enhancement
  • Enhancement of muscular performance by a coformulation of propionyl-L-carnitine, coenzyme Q10, nicotinamide, riboflavin and pantothenic acid in the rat. (anabolicminds.com)
  • The Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS) was employed as a corresponding direct measure in order to additionally validate the results. (beds.ac.uk)
  • liver
  • Other products by Matt Cahill have contained dangerous substances causing blindness or liver damages, and experts say that Cahill is emblematic for the whole industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • players
  • The unsigned statement also says "we are always extremely disappointed to learn of potential links between players and the use of performance-enhancing substances. (thestar.com)
  • They do not have the same list of banned substances or tests they require players to abide by, may not provide tests or sanctions for use of some prohibited substances, and negotiate their anti-doping policies with their respective players associations through collective bargaining. (wikipedia.org)
  • policy
  • In January 2004, Major League Baseball announced a new drug policy which originally included random, offseason testing and 10-day suspensions for first-time offenders, 30-days for second-time offenders, 60-days for third-time offenders, and one year for fourth-time offenders, all without pay, in an effort to curtail performance-enhancing drug use (PED) in professional baseball. (wikipedia.org)
  • dietary
  • In the 1910s, Eugen Sandow, widely considered to be the first modern bodybuilder in the West, advocated the use of dietary control to enhance muscle growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • However, VO2 max generally does not vary linearly with body mass, either among individuals within a species or among species, so comparisons of the performance capacities of individuals or species that differ in body size must be done with appropriate statistical procedures, such as analysis of covariance. (wikipedia.org)
  • times
  • Lombardo said there are times when substances that enhance performance are used for therapeutic reasons and exemptions are granted "recognizing that there are medical conditions for which they might be needed," treating injuries and ADHD being a few. (ua.edu)
  • The 2008 season saw a new high for sub-10 second performances: 14 runners achieved the feat a total of 53 times between them, the highest ever for either figure. (wikipedia.org)