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  • anti-obesity
  • One option is the use of anti-obesity medication the prescription of which has increased dramatically in recent years. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Despite this, little is known about the individual and GP practice factors that influence the prescription of anti-obesity medication. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Multi-level logistic regression analysis was used to investigate factors associated with the prescription of anti-obesity medication in Northern Ireland using a population primary care prescribing database (~1.5 million people aged 16+ years) during 2009/10. (biomedcentral.com)
  • While 25.0% of people are obese, only 1.3% (2.1% of females, 0.6% of males) received anti-obesity medication. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Prescribing of anti-obesity medication reflected obesity prevalence across urban/rural areas and deprivation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There was an unexplained two-fold difference, between the 25th and 75th percentile, in the GP practice prescription of anti-obesity medication. (biomedcentral.com)
  • While the prevalence (and presumably the health consequences) of obesity worsens with age, younger females are more likely to be prescribed anti-obesity medication. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Educational material to improve the understanding of the role of anti-obesity medication, for patients and practitioners, is recommended. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In recent years, pharmacological treatment for obesity has been increasing against a backdrop of decreasing choice of available anti-obesity medications. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Orlistat (brand names Xenical/Alli) was first introduced in the UK and Europe in 1998 and is currently the main treatment option for those prescribed anti-obesity medication. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In Northern Ireland, during 2009/2010 orlistat accounted for approximately 80% of prescriptions for anti-obesity medication increasing to 99% following the withdrawal of sibutramine. (biomedcentral.com)
  • agents
  • Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity. (curehunter.com)
  • obese
  • Abdominal obesity is not confined only to the elderly and obese subjects. (wikipedia.org)
  • About 32 million more Americans will become obese by 2030, upping obesity rates to 42 percent of the U.S. population, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (yahoo.com)
  • The obesity paradox (excluding cholesterol paradox) was first described in 1999 in overweight and obese people undergoing hemodialysis, and has subsequently been found in those with heart failure, myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, older nursing home residents, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (wikipedia.org)
  • Leptins interaction with the hypothalamus decreases appetite, therefore a mutation in the obese gene would result in an increased appetite, leading to inevitable obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of obesity in dogs (but not in cats) is related to whether or not their owners are obese. (wikipedia.org)
  • type 2 diabet
  • For example, increased abdominal obesity has been consistently shown to be related to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer. (health.gov.au)
  • Obesity and associated diseases (type-2 diabetes [T2D], hypertension, etc.) are rising exponentially to pandemic levels worldwide. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Particular attention is given to the consequences of obesity, including an ever -increasing number of other diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer, as well as conditions such as arthropathy, asthma, non-alcoholic liver disease, and dementia. (springer.com)
  • Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis and depression. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the strongest links between obesity and disease is that with type 2 diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016
  • In Egypt, according to data from the 2016 Global Burden of Disease study, overweight and obesity (as measured by high BMI) was the country's leading risk factor driving the most death and disability combined. (wikipedia.org)
  • treat obesity naturally
  • The good news is there are 3 steps to treat obesity naturally which include starting on a healthy diet, doing weekly exercise and using natural supplements. (draxe.com)
  • For young people, to treat obesity naturally , it's important to lead by example and display healthy behaviors to your children at home. (draxe.com)
  • measure of obesity
  • BMI provides a more accurate measure of obesity than weight alone, and for most people it is a fairly good (although indirect) indicator of body fatness. (cancer.gov)
  • Critics of the "paradox" have also argued that studies supporting its existence almost always use BMI as the only measure of obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • adolescence
  • The early physical effects of obesity in adolescence include, almost all of the child's organs being affected, gallstones, hepatitis, sleep apnoea and increased intracranial pressure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity during adolescence has been found to increase mortality rates during adulthood. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2018
  • Pediatrics published a 2018 study that provided an updated insight on childhood obesity rates according to race and additional clarification on the state of obesity in the U.S. The results revealed that White and Asian American children have notably lower rates of obesity than Hispanic, African American or children of other races. (draxe.com)
  • excess
  • Obesity is an excess of body weight caused by overconsumption of calories and physical inactivity. (draxe.com)
  • An excess of visceral fat is known as central obesity, the "pot belly" or "beer belly" effect, in which the abdomen protrudes excessively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or well-being. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, as Asian populations are particularly susceptible to the health risks of excess adipose tissue the Japanese have redefined obesity as any BMI greater than 25. (wikipedia.org)
  • Editor-in-Ch
  • Childhood Obesity is under the editorial leadership of Editor-in-Chief Tom Baranowski, PhD , Baylor College of Medicine, Editor Elsie M. Taveras, MD, MPH , Massachusetts General Hospital for Children & Harvard Medical School, and other leading investigators. (liebertpub.com)
  • hypertension
  • Central obesity is associated with a statistically higher risk of heart disease , hypertension , insulin resistance , and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (see below). (wikipedia.org)
  • A definitive link between obesity and hypertension has been found using animal and clinical studies, which have suggested that there are multiple potential mechanisms for obesity-induced hypertension. (wikipedia.org)
  • The association between hypertension and obesity has been also well described in children. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2017
  • In 2010 and 2017, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force provided a Grade B recommendation that providers screen children aged 6 years or older for obesity, and provide or refer children with obesity to intensive lifestyle modification programs. (cdc.gov)
  • PCOS
  • Central obesity is a symptom of Cushing's syndrome and is also common in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity in PCOS sufferers amplifies hormonal and metabolic decline, therefore damaging fertility and oocyte quality in women. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to NIH, obesity causes the amount of cholesterol in bile to rise, in turn the formation of stone can occur Due to its association with insulin resistance, the risk of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) increases with adiposity. (wikipedia.org)
