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  • NNTs
  • NNTs are always rounded up to the nearest whole number. (cebm.net)
  • For a more detailed look at the NNT measure, and an interactive nomogram for converting between ARRs, RRRs and NNTs, see Zapletal E, LeMaitre D, Menard J and Degoulet P, The Number Needed to Treat: a clinically useful nomogram in its proper context, BMJ 1996;312:426-9. (cebm.net)
  • The number and percentage of patients achieving ≥30% and ≥50% improvement in both BASDAI and spine pain were calculated and used to determine the corresponding NNTs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 3 ] I would argue that this is not a reliable method to derive NNTs from pooled data, becuase Simpson's paradox [ 4 ] can occur when there is imbalance in the number of included patients between the arms of individual trials. (biomedcentral.com)
  • NNTs are always rounded up to the nearest whole number and accompanied as standard by the 95% confidence interval. (high-kick.ru)
  • clinicians
  • Furthermore, practising clinicians also need a readily understandable tool for weighing the risks of various treatments. (bmj.com)
  • A clinical review published in 2011 3 highlighted the need for clinicians to provide well informed advice to climbers on the prevention and management of high altitude illness. (bmj.com)
  • Establishing a threshold level of risk for PE is needed by clinicians, since there is a growing body of evidence that details how different clinical risk factors can forecast PE risk. (plos.org)
  • citation needed
  • medical citation needed] Light therapy which strikes the retina of the eyes is used to treat diabetic retinopathy and also circadian rhythm disorders such as delayed sleep phase disorder and can also be used to treat seasonal affective disorder, with some support for its use also with non-seasonal psychiatric disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical citation needed] The treatments involve exposing the skin to ultraviolet light. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relying on modern technology, such as miniaturization, fiber optics, and the like, laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is a minimally invasive prostate cancer treatment but is technically demanding and seldom done[citation needed] in the USA. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Clonazepam is also effective in the management of acute mania. (wikipedia.org)
  • epidemiological
  • The need to express estimates of risk in an understandable manner is a challenge faced regularly by those who work with the results of epidemiological studies and try to convey their meaning to others. (bmj.com)
  • effectiveness
  • The effectiveness of light therapy for treating SAD may be linked to the fact that light therapy makes up for lost sunlight exposure and resets the body's internal clock. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effectiveness of taking benzodiazepines along with antipsychotic drugs is unknown, and more research is needed to determine if benzodiazepines are more effective than antipsychotic drugs when urgent sedation is required. (wikipedia.org)
  • interventions
  • Population Impact Measures are an extension of these statistics, as they are measures of absolute risk at the population level, which are calculations of number of people in the population who are at risk to be harmed, or who will benefit from Public Health interventions. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • It can be used in addition to agents such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and beta blockers, which also decrease mortality, and diuretics and digoxin, which are useful in treating symptoms. (aafp.org)
  • survival
  • The article aims to provide a step-by-step tutorial on how to compute RD and NNT in survival analysis with R. For simplicity, only one measure (RD or NNT) needs to be illustrated, because the other measure is a reverse of the illustrated one (NNT=1/RD). An artificial dataset is composed by using the survsim package. (amegroups.com)
  • In order to survive, B cells need survival factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • disorders
  • Clonazepam has also been found effective in treating other anxiety disorders, such as social phobia, but this is an off-label use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hyperekplexia Many forms of parasomnia and other sleep disorders are treated with clonazepam. (wikipedia.org)
  • measure
  • For clinical decision making, however, it is more meaningful to use the measure "number needed to treat. (omicsonline.org)
  • Frequently used measures of risk and benefit identified by Jerkel, Katz and Elmore, describe measures of risk difference (attributable risk), rate difference (often expressed as the odds ratio or relative risk), Population Attributable Risk (PAR), and the relative risk reduction, which can be recalculated into a measure of absolute benefit, called the Number needed to treat. (wikipedia.org)
  • primarily
  • Until recently, it was used primarily to treat edema resulting from liver cirrhosis, primary hyperaldosteronism and nephrotic syndrome. (aafp.org)
  • As well as producing training programs and publications, the group is undertaking research in a number of member countries, focused primarily on changing behavior to improve drug use. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • In other words, treat six people and one would benefit. (kccu.org)
  • 2 With the ever increasing number of people ascending to high altitudes, medicines to deal with potential problems are becoming increasingly relevant to non-specialists, including general practitioners. (bmj.com)
  • study
  • During the study period, one death was avoided for every nine patients receiving spironolactone (number needed to treat [NNT] = 9). (aafp.org)
  • The study implies that patients receiving "standard" therapy were controlled similarly to all adults being treated for hypertension and that patients receiving "intensive" therapy had a lower mean SBP compared to all adults being treated for hypertension, but neither conclusion is true when compared to the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. (wikipedia.org)
  • population
  • For example, the national drug policy for Indonesia drawn up in 1983 had the following objectives: To ensure the availability of drugs according to the needs of the population. (wikipedia.org)
