• pesticides
  • Ghana, for example, reported that application of various hazardous pesticides such as paraquat (WHO class II) and aluminum phosphide (a toxic fumigant) by farm workers without adequate protective clothing was a key cause of pesticide poisoning in the country. (publiceye.ch)
  • Among the selected 24 pesticides, paraquat was canceled to reregistration by the Korean government, and a few pesticides (i.e., endosulfan, EPN, methidathion, methomyl, and trichlorfon) have been voluntarily withdrawal by pesticide companies in 2011. (publiceye.ch)
  • But pesticides like paraquat can travel through the air once they’ve been sprayed on fields, possibly making their way into homes and workplaces. (newsinferno.com)
  • Another study published in June in Environmental Health Perspectives found that people who worked with either paraquat or the pesticide rotenone were 2.5 times more likely to develop Parkinson’s disease than those who did not work with the pesticides. (newsinferno.com)
  • The finding that paraquat treatment has a negative impact on striatal nAChR-mediated dopaminergic activity in monkeys but not mice indicates the need for determining the effects of pesticides in higher species. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Acute
  • Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate the effects of PDTC in a rodent model of acute lung injury induced by PQ and observe its potential therapeutic effect in order to provide scientific basis for the treatment strategy of paraquat-induced lung damage. (hindawi.com)
  • inhalation
  • This indicates that repeated inhalation of paraquat aerosol induces dose-related interstitial pneumonitis and fibrosis in rabbits. (bmj.com)
  • The U.S. Public Health Service commented on this study saying that due to the present squamous metaplasia in the respiratory tracts of the rats that "This study should not be used to calculate the safe inhalation dose of paraquat in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • oxygen
  • Multienzyme oxygen radical detoxifying system correlated with paraquat resistance in Conyza bonariensis. (springer.com)
  • In forming these reactive oxygen species, the oxidized form of paraquat is regenerated, and is again available to shunt electrons from photosystem I to restart the cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • hazardous
  • A small group of countries, including India and Guatemala and supported by manufacturers, has blocked the listing of paraquat as a hazardous chemical for the purposes of the Rotterdam Convention. (wikipedia.org)
  • lungs
  • This procedure attempts to filter blood through charcoal to try to remove the paraquat from the system (particularly the lungs). (healthline.com)
  • Paraquat damages the lungs the most, especially for people suffering from asthma or other lung-related conditions. (com.vn)
  • treatment
  • Paraquat treatment decreased α4β2 * but not α3/α6β2 * nAChR expression. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Our previous studies in mice demonstrated that chronic paraquat treatment selectively influences α3/α6β2 * nAChR expression, whereas there was no effect on α4β2 * nAChR levels. (aspetjournals.org)
  • farmers
  • Related long-term health effects such as depressive symptoms [Kim et al and restrictive ventilatory defects [Cha et al have also been reported among farmers who applied paraquat in South Korea. (publiceye.ch)
  • consists
  • Cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (formally a derivative of paraquat) belongs to the class of cyclophanes, and consists of aromatic units connected by methylene bridges. (wikipedia.org)
  • primarily
  • Current research into no-till farming using mulching techniques as a substitute for herbicide application are producing good results In the United States, paraquat is available primarily as a solution in various strengths. (wikipedia.org)
  • agricultural
  • Moreover, paraquat does not just pose a risk to agricultural workers who toil in fields where the pesticide's been sprayed, but may also threaten people who merely live in the vicinity of those fields. (newsinferno.com)
  • The prohibition on the use of paraquat and 2,4-D herbicide will ensure safe agricultural products and human health," Trung said. (com.vn)
  • Several
  • The volume of paraquat solution ingested by our patient was estimated to be about 200 ml (several mouthfuls). (scielo.org.za)
  • No paraquat had been detected in several plasma samples obtained 4-24 days after the onset of gastrointestinal symptoms. (bmj.com)
  • According to the ministry's decision, several products containing 2,4-D and paraquat used in Viet Nam currently would be removed from the list of plant protection drugs. (com.vn)
  • levels
  • Monkeys were administered saline or paraquat once weekly for 6 weeks, after which nAChR levels and receptor-evoked [ 3 H]dopamine ([ 3 H]DA) release were measured in the striatum. (aspetjournals.org)
  • large
  • It was shown that the choice of the counterion of cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) has a large influence on the association constant of the corresponding host-guest complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • plant protection
  • The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has issued a diktat prohibiting the use of plant protection products containing paraquat and 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) in Viet Nam. (com.vn)
  • function
  • For this reason, we had previously investigated the effects of paraquat in mice and showed that it influenced striatal nicotinic receptor (nAChR) expression but not nAChR-mediated dopaminergic function. (aspetjournals.org)
  • study
  • A study conducted on rats by Imperial Chemical Industries was cited in the report, and claimed low health risks for paraquat. (wikipedia.org)
  • production
  • There are 36 drugs containing 2,4-D ingredient and 46 others with paraquat, the plant production department said. (com.vn)
  • present
  • The charge-transfer interactions, present in complexes of cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene), can be compared as structural motif with the more commonly used hydrogen bonds, especially in terms of directionality and complementarity (lock-and-key model). (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • One molecule which is able to form stable complexes with cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) is tetrathiafulvalene (TTF). (wikipedia.org)