• neurons
  • In vivo transfection of adenoviral manganese superoxide dismutase gene or lentiviral NFκB p65 shRNA into the nodose ganglia partially reversed CHF-reduced sodium channel expression and cell excitability in the baroreceptor neurons and improved CHF-blunted arterial baroreflex sensitivity. (ahajournals.org)
  • Additionally, transfection of adenoviral manganese superoxide dismutase also inhibited the augmentation of phosphorylated NFκB p65 in the nodose neurons from CHF rats. (ahajournals.org)
  • Nodose ganglia are composed of A-, Ah- and C-type neurons. (ijbs.com)
  • One major unresolved problem, however, is the difficulty to unambiguously identify the subtype of isolated nodose ganglion neurons without current-clamp recording, because the magnitude of conduction velocity in the corresponding afferent fiber, a reliable marker to discriminate subtypes in situ , can no longer be determined. (ijbs.com)
  • The actions of neurotrophic factors on sensory neurons of the adult nodose ganglion were studied in vitro. (lu.se)
  • NT-4 is known to act via TrkB receptors, and the presence of these on growing nodose neurons. (lu.se)
  • In conclusion, the data suggest that NT-4 can serve as a powerful growth factor for neurons of adult nodose ganglia and that the growth stimulation involves TrkB- and mitogen-activated protein kinase. (lu.se)
  • Visceral afferent nerves enable electrical signaling from their endings in internal organs to their soma (first order neurons) in nodose ganglia. (ijbs.com)
  • Thus, nodose ganglion neurons take center stage in relaying information from the peripheral to the central nervous system and investigation of their properties is of fundamental significance to a better understanding of the mechanisms regulating body homeostasis. (ijbs.com)
  • It is well established that nodose ganglia house heterogeneous neuronal populations which are composed of myelinated A-, Ah-, and unmyelinated C-type neurons ( 1 , 2 ). (ijbs.com)
  • From a technical point of view, it is relatively straightforward to obtain high-quality electrophysiological recordings from isolated nodose neurons using the single-electrode patch-clamp approach, which is the preferred technique for membrane voltage and current measurements. (ijbs.com)
  • Caffeine-induced Ca2+ transients (CICTs) in rabbit nodose ganglion neurons (NGNs) are made by two unique mechanisms: release from intracellular stores via ryanodine receptors and Ca2+ influx over the plasma membrane, because of activation of the unfamiliar receptor. (molecularcircuit.com)
  • With these mechanisms, neural crest cells, for instance, from each rhombomere give rise to different ganglia, or clusters of neurons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the cranial nerves have sensory or parasympathetic ganglia (collections of cell bodies) of neurons, which are located outside the brain (but can be inside or outside the skull). (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "neurogenic placode" generally refers to cranial placodes that have neurogenic potential - i.e. those that give rise to neurons associated with the special senses and cranial ganglia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of splanchnic (visceral) nerves are: Cervical cardiac nerves & thoracic visceral nerves, which synapse in the sympathetic chain Thoracic splanchnic nerves (greater, lesser, least), which synapse in the prevertebral ganglia Lumbar splanchnic nerves, which synapse in the prevertebral ganglia Sacral splanchnic nerves, which synapse in the inferior hypogastric plexus These all contain afferent (sensory) nerves as well, known as GVA (general visceral afferent) neurons. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of the gut, for example, the autonomic neurones do not form distinct ganglia, but rather the preganglionic neurons synapse within the Enteric nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • axons
  • The ganglia were explanted in an extracellular matrix-based gel that permitted observation of the growing axons. (lu.se)
  • Neurotrophin-4 (NT-4) was a very efficient stimulator of outgrowth of axons from the nodose ganglion and had almost doubled the outgrowth length when this was analyzed after 2 days in culture. (lu.se)
  • TRPV4 antibodies labeled perikarya, axons, and dendrites of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and intensely immunostained the optic nerve head. (jneurosci.org)
  • vivo
  • In offspring of Floxopatch mice crossed with a variety of Cre driver lines, we observed spontaneous and optically evoked activity in vitro in acute brain slices and in vivo in somatosensory ganglia. (jneurosci.org)
  • This animal enables fast and robust optical measurements of single-cell electrical excitability in acute brain slices and in somatosensory ganglia in vivo , opening the door to rapid optical mapping of neuronal excitability. (jneurosci.org)
  • However
  • However, interactions between the ganglion cells and SGCs involved in transcytosis of materials remained as a poorly-solved problem. (alliedacademies.org)
  • However, the clear disadvantage of using isolated nodose neuron preparations lies in its inability to readily identify the neuron subtype based on conduction velocity measurements in the corresponding afferent fibers, simply because afferent fibers are lost during the enzymatic isolation procedure. (ijbs.com)
  • cells
  • The peripheral nervous system includes specialized glial cells termed "satellite glial cells (SGCs)" in various ganglia [ 1 , 2 , 3 ]. (alliedacademies.org)