• species
  • In Mexico City, a number of songbird species line their nests with fibers from discarded cigarette butts, which reduce ectoparasite load but are genotoxic. (frontiersin.org)
  • This species build a nest consisting of an open cup of twigs, bark, plant fibers, and rootlets held to branch with spider web and lined with lichens, moss, hair, and dead pine needles that's placed near the end of a branch. (wikipedia.org)
  • this may be better because it is consistent with the name Ammophila, which derives from the Greek for "sand lover", presumably because many species dig their nests in sand. (wikipedia.org)
  • His discoveries with butterflies were mentioned in National Geographic Magazine and The Readers' Digest With several colleagues he summarized previous knowledge on sound production by butterflies and described the basic ecology and field behavior of several species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Males of many species have much larger eyes than the females, which relates to their mating behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Xylocopa virginica is one example of a species with such nectar robbing behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of this type of social nesting can be seen in the species Xylocopa sulcatipes and Xylocopa nasalis. (wikipedia.org)
  • bees
  • We tested female red mason bees' (Osmia bicornis L.) acceptance of potential nesting sites, some of which were marked with cues coming from predated conspecifics (crushed bees) or from a predator itself (rodent excreta). (deepdyve.com)
  • Moreover, the presence of crushed bees can provide positive information about the presence of conspecifics and, possibly, information about a nesting aggregation that may be preferred by bees when choosing a nesting site. (deepdyve.com)
  • These social bees are known for their aggressive defense strategies and vicious behavior when disturbed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apis dorsata differs from the other bees in its genus in terms of nest design. (wikipedia.org)
  • These bees rarely build nests on old or weak buildings for safety concerns. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some recent evidence indicates these bees return to the same nest site, though most, if not all, of the original workers might be replaced in the process because workers usually live for less than two months. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, these bees build small combs that serve as temporary nests during their long migrations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The exact nature of the relationship is not fully understood, though in other bees that carry mites, they are beneficial, feeding either on fungi in the nest, or on other harmful mites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normally, only one generation of bees live in the nest. (wikipedia.org)
  • contributes
  • Huang MW, Lin YJ, Chang CW, Lei FJ, Ho EP, Liu RS, Shyu WC, Hsieh CH. RGS4 deficit in prefrontal cortex contributes to the behaviors related to schizophrenia via system x c - -mediated glutamatergic dysfunction in mice. (thno.org)
  • females
  • In our experiment, females did not avoid nests marked with either of the two predator cues. (deepdyve.com)
  • As male Passer domesticus make substantial contributions to nest building whereas male Carpodacus mexicanus do not contribute to nest building, we hypothesized that the toxic effects of exposure to cigarette butts should be greater for females C. mexicanus than for conspecific males, but that there should be little or no difference in P. domesticus . (frontiersin.org)
  • In this type of nesting, multiple females either share in the foraging and nest laying, or one female does all the foraging and nest laying, while the other females guard. (wikipedia.org)
  • exhibit
  • Moreover, knockdown of RGS4 specifically in the prefrontal cortex caused mice to exhibit behaviors related to schizophrenia such as increased stereotypy, impaired prepulse inhibition, deficits in social interactions, working memory, and nesting behavior, while enhancing sensitivity to the locomotor stimulatory effect of MK-801. (thno.org)
  • impacts
  • Lentiviral-based mouse models with RGS4 deficit in the prefrontal cortex and treatment with system x c - activator, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), were utilized to observe their impacts on glutamatergic function and schizophrenic behaviors. (thno.org)
  • soil
  • The jaws are not large, but are strong and apart from feeding and digging, often are used for unexpected functions such as holding a pebble with which the wasp hammers down soil to seal a nest, or to grip the stem of a plant at night, holding its body at right-angles to the stem, its legs folded and all the weight taken up by the mandibles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nesting is generally by digging an unbranched tunnel in sandy soil, but provisioning can be progressive, the mother bringing prey as the larva requires it, or mass provisioning, where each nest is provided with a single large prey item, or as many small prey items as should be required. (wikipedia.org)
  • they dig nesting tunnels in suitable soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • chick
  • He may then present the female with choice bits of food, and if she mimics the behavior of a hungry chick, he may actually feed her. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some 20 days after hatching the chick leaves its nesting ledge and heads for the sea, unable to fly, but gliding for some distance with fluttering wings, accompanied by its male parent. (wikipedia.org)
  • sometimes
  • Nest is a bulky cup of grass, weeds, ferns, leaves, lined with fine grass and sometimes with animal hair. (audubon.org)
  • The nest is built by the female, sometimes in as little as two days. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nests are mainly built in exposed places far off the ground, like on tree limbs, under cliff overhangs, and sometimes on buildings. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • The most common occurs when a queen flies away from the original nest slowly and a swarm of workers follows her. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • In both male and female P. domesticus , however, genotoxic damage was equally apparent and greater the more cigarette butts were in the nest. (frontiersin.org)
  • male
  • The male deer mice are allowed by the female to help nest the litter and keep them together and warm for survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • near
  • May nest near Tree Swallows, and near humans (in backyard gardens or near residences). (sialis.org)
  • high
  • A. d. laboriosa is not distinct morphologically from the nominate subspecies but has different housekeeping and swarming behavior, allowing it to survive at high altitudes. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • As expected there was more exogenous genotoxic damage in the red-blood cells of incubating female C. mexicanus the more cigarette butts were found in their nest, and much more than in their conspecific males. (frontiersin.org)