• Surgical
  • Surgical techniques for reshaping the nose vary. (ccrsplasticsurgery.com)
  • Often the nose is imbalanced or in disharmony with the rest of the facial features due to an un-anticipated healing complication, improper, or incomplete surgical maneuvers. (drsarmastclinic.ir)
  • Treatments for the plastic repair of a broken nose are first mentioned in the Edwin Smith Papyrus, a transcription of an Ancient Egyptian medical text, the oldest known surgical treatise, dated to the Old Kingdom from 3000 to 2500 BC. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rhinoplasty techniques were carried out in ancient India by the ayurvedic physician Sushruta (c. 800 BC), who described reconstruction of the nose in the Sushruta samhita (c. 500 BC), his medico-surgical compendium. (wikipedia.org)
  • The physician Sushruta and his medical students developed and applied plastic surgical techniques for reconstructing noses, genitalia, earlobes, et cetera, that were amputated as religious, criminal, or military punishment. (wikipedia.org)
  • nostrils
  • This can be done either from an incision inside the nose or through an "open" procedure that requires an external incision in the tissue separating the nostrils. (ccrsplasticsurgery.com)
  • The physician then should place the skin on the nose and stitch the two parts swiftly, keeping the skin properly elevated, by inserting two tubes of eranda (the castor-oil plant) in the position of the nostrils, so that the new nose has proper shape. (wikipedia.org)
  • skin
  • The size and shape of your nose is determined by heredity and formed by the bones and cartilages that are underneath your skin. (ccrsplasticsurgery.com)
  • Then, a piece of skin of the required size should be dissected from the living skin of the cheek, and turned back to cover the nose, keeping a small pedicle attached to the cheek. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the skin has united and granulated, if the nose is too short or too long, the middle of the flap should be divided, and an endeavour made to enlarge or shorten it. (wikipedia.org)
  • and how to use autologous skin flaps to repair damaged cheeks, eyebrows, lips, and nose, to restore the patient's normal visage. (wikipedia.org)