  • group
  • Follow up time" is the number of individuals in each group multiplied by the number of years that each individual is followed. (wikipedia.org)
  • For each trial, on the x-axis the frequency (risk) of the studied criterion in the control group ( R c ) {\displaystyle \scriptstyle {(Rc)}} should be represented, and on the y-axis, the risk in the treated group ( R t ) {\displaystyle \scriptstyle {(Rt)}} (Figure 1 and Figure 2). (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Let's say we have a disease, and a pill to treat the disease, that should work over the course of a week. (wikipedia.org)
  • effective
  • According to the American Cancer Society, there is some evidence that ultraviolet light therapy may be effective in helping treat certain kinds of skin cancer, and ultraviolet blood irradiation therapy is established for this application. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clonazepam has been found effective in treating epilepsy in children, and the inhibition of seizure activity seemed to be achieved at low plasma levels of clonazepam. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • A 2012 Cochrane review found tentative but unclear evidence of improved fertility among males treated for varicocele. (wikipedia.org)
  • realize
  • Santino then makes Berting's son to realize that he has to forgive his father because everyone also needs to be forgiven. (wikipedia.org)
  • Richard Quan as Jojo - Berting's son, who has forgiven his father after Santino makes him realize that other people also needs to be forgiven. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • For very poor solution to a fully functional medical center dallas is offering you a network to check through and eliminate the need for it. (shubertmotors.com)
  • Usually, the primary provider is a general practitioner who takes care of some of the basic health needs and then refers to a specialist for complicated medical problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • mountain
  • A detailed study of Bugunta mineral waters (the original name of the waters, after the Bugunta River flowing nearby) was made in 1823 by the Russian doctor and pharmacologist A. P. Nelyubin, who found twenty more mineral springs on the slopes of the mountain he referred to as Shchelochnaya (Nelyubin's numbering of the Yessentuki mineral waters is still maintained). (wikipedia.org)
  • After losing enough weight to be proud, she decides to treat herself and pigs out on a mountain of junk food from Starbucks. (wikipedia.org)
  • increase
  • Construction of the Rostov-on-Don-Mineralnye Vody railway in 1875 and the Mineralnye Vody-Kislovodsk highway (via Pyatigorsk and Yessentuki) contributed to increase in the number of guests coming to Yessentuki for treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • period
  • Open punctuation eliminates the need for a period at the end of a stand-alone statement, in an abbreviation or acronym (including personal initials and post-nominal letters, and time-of-day abbreviations), as well as in components of postal addresses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Section 4, Number 1 reads: It is relevant to determine whether marital intercourse took place between a husband and his wife during a particular period, evidence that such intercourse did not take place may be given in the proceedings on the application by either of the parties concerned. (wikipedia.org)
  • Section 5, Number 1 reads: After the expiration of three months from the commencement of this Act an adoption order shall not be made period. (wikipedia.org)
  • Section 6, Number 3 reads: The period within which, under subsection of the said section six, an, adopter is required to apply for an adoption order or give notice to the adoption society of his intention, not to apply for such an order shall be six months from the expiration of the period specified in subsection of the said section six instead of three months from the expiration of that period. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • NorthShore made the list at number three, which highlighted its "Aa2" rating and stable outlook with Moody's, as well as its strong geographic coverage and sound margins. (castleconnolly.com)
  • Defined contribution plans provide retirees with benefits based on the amount and investment performance of contributions made by the employee and/or employer over a number of years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Section 3, Number 1 reads: An adoption order shall not be made except with the adoption. (wikipedia.org)
  • sure
  • The court needs to make sure that the children that are up for adoption are really the children of whoever is claiming to be the parents. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • I was in need of a mentor since I was a high risk youth, so my school counselors paired with me Louie Grill from the Ron Sandwith Teen Center in Federal Way. (positiveplace.org)
  • Other Club staff members and I went to a high school and middle school to talk about the importance of mentoring and the schools led us to kids in need. (positiveplace.org)
  • legal
  • For all current medications (prescription and over-the-counter, legal and consulting firm owner, you need to provide in light of this group finds the right decision or not. (shubertmotors.com)
  • specific
  • Have mentioned, you need to be more specific about which medication(s) you are referring too. (healthtap.com)
  • If for some reason the adopted child must be returned to an adoption society such as a foster home, or orphanage, it is important that the child be left by his or her adopter, and met with a specific person that will accommodate their emotional needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • early
  • Temper tantrums can be a normal and common part of early childhood, but sometimes they are a sign of a problem that needs to be addressed. (drgreene.com)
  • year
  • Between 1986 and 1991, the number of new homes constructed per year dropped from 1.8 million to 1 million, at the time the lowest rate since World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • times
  • be times Of MassageHealth BenefitsHealth TipsThe BenefitsMassage TipsSpa MassageHealth CareMassage RoomMassage TherapyForwardsBenefits of Massage number. (lprock.com)