  • It remains uncertain whether PCOS contributes to obesity, or the reverse. (wikipedia.org)
  • microbiota
  • Clinicians in the field should understand how a myriad of factors contribute to obesity including: gut microbiota diversity, regulation of food intake and energy balance through enteroendocrine and neuroregulation, and adipokine physiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • early-onset
  • Researchers from the NIH's National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) conducted a study and found that early-onset paternal obesity is connected with an increased risk of liver disease in their kin. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs when excessive
  • Obesity in pets occurs when excessive adipose tissue accumulates in the body, and is generally defined as occurring when an animal's body weight is at least 20% greater than its optimal body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • insulin resistance
  • Insulin resistance is a major feature of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (T2DM), and central obesity is correlated with both insulin resistance and T2DM itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increased adiposity (obesity) raises serum resistin levels, which in turn directly correlate to insulin resistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic
  • Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although genetic deficiencies are currently considered rare, variations in these genes may predispose to common obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • prevalent
  • Obesity was more prevalent among youth aged 6 to 11 years old (18.4 percent) and adolescents aged 12 to 19 years old (20.6 percent) compared to children aged 2 to 5 years old. (draxe.com)
  • Diabetes
  • The mission of the IDOM is to support and develop successful approaches to the prevention, treatment, and cure of diabetes mellitus and obesity. (upenn.edu)
  • Childhood obesity however can also lead to life-threatening conditions including diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, sleep problems, cancer, and other disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes
  • However, data from observational studies can be difficult to interpret and cannot definitively establish that obesity causes cancer. (cancer.gov)
  • Central obesity can be a feature of lipodystrophies , a group of diseases that is either inherited , or due to secondary causes (often protease inhibitors , a group of medications against AIDS ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is one of the leading preventable causes of death worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • The generally accepted view is that being overweight causes similar health problems to obesity, but to a lesser degree. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity in Argentina is a growing health concern with health officials stating that it is one of the leading causes of preventable deaths in the Argentina. (wikipedia.org)
  • anomalies
  • Some other anomalies that were increased among mothers with obesity included septal anomalies, cleft palate, cleft lip and palate, anorectal atresia, hydrocephaly, and limb reduction anomalies. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Nearly all of the evidence linking obesity to cancer risk comes from large cohort studies , a type of observational study . (cancer.gov)
  • The greatest risk factor for child obesity is the obesity of both parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Does Access to Quality Playgrounds Vary with a Child's Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Risk? (liebertpub.com)
  • In people with greater degrees of obesity, however, risk of further events is increased. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence suggests that middle-aged cats and dogs, especially those between the ages of 5 and 10, may be at an increased risk of obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In cats, neutering increases the risk of obesity, partly because the alteration in sex hormones after neutering lowers the basal metabolic rate, and partly because neutered cats have a reduced inclination to roam compared to non-neutered cats. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of obesity is determined by not only specific genotypes but also gene-gene interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is an important risk factor for many chronic physical and mental illnesses that people suffer from. (wikipedia.org)
  • A review in 2013 came to the result that obesity increases the risk of oligospermia and azoospermia in men, with an of odds ratio 1.3. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and NGOs such as the Indian Heart Association have been raising awareness about this issue. (wikipedia.org)
  • nutrition
  • The WHO also reported that it's not uncommon to find under-nutrition and obesity existing side-by-side. (draxe.com)
  • The latest National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data from 2003 to 2006 shows that 17.6% of adolescents ages 12-19 have obesity, compared to only 5% in the 1976-1980 survey. (springer.com)
  • Rather, they feel as though obesity, as a complex disease process, should be treated by endocrinologists or physicians who have acquired additional training in the field of nutrition. (wikipedia.org)
  • weight
  • Overweight and obesity are both labels for ranges of weight that are greater than what is generally considered healthy for a given height. (draxe.com)
  • People with class I obesity and heart disease do not have greater rates of further heart problems than people of normal weight who also have heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is defined as an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual's ideal body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was established in 2005 as Obesity Management, and changed its name to Obesity and Weight Management in 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • By 2020, more than 60 percent of diseases worldwide will be directly associated with obesity. (draxe.com)
  • Obesity is associated with cardiovascular diseases including angina and myocardial infarction. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Other measurements that reflect the distribution of body fat-that is, whether more fat is carried around the hips or the abdomen-are increasingly being used along with BMI as indicators of obesity and disease risks. (cancer.gov)
  • There is a strong correlation between central obesity and cardiovascular disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2013, the American Medical Association classified obesity as a disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another found that if one takes into account COPD in those with peripheral artery disease, the benefit of obesity no longer exists. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 2013, the American Medical Association (AMA) adopted policy that recognizes obesity as a chronic disease, a disease process which requires a range of medical interventions to prevent and treat. (wikipedia.org)
  • While professionals from different professions (US senators, congressmen and congresswomen, physicians, and medical students) applauded this decision, others were not so eager to categorize obesity as a disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the initial acknowledgement of obesity as a disease by the AMA, there has been an ongoing debate about the topic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity Pros and Cons: Is Obesity a Disease? (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2, and in June 2013 the American Medical Association classified it as a disease, with much controversy. (wikipedia.org)
  • inflammation
  • Wild-caught fish - Obesity may increase inflammation, so try to include omega-3 fats . (draxe.com)
  • Obesity is a complex pathology associated with dysbiosis, metabolic alterations, and low-grade chronic inflammation promoted by immune cells, infiltrating and populating the adipose tissue. (biomedcentral.com)