• diquat
  • V. A. Simon and A. Taylor, "High-sensitivity high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of diquat and paraquat with confirmation," Journal of Chromatography A , vol. 479, no. (hindawi.com)
  • Parkinson's
  • Paraquat use has long been restricted to certified applicators, largely due to concerns based on studies of animal models of Parkinson's disease. (newsinferno.com)
  • In 2009, UCLA researchers found that the Parkinson's disease risk among people who simply lived in California’s Central Valley near where farm fields were sprayed with paraquat and the fungicide maneb increased by 75 percent. (newsinferno.com)
  • Acute
  • Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate the effects of PDTC in a rodent model of acute lung injury induced by PQ and observe its potential therapeutic effect in order to provide scientific basis for the treatment strategy of paraquat-induced lung damage. (hindawi.com)
  • toxic
  • Paraquat is a chemical herbicide, or weed killer, that's highly toxic and used all over the world. (healthline.com)
  • Immediately after ingesting or inhaling a toxic amount of paraquat, an individual is likely to have swelling and pain in the mouth and throat. (healthline.com)
  • The efficacy of the oral administration of adsorbents Kaolin, Decalso, Amberlite, Bentonite and Fuller's Earth in preventing the toxic actions of ingested paraquat (1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-dipyridylium) has been assessed using rats and cats. (bmj.com)
  • superoxide
  • Paraquat is often used in science to catalyze the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), more specifically, the superoxide free radical. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paraquat will undergo redox cycling in vivo, being reduced by an electron donor such as NADPH, before being oxidized by an electron receptor such as dioxygen to produce superoxide, a major ROS. (wikipedia.org)
  • We examined whether superoxide is a factor responsible for paraquat-induced liver injury in terms of superoxide dismutase using cultured rat liver slices exposed to various concentrations of paraquat. (wiley.com)
  • striatal
  • For this reason, we had previously investigated the effects of paraquat in mice and showed that it influenced striatal nicotinic receptor (nAChR) expression but not nAChR-mediated dopaminergic function. (aspetjournals.org)
  • hazardous
  • A small group of countries, including India and Guatemala and supported by manufacturers, has blocked the listing of paraquat as a hazardous chemical for the purposes of the Rotterdam Convention. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Paraquat treatment decreased α4β2 * but not α3/α6β2 * nAChR expression. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Our previous studies in mice demonstrated that chronic paraquat treatment selectively influences α3/α6β2 * nAChR expression, whereas there was no effect on α4β2 * nAChR levels. (aspetjournals.org)
  • oxygen
  • In forming these reactive oxygen species, the oxidized form of paraquat is regenerated, and is again available to shunt electrons from photosystem I to restart the cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • lungs
  • This procedure attempts to filter blood through charcoal to try to remove the paraquat from the system (particularly the lungs). (healthline.com)
  • Paraquat damages the lungs the most, especially for people suffering from asthma or other lung-related conditions. (com.vn)
  • acid
  • The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has issued a diktat prohibiting the use of plant protection products containing paraquat and 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) in Viet Nam. (com.vn)
  • farmers
  • Related long-term health effects such as depressive symptoms [Kim et al and restrictive ventilatory defects [Cha et al have also been reported among farmers who applied paraquat in South Korea. (publiceye.ch)
  • consists
  • Cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (formally a derivative of paraquat) belongs to the class of cyclophanes, and consists of aromatic units connected by methylene bridges. (wikipedia.org)
  • primarily
  • Current research into no-till farming using mulching techniques as a substitute for herbicide application are producing good results In the United States, paraquat is available primarily as a solution in various strengths. (wikipedia.org)
  • agricultural
  • Moreover, paraquat does not just pose a risk to agricultural workers who toil in fields where the pesticide's been sprayed, but may also threaten people who merely live in the vicinity of those fields. (newsinferno.com)
  • Several
  • The volume of paraquat solution ingested by our patient was estimated to be about 200 ml (several mouthfuls). (scielo.org.za)
  • According to the ministry's decision, several products containing 2,4-D and paraquat used in Viet Nam currently would be removed from the list of plant protection drugs. (com.vn)
  • levels
  • Monkeys were administered saline or paraquat once weekly for 6 weeks, after which nAChR levels and receptor-evoked [ 3 H]dopamine ([ 3 H]DA) release were measured in the striatum. (aspetjournals.org)
  • large
  • It was shown that the choice of the counterion of cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) has a large influence on the association constant of the corresponding host-guest complex. (wikipedia.org)
  • impact
  • At least 32 countries in the world have banned the use of paraquat due to its impact on human health. (com.vn)
  • study
  • An aerosol model for the study of paraquat (PQ) toxicity was developed using a 134 litre chamber and an ultrasonic nebuliser. (bmj.com)
  • A study conducted on rats by Imperial Chemical Industries was cited in the report, and claimed low health risks for paraquat. (wikipedia.org)