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  • mass
  • Radiologic evaluation showed massive bilateral orbital mass with extension to calvarium. (iranpath.org)
  • It is the most common painful orbital mass in the adult population, and is associated with proptosis, cranial nerve palsy (Tolosa-Hunt syndrome), uveitis, and retinal detachment. (wikipedia.org)
  • apex
  • There are several types of exophthalmometers, Hertel and Luedde measure the distance of the corneal apex from the level of the lateral orbital rim while Naugle measures the relative difference between each eye: Hertel exophthalmometer: measurement is taken from the lateral orbital rim to the corneal apex. (wikipedia.org)
  • The optic canal contains the optic nerve (cranial nerve II) and the ophthalmic artery, and sits at the junction of the sphenoid sinus with the ethmoid air cells, superomedial and posterior to structures at the orbital apex. (wikipedia.org)
  • inferior
  • Naugle exophthalmometer uses fixation points slightly above and below the superior and inferior orbital rims (cheek bones and forehead). (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a supraorbital foramen, an infraorbital foramen, a superior orbital fissure, an inferior orbital fissure and the optic canal, each of which contains structures that are crucial to normal eye functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • The floor (inferior wall) is formed by the orbital surface of maxilla, the orbital surface of zygomatic bone and the minute orbital process of palatine bone. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • In comparison, orbital abscesses most commonly occur at a younger age, with a mean age of about 4 years. (vin.com)
  • In the eye, it is known as orbital cavernous hemangioma and is found in women more frequently than men, most commonly between the ages of 20-40. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ethmoid air cells are extremely thin, and form a structure known as the lamina papyracea, the most delicate bony structure in the skull, and one of the most commonly fractured bones in orbital trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • obstruction
  • Neoplasm should be considered in any patient presenting with NLD obstruction.In patients with an atypical presentation, including younger age and male gender, further workup is appropriate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frequent chronic epistaxis or blood-tinged nasal discharge Nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea Facial dysmorphism (when locally invasive) Conductive hearing loss from eustachian-tube obstruction Diplopia, which occurs secondary to erosion into superior orbital fissure and due to third and sixth nerve palsy. (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammation
  • Under the impression of nonspecific orbital inflammation, she was treated with oral prednisone with initial response. (nih.gov)
  • Idiopathic orbital inflammation has a varied clinical presentation depending on the involved tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pediatric IOI accounts for about 17% of cases idiopathic orbital inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • proposes that organisms resembling Mollicutes cause orbital inflammation by destroying the cytoplasmic organelles of parasitized cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • The histopathology of idiopathic orbital inflammation is described as nondiagnostic and diverse. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • The cause of utilization behavior can be attributed to many diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Cerebrovascular disease, Frontotemporal dementia, neoplasm, and corticobasal degeneration. (wikipedia.org)
  • painful
  • It is the most common painful orbital mass in the adult population, and is associated with proptosis, cranial nerve palsy (Tolosa-Hunt syndrome), uveitis, and retinal detachment. (wikipedia.org)
  • optic
  • Large deep orbital dermoid cysts can cause pressure effects on the muscles and optic nerve, leading to diplopia and loss of vision. (wikipedia.org)
  • mass
  • Radiologic evaluation showed massive bilateral orbital mass with extension to calvarium. (iranpath.org)
  • It is the most common painful orbital mass in the adult population, and is associated with proptosis, cranial nerve palsy (Tolosa-Hunt syndrome), uveitis, and retinal detachment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benign Neoplasm
  • DSA (digital subtraction angiography) of carotid artery to see the extension of tumors and feeding vessels Antro-choanal polyp (benign neoplasm) Rhinosporidiosis (as bleeding point is here too) Malignancy-nasopharyngeal carcinoma, lymphoma, plasmacytoma, rhabdomyosarcoma Chordoma Nasopharyngeal cyst Pyogenic granuloma Treatment for Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is primarily surgical. (wikipedia.org)
  • intracranial
  • AraCTP competes captopril lisinopril equivalent CTP for DNA polymerase, and incorporation of araCTP into DNA results in chain termination and cell death (Fig. It has also been noted that pONSM appear at an earlier age than secondary orbital meningiomas or other intracranial meningiomas (Craig and Gogela Captopril lisinopril equivalent McNab and Wright 1989). (design-citi.ru)
  • apex
  • There are several types of exophthalmometers, Hertel and Luedde measure the distance of the corneal apex from the level of the lateral orbital rim while Naugle measures the relative difference between each eye: Hertel exophthalmometer: measurement is taken from the lateral orbital rim to the corneal apex. (wikipedia.org)
  • proptosis
  • It is the most common painful orbital mass in the adult population, and is associated with proptosis, cranial nerve palsy (Tolosa-Hunt syndrome), uveitis, and retinal detachment. (wikipedia.org)
  • fracture
  • If a patient presents with an orbital fracture or after lateral orbitotomy, the use of Hertel exophthalmometer may be complicated because the lateral orbital rim serves as a reference point for this instrument. (wikipedia.org)
  • obstruction
  • Frequent chronic epistaxis or blood-tinged nasal discharge Nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea Facial dysmorphism (when locally invasive) Conductive hearing loss from eustachian-tube obstruction Diplopia, which occurs secondary to erosion into superior orbital fissure and due to third and sixth nerve palsy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neoplasm should be considered in any patient presenting with NLD obstruction.In patients with an atypical presentation, including younger age and male gender, further workup is appropriate. (wikipedia.org)
  • diffuse
  • It can range from a diffuse inflammatory process to a more localized inflammation of muscle, lacrimal gland or orbital fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • They include inflammation of the extraocular muscles (myositis) with tendinous involvement, orbital fat stranding, lacrimal gland inflammation and enlargement (dacryoadenitis), involvement of the optic sheath complex, uvea, and sclera, a focal intraorbital mass or even diffuse orbital involvement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Histiocytic sarcoma Localized histiocytic sarcoma diffuse histiocytic sarcoma Histiocytoma is a common, benign, cutaneous neoplasm in dogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • headaches
  • Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) is a rare disorder characterized by severe and unilateral headaches with orbital pain, along with weakness and paralysis (ophthalmoplegia) of certain eye muscles (extraocular palsies). (wikipedia.org)
  • effects
  • So potent is honokiol's pro-apoptotic effects that it overcomes even notoriously drug resistant neoplasms such as multiple myeloma and chronic B-cell leukemia. (wikipedia.